Forest Trees of Texas How to Know Them
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Forest Trees of Texas How to Know Them

By W. R. Matoon, C. B. Webster
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Forest Trees of Texas How To Know Them
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • TREES ... MANKIND’S FRIENDS
    • TEXAS TREES
    • TEXAS FOREST SERVICE
    • TEXAS FORESTRY ASSOCIATION
    • ARBOR DAY
    • STATE TREE
  • STUDYING TREES
    • TWIGS AND LEAVES
    • LEAF SHAPES
  • Texas Trees
    • LIMBER PINE (Rocky Mountain White Pine) Pinus flexilis var. flexilis James
    • PINYON (Nut Pine) Pinus edulis Engelm.
    • PONDEROSA PINE (Western Yellow Pine) Pinus ponderosa Laws.
    • LOBLOLLY PINE Pinus taeda L.
    • SHORTLEAF PINE (Yellow Pine) Pinus echinata Mill.
    • LONGLEAF PINE Pinus palustris Mill.
    • SLASH PINE Pinus elliottii var. elliottii
    • DOUGLAS-FIR Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca (Belssn.) Franco
    • BALDCYPRESS Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.
    • ASHE JUNIPER (Mexican Juniper--Mountain Cedar) Juniperus ashei Buchholz
    • EASTERN REDCEDAR Juniperus virginiana L.
    • BLACK WALNUT Juglans nigra L.
    • PECAN Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
    • BITTERNUT HICKORY (Pignut) Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
    • WATER HICKORY Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
    • SHAGBARK HICKORY Carya ovata (Mill.) K. Koch
    • MOCKERNUT HICKORY Carya tomentosa Nutt.
    • BLACK HICKORY Carya texana Buckl.
    • CORKWOOD Leitneria floridana Chapm.
    • EASTERN COTTONWOOD Populus deltoides (Bartr.)
    • BLACK WILLOW Salix nigra Marsh.
    • AMERICAN HORNBEAM (Blue Beech) Carpinus caroliniana Walt.
    • EASTERN HOPHORNBEAM (Ironwood) Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch
    • RIVER BIRCH (Red Birch) Betula nigra L.
    • AMERICAN BEECH Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.
    • ALLEGHENY CHINKAPIN Castanea pumila Mill.
    • SHUMARD OAK (Spotted Oak) Quercus shumardii Buckl.
    • TEXAS OAK Quercus shumardii var. texana (Buckl.) Ashe
    • BLACK OAK Quercus velutina Lam.
    • SOUTHERN RED OAK Quercus falcata Michx.
    • BLACKJACK OAK Quercus marilandica Muenchh.
    • WATER OAK Quercus nigra L.
    • WILLOW OAK (Pin Oak) Quercus phellos L.
    • BLUEJACK OAK (Sandjack Oak) Quercus incana Bartr.
    • EMORY OAK Quercus emoryi Torr.
    • LIVE OAK Quercus virginiana Mill.
    • MOHRS OAK (Shin Oak) Quercus mohriana Buckl.
    • DURAND OAK (Durand White Oak) Quercus durandii Buckl.
    • WHITE OAK Quercus alba L.
    • POST OAK Quercus stellata Wangenh.
    • BUR OAK (Mossy-Cup Oak) Quercus macrocarpa Michx.
    • OVERCUP OAK Quercus lyrata Walt.
    • SWAMP CHESTNUT OAK Quercus michauxii Nutt.
    • CHINKAPIN OAK Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm.
    • AMERICAN ELM (White Elm) Ulmus americana L.
    • WINGED ELM Ulmus alata Michx.
    • CEDAR ELM Ulmus crassifolia Nutt.
    • SLIPPERY ELM (Red Elm) Ulmus rubra Muhl.
    • PLANER TREE (Water Elm) Planera aquatica (Walt.) Gmel.
    • HACKBERRY Celtis occidentalis L.
    • SUGARBERRY (Sugar Hackberry) Celtis laevigata Willd.
    • RED MULBERRY Morus rubra L.
    • OSAGE-ORANGE (Bois-d’arc) Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
    • SOUTHERN MAGNOLIA (Evergreen Magnolia) Magnolia grandiflora L.
    • SWEETBAY (Sweetbay Magnolia) Magnolia virginiana L.
    • PAWPAW Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal
    • REDBAY Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng.
    • SASSAFRAS Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
    • WITCH-HAZEL Hamamelis virginiana L.
    • SWEETGUM (Redgum) Liquidambar styraciflua L.
    • AMERICAN SYCAMORE Plantanus occidentalis L.
    • HAWTHORN (Haw) Crataegus L.
    • RIVERFLAT HAWTHORN (Mayhew) Crataegus opaca Hook. and Arn.
    • MEXICAN PLUM Prunus mexicana S. Wats.
    • FLATWOODS PLUM (Black Sloe) Prunus umbellata Ell.
    • BLACK CHERRY Prunus serotina Ehrh.
    • CAROLINA LAURELCHERRY Prunus caroliniana (Mill.) Ait.
    • EBONY BLACKBEAD (Texas Ebony) Pithecellobium flexicaule (Benth.) Coult.
    • CATCLAW ACACIA (Una de Gato) Acacia greggii A. Gray
    • GREGG LEADTREE Leucaena greggii S. Wats.
    • HONEY MESQUITE Prosopis juliflora var. glandulosa (Torr.) Cockerell
    • EASTERN REDBUD Cercis canadensis L.
    • HONEYLOCUST Gleditsia triacanthos L.
    • WATERLOCUST Gleditsia aquatica Marsh.
    • BLACK LOCUST (Yellow Locust) Robinia pseudoacacia L.
    • HERCULES-CLUB (Prickly-Ash) Zanthoxylum clava-herculis L.
    • COMMON HOPTREE (Wafer-Ash) Ptelea trifoliata L.
    • SHINING SUMAC (Dwarf or Flameleaf Sumac) Rhus copallina L.
    • POISON-SUMAC Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kountze
    • AMERICAN HOLLY Ilex opaca Ait.
    • YAUPON Ilex vomitoria Ait.
    • SILVER MAPLE Acer saccharinum L.
    • RED MAPLE Acer rubrum L.
    • BOXELDER Acer negundo L.
    • OHIO BUCKEYE Aesculus glabra Willd.
    • WESTERN SOAPBERRY (Wild China-Tree) Sapindus drummondii Hook. Arn.
    • AMERICAN BASSWOOD (American Linden) Tilia americana L.
    • DEVILS-WALKINGSTICK (Hercules-Club) Aralia spinosa L.
    • BLACK TUPELO (Blackgum) Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
    • WATER TUPELO (Cotton-Gum or Tupelo-Gum) Nyssa aquatica L.
    • FLOWERING DOGWOOD Cornus florida L.
    • TREE SPARKLEBERRY (Farkleberry) Vaccinium arboreum Marsh.
    • GUM BUMELIA (Woolly Buckthorn—Gum-Elastic) Bumelia lanuginosa (Michx.) Pers.
    • COMMON PERSIMMON Diospyros virginiana L.
    • COMMON SWEETLEAF (Horse-Sugar) Symplocos tinctoria (L.) L’Hér.
    • TWO-WING SILVERBELL (Snowdrop Tree) Halesia diptera Ellis
    • CAROLINA ASH (Water Ash) Fraxinus caroliniana Mill.
    • WHITE ASH Fraxinus americana L.
    • GREEN ASH Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.
    • SWAMP PRIVET (Common Adelia) Forestiera acuminata (Michx.) Poir.
    • FRINGETREE (White Fringetree) Chionanthus virginicus L.
    • NORTHERN CATALPA (Western Catalpa) Catalpa speciosa Warder
    • DESERTWILLOW Chilopsis linearis (Cav.) Sweet
    • COMMON BUTTONBUSH Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
    • RUSTY BLACKHAW (Viburnum) Viburnum rufidulum Raf.
  • Other Texas Trees
    • ARIZONA CYPRESS (Cupressus arizonica Greene)
      • ALLIGATOR JUNIPER (Juniperus deppeana Steud.)
      • DROOPING JUNIPER (Weeping Juniper) (Juniperus flaccida Schlect.)
      • ONE-SEED JUNIPER (Juniperus monosperma [Engelm.] Sarg.)
      • ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER (Juniperus scopulorum Sarg.)
      • TEXAS PALMETTO (Sabal texana [O. F. Cook] Becc.)
      • SOUTHERN BAYBERRY (Sweet Myrtle or Wax Myrtle) (Myrica cerifera L.)
      • RIO GRANDE COTTONWOOD (Populus fremontii var. wislizenii S. Watts)
      • SPECKLED ALDER (Hazel Alder) (Alnus rugosa [Du Roi] Spreng.)
      • SWEET ACACIA (Huisache) (Acacia farnesiana [L.] Willd.)
      • GUAJILLO (Acacia berlandieri Benth.)
      • GREAT LEADTREE (Mexican Leadtree) (Leucaena pulverulenta [Schlecht] Benth.)
      • TEXAS SOPHORA (Coral Bean) (Sophora affinis Torr. and Gray)
      • TEXAS PORLIERIA (Guayacan) (Porlieria angustifolia [Engelm.] A. Gray)
      • BARETTA (Helietta parvifolia [A. Gray] Benth.)
      • TREE OF HEAVEN (Ailanthus altissima [Mill.] Swingle)
      • CHINABERRY (Melia azedarach L.)
      • AMERICAN SMOKETREE (Chittamwood) (Cotinus obovatus Raf.)
      • TEXAS PISTACHE (Pistacia texana Swingle)
      • EASTERN WAHOO (Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq.)
      • FLORIDA MAPLE (Southern Sugar Maple) (Acer barbatum Michx.)
      • BIGTOOTH MAPLE (Acer grandidentatum Nutt.)
      • UVALDE BIGTOOTH MAPLE (Sugar or Mountain Maple) (Acer grandidentatum var. sinuosum [Rend.] Little)
      • FLORIDA BASSWOOD (Tilia floridana Small)
      • CAROLINA BASSWOOD (Tilia caroliniana Mill.)
      • TAMARISK (Tamarix species)
      • BUCKTHORN BUMELIA (Buckthorn) (Bumelia lycioides [L.] Pers.)
      • TEXAS BUMELIA (Bumelia lanuginosa var. rigida A. Gray)
      • TEXAS PERSIMMON (Black Persimmon) (Diospyros texana Scheele)
      • TEXAS ASH (Fraxinus texensis [A. Gray] Sarg.)
      • BERLANDIER ASH (Mexican Ash) (Fraxinus berlandieriana A. DC.)
      • ANACAHUITA (Texas Wild-Olive) (Cordia boisseri A. DC.)
      • ANAQUA (Ehretia anacua [Mier and Berland.] Johnst.)
      • TEXAS MADRONE (Arbutus texana Buckl.)
      • AUSTRIAN PINE (Pinus nigra Arnold)
      • RUSSIAN-OLIVE (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.)
      • BUFFALOBERRY (Silver Buffaloberry) (Shepherdia argentea [Pursh] Nutt.)
      • SIBERIAN ELM (Chinese Elm) (Ulmus pumila L.)
      • WINTERBERRY EUONYMUS (Euonymus bungeanus Maxim.)
  • Tree Identification Guide
    • THE SOFTWOODS
    • THE HARDWOODS
    • TREES WITH SIMPLE LEAVES
    • TREES WITH COMPOUND LEAVES
    • TREES WITH DOUBLY-COMPOUND LEAVES
    • TREES THAT PREFER WET SITES
    • HARDWOOD TREES WITH EVERGREEN LEAVES
    • TREES WHOSE LEAVES TURN RED IN AUTUMN
    • TREES WHOSE LEAVES TURN YELLOW IN AUTUMN
    • TREES WITH SEEDS WINGED OR WITH PARACHUTE-LIKE ATTACHMENTS
    • TREES WITH SOFT BERRY-LIKE FRUIT
    • TREES WHICH PRODUCE NUTS
    • TREES WITH PODS AS FRUIT
    • TREES WITH BRIGHT RED FRUIT
    • TREES WITH SPINES OR THORNS
    • TREES WITH CORKY PROJECTIONS ON TWIGS
    • TREES WHOSE TWIGS HAVE A CHAMBERED PITH
    • TREES KNOWN BY THE COLOR AND SHAPE OF THE TWIG PITH
    • TREES WITH SINGLE LARGE FLOWERS
    • TREES WITH FLOWERS IN CLUSTERS
    • TREES WHOSE BLOSSOMS APPEAR BEFORE OR WITH THE LEAVES
    • TREES WHOSE BLOSSOMS APPEAR AFTER THE LEAVES
  • Glossary
  • Index
  • PARTIAL LIST OF TREES RECOMMENDED FOR SHADE AND WINDBREAKS
    • East Texas
    • Coastal Prairie
    • Central Texas
    • South Texas
    • West Texas
    • Panhandle
  • CODE OF BEHAVIOR WITH OUTDOOR FIREBRANDS
  • Transcriber’s Notes
  • Transcriber’s Note on Linking between eBooks
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