Protestantism and Catholicity Compared in their effects on the civilization of Europe
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Protestantism and Catholicity Compared in their effects on the civilization of Europe

By Jaime Luciano Balmes
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Table of Contents
  • PROTESTANTISM AND CATHOLICITY COMPARED IN THEIR EFFECTS ON THE CIVILIZATION OF EUROPE.
  • AUTHOR'S PREFACE.
  • PREFACE TO THE AMERICAN EDITION.
  • NOTICE OF THE AUTHOR.
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS.
  • TABLE OF NOTES.
  • CHAPTER I. NAME AND NATURE OF PROTESTANTISM.
  • CHAPTER II. CAUSES OF PROTESTANTISM.
  • CHAPTER III. EXTRAORDINARY PHENOMENON IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.
  • CHAPTER IV. PROTESTANTISM AND THE MIND.
  • CHAPTER V. INSTINCT OF FAITH IN THE SCIENCES.
  • CHAPTER VI. DIFFERENCES IN THE RELIGIOUS WANTS OF NATIONS—MATHEMATICS—MORAL SCIENCES.
  • CHAPTER VII. INDIFFERENCE AND FANATICISM.
  • CHAPTER VIII. FANATICISM—ITS DEFINITION.—FANATICISM IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.
  • CHAPTER IX. INFIDELITY AND INDIFFERENCE IN EUROPE, THE FRUITS OF PROTESTANTISM.
  • CHAPTER X. CAUSES OF THE CONTINUANCE OF PROTESTANTISM.
  • CHAPTER XI. THE POSITIVE DOCTRINES OF PROTESTANTISM REPUGNANT TO THE INSTINCT OF CIVILIZATION.
  • CHAPTER XII. THE EFFECTS WHICH THE INTRODUCTION OF PROTESTANTISM INTO SPAIN WOULD HAVE PRODUCED.
  • CHAPTER XIII. CATHOLICITY AND PROTESTANTISM IN RELATION TO SOCIAL PROGRESS. PRELIMINARY COUP D'ŒIL.
  • CHAPTER XIV. DID THERE EXIST AT THE EPOCH WHEN CHRISTIANITY APPEARED ANY OTHER PRINCIPLE OF REGENERATION?
  • CHAPTER XV. DIFFICULTIES WHICH CHRISTIANITY HAD TO OVERCOME IN THE WORK OF SOCIAL REGENERATION.—OF SLAVERY.—COULD IT BE DESTROYED WITH MORE PROMPTNESS THAN IT WAS BY CHRISTIANITY?
  • CHAPTER XVI. IDEAS AND MANNERS OF ANTIQUITY WITH RESPECT TO SLAVERY.—THE CHURCH BEGINS BY IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF SLAVES.
  • CHAPTER XVII. MEANS EMPLOYED BY THE CHURCH TO ENFRANCHISE SLAVES.
  • CHAPTER XVIII. CONTINUATION OF THE SAME SUBJECT.
  • CHAPTER XIX. DOCTRINES OF S. AUGUSTINE AND S. THOMAS AQUINAS ON THE SUBJECT OF SLAVERY.—RÉSUMÉ OF THE SUBJECT.
  • CHAPTER XX. CONTRAST BETWEEN TWO ORDERS OF CIVILIZATION.
  • CHAPTER XXI. OF THE INDIVIDUAL—OF THE FEELING OF INDIVIDUAL INDEPENDENCE ACCORDING TO M. GUIZOT.
  • CHAPTER XXII. HOW THE INDIVIDUAL WAS ABSORBED BY ANCIENT SOCIETY.
  • CHAPTER XXIII. THE PROGRESS OF INDIVIDUALITY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF CATHOLICITY.
  • CHAPTER XXIV. OF THE FAMILY.—MONOGAMY.—INDISSOLUBILITY OF THE CONJUGAL TIE.
  • CHAPTER XXV. OF THE PASSION OF LOVE.
  • CHAPTER XXVI. VIRGINITY IN ITS SOCIAL ASPECT.
  • CHAPTER XXVII. OF CHIVALRY AND BARBARIAN MANNERS, IN THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE CONDITION OF WOMEN.
  • CHAPTER XXVIII. OF THE PUBLIC CONSCIENCE IN GENERAL.
  • CHAPTER XXIX. OF THE PRINCIPLE OF PUBLIC CONSCIENCE ACCORDING TO MONTESQUIEU—HONOR—VIRTUE.
  • CHAPTER XXX. ON THE DIFFERENT INFLUENCE OF PROTESTANTISM AND CATHOLICITY ON THE PUBLIC CONSCIENCE.
  • CHAPTER XXXI. ON GENTLENESS OF MANNERS IN GENERAL.
  • CHAPTER XXXII. THE IMPROVEMENT OF MANNERS BY THE ACTION OF THE CHURCH.
  • CHAPTER XXXIII. ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC BENEFICENCE IN EUROPE.
  • CHAPTER XXXIV. ON TOLERATION IN RELIGIOUS MATTERS.
  • CHAPTER XXXV. ON THE RIGHT OF COERCION IN GENERAL.
  • CHAPTER XXXVI. ON THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN.
  • CHAPTER XXXVII. SECOND EPOCH OF THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN.
  • CHAPTER XXXVIII. RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN THEMSELVES.
  • CHAPTER XXXIX. OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN HISTORY.—THE FIRST SOLITARIES.
  • CHAPTER XL. ON RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN THE EAST.
  • CHAPTER XLI. OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF THE WEST.
  • CHAPTER XLII. OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE MIDDLE AGES.—THE MILITARY ORDERS.
  • CHAPTER XLIII. CONTINUATION OF THE SAME SUBJECT—EUROPE IN THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY.
  • CHAPTER XLIV. THE RELIGIOUS ORDERS FOR THE REDEMPTION OF CAPTIVES.
  • CHAPTER XLV. THE UNIVERSAL PROGRESS OF CIVILIZATION IMPEDED BY PROTESTANTISM.
  • CHAPTER XLVI. THE JESUITS.
  • CHAPTER XLVII. THE FUTURE OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS.—THEIR PRESENT NECESSITY.
  • CHAPTER XLVIII. RELIGION AND LIBERTY.
  • CHAPTER XLIX. THE ORIGIN OF SOCIETY, ACCORDING TO CATHOLIC DIVINES.
  • CHAPTER L. ON THE RIGHT DIVINE, ACCORDING TO THE CATHOLIC DOCTORS.
  • CHAPTER LI. TRANSMISSION OF POWER, ACCORDING TO THE CATHOLIC DOCTORS.
  • CHAPTER LII. FREEDOM OF SPEECH UNDER THE SPANISH MONARCHY.
  • CHAPTER LIII. ON THE FACULTIES OF THE CIVIL POWER.
  • CHAPTER LIV. ON RESISTANCE TO THE CIVIL POWER.
  • CHAPTER LV. ON RESISTANCE TO DE FACTO GOVERNMENTS.
  • CHAPTER LVI. HOW THE CIVIL POWER MAY BE LAWFULLY RESISTED.
  • CHAPTER LVII. POLITICAL SOCIETY IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
  • CHAPTER LVIII. MONARCHY IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
  • CHAPTER LIX. THE ARISTOCRACY OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
  • CHAPTER LX. ON DEMOCRACY.
  • CHAPTER LXI. ON THE VALUE OF THE DIFFERENT POLITICAL FORMS—CHARACTER OF MONARCHY IN EUROPE.
  • CHAPTER LXII. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MONARCHY IN EUROPE.
  • CHAPTER LXIII. TWO KINDS OF DEMOCRACY.
  • CHAPTER LXIV. STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE THREE SOCIAL ELEMENTS.
  • CHAPTER LXV. POLITICAL DOCTRINES BEFORE THE APPEARANCE OF PROTESTANTISM.
  • CHAPTER LXVI. POLITICAL DOCTRINES IN SPAIN.
  • CHAPTER LXVII. POLITICAL LIBERTY AND RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE.
  • CHAPTER LXVIII. UNITY IN FAITH NOT ADVERSE TO POLITICAL LIBERTY.
  • CHAPTER LXIX. OF INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF CATHOLICITY.
  • CHAPTER LXX. HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT.
  • CHAPTER LXXI. RELIGION AND THE HUMAN MIND IN EUROPE.
  • CHAPTER LXXII. ON THE PROGRESS OF THE HUMAN MIND FROM THE ELEVENTH CENTURY TO THE PRESENT TIME.
  • CHAPTER LXXIII. SUMMARY.—DECLARATION OF THE AUTHOR.
  • NOTES.
  • APPENDIX.
  • INDEX.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • Transcriber's Notes
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