Mechanics of the Household A Course of Study Devoted to Domestic Machinery and Household Mechanical Appliances
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Mechanics of the Household A Course of Study Devoted to Domestic Machinery and Household Mechanical Appliances

By E. S. (Edward Spencer) Keene
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • MECHANICS OF THE HOUSEHOLD
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CONTENTS
  • CHAPTER I THE STEAM HEATING PLANT
    • Heat of Vaporization.
      • Steam Temperatures.
      • Gage Pressure—Absolute Pressure.
      • Two-pipe System.
      • Separate-return System.
      • Overhead or Drop System.
      • Water-filled Radiators.
      • Air Vents.
      • Automatic Air Vents.
      • Steam Radiator Valves.
    • Steam Temperatures.
    • Gage Pressure—Absolute Pressure.
    • Two-pipe System.
    • Separate-return System.
    • Overhead or Drop System.
    • Water-filled Radiators.
    • Air Vents.
    • Automatic Air Vents.
    • Steam Radiator Valves.
    • THE HOUSE-HEATING STEAM BOILER
      • Boiler Trimmings.
      • The Water Column.
      • The Steam Gage.
      • The Safety Valve.
      • The Draft Regulator.
    • Boiler Trimmings.
    • The Water Column.
    • The Steam Gage.
    • The Safety Valve.
    • The Draft Regulator.
    • RULE FOR PROPORTIONING RADIATORS
    • PROPORTIONING THE SIZE OF MAINS
    • FORMS OF RADIATORS
      • Radiator Finishings.
    • Radiator Finishings.
    • PIPE COVERINGS
      • Vapor-system Heating.
    • Vapor-system Heating.
  • CHAPTER II THE HOT-WATER HEATING PLANT
    • The Low-pressure Hot-water System.
      • The High-pressure Hot-water System.
      • Heating-plant Design.
      • Overhead System of Hot-water Heating.
      • Expansion Tanks.
      • Radiator Connection.
      • Hot-water Radiators.
      • Hot-water Radiator Valves.
      • Air Vents.
      • Automatic Hot-water Air Vents.
    • The High-pressure Hot-water System.
    • Heating-plant Design.
    • Overhead System of Hot-water Heating.
    • Expansion Tanks.
    • Radiator Connection.
    • Hot-water Radiators.
    • Hot-water Radiator Valves.
    • Air Vents.
    • Automatic Hot-water Air Vents.
  • CHAPTER III THE HOT-AIR FURNACE
    • CONSTRUCTION
      • Furnace-gas Leaks.
      • Location of the Furnace.
      • Flues.
      • Combination Hot-air and Hot-water Heater.
    • Furnace-gas Leaks.
    • Location of the Furnace.
    • Flues.
    • Combination Hot-air and Hot-water Heater.
  • CHAPTER IV TEMPERATURE REGULATION
    • Hand Regulation.
      • Damper Regulator for Steam Boiler.
      • Damper Regulators for Hot-water Furnaces.
      • The Thermostat Motor.
      • Combined Thermostat and Damper Regulator.
      • Thermostat-motor Connections.
    • Damper Regulator for Steam Boiler.
    • Damper Regulators for Hot-water Furnaces.
    • The Thermostat Motor.
    • Combined Thermostat and Damper Regulator.
    • Thermostat-motor Connections.
  • CHAPTER V MANAGEMENT OF HEATING PLANTS
    • General Advice.
      • The Economy of Good Draft.
      • General Firing Rules.
      • Weather and Time of Day.
      • Night Firing.
      • First-day Firing.
      • Other-day Firing.
      • Economy and Fuels.
      • For Burning Soft Coal.
      • For Burning Coke.
      • Other Rules for Water Boilers
      • Air-vent Valves on Radiators.
      • Valves on Cellar Mains.
      • End of the Season.
      • Other Rules for Steam Boilers
      • To Control Radiators.
      • The Air Valves.
      • End of the Season.
    • The Economy of Good Draft.
    • General Firing Rules.
    • Weather and Time of Day.
    • Night Firing.
    • First-day Firing.
    • Other-day Firing.
    • Economy and Fuels.
    • For Burning Soft Coal.
    • For Burning Coke.
    • Other Rules for Water Boilers
    • Air-vent Valves on Radiators.
    • Valves on Cellar Mains.
    • End of the Season.
    • Other Rules for Steam Boilers
    • To Control Radiators.
    • The Air Valves.
    • End of the Season.
    • THE RIGHT CHIMNEY FLUE
      • “Smokey” Chimneys.
    • “Smokey” Chimneys.
  • CHAPTER VI PLUMBING
    • Water Supply.
    • WATER COCKS
      • Bibb-cocks.
      • Self-closing Bibbs.
      • Lever-handle Bibbs.
      • Fuller Cocks.
      • Wash-tray Bibbs.
      • Basin Cocks.
      • Pantry Cocks.
      • Sill Cocks.
      • Valves.
      • Kitchen and Laundry Fixtures.
    • Bibb-cocks.
    • Self-closing Bibbs.
    • Lever-handle Bibbs.
    • Fuller Cocks.
    • Wash-tray Bibbs.
    • Basin Cocks.
    • Pantry Cocks.
    • Sill Cocks.
    • Valves.
    • Kitchen and Laundry Fixtures.
    • THE BATHROOM
      • Bath Tubs.
      • Wash Stands and Lavatories.
      • Traps.
      • Back-venting.
      • Soil Pipe.
      • Water Closets.
      • Washdown Closets.
      • Siphon-jet Closet.
      • Flush Tanks.
      • Low-down Flush Tank.
      • Opening Stopped Pipes.
      • Sewer Gas.
    • Bath Tubs.
    • Wash Stands and Lavatories.
    • Traps.
    • Back-venting.
    • Soil Pipe.
    • Water Closets.
    • Washdown Closets.
    • Siphon-jet Closet.
    • Flush Tanks.
    • Low-down Flush Tank.
    • Opening Stopped Pipes.
    • Sewer Gas.
    • RANGE BOILERS
      • The Water-back.
      • Excessive Pressure.
      • Blow-off Cock.
      • Location of Range Boiler.
      • Double Heater Connections.
      • Horizontal Range Boilers.
      • Tank Heaters.
      • Overheated Water.
      • Furnace Hot-water Heaters.
      • Instantaneous Heaters.
    • The Water-back.
    • Excessive Pressure.
    • Blow-off Cock.
    • Location of Range Boiler.
    • Double Heater Connections.
    • Horizontal Range Boilers.
    • Tank Heaters.
    • Overheated Water.
    • Furnace Hot-water Heaters.
    • Instantaneous Heaters.
  • CHAPTER VII WATER SUPPLY
    • Water Analysis.
      • Pokegama Water.
      • River Water.
      • Artesian Water.
      • Medical Water.
      • Organic Matter.
      • Ammonia.
      • Hardness in Water.
      • Iron in Water.
      • Water Softening with Hydrated Silicates.
      • Chlorine.
      • Polluted Water.
      • Pollution of Wells.
      • Safe Distance in the Location of Wells.
      • Surface Pollution of Wells.
      • Water Table.
      • The Devining Rod.
      • Selection of a Type of Well.
      • Flowing Wells.
    • Pokegama Water.
    • River Water.
    • Artesian Water.
    • Medical Water.
    • Organic Matter.
    • Ammonia.
    • Hardness in Water.
    • Iron in Water.
    • Water Softening with Hydrated Silicates.
    • Chlorine.
    • Polluted Water.
    • Pollution of Wells.
    • Safe Distance in the Location of Wells.
    • Surface Pollution of Wells.
    • Water Table.
    • The Devining Rod.
    • Selection of a Type of Well.
    • Flowing Wells.
    • CONSTRUCTION OF WELLS
      • Dug Wells.
      • Open Wells.
      • The Ideal Well.
      • Coverings of Concrete.
      • Artesian Wells.
      • Driven Wells.
      • Bored Wells.
      • Cleaning of Wells.
      • Gases in Wells.
      • Peculiarities of Wells.
      • Breathing Well.
      • Freezing Wells.
    • Dug Wells.
    • Open Wells.
    • The Ideal Well.
    • Coverings of Concrete.
    • Artesian Wells.
    • Driven Wells.
    • Bored Wells.
    • Cleaning of Wells.
    • Gases in Wells.
    • Peculiarities of Wells.
    • Breathing Well.
    • Freezing Wells.
    • PUMPS
      • The Lift Pump.
      • The Force Pump.
      • Tank Pump.
    • The Lift Pump.
    • The Force Pump.
    • Tank Pump.
    • WELL PUMPS
      • Wooden Pump.
      • Pumps for Driven Wells.
      • Deep-well Pumps.
      • Tubular-well Cylinders.
      • Chain Pumps.
    • Wooden Pump.
    • Pumps for Driven Wells.
    • Deep-well Pumps.
    • Tubular-well Cylinders.
    • Chain Pumps.
    • RAIN-WATER CISTERNS
      • Filters.
    • Filters.
    • THE HYDRAULIC RAM
      • Single-acting Hydraulic Ram.
      • The Double-acting Hydraulic Ram.
    • Single-acting Hydraulic Ram.
    • The Double-acting Hydraulic Ram.
    • DOMESTIC WATER-SUPPLY PLANTS
      • Gravity Water-supply Plant.
      • Pressure-tank System of Water Supply.
      • The Pressure Tank.
      • Power Water-supply Plants.
      • Electric Power Water Supply.
      • Wind-power Water Supply.
      • The Water Lift.
    • Gravity Water-supply Plant.
    • Pressure-tank System of Water Supply.
    • The Pressure Tank.
    • Power Water-supply Plants.
    • Electric Power Water Supply.
    • Wind-power Water Supply.
    • The Water Lift.
  • CHAPTER VIII SEWAGE DISPOSAL
    • The Septic Tank.
      • The Septic Tank With a Sand-bed Filter.
      • The Septic Tank and Anaerobic Filter.
      • Limit of Efficiency.
    • The Septic Tank With a Sand-bed Filter.
    • The Septic Tank and Anaerobic Filter.
    • Limit of Efficiency.
  • CHAPTER IX COAL
    • Anthracite or hard coal
      • Bituminous or soft coal
      • Oxidation of Hydrocarbons.
      • Semi-bituminous coal
      • Graphitic Anthracite.
      • Cannel Coal.
      • Lignite.
      • Peat.
      • Wood.
      • Charcoal.
      • Coke.
      • Gas-coke,
      • Briquettes.
      • Comparative Value of Coal to Other Fuels.
      • Price of Coal.
    • Bituminous or soft coal
    • Oxidation of Hydrocarbons.
    • Semi-bituminous coal
    • Graphitic Anthracite.
    • Cannel Coal.
    • Lignite.
    • Peat.
    • Wood.
    • Charcoal.
    • Coke.
    • Gas-coke,
    • Briquettes.
    • Comparative Value of Coal to Other Fuels.
    • Price of Coal.
  • CHAPTER X ATMOSPHERIC HUMIDITY
    • Humidity of the Air.
      • Relative Humidity.
      • The Hygrometer.
      • The Hygrodeik.
      • Dial Hygrometers.
      • The Swiss Cottage “Barometer.”
      • Dew-point.
      • To Determine the Dew-point.
      • Frost Prediction.
      • Prevention of Frost.
      • Humidifying Apparatus.
    • Relative Humidity.
    • The Hygrometer.
    • The Hygrodeik.
    • Dial Hygrometers.
    • The Swiss Cottage “Barometer.”
    • Dew-point.
    • To Determine the Dew-point.
    • Frost Prediction.
    • Prevention of Frost.
    • Humidifying Apparatus.
  • CHAPTER XI VENTILATION
    • Quantity of Air Discharged by a Flue.
      • Cost of Ventilation.
      • The Wolpert Air Tester.
      • Pneumatic Temperature Regulation.
      • Mechanical Ventilation.
      • The Plenum Method.
      • Ventilation Apparatus.
      • Air Conditioning.
      • Humidifying Plants.
      • Vaporization as a Cooling Agent.
      • Air-cooling Plants.
      • Humidity Control.
    • Cost of Ventilation.
    • The Wolpert Air Tester.
    • Pneumatic Temperature Regulation.
    • Mechanical Ventilation.
    • The Plenum Method.
    • Ventilation Apparatus.
    • Air Conditioning.
    • Humidifying Plants.
    • Vaporization as a Cooling Agent.
    • Air-cooling Plants.
    • Humidity Control.
  • CHAPTER XII GASEOUS AND LIQUID FUELS
    • Gaseous and Liquid Fuels.
      • Coal Gas.
      • All-oil Water Gas.
      • Pintsch Gas.
      • Blau Gas.
      • Water Gas.
      • Measurement of Gas.
      • Gas Meters.
    • Coal Gas.
    • All-oil Water Gas.
    • Pintsch Gas.
    • Blau Gas.
    • Water Gas.
    • Measurement of Gas.
    • Gas Meters.
    • HOW TO READ THE INDEX
      • Prepayment Meters.
      • Gas-service Rules.
      • Gas Ranges.
      • Lighting and Heating with Gasoline.
      • Gasoline
      • “Kerosene.
    • Prepayment Meters.
    • Gas-service Rules.
    • Gas Ranges.
    • Lighting and Heating with Gasoline.
    • Gasoline
    • “Kerosene.
    • LIGHTING AND HEATING WITH GASOLINE
    • THE COLD-PROCESS GAS MACHINE
    • THE HOLLOW-WIRE SYSTEM OF GASOLINE LIGHTING AND HEATING
      • Mantle Gas Lamps.
      • Open-flame Gas Burners.
      • The Inverted-mantle Gasoline Lamp.
      • Portable Gasoline Lamps.
      • Central-generator Plants.
      • Central-generator Gas Lamps.
      • Boulevard Lamps.
      • Burners for gasoline stoves
      • Gasoline Sad Irons.
      • Alcohol Sad Irons.
      • Alcohol Table Stoves.
      • Danger from Gaseous and Liquid Fuels.
    • Mantle Gas Lamps.
    • Open-flame Gas Burners.
    • The Inverted-mantle Gasoline Lamp.
    • Portable Gasoline Lamps.
    • Central-generator Plants.
    • Central-generator Gas Lamps.
    • Boulevard Lamps.
    • Burners for gasoline stoves
    • Gasoline Sad Irons.
    • Alcohol Sad Irons.
    • Alcohol Table Stoves.
    • Danger from Gaseous and Liquid Fuels.
    • ACETYLENE-GAS MACHINES
      • Types of Acetylene Generators.
      • Gas Lighters.
      • Acetylene Stoves.
    • Types of Acetylene Generators.
    • Gas Lighters.
    • Acetylene Stoves.
  • CHAPTER XIII ELECTRICITY
    • Incandescent Electric Lamps.
      • The Mazda Lamp.
      • Candlepower.
      • Lamp Labels.
      • Illumination.
      • The Foot-candle.
      • The Lumen.
      • Reflectors.
      • Choice of Reflector.
      • Lamp Transformers.
      • Units of Electrical Measurement.
      • Miniature Lamps.
      • Effect of Voltage Variations.
      • Turn-down Electric Lamps.
      • The Dim-a-lite.
      • Gas-filled Lamps.
      • Daylight Lamps.
      • Miniature Tungsten Lamps.
      • Flash Lights.
      • The Electric Flat-iron.
      • The Electric Toaster.
      • Motors.
      • Fuse Plugs.
      • Electric Heaters.
      • Intercommunicating Telephones.
      • Electric Signals.
      • Buzzers.
      • Burglar Alarms.
      • Annunciators.
      • Table Pushes.
      • Bell-ringing Transformers.
      • The Recording Wattmeter.
      • To Read the Meter.
    • The Mazda Lamp.
    • Candlepower.
    • Lamp Labels.
    • Illumination.
    • The Foot-candle.
    • The Lumen.
    • Reflectors.
    • Choice of Reflector.
    • Lamp Transformers.
    • Units of Electrical Measurement.
    • Miniature Lamps.
    • Effect of Voltage Variations.
    • Turn-down Electric Lamps.
    • The Dim-a-lite.
    • Gas-filled Lamps.
    • Daylight Lamps.
    • Miniature Tungsten Lamps.
    • Flash Lights.
    • The Electric Flat-iron.
    • The Electric Toaster.
    • Motors.
    • Fuse Plugs.
    • Electric Heaters.
    • Intercommunicating Telephones.
    • Electric Signals.
    • Buzzers.
    • Burglar Alarms.
    • Annunciators.
    • Table Pushes.
    • Bell-ringing Transformers.
    • The Recording Wattmeter.
    • To Read the Meter.
    • EXAMPLES OF METER READINGS
      • State Regulation of Meter Service.
    • State Regulation of Meter Service.
    • PERIODIC TESTS
      • Electric Batteries.
      • Battery Formation.
      • Battery Testers.
      • Electric Conductors.
      • Lamp Cord.
      • Portable Cord.
      • Annunciator Wire.
      • Private Electric Generating Plants.
      • Storage Batteries.
      • The Pilot Cell.
      • National Electrical Code.
      • Electric Light Wiring.
      • Outlet Boxes.
      • Automatic Door Switch.
      • Plug Receptacles.
      • Heater Switch, Pilot and Receptacle.
      • Service Switch.
      • Local Switches.
      • Pilot Lights.
      • Wall and Ceiling Sockets.
      • Drop Lights.
    • Electric Batteries.
    • Battery Formation.
    • Battery Testers.
    • Electric Conductors.
    • Lamp Cord.
    • Portable Cord.
    • Annunciator Wire.
    • Private Electric Generating Plants.
    • Storage Batteries.
    • The Pilot Cell.
    • National Electrical Code.
    • Electric Light Wiring.
    • Outlet Boxes.
    • Automatic Door Switch.
    • Plug Receptacles.
    • Heater Switch, Pilot and Receptacle.
    • Service Switch.
    • Local Switches.
    • Pilot Lights.
    • Wall and Ceiling Sockets.
    • Drop Lights.
  • INDEX
  • Transcriber's Note
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