A Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar in the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century
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A Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar in the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century

By Duarte Barbosa
Free
Book Description

Table of Contents
  • WORKS ISSUED BY
  • The Hakluyt Society.
    • DESCRIPTION OF THE COASTS OF
    • EAST AFRICA AND MALABAR.
    • A DESCRIPTION
      • OF THE COASTS OF
    • OF THE COASTS OF
  • EAST AFRICA AND MALABAR
    • THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY,
    • DUARTE BARBOSA,
    • THE HON. HENRY E. J. STANLEY.
      • LONDON:
      • PRINTED FOR THE HAKLUYT SOCIETY.
      • Landmarks in Anthropology, a series of reprints in cultural anthropology
      • General Editor: Weston La Barre
      • First reprinting 1970, Johnson Reprint Corporation
      • Printed in the United States of America
      • Note to Thirty-fifth Publication of the Hakluyt Society,
      • "Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar."
    • LONDON:
    • PRINTED FOR THE HAKLUYT SOCIETY.
    • Landmarks in Anthropology, a series of reprints in cultural anthropology
    • General Editor: Weston La Barre
    • First reprinting 1970, Johnson Reprint Corporation
    • Printed in the United States of America
    • Note to Thirty-fifth Publication of the Hakluyt Society,
    • "Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar."
    • ERRATA.
    • COUNCIL
    • THE HAKLUYT SOCIETY.
    • TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE.
    • PREFACE.
      • (TRANSLATED FROM THE PORTUGUESE EDITION, LISBON, 1812.)
    • (TRANSLATED FROM THE PORTUGUESE EDITION, LISBON, 1812.)
    • DESCRIPTION OF THE EAST INDIES AND COUNTRIES ON THE SEABORD OF THE INDIAN OCEAN IN 1514. [3]
      • THE CAPE OF ST. SEBASTIAN AFTER PASSING THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
      • ISLANDS OF THE GREAT UCIQUES.[4]
      • THE LITTLE VCIQUES ISLANDS IN RIVERS.
      • SOFALA.
      • KINGDOM OF BENAMATAPA.
      • ZINBAOCH.[9]
      • RIVER ZUAMA.
      • ANGOY.
      • MOZAMBIQUE ISLAND.
      • ISLAND OF QUILOA.
      • ISLAND OF MOMBAZA.
      • MELINDE.
      • ISLAND OF SAN LORENZO.[21]
      • PENDA, MANFIA, AND ZANZIBAR.
      • PATE.
      • BRAVA.
      • MAGADOXO.[28]
      • AFUNI.[29]
      • CAPE GUARDAFUN.
      • MET.
      • BARBARA.
      • ZEYLA.
      • DALAQUA.
      • MASAVA SAVAQUIN[36] AND OTHER PLACES.
      • KINGDOM OF PRESTER JOHN.
      • BABEL MELECH.
      • SUEZ.
      • MOUNT SINAI.
      • ELIOBON AND MEDINA.
      • GUIDA PORT OF MECA.
      • MECA.
      • JAZAN, HALI, ALHOR.
      • HODEYDA, MAHA, BABEL MENDE.
      • ISLAND OF CAMARON.
      • ADEM.
      • KINGDOM OF FARTACH.
      • CAPE FARTACH AND THE ISLAND OF SACOTORA.
      • DIUFAR.
      • XEHER.[65]
      • FASALHAD.
      • KINGDOM OF ORMUZ.
      • THE ISLANDS OF THE KINGDOM OF ORMUZ.
      • COUNTRY OF SHEIKH ISMAIL.
      • ISLAND AND CITY OF ORMUZ.
      • DIULCINDI.
      • KINGDOM OF GUZERAT, IN INDIA.
      • OF THE KING AND THE LORDS OF GUZARAT, WHICH IS OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBAY.
      • CITY OF CHAMPAVER.[130]
      • ANDAVAT.
      • PATEMXI.
      • SURATIMANGALOR.
      • DUY.
      • GOGARI.
      • BARBESY.
      • BUENDARI.
      • CITY OF CAMBAY.
      • LIMADURA.
      • RAVEL.
      • SURATI.
      • DENVY.[150]
      • BAXAY.
      • TANAMAYAMBU.
      • KINGDOM OF DACANI.
      • CHEUL.
      • DAMDA.
      • MANDABAD.
      • DABUL.
      • SINGUYCAR.
      • RIVER DOBETALA.
      • BANDA.
      • GUOA.
      • CINTACOLA.
      • KINGDOM OF NARSINGA.
      • HONOR.
      • BATECALA.
      • MAYANDUR.
      • BACAVOR BAZALOR.
      • MANGALOR.
      • CUNBALA.
      • OF THE CUSTOMS AND GREATNESS OF THIS KINGDOM OF NARSINGA IN THE INTERIOR OF THE COUNTRY.
      • BIJANAGUER.
      • CUSTOMS OF THIS KINGDOM OF NARSINGA AND OF ITS INHABITANTS.
      • HOTISA.
      • KINGDOM OF DELY.
      • COUNTRY OF MALABAR.
      • CUSTOMS OF THE SAID KINGDOMS AND COUNTRY OF MALABAR.
      • ON THE FASHION OF JUSTICE IN THE KINGDOM OF MALABAR.
      • SECTION OF THE BRAMANS AND THEIR CUSTOMS.
      • SECTION OF THE NAIRS OF MALABAR, WHO ARE THE GENTRY, AND THEIR CUSTOMS.
      • SECTION OF THE BRABARES WHO ARE MERCHANTS OF THE KINGDOM OF MALABAR, OF THEIR CUSTOMS AND SECT.
      • SECTION OF THE CUJAVEN, WHO ARE POTTERS AND WORKERS OF CLAY.
      • SECTION OF THE WASHERMEN.
      • SECTION OF THE WEAVERS OF THE MALABAR COUNTRY.
      • SECTION OF LOW PEOPLE: ZIVIL TIVER.
      • MOGUER.
      • CANION.
      • AJARE.
      • MUCOA.
      • BETUA.
      • PANEU.
      • RENOLENI.
      • PULER.
      • PARENI.[240]
      • OTHER KINDS OF PEOPLE.
      • CHETIS.
      • GUZURATES.
      • MAPULER.
      • PARDESY.
      • SECTION OF THE MANNER IN WHICH THE COUNTRY OF MALABAR IS DIVIDED, AND OF THAT WHICH GROWS IN IT.
      • CANANOR.
      • CANANOR.
      • CIECATE.
      • TARMAPATAN.
      • COTAOGATO.
      • DESCRIPTION OF WHAT GROWS IN THIS KINGDOM OF CANANOR.
      • OF MANY TOWNS AND CITIES OF THE KINGDOM OF CALICUT WHICH POSSESS SHIPPING.
      • PUDOPATANI, FIRST TOWN OF THE KINGDOM OF CALICUT.
      • TIRCORE.
      • PANDARENI.
      • CAPUCAD.
      • CALICUT.
      • CHALYANI.
      • PURPURANGARI.
      • PARAVANOR AND TANOR.
      • PANANX.
      • CHATNA.
      • CRANGOLOR.
      • OF WHAT IS GATHERED IN THIS KINGDOM OF CALICUT.
      • KINGDOM OF COCHIN.
      • PORCA.
      • KINGDOM OF COULAM.
      • THE CITY OF COULAM.
      • TIRINANGOTO.
      • CAPE OF COMORY.
      • ARCHIPELAGO OF ISLES.
      • ISLANDS OF PALANDIVA.
      • ISLAND OF CEYLAM.
      • QUILACARE, OF THE KINGDOM OF COLAM.
      • SAEL.
      • CHORMENDEL.
      • MAYLEPUR.
      • PALECATE.
      • THE MOUNTAIN OF DIGUIRMALE.
      • KINGDOM OF ORISSA.
      • BENGAL.
      • KINGDOM OF BERMA.
      • ERE CAN GUY.[289]
      • PEYGU.
      • MARTAVAN.
      • AVA.
      • CAPELAN.
      • KINGDOM OF ANSIAM.
      • QUEDA, TOWN OF THE KINGDOM OF ANSYAM.
      • KINGDOM AND CITY OF MALACCA.
      • ARCHIPELAGO OF MALACA.
      • ISLAND OF SAMATRA.
      • JAVA MAJOR.
      • JAVA MINOR.
      • TIMOR.
      • ISLANDS OF BANDAN.
      • DANDON.[334]
      • ISLANDS OF MALUCO, WHICH ARE FIVE.
      • ISLAND OF CELEBE.[338]
      • BANGAYA.[341]
      • SOLOR.
      • BORNEY.
      • CHAMPA.
      • CHINA.
      • LEQUEOS.
      • FINIS.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE RUBIES, WHERE THEY GROW, OF THEIR VARIETY, AND OF HOW THEY ARE SOLD IN THE MALABAR COUNTRY.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE SPINEL RUBIES.
      • ACCOUNT OF OTHER RUBIES OF CEYLON.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE BALASSES, WHERE THEY GROW AND WHAT THEY ARE WORTH IN CALICUT.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE DIAMONDS OF THE OLD MINE.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE SAPPHIRES.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE TOPAZES AND OF THEIR PRICES IN CALICUT.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE TURQUOISES, AND OF THEIR PRICES IN MALABAR.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE HYACINTHS.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE EMERALDS.
      • SUMMARY ACCOUNT OF THE SPICES, WHERE THEY GROW, AND WHAT THEY ARE WORTH IN CALICUT, AND WHERE THEY ARE EXPORTED TO.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE CLOVES.
      • CINNAMON.
      • BELEDYN GINGER.
      • ELY GINGER.
      • GREEN GINGER FOR CONSERVES.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE DRUGS AND SPICES IN CALICUT AND ALL THE MALABAR COUNTRY.
      • ACCOUNT OF THE WEIGHTS OF PORTUGAL AND OF THE INDIES.
      • IN PORTUGAL.
      • INDIES.
      • VOYAGE WHICH JUAN SERANO MADE WHEN HE FLED FROM MALACA, WITH THREE PORTUGUESE AND CRISTOVAL DE MORALES OF SEVILLE, IN A CARAVEL WHICH HE STOLE IN MALACA, IN WHICH HE PUT CERTAIN MALAY MARINERS, NATIVES OF MALACA, ABOUT THE YEAR OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED AND TWELVE YEARS.[387]
      • NOTE TO DESCRIPTION OF PRECIOUS STONES.
      • NOTE TO PAGE 30.
      • NOTE TO PAGE 35.
      • NOTE TO PAGE 93.
        • Devadachi, femmes des Pagodes, servantes des dieux. Chap. 17.
      • Devadachi, femmes des Pagodes, servantes des dieux. Chap. 17.
    • THE CAPE OF ST. SEBASTIAN AFTER PASSING THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
    • ISLANDS OF THE GREAT UCIQUES.[4]
    • THE LITTLE VCIQUES ISLANDS IN RIVERS.
    • SOFALA.
    • KINGDOM OF BENAMATAPA.
    • ZINBAOCH.[9]
    • RIVER ZUAMA.
    • ANGOY.
    • MOZAMBIQUE ISLAND.
    • ISLAND OF QUILOA.
    • ISLAND OF MOMBAZA.
    • MELINDE.
    • ISLAND OF SAN LORENZO.[21]
    • PENDA, MANFIA, AND ZANZIBAR.
    • PATE.
    • BRAVA.
    • MAGADOXO.[28]
    • AFUNI.[29]
    • CAPE GUARDAFUN.
    • MET.
    • BARBARA.
    • ZEYLA.
    • DALAQUA.
    • MASAVA SAVAQUIN[36] AND OTHER PLACES.
    • KINGDOM OF PRESTER JOHN.
    • BABEL MELECH.
    • SUEZ.
    • MOUNT SINAI.
    • ELIOBON AND MEDINA.
    • GUIDA PORT OF MECA.
    • MECA.
    • JAZAN, HALI, ALHOR.
    • HODEYDA, MAHA, BABEL MENDE.
    • ISLAND OF CAMARON.
    • ADEM.
    • KINGDOM OF FARTACH.
    • CAPE FARTACH AND THE ISLAND OF SACOTORA.
    • DIUFAR.
    • XEHER.[65]
    • FASALHAD.
    • KINGDOM OF ORMUZ.
    • THE ISLANDS OF THE KINGDOM OF ORMUZ.
    • COUNTRY OF SHEIKH ISMAIL.
    • ISLAND AND CITY OF ORMUZ.
    • DIULCINDI.
    • KINGDOM OF GUZERAT, IN INDIA.
    • OF THE KING AND THE LORDS OF GUZARAT, WHICH IS OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBAY.
    • CITY OF CHAMPAVER.[130]
    • ANDAVAT.
    • PATEMXI.
    • SURATIMANGALOR.
    • DUY.
    • GOGARI.
    • BARBESY.
    • BUENDARI.
    • CITY OF CAMBAY.
    • LIMADURA.
    • RAVEL.
    • SURATI.
    • DENVY.[150]
    • BAXAY.
    • TANAMAYAMBU.
    • KINGDOM OF DACANI.
    • CHEUL.
    • DAMDA.
    • MANDABAD.
    • DABUL.
    • SINGUYCAR.
    • RIVER DOBETALA.
    • BANDA.
    • GUOA.
    • CINTACOLA.
    • KINGDOM OF NARSINGA.
    • HONOR.
    • BATECALA.
    • MAYANDUR.
    • BACAVOR BAZALOR.
    • MANGALOR.
    • CUNBALA.
    • OF THE CUSTOMS AND GREATNESS OF THIS KINGDOM OF NARSINGA IN THE INTERIOR OF THE COUNTRY.
    • BIJANAGUER.
    • CUSTOMS OF THIS KINGDOM OF NARSINGA AND OF ITS INHABITANTS.
    • HOTISA.
    • KINGDOM OF DELY.
    • COUNTRY OF MALABAR.
    • CUSTOMS OF THE SAID KINGDOMS AND COUNTRY OF MALABAR.
    • ON THE FASHION OF JUSTICE IN THE KINGDOM OF MALABAR.
    • SECTION OF THE BRAMANS AND THEIR CUSTOMS.
    • SECTION OF THE NAIRS OF MALABAR, WHO ARE THE GENTRY, AND THEIR CUSTOMS.
    • SECTION OF THE BRABARES WHO ARE MERCHANTS OF THE KINGDOM OF MALABAR, OF THEIR CUSTOMS AND SECT.
    • SECTION OF THE CUJAVEN, WHO ARE POTTERS AND WORKERS OF CLAY.
    • SECTION OF THE WASHERMEN.
    • SECTION OF THE WEAVERS OF THE MALABAR COUNTRY.
    • SECTION OF LOW PEOPLE: ZIVIL TIVER.
    • MOGUER.
    • CANION.
    • AJARE.
    • MUCOA.
    • BETUA.
    • PANEU.
    • RENOLENI.
    • PULER.
    • PARENI.[240]
    • OTHER KINDS OF PEOPLE.
    • CHETIS.
    • GUZURATES.
    • MAPULER.
    • PARDESY.
    • SECTION OF THE MANNER IN WHICH THE COUNTRY OF MALABAR IS DIVIDED, AND OF THAT WHICH GROWS IN IT.
    • CANANOR.
    • CANANOR.
    • CIECATE.
    • TARMAPATAN.
    • COTAOGATO.
    • DESCRIPTION OF WHAT GROWS IN THIS KINGDOM OF CANANOR.
    • OF MANY TOWNS AND CITIES OF THE KINGDOM OF CALICUT WHICH POSSESS SHIPPING.
    • PUDOPATANI, FIRST TOWN OF THE KINGDOM OF CALICUT.
    • TIRCORE.
    • PANDARENI.
    • CAPUCAD.
    • CALICUT.
    • CHALYANI.
    • PURPURANGARI.
    • PARAVANOR AND TANOR.
    • PANANX.
    • CHATNA.
    • CRANGOLOR.
    • OF WHAT IS GATHERED IN THIS KINGDOM OF CALICUT.
    • KINGDOM OF COCHIN.
    • PORCA.
    • KINGDOM OF COULAM.
    • THE CITY OF COULAM.
    • TIRINANGOTO.
    • CAPE OF COMORY.
    • ARCHIPELAGO OF ISLES.
    • ISLANDS OF PALANDIVA.
    • ISLAND OF CEYLAM.
    • QUILACARE, OF THE KINGDOM OF COLAM.
    • SAEL.
    • CHORMENDEL.
    • MAYLEPUR.
    • PALECATE.
    • THE MOUNTAIN OF DIGUIRMALE.
    • KINGDOM OF ORISSA.
    • BENGAL.
    • KINGDOM OF BERMA.
    • ERE CAN GUY.[289]
    • PEYGU.
    • MARTAVAN.
    • AVA.
    • CAPELAN.
    • KINGDOM OF ANSIAM.
    • QUEDA, TOWN OF THE KINGDOM OF ANSYAM.
    • KINGDOM AND CITY OF MALACCA.
    • ARCHIPELAGO OF MALACA.
    • ISLAND OF SAMATRA.
    • JAVA MAJOR.
    • JAVA MINOR.
    • TIMOR.
    • ISLANDS OF BANDAN.
    • DANDON.[334]
    • ISLANDS OF MALUCO, WHICH ARE FIVE.
    • ISLAND OF CELEBE.[338]
    • BANGAYA.[341]
    • SOLOR.
    • BORNEY.
    • CHAMPA.
    • CHINA.
    • LEQUEOS.
    • FINIS.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE RUBIES, WHERE THEY GROW, OF THEIR VARIETY, AND OF HOW THEY ARE SOLD IN THE MALABAR COUNTRY.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE SPINEL RUBIES.
    • ACCOUNT OF OTHER RUBIES OF CEYLON.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE BALASSES, WHERE THEY GROW AND WHAT THEY ARE WORTH IN CALICUT.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE DIAMONDS OF THE OLD MINE.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE SAPPHIRES.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE TOPAZES AND OF THEIR PRICES IN CALICUT.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE TURQUOISES, AND OF THEIR PRICES IN MALABAR.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE HYACINTHS.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE EMERALDS.
    • SUMMARY ACCOUNT OF THE SPICES, WHERE THEY GROW, AND WHAT THEY ARE WORTH IN CALICUT, AND WHERE THEY ARE EXPORTED TO.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE CLOVES.
    • CINNAMON.
    • BELEDYN GINGER.
    • ELY GINGER.
    • GREEN GINGER FOR CONSERVES.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE DRUGS AND SPICES IN CALICUT AND ALL THE MALABAR COUNTRY.
    • ACCOUNT OF THE WEIGHTS OF PORTUGAL AND OF THE INDIES.
    • IN PORTUGAL.
    • INDIES.
    • VOYAGE WHICH JUAN SERANO MADE WHEN HE FLED FROM MALACA, WITH THREE PORTUGUESE AND CRISTOVAL DE MORALES OF SEVILLE, IN A CARAVEL WHICH HE STOLE IN MALACA, IN WHICH HE PUT CERTAIN MALAY MARINERS, NATIVES OF MALACA, ABOUT THE YEAR OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED AND TWELVE YEARS.[387]
    • NOTE TO DESCRIPTION OF PRECIOUS STONES.
    • NOTE TO PAGE 30.
    • NOTE TO PAGE 35.
    • NOTE TO PAGE 93.
      • Devadachi, femmes des Pagodes, servantes des dieux. Chap. 17.
    • Devadachi, femmes des Pagodes, servantes des dieux. Chap. 17.
    • INDEX.
      • LONDON: T. RICHARDS, 37, GREAT QUEEN STREET.
    • LONDON: T. RICHARDS, 37, GREAT QUEEN STREET.
    • FOOTNOTES:
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