Botany The Science of Plant Life
Free

Botany The Science of Plant Life

By Norman Taylor
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • BOTANY
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
  • INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER PLANTS AND OUR DAILY NEEDS
  • CHAPTER I WHAT PLANTS ARE
    • 1. Flowering Plants
      • THE ROOT
      • THE STEM
      • THE LEAF
      • THE FLOWER
      • THE FRUIT
      • THE SEED
    • 2. Flowerless Plants
      • THE FERNS
      • OTHER FLOWERLESS PLANTS
      • Summary Of What Plants Are
  • CHAPTER II PLANT BEHAVIOR
    • 1. Light and Its Importance To the Plant
      • LEAVES AS FACTORIES FOR THE MAKING OF FOOD
      • EFFECT OF LIGHT AND DARKNESS ON INDIVIDUAL PLANTS AND VEGETATION AS A WHOLE
    • 2. How Plants Get Their Food and Water From the Earth
    • 3. Borrowing From the Living and Robbing From the Dead
    • 4. What Plants Do With Water and How They Breathe
    • 5. Restless and Irritable Plants
  • CHAPTER III HOW PLANTS PRODUCE THEIR YOUNG
    • 1. Visible Marriage of Flowering Plants
      • INSECTS AS FLOWER VISITORS
      • WIND AND WHAT IT DOES FOR FLOWERS
      • WATER AS AN AID TO FERTILIZATION
    • 2. Hidden Marriage of Flowerless Plants
      • THE LIFE HISTORY OF A FERN
      • LIFE HISTORY OF A MOSS
      • LIFE HISTORY OF A MUSHROOM
      • THE PRODUCTION OF YOUNG PLANTS WITHOUT MATING
  • CHAPTER IV THE FAMILIES OF FLOWERING PLANTS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP
    • Plant Names and How They Are Acquired
      • PLANT FAMILIES AND ORDERS
      • Some Monocotyledonous Plant Families
      • Dicotyledonous Plant Families
  • CHAPTER V USES OF PLANTS TO MAN
    • 1. Foods
      • WHEAT
      • INDIAN CORN OR MAIZE
      • RICE
      • SUGAR
      • THE BANANA
      • POTATO
      • COCONUT
    • 2. Beverages
      • TEA
      • COFFEE
      • CHOCOLATE
    • 3. Fibers
      • COTTON
      • HEMP AND CORDAGE
      • JUTE
    • 4. The Story of Rubber
    • 5. Drugs
      • QUININE
      • ACONITE
      • OPIUM AND MORPHINE
      • COCAINE
    • 6. The Story of Tobacco
    • 7. Spices
      • VANILLA
      • NUTMEG
      • CLOVES
      • CINNAMON
  • CHAPTER VI GARDEN PLANTS
    • Plant Materials for the Garden
      • TREES
      • EVERGREENS
      • DECIDUOUS TREES
      • SHRUBS
      • GARDEN HERBS
      • COLOR, SEASON, AND HEIGHT OF HARDY PERENNIALS
      • ANNUALS
  • CHAPTER VII HISTORY OF THE PLANT KINGDOM
    • 1. Dawn of Plant Life On Earth
    • 2. The Development of Land Plants
    • 3. Carboniferous Plants and the Formation of Coal
    • 4. More Recent Ancestors of Our Modern Flora
    • 5. Present-Day Plants and Where They Come From
    • 6. How Plants Change Their Characters and Become New Species
  • CHAPTER VIII DISTRIBUTION OF PLANTS
    • 1. Dispersal By Animals, the Wind, and Water
      • THE WIND
      • WATER
    • 2. Invasion, Migration, and Relics
    • 3. Home Economy of Plants, or Ecology
    • 4. Some of the Chief Plant Societies
      • Forests
      • TROPICAL RAIN FOREST
      • TEMPERATE FORESTS IN AMERICA
      • THE PRAIRIE OR GRASSLANDS
      • DESERTS
      • GENERAL CONCLUSION
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