The Historians' History of the World in Twenty-Five Volumes, Volume 2 Israel, India, Persia, Phoenicia, Minor Nations of Western Asia
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The Historians' History of the World in Twenty-Five Volumes, Volume 2 Israel, India, Persia, Phoenicia, Minor Nations of Western Asia

By Various
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Table of Contents
  • THE HISTORIANS’ HISTORY OF THE WORLD
  • Contributors, and Editorial Revisers.
  • CONTENTS
  • PART IV.—ISRAEL
    • ISRAEL AS A WORLD INFLUENCE
    • A CRITICAL SURVEY OF THE SCOPE AND SOURCES OF ISRAELITIC HISTORY TO THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM
      • DOUBTFUL TRADITIONS EXAMINED; MOSES
      • THE EXODUS FROM EGYPT
      • MOSES PROBABLY A CLAN NAME
      • THE FIRST MIGRATION FROM KADESH
      • HELP FROM MENEPTAH AND TEL-EL-AMARNA LETTERS
      • SAUL AND DAVID
      • DAVID RECOGNISED AS KING
      • DAVID’S CONQUESTS
      • REVOLT FROM DAVID
      • SOLOMON AND JEROBOAM
      • SOLOMON AND HIRAM
      • SOLOMON’S OPPONENTS
      • THE DIVIDED KINGDOM
      • JEROBOAM’S SUCCESSORS
      • THE MOABITE STONE
      • HEBREW RELATIONS WITH ASSYRIA AND ARAM
      • THE WORSHIP OF BAAL
      • REHOBOAM AND HIS SUCCESSORS
      • JEHU AND FOLLOWING KINGS
      • DECLINE AND FALL OF SAMARIA
      • ASSYRIAN OPPRESSION
      • LATER FORTUNES OF JUDAH
      • AHAZ AND ISAIAH
      • INVASION OF SENNACHERIB
      • JOSIAH; HIS RELATIONS TO NORTH ARABIA
      • JOSIAH’S SUCCESSORS AND THE KING OF MIZRAIM
      • OPERATIONS OF NEBUCHADREZZAR
      • FALL OF JUDAH; RISE OF A NEW JEWISH PEOPLE
      • CYRUS; AND THE LIBERATION
      • THE PTOLEMIES AND SELEUCIDÆ AS LORDS OF PALESTINE; THE MACCABEES
      • JUDAS ARISTOBULUS; END OF THE ASMONÆAN MONARCHY
      • ROMAN RULE; DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM
    • DOUBTFUL TRADITIONS EXAMINED; MOSES
    • THE EXODUS FROM EGYPT
    • MOSES PROBABLY A CLAN NAME
    • THE FIRST MIGRATION FROM KADESH
    • HELP FROM MENEPTAH AND TEL-EL-AMARNA LETTERS
    • SAUL AND DAVID
    • DAVID RECOGNISED AS KING
    • DAVID’S CONQUESTS
    • REVOLT FROM DAVID
    • SOLOMON AND JEROBOAM
    • SOLOMON AND HIRAM
    • SOLOMON’S OPPONENTS
    • THE DIVIDED KINGDOM
    • JEROBOAM’S SUCCESSORS
    • THE MOABITE STONE
    • HEBREW RELATIONS WITH ASSYRIA AND ARAM
    • THE WORSHIP OF BAAL
    • REHOBOAM AND HIS SUCCESSORS
    • JEHU AND FOLLOWING KINGS
    • DECLINE AND FALL OF SAMARIA
    • ASSYRIAN OPPRESSION
    • LATER FORTUNES OF JUDAH
    • AHAZ AND ISAIAH
    • INVASION OF SENNACHERIB
    • JOSIAH; HIS RELATIONS TO NORTH ARABIA
    • JOSIAH’S SUCCESSORS AND THE KING OF MIZRAIM
    • OPERATIONS OF NEBUCHADREZZAR
    • FALL OF JUDAH; RISE OF A NEW JEWISH PEOPLE
    • CYRUS; AND THE LIBERATION
    • THE PTOLEMIES AND SELEUCIDÆ AS LORDS OF PALESTINE; THE MACCABEES
    • JUDAS ARISTOBULUS; END OF THE ASMONÆAN MONARCHY
    • ROMAN RULE; DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM
    • HEBREW HISTORY IN OUTLINE A PRELIMINARY SURVEY COMPRISING A CURSORY VIEW OF THE SOURCES OF HEBREW HISTORY, THE SWEEP OF EVENTS, AND A TABLE OF CHRONOLOGY
      • OUR SOURCES
      • THE AGE OF THE JUDGES (1180-1020 B.C.)
      • THE MONARCHY TO THE DIVISION OF ISRAEL (1020-930 B.C.)
      • THE DIVIDED KINGDOM
      • THE EXILE AND RESTORATION TO THE HEREDITARY HIGH PRIESTS (586-415 B.C.)
      • THE HIGH PRIESTS TO THE MACCABÆAN RISING (415-167 B.C.)
      • THE MACCABÆAN RISING TO THE FALL OF JERUSALEM (167 B.C.-70 A.D.)
    • OUR SOURCES
    • THE AGE OF THE JUDGES (1180-1020 B.C.)
    • THE MONARCHY TO THE DIVISION OF ISRAEL (1020-930 B.C.)
    • THE DIVIDED KINGDOM
    • THE EXILE AND RESTORATION TO THE HEREDITARY HIGH PRIESTS (586-415 B.C.)
    • THE HIGH PRIESTS TO THE MACCABÆAN RISING (415-167 B.C.)
    • THE MACCABÆAN RISING TO THE FALL OF JERUSALEM (167 B.C.-70 A.D.)
    • CHAPTER I. LAND AND PEOPLE
      • THE LAND
      • THE PEOPLE
    • THE LAND
    • THE PEOPLE
    • CHAPTER II. ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY
      • THE AGE OF THE PATRIARCHS
      • EARLY MOVEMENTS OF THE ISRAELITES
      • THE EGYPTIAN SOJOURN
      • BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF MOSES AND THE EXODUS
      • ISRAEL’S EARLY NEIGHBOURS
      • THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN
    • THE AGE OF THE PATRIARCHS
    • EARLY MOVEMENTS OF THE ISRAELITES
    • THE EGYPTIAN SOJOURN
    • BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF MOSES AND THE EXODUS
    • ISRAEL’S EARLY NEIGHBOURS
    • THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN
    • CHAPTER III. THE JUDGES
    • CHAPTER IV. SAMUEL AND SAUL
      • SAMUEL AND SAUL
      • THE RISE OF DAVID
      • DAVID IN REVOLT AGAINST SAUL
      • THE DEATH OF SAUL AND THE STRUGGLE FOR THE SUCCESSION
      • DAVID SECURES THE CROWN
      • FOOTNOTES
    • SAMUEL AND SAUL
    • THE RISE OF DAVID
    • DAVID IN REVOLT AGAINST SAUL
    • THE DEATH OF SAUL AND THE STRUGGLE FOR THE SUCCESSION
    • DAVID SECURES THE CROWN
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER V. DAVID’S REIGN
      • DAVID’S GREATNESS IN TIME OF PEACE
      • FURTHER WARS BREAK OUT
      • DAVID AND ABSALOM
      • RENAN’S ESTIMATE OF DAVID
    • DAVID’S GREATNESS IN TIME OF PEACE
    • FURTHER WARS BREAK OUT
    • DAVID AND ABSALOM
    • RENAN’S ESTIMATE OF DAVID
    • CHAPTER VI. SOLOMON IN HIS GLORY
      • THE EARLY YEARS OF SOLOMON’S REIGN
    • THE EARLY YEARS OF SOLOMON’S REIGN
    • CHAPTER VII. DECAY AND CAPTIVITY
      • THE SCHISM OF THE TEN TRIBES
      • THE MOABITE STONE
      • DESTRUCTION OF THE TWO KINGDOMS
      • THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE SCHISM OF THE TEN TRIBES
    • THE MOABITE STONE
    • DESTRUCTION OF THE TWO KINGDOMS
    • THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER VIII. THE RETURN FROM CAPTIVITY
      • THE PROPHECY OF THE RETURN
      • THE CONDITION OF THE EXILES
      • THE COMING OF CYRUS
      • THE RETURN TO JERUSALEM
      • THE WALLS UPRAISED AGAIN
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE PROPHECY OF THE RETURN
    • THE CONDITION OF THE EXILES
    • THE COMING OF CYRUS
    • THE RETURN TO JERUSALEM
    • THE WALLS UPRAISED AGAIN
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER IX. FROM NEHEMIAH TO ANTIOCHUS
      • UNDER PERSIAN RULE
      • PERSIAN INFLUENCES ON JEWISH RELIGION
      • ALEXANDER THE GREAT
      • UNDER THE SELEUCIDS
      • THE SYRIAN DOMINION; ANTIOCHUS THE GREAT
      • ANTIOCHUS EPIPHANES
      • JASON AND ANTIOCHUS TORMENT THE PEOPLE
      • FOOTNOTES
    • UNDER PERSIAN RULE
    • PERSIAN INFLUENCES ON JEWISH RELIGION
    • ALEXANDER THE GREAT
    • UNDER THE SELEUCIDS
    • THE SYRIAN DOMINION; ANTIOCHUS THE GREAT
    • ANTIOCHUS EPIPHANES
    • JASON AND ANTIOCHUS TORMENT THE PEOPLE
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER X. THE MACCABÆAN WAR
      • INDEPENDENCE
    • INDEPENDENCE
    • CHAPTER XI. FROM THE MACCABEES TO THE ROMANS
      • THE WARRING SECTS
      • ANTIPATER
      • HEROD
    • THE WARRING SECTS
    • ANTIPATER
    • HEROD
    • CHAPTER XII. THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY
      • A CRITICAL VIEW OF CHRIST AND OTHER MESSIAHS
      • THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MESSIANIC IDEA
    • A CRITICAL VIEW OF CHRIST AND OTHER MESSIAHS
    • THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MESSIANIC IDEA
    • CHAPTER XIII. THE REVOLT AGAINST ROME
      • THE DEFENCE OF JOTAPATA DESCRIBED BY JOSEPHUS
    • THE DEFENCE OF JOTAPATA DESCRIBED BY JOSEPHUS
    • CHAPTER XIV. THE FALL OF JERUSALEM
      • JOSEPHUS’ ACCOUNT OF THE FAMINE
      • THE CLOSE OF JEWISH HISTORY
    • JOSEPHUS’ ACCOUNT OF THE FAMINE
    • THE CLOSE OF JEWISH HISTORY
    • CHAPTER XV. HEBREW CIVILISATION
      • THE LIFE AND CUSTOMS OF THE ISRAELITES
      • HEBREW ART, ARCHITECTURE: THE TEMPLE, TOMBS, ETC.
    • THE LIFE AND CUSTOMS OF THE ISRAELITES
    • HEBREW ART, ARCHITECTURE: THE TEMPLE, TOMBS, ETC.
    • CHAPTER XVI THE PROPHETS AND THE HISTORY OF SEMITIC STYLE
      • MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF STYLE
      • AN EXAMPLE FROM AMOS
      • AN EXAMPLE FROM EZEKIEL
      • THE SONG OF THE SWORD
      • STROPHE AND ANTISTROPHE DEFINED
      • AN EXAMPLE FROM ISAIAH
      • AN ASSYRIAN EXAMPLE
      • A BABYLONIAN EXAMPLE
      • EXAMPLES FROM THE KORAN
      • THE PREVALENCE OF STROPHIC FORM AND RESPONSION EXPLAINED
      • EXAMPLES FROM THE GREEK TRAGEDIES
      • SEMITIC INFLUENCE AND THE GREEK CHORUS
    • MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF STYLE
    • AN EXAMPLE FROM AMOS
    • AN EXAMPLE FROM EZEKIEL
    • THE SONG OF THE SWORD
    • STROPHE AND ANTISTROPHE DEFINED
    • AN EXAMPLE FROM ISAIAH
    • AN ASSYRIAN EXAMPLE
    • A BABYLONIAN EXAMPLE
    • EXAMPLES FROM THE KORAN
    • THE PREVALENCE OF STROPHIC FORM AND RESPONSION EXPLAINED
    • EXAMPLES FROM THE GREEK TRAGEDIES
    • SEMITIC INFLUENCE AND THE GREEK CHORUS
    • BRIEF REFERENCE-LIST OF AUTHORITIES BY CHAPTERS
      • Chapter I. Land and People
      • Chapter II. Origin and Early History
      • Chapter III. The Judges
      • Chapter IV. Samuel and Saul
      • Chapter V. David’s Reign
      • Chapter VI. Solomon in his Glory
      • Chapter VII. Decay and Captivity
      • Chapter VIII. The Return from Captivity
      • Chapter IX. From Nehemiah to Antiochus
      • Chapter X. The Maccabæan War
      • Chapter XI. From the Maccabees to the Romans
      • Chapter XII. The Rise of Christianity
      • Chapter XIII. The Revolt Against Rome
      • Chapter XIV. The Fall of Jerusalem
      • Chapter XV. Hebrew Civilisation
      • Chapter XVI. The Prophets and the History of Semitic Style
    • Chapter I. Land and People
    • Chapter II. Origin and Early History
    • Chapter III. The Judges
    • Chapter IV. Samuel and Saul
    • Chapter V. David’s Reign
    • Chapter VI. Solomon in his Glory
    • Chapter VII. Decay and Captivity
    • Chapter VIII. The Return from Captivity
    • Chapter IX. From Nehemiah to Antiochus
    • Chapter X. The Maccabæan War
    • Chapter XI. From the Maccabees to the Romans
    • Chapter XII. The Rise of Christianity
    • Chapter XIII. The Revolt Against Rome
    • Chapter XIV. The Fall of Jerusalem
    • Chapter XV. Hebrew Civilisation
    • Chapter XVI. The Prophets and the History of Semitic Style
    • A GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL BASED ON THE WORKS QUOTED, CITED, OR EDITORIALLY CONSULTED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PRESENT HISTORY; WITH CRITICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES
  • PART V.—PHŒNICIA
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    • INDIVIDUALITY OF PHŒNICIAN HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF THE NAME
    • PHŒNICIAN HISTORY IN OUTLINE A PRELIMINARY SURVEY COMPRISING A CURSORY VIEW OF THE SOURCES OF PHŒNICIAN HISTORY, THE SWEEP OF EVENTS, AND A TABLE OF CHRONOLOGY
      • FIRST PERIOD—TO THE SUPREMACY OF TYRE (3800-1100 B.C.)
      • SECOND PERIOD (1100-538 B.C.)
      • THIRD PERIOD (538-332 B.C.)
      • FOURTH PERIOD (332 B.C.-636 A.D.)
      • FIFTH PERIOD (633-1516 A.D.)
    • FIRST PERIOD—TO THE SUPREMACY OF TYRE (3800-1100 B.C.)
    • SECOND PERIOD (1100-538 B.C.)
    • THIRD PERIOD (538-332 B.C.)
    • FOURTH PERIOD (332 B.C.-636 A.D.)
    • FIFTH PERIOD (633-1516 A.D.)
    • CARTHAGINIAN HISTORY IN OUTLINE
      • FIRST PERIOD (813-410 B.C.)
      • SECOND PERIOD (410-264 B.C.)
      • THIRD PERIOD (264-146 B.C.)
      • FOURTH PERIOD (146 B.C.-697 A.D.)
    • FIRST PERIOD (813-410 B.C.)
    • SECOND PERIOD (410-264 B.C.)
    • THIRD PERIOD (264-146 B.C.)
    • FOURTH PERIOD (146 B.C.-697 A.D.)
    • CHAPTER I. LAND AND PEOPLE
      • ORIGIN OF THE PHŒNICIANS
    • ORIGIN OF THE PHŒNICIANS
    • CHAPTER II. EARLY HISTORY AND INFLUENCES
      • BEGINNINGS OF THE HISTORY AND CIVILISATION OF PHŒNICIA
      • THE COLONIES
      • VOYAGES AND TRADING-STATIONS
    • BEGINNINGS OF THE HISTORY AND CIVILISATION OF PHŒNICIA
    • THE COLONIES
    • VOYAGES AND TRADING-STATIONS
    • CHAPTER III. THE PHŒNICIAN TIME OF POWER
      • THE REIGN OF HIRAM I
      • THE SUCCESSORS OF HIRAM
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE REIGN OF HIRAM I
    • THE SUCCESSORS OF HIRAM
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER IV. PHŒNICIA UNDER THE PERSIANS
      • FOOTNOTES
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER V. PHŒNICIA UNDER THE GREEKS, THE ROMANS, AND THE SARACENS
    • CHAPTER VI. THE STORY OF CARTHAGE
      • THE SITE AND EARLY HISTORY OF CARTHAGE
      • MOMMSEN’S ACCOUNT OF CARTHAGE
      • WAR IN SICILY BETWEEN ROME AND CARTHAGE
      • ROME AND CARTHAGE
      • LAST DAYS OF CARTHAGE
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE SITE AND EARLY HISTORY OF CARTHAGE
    • MOMMSEN’S ACCOUNT OF CARTHAGE
    • WAR IN SICILY BETWEEN ROME AND CARTHAGE
    • ROME AND CARTHAGE
    • LAST DAYS OF CARTHAGE
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER VII. PHŒNICIAN COMMERCE
      • SEA TRADE
      • MANUFACTURES AND LAND TRADE OF THE PHŒNICIANS
      • SILVER AND GOLD IN ANTIQUITY AS MONEY
      • THE SLAVE TRADE OF PHŒNICIA
    • SEA TRADE
    • MANUFACTURES AND LAND TRADE OF THE PHŒNICIANS
    • SILVER AND GOLD IN ANTIQUITY AS MONEY
    • THE SLAVE TRADE OF PHŒNICIA
    • CHAPTER VIII. PHŒNICIAN CIVILISATION
      • THE PHŒNICIANS AND THE ALPHABET
      • MANNERS AND CUSTOMS; RELIGION
      • CULTURE; ART
      • THE PHŒNICIAN INFLUENCE ON HISTORY
    • THE PHŒNICIANS AND THE ALPHABET
    • MANNERS AND CUSTOMS; RELIGION
    • CULTURE; ART
    • THE PHŒNICIAN INFLUENCE ON HISTORY
    • APPENDIX A. CLASSICAL TRADITIONS
      • “THE VOYAGE OF HANNO, BEYOND THE PILLARS OF HERCULES, WHICH HE DEPOSITED IN THE TEMPLE OF SATURN”
      • HIMILCO’S VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY
      • POMPONIUS MELA ON THE PHŒNICIANS
      • APPIANUS ALEXANDRINUS ON THE FOUNDING OF CARTHAGE BY DIDO
    • “THE VOYAGE OF HANNO, BEYOND THE PILLARS OF HERCULES, WHICH HE DEPOSITED IN THE TEMPLE OF SATURN”
    • HIMILCO’S VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY
    • POMPONIUS MELA ON THE PHŒNICIANS
    • APPIANUS ALEXANDRINUS ON THE FOUNDING OF CARTHAGE BY DIDO
    • BRIEF REFERENCE-LIST OF AUTHORITIES BY CHAPTERS
      • Chapter I. Land and People
      • Chapter II. Early History and Influences
      • Chapter III. The Phœnician Time of Power
      • Chapter IV. Phœnicia Under the Persians
      • Chapter V. Phœnicia Under the Greeks, the Romans, and the Saracens
      • Chapter VI. The Story of Carthage
      • Chapter VII. Phœnician Commerce
      • Chapter VIII. Phœnician Civilisation
      • Appendix A. Classical Traditions
    • Chapter I. Land and People
    • Chapter II. Early History and Influences
    • Chapter III. The Phœnician Time of Power
    • Chapter IV. Phœnicia Under the Persians
    • Chapter V. Phœnicia Under the Greeks, the Romans, and the Saracens
    • Chapter VI. The Story of Carthage
    • Chapter VII. Phœnician Commerce
    • Chapter VIII. Phœnician Civilisation
    • Appendix A. Classical Traditions
    • A GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PHŒNICIAN HISTORY BASED ON THE WORKS QUOTED, CITED, OR EDITORIALLY CONSULTED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PRESENT HISTORY; WITH CRITICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES
  • PART VI.—WESTERN ASIA
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    • THE POSITION OF ASIA MINOR IN HISTORY
    • HISTORY IN OUTLINE OF THE MINOR KINGDOMS OF WESTERN ASIA A PRELIMINARY SURVEY COMPRISING A CURSORY VIEW OF THE SWEEP OF EVENTS, AND A TABLE OF CHRONOLOGY
      • THE HITTITES
      • THE KINGDOM OF MITANNI
      • THE ARAMÆANS
      • THE KINGDOM OF DAMASCUS
      • HAMATH AND ZOBAH
      • THE LESSER PEOPLES OF ASIA MINOR
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE HITTITES
    • THE KINGDOM OF MITANNI
    • THE ARAMÆANS
    • THE KINGDOM OF DAMASCUS
    • HAMATH AND ZOBAH
    • THE LESSER PEOPLES OF ASIA MINOR
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER I. THE HITTITES
      • RECENT HITTITE RESEARCH
      • THE HITTITES AND THE EGYPTIANS
      • THE HITTITES AND THE HEBREWS
      • HITTITE ART
      • HITTITE MONUMENTS IN ASIA MINOR
    • RECENT HITTITE RESEARCH
    • THE HITTITES AND THE EGYPTIANS
    • THE HITTITES AND THE HEBREWS
    • HITTITE ART
    • HITTITE MONUMENTS IN ASIA MINOR
    • CHAPTER II. SCYTHIANS AND CIMMERIANS
      • THE SCYTHIANS
      • HERODOTUS ON THE CUSTOMS OF THE SCYTHIANS
      • THE CIMMERIANS
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE SCYTHIANS
    • HERODOTUS ON THE CUSTOMS OF THE SCYTHIANS
    • THE CIMMERIANS
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER III. SOME PEOPLES OF SYRIA, ASIA MINOR, AND ARMENIA
      • THE ARAMÆANS
      • PHRYGIA
      • THE CAPPADOCIANS
      • THE CILICIANS
      • PAMPHYLIA AND PISIDIA
      • THE CARIANS
      • THE LYCIANS
      • THE MYSIANS
      • THE BITHYNIANS AND THE PAPHLAGONIANS
      • ARMENIA
    • THE ARAMÆANS
    • PHRYGIA
    • THE CAPPADOCIANS
    • THE CILICIANS
    • PAMPHYLIA AND PISIDIA
    • THE CARIANS
    • THE LYCIANS
    • THE MYSIANS
    • THE BITHYNIANS AND THE PAPHLAGONIANS
    • ARMENIA
    • CHAPTER IV. THE LYDIANS
      • THE LAND
      • THE PEOPLE
      • SARDIS AND THE NAME OF ASIA
      • EARLY HISTORY OF LYDIA
      • ARDYS
      • EARLY DYNASTIES
      • GYGES
      • THE TRIUMPH OF PERSIA
      • LYDIAN CIVILISATION
      • A PICTURE OF LIFE IN LYDIA
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE LAND
    • THE PEOPLE
    • SARDIS AND THE NAME OF ASIA
    • EARLY HISTORY OF LYDIA
    • ARDYS
    • EARLY DYNASTIES
    • GYGES
    • THE TRIUMPH OF PERSIA
    • LYDIAN CIVILISATION
    • A PICTURE OF LIFE IN LYDIA
    • FOOTNOTES
    • APPENDIX A.—CLASSICAL TRADITIONS
      • JUSTIN’S ACCOUNT OF THE SCYTHIANS AND THE AMAZONS
      • POMPONIUS MELA ON THE SCYTHIANS AND OTHER TRIBES
      • DIODORUS ON THE AMAZONS AND THE HYPERBOREANS
      • HERODOTUS ON THE LEGENDARY GYGES
      • THE STORY OF CRŒSUS AS TOLD BY HERODOTUS
      • FOOTNOTES
    • JUSTIN’S ACCOUNT OF THE SCYTHIANS AND THE AMAZONS
    • POMPONIUS MELA ON THE SCYTHIANS AND OTHER TRIBES
    • DIODORUS ON THE AMAZONS AND THE HYPERBOREANS
    • HERODOTUS ON THE LEGENDARY GYGES
    • THE STORY OF CRŒSUS AS TOLD BY HERODOTUS
    • FOOTNOTES
    • BRIEF REFERENCE-LIST OF AUTHORITIES BY CHAPTERS
      • Chapter I. The Hittites
      • Chapter II. Scythians and Cimmerians
      • Chapter III. Some Peoples of Syria, Asia Minor, and Armenia
      • Chapter IV. The Lydians
      • Appendix A. Classical Traditions
    • Chapter I. The Hittites
    • Chapter II. Scythians and Cimmerians
    • Chapter III. Some Peoples of Syria, Asia Minor, and Armenia
    • Chapter IV. The Lydians
    • Appendix A. Classical Traditions
    • A GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE HISTORY OF THE MINOR NATIONS OF WESTERN ASIA BASED ON THE WORKS QUOTED, CITED, OR EDITORIALLY CONSULTED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PRESENT HISTORY
  • PART VII.—ANCIENT INDIA
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    • INDIAN HISTORY IN OUTLINE A PRELIMINARY SURVEY, COMPRISING A CURSORY VIEW OF THE SWEEP OF EVENTS AND A TABLE OF CHRONOLOGY
      • GRÆCO-BACTRIAN DOMINION IN THE INDUS REGION
      • FOOTNOTES
    • GRÆCO-BACTRIAN DOMINION IN THE INDUS REGION
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER I. LAND AND PEOPLE
      • THE LAND
      • THE EARLY PEOPLES OF INDIA
    • THE LAND
    • THE EARLY PEOPLES OF INDIA
    • CHAPTER II. INDIAN HISTORY—LEGEND AND REALITY
      • CHRONOLOGY AND ANCIENT HISTORY OF THE HINDUS
      • THE AUTHORITY OF THE VEDAS
      • MONUMENTAL RECORDS
      • LEGENDS OF THE EARLY HEROES
      • AN INSCRIPTION OF ASOKA
      • TRADITIONAL KINGS
      • BRAHMANIC LEARNING
      • THE EPOCHS OF INDIAN HISTORY
      • VEDIC PERIOD
      • THE BUDDHIST PERIOD
      • CHANDRA GUPTA
      • TWELVE CENTURIES OF OBSCURITY
      • FOOTNOTES
    • CHRONOLOGY AND ANCIENT HISTORY OF THE HINDUS
    • THE AUTHORITY OF THE VEDAS
    • MONUMENTAL RECORDS
    • LEGENDS OF THE EARLY HEROES
    • AN INSCRIPTION OF ASOKA
    • TRADITIONAL KINGS
    • BRAHMANIC LEARNING
    • THE EPOCHS OF INDIAN HISTORY
    • VEDIC PERIOD
    • THE BUDDHIST PERIOD
    • CHANDRA GUPTA
    • TWELVE CENTURIES OF OBSCURITY
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER III. MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE ANCIENT HINDUS
      • DIVISION AND EMPLOYMENT OF CLASSES
      • THE PROPERTY OF THE BRAHMAN
      • THE DESPISED SUDRA
      • MIXTURE OF CLASSES
      • THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
      • HINDU COMMERCE
      • FOOTNOTES
    • DIVISION AND EMPLOYMENT OF CLASSES
    • THE PROPERTY OF THE BRAHMAN
    • THE DESPISED SUDRA
    • MIXTURE OF CLASSES
    • THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
    • HINDU COMMERCE
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER IV. BRAHMANISM AND BUDDHISM
      • THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF BRAHMANISM
      • BUDDHISM
      • THE ACTUAL PIETY OF THE HINDUS AND THE HINDU SEPARATION OF RELIGION FROM FINE MORALS
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF BRAHMANISM
    • BUDDHISM
    • THE ACTUAL PIETY OF THE HINDUS AND THE HINDU SEPARATION OF RELIGION FROM FINE MORALS
    • FOOTNOTES
    • BRIEF REFERENCE-LIST OF AUTHORITIES BY CHAPTERS
      • Chapter I. Land and People
      • Chapter II. Indian History—Legend and Reality
      • Chapter III. Manners and Customs of the Ancient Hindus
      • Chapter IV. Brahmanism and Buddhism
    • Chapter I. Land and People
    • Chapter II. Indian History—Legend and Reality
    • Chapter III. Manners and Customs of the Ancient Hindus
    • Chapter IV. Brahmanism and Buddhism
    • A GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF INDIAN HISTORY BASED ON THE WORKS QUOTED, CITED, OR EDITORIALLY CONSULTED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PRESENT HISTORY
  • PART VIII.—ANCIENT PERSIA
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    • PERSIAN HISTORY IN OUTLINE A PRELIMINARY SURVEY COMPRISING A CURSORY VIEW OF THE SWEEP OF EVENTS, AND A TABLE OF CHRONOLOGY
      • THE MEDIAN OR SCYTHIAN EMPIRE
      • THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
    • THE MEDIAN OR SCYTHIAN EMPIRE
    • THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
    • CHAPTER I. LAND AND PEOPLE
      • RACIAL AND DYNASTIC ORIGINS
      • THE LAND
      • THE PEOPLE
      • CHARACTER OF THE EMPIRE OF THE ACHÆMENIDES
      • FOOTNOTES
    • RACIAL AND DYNASTIC ORIGINS
    • THE LAND
    • THE PEOPLE
    • CHARACTER OF THE EMPIRE OF THE ACHÆMENIDES
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER II. THE MEDIAN OR SCYTHIAN EMPIRE
      • THE RISE AND FALL OF THE MEDIAN EMPIRE ACCORDING TO HERODOTUS
      • THE MEDIAN EMPIRE: A MODERN INTERPRETATION
      • NEW LIGHT ON THE MEDES
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE RISE AND FALL OF THE MEDIAN EMPIRE ACCORDING TO HERODOTUS
    • THE MEDIAN EMPIRE: A MODERN INTERPRETATION
    • NEW LIGHT ON THE MEDES
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER III. THE EARLY ACHÆMENIANS AND THE ELAMITES, CYRUS AND CAMBYSES
      • THE DEATH OF CYRUS
      • CHARACTER AND INFLUENCE OF CYRUS
      • CAMBYSES
      • FOOTNOTES
    • THE DEATH OF CYRUS
    • CHARACTER AND INFLUENCE OF CYRUS
    • CAMBYSES
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER IV. THE PERSIAN DYNASTY: DARIUS I TO DARIUS III
      • DARIUS I
      • XERXES I
      • THE SUCCESSORS OF XERXES
      • DARIUS II
      • ARTAXERXES II
      • ARTAXERXES III
      • THE FALL OF THE EMPIRE
      • THE OLD ORIENT AT THE END OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
      • FOOTNOTES
    • DARIUS I
    • XERXES I
    • THE SUCCESSORS OF XERXES
    • DARIUS II
    • ARTAXERXES II
    • ARTAXERXES III
    • THE FALL OF THE EMPIRE
    • THE OLD ORIENT AT THE END OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
    • FOOTNOTES
    • CHAPTER V. PERSIAN CIVILISATION
      • RELIGION AND SOCIAL ORDERS
      • ORGANISATION OF THE PERSIAN COURT
      • ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROVINCES; FINANCIAL SYSTEM; SATRAPS
      • MILITARY METHODS
      • THE FINE ARTS
    • RELIGION AND SOCIAL ORDERS
    • ORGANISATION OF THE PERSIAN COURT
    • ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROVINCES; FINANCIAL SYSTEM; SATRAPS
    • MILITARY METHODS
    • THE FINE ARTS
    • BRIEF REFERENCE-LIST OF AUTHORITIES BY CHAPTERS
      • Chapter I. Land and People
      • Chapter II. The Median or Scythian Empire
      • Chapter III. The Early Achæmenians and the Elamites, Cyrus and Cambyses
      • Chapter IV. The Persian Dynasty: Darius I to Darius III
      • Chapter V. Persian Civilisation
    • Chapter I. Land and People
    • Chapter II. The Median or Scythian Empire
    • Chapter III. The Early Achæmenians and the Elamites, Cyrus and Cambyses
    • Chapter IV. The Persian Dynasty: Darius I to Darius III
    • Chapter V. Persian Civilisation
    • A GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PERSIAN HISTORY BASED ON THE WORKS QUOTED, CITED, OR EDITORIALLY CONSULTED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PRESENT HISTORY.
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