Seasoning of Wood
Free

Seasoning of Wood

By J. B. (Joseph Bernard) Wagner
Free
Book Description

Table of Contents
  • SEASONING OF WOOD
  • PREFACE
    • CONTENTS
    • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
  • SEASONING OF WOOD
    • SECTION I
  • TIMBER
    • Characteristics and Properties
      • Structure of Wood
      • Properties of Wood
      • Classes of Trees
    • Structure of Wood
    • Properties of Wood
    • Classes of Trees
    • SECTION II
  • CONIFEROUS TREES
    • WOOD OF THE CONIFEROUS TREES
      • Bark and Pith
      • Sap and Heartwood
      • The Annual or Yearly Rings
      • Spring- and Summer-Wood
      • Anatomical Structure
    • Bark and Pith
    • Sap and Heartwood
    • The Annual or Yearly Rings
    • Spring- and Summer-Wood
    • Anatomical Structure
    • LIST OF IMPORTANT CONIFEROUS WOODS
      • CEDAR
      • (a) White Cedars
      • (b) Red Cedars
      • CYPRESS
      • FIR
      • HEMLOCK
      • LARCH or TAMARACK
      • PINE
      • (a) Soft Pines
      • (b) Hard Pines
      • REDWOOD (See Cedar)
      • SPRUCE
      • BASTARD SPRUCE
      • TAMARACK (See Larch)
      • YEW
    • CEDAR
    • (a) White Cedars
    • (b) Red Cedars
    • CYPRESS
    • FIR
    • HEMLOCK
    • LARCH or TAMARACK
    • PINE
    • (a) Soft Pines
    • (b) Hard Pines
    • REDWOOD (See Cedar)
    • SPRUCE
    • BASTARD SPRUCE
    • TAMARACK (See Larch)
    • YEW
    • SECTION III
  • BROAD-LEAVED TREES
    • WOOD OF BROAD-LEAVED TREES
      • Minute Structure
    • Minute Structure
    • LIST OF MOST IMPORTANT BROAD-LEAVED TREES (HARDWOODS)
      • AILANTHUS
      • ASH
      • ASPEN (See Poplar)
      • BASSWOOD
      • BEECH
      • BIRCH
      • BLACK WALNUT (See Walnut)
      • BLUE BEECH
      • BOIS D'ARC (See Osage Orange)
      • BUCKEYE
      • BUCKTHORNE
      • BUTTERNUT
      • CATALPA
      • CHERRY
      • CHESTNUT
      • COFFEE TREE
      • COTTONWOOD (See Poplar)
      • CRAB APPLE
      • CUCUMBER TREE (See Magnolia)
      • DOGWOOD
      • ELM
      • GUM
      • Range of Red Gum
      • Form of the Red Gum
      • Tolerance of Red Gum
      • Demands upon Soil and Moisture
      • Reproduction of Red Gum
      • Second-Growth Red Gum
      • Uses of Tupelo Gum
      • Range of Tupelo Gum
      • HACKBERRY
      • HICKORY
      • HOLLY
      • HORSE CHESTNUT (See Buckeye)
      • IRONWOOD
      • LAUREL
      • LOCUST
      • MAGNOLIA
      • MAPLE
      • MULBERRY
      • MYRTLE (See Laurel)
      • OAK
      • OSAGE ORANGE
      • PAPAW
      • PERSIMMON
      • POPLAR (See also Tulip Wood)
      • RED GUM (See Gum)
      • SASSAFRAS
      • SOUR GUM (See Gum)
      • SOURWOOD
      • SWEET GUM (See Gum)
      • SYCAMORE
      • TULIP TREE
      • TUPELO (See Gum)
      • WAAHOO
      • WALNUT
      • WHITE WALNUT (See Butternut)
      • WHITE WOOD (See Tulip and also Basswood)
      • WHITE WILLOW
      • YELLOW WOOD
    • AILANTHUS
    • ASH
    • ASPEN (See Poplar)
    • BASSWOOD
    • BEECH
    • BIRCH
    • BLACK WALNUT (See Walnut)
    • BLUE BEECH
    • BOIS D'ARC (See Osage Orange)
    • BUCKEYE
    • BUCKTHORNE
    • BUTTERNUT
    • CATALPA
    • CHERRY
    • CHESTNUT
    • COFFEE TREE
    • COTTONWOOD (See Poplar)
    • CRAB APPLE
    • CUCUMBER TREE (See Magnolia)
    • DOGWOOD
    • ELM
    • GUM
    • Range of Red Gum
    • Form of the Red Gum
    • Tolerance of Red Gum
    • Demands upon Soil and Moisture
    • Reproduction of Red Gum
    • Second-Growth Red Gum
    • Uses of Tupelo Gum
    • Range of Tupelo Gum
    • HACKBERRY
    • HICKORY
    • HOLLY
    • HORSE CHESTNUT (See Buckeye)
    • IRONWOOD
    • LAUREL
    • LOCUST
    • MAGNOLIA
    • MAPLE
    • MULBERRY
    • MYRTLE (See Laurel)
    • OAK
    • OSAGE ORANGE
    • PAPAW
    • PERSIMMON
    • POPLAR (See also Tulip Wood)
    • RED GUM (See Gum)
    • SASSAFRAS
    • SOUR GUM (See Gum)
    • SOURWOOD
    • SWEET GUM (See Gum)
    • SYCAMORE
    • TULIP TREE
    • TUPELO (See Gum)
    • WAAHOO
    • WALNUT
    • WHITE WALNUT (See Butternut)
    • WHITE WOOD (See Tulip and also Basswood)
    • WHITE WILLOW
    • YELLOW WOOD
    • SECTION IV
  • GRAIN, COLOR, ODOR, WEIGHT, AND FIGURE IN WOOD
    • DIFFERENT GRAINS OF WOOD
      • COLOR AND ODOR OF WOOD
      • WEIGHT OF WOOD
      • "FIGURE" IN WOOD
    • COLOR AND ODOR OF WOOD
    • WEIGHT OF WOOD
    • "FIGURE" IN WOOD
    • SECTION V
  • ENEMIES OF WOOD
    • Ambrosia or Timber Beetles
      • Round-headed Borers
      • Flat-headed Borers
      • Timber Worms
      • Powder Post Borers
      • Conditions Favorable for Insect Injury—Crude Products—Round Timber with Bark on
      • How to Prevent Injury
      • Saplings
      • Stave, Heading and Shingle Bolts
      • Unseasoned Products in the Rough
      • Seasoned Products in the Rough
      • Dry Cooperage Stock and Wooden Truss Hoops
      • Staves and Heads of Barrels containing Alcoholic Liquids
    • Round-headed Borers
    • Flat-headed Borers
    • Timber Worms
    • Powder Post Borers
    • Conditions Favorable for Insect Injury—Crude Products—Round Timber with Bark on
    • How to Prevent Injury
    • Saplings
    • Stave, Heading and Shingle Bolts
    • Unseasoned Products in the Rough
    • Seasoned Products in the Rough
    • Dry Cooperage Stock and Wooden Truss Hoops
    • Staves and Heads of Barrels containing Alcoholic Liquids
    • SECTION VI
  • WATER IN WOOD
    • DISTRIBUTION OF WATER IN WOOD
      • Local Distribution of Water in Wood
      • Seasonal Distribution of Water in Wood
      • Composition of Sap
      • Effects of Moisture on Wood
      • The Fibre Saturation Point in Wood
    • Local Distribution of Water in Wood
    • Seasonal Distribution of Water in Wood
    • Composition of Sap
    • Effects of Moisture on Wood
    • The Fibre Saturation Point in Wood
    • SECTION VII
  • WHAT SEASONING IS
    • Difference between Seasoned and Unseasoned Wood
      • Manner of Evaporation of Water
      • Rapidity of Evaporation
      • Physical Properties that influence Drying
    • Manner of Evaporation of Water
    • Rapidity of Evaporation
    • Physical Properties that influence Drying
    • SECTION VIII
  • ADVANTAGES IN SEASONING
    • Prevention of Checking and Splitting
      • Shrinkage of Wood
      • Expansion of Wood
      • Elimination of Stain and Mildew
    • Shrinkage of Wood
    • Expansion of Wood
    • Elimination of Stain and Mildew
    • SECTION IX
  • DIFFICULTIES OF DRYING WOOD
    • Changes rendering Drying difficult
      • Losses Due to Improper Kiln-drying
      • Properties of Wood that affect Drying
      • Unsolved Problems in Kiln-drying
    • Losses Due to Improper Kiln-drying
    • Properties of Wood that affect Drying
    • Unsolved Problems in Kiln-drying
    • SECTION X
  • HOW WOOD IS SEASONED
    • Methods of Drying
      • Drying at Atmospheric Pressure
      • Drying under Pressure and Vacuum
      • Drying by Superheated Steam
      • Impregnation Methods
      • Preliminary Treatments
      • Out-of-door Seasoning
    • Drying at Atmospheric Pressure
    • Drying under Pressure and Vacuum
    • Drying by Superheated Steam
    • Impregnation Methods
    • Preliminary Treatments
    • Out-of-door Seasoning
    • SECTION XI
  • KILN-DRYING OF WOOD
    • Advantages of Kiln-drying over Air-drying
      • Physical Conditions governing the Drying of Wood
      • Theory of Kiln-drying
      • Requirements in a Satisfactory Dry Kiln
      • Theory and Description of the Forestry Service Kiln
      • KILN-DRYING
      • Remarks
      • Underlying Principles
      • Objects of Kiln-drying
      • Conditions of Success
      • Different Treatment according to Kind
      • Temperature depends
      • Air Circulation
      • Humidity
      • Kiln-drying
      • Kiln-drying Gum
      • Kiln-drying of Green Red Gum
    • Physical Conditions governing the Drying of Wood
    • Theory of Kiln-drying
    • Requirements in a Satisfactory Dry Kiln
    • Theory and Description of the Forestry Service Kiln
    • KILN-DRYING
    • Remarks
    • Underlying Principles
    • Objects of Kiln-drying
    • Conditions of Success
    • Different Treatment according to Kind
    • Temperature depends
    • Air Circulation
    • Humidity
    • Kiln-drying
    • Kiln-drying Gum
    • Kiln-drying of Green Red Gum
    • SECTION XII
  • TYPES OF DRY KILNS
    • DIFFERENT TYPES OF DRY KILNS
      • The "Blower" or "Hot Blast" Kiln
      • Operation of the "Blower" Dry Kiln
      • The "Pipe" or "Moist-air" Dry Kiln
      • Operation of the "Moist-air" Dry Kiln
      • Choice of Drying Method
      • Kilns of Different Types
      • The "Progressive" Dry Kiln
      • The "Apartment" Dry Kiln
      • The "Pocket" Dry Kiln
      • The "Tower" Dry Kiln
      • The "Box" Dry Kiln
    • The "Blower" or "Hot Blast" Kiln
    • Operation of the "Blower" Dry Kiln
    • The "Pipe" or "Moist-air" Dry Kiln
    • Operation of the "Moist-air" Dry Kiln
    • Choice of Drying Method
    • Kilns of Different Types
    • The "Progressive" Dry Kiln
    • The "Apartment" Dry Kiln
    • The "Pocket" Dry Kiln
    • The "Tower" Dry Kiln
    • The "Box" Dry Kiln
    • SECTION XIII
  • DRY KILN SPECIALTIES
    • KILN CARS AND METHOD OF LOADING
      • Different Types of Kiln Doors
    • Different Types of Kiln Doors
    • SECTION XIV
  • HELPFUL APPLIANCES IN KILN-DRYING
    • The Humidity Diagram
      • Examples of Use
      • The Hygrodeik
      • The Recording Hygrometer
      • The Registering Hygrometer
      • The Recording Thermometer
      • The Registering Thermometer
      • The Recording Steam Gauge
      • The Troemroid Scalometer
      • Keep Records of the Moisture Content
      • The Electric Heater
    • Examples of Use
    • The Hygrodeik
    • The Recording Hygrometer
    • The Registering Hygrometer
    • The Recording Thermometer
    • The Registering Thermometer
    • The Recording Steam Gauge
    • The Troemroid Scalometer
    • Keep Records of the Moisture Content
    • The Electric Heater
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY
    • GLOSSARY
    • INDEX OF LATIN NAMES
    • INDEX
      • Transcriber's Note
    • Transcriber's Note
    No review for this book yet, be the first to review.
      No comment for this book yet, be the first to comment
      You May Also Like
      Also Available On
      App store smallGoogle play small
      Categories
      Curated Lists
      • Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning (Information Science and Statistics)
        by Christopher M. Bishop
        Data mining
        by I. H. Witten
        The Elements of Statistical Learning: Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction
        by Various
        See more...
      • CK-12 Chemistry
        by Various
        Concept Development Studies in Chemistry
        by John Hutchinson
        An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First
        by Mark Bishop
        See more...
      • Microsoft Word - How to Use Advanced Algebra II.doc
        by Jonathan Emmons
        Advanced Algebra II: Activities and Homework
        by Kenny Felder
        de2de
        by
        See more...
      • The Sun Who Lost His Way
        by
        Tania is a Detective
        by Kanika G
        Firenze_s-Light
        by
        See more...
      • Java 3D Programming
        by Daniel Selman
        The Java EE 6 Tutorial
        by Oracle Corporation
        JavaKid811
        by
        See more...