A History of the United States
Free

A History of the United States

By Charles Kendall Adams, William P. (William Peterfield) Trent
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • PREFACE.
  • CONTENTS.
  • MAPS.
  • ILLUSTRATIONS.
  • CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE.
  • PART I. PERIOD OF DISCOVERY AND SETTLEMENT, 1492–1765.
    • CHAPTER I. discovery.
      • THE AMERICAN INDIANS.
      • PRE-COLUMBIAN DISCOVERERS.
      • COLUMBUS AND THE SPANISH DISCOVERERS.
      • THE FRENCH EXPLORERS.
      • THE ENGLISH EXPLORERS.
      • SUMMARY OF RESULTS.
    • THE AMERICAN INDIANS.
    • PRE-COLUMBIAN DISCOVERERS.
    • COLUMBUS AND THE SPANISH DISCOVERERS.
    • THE FRENCH EXPLORERS.
    • THE ENGLISH EXPLORERS.
    • SUMMARY OF RESULTS.
    • CHAPTER II. the first plantations and colonies, 1607–1630.
      • THE SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA.
      • THE SETTLEMENT OF NEW YORK.
      • THE PILGRIMS AT PLYMOUTH.
      • THE SETTLEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS.
    • THE SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA.
    • THE SETTLEMENT OF NEW YORK.
    • THE PILGRIMS AT PLYMOUTH.
    • THE SETTLEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS.
    • CHAPTER III. spread of plantations, 1630–1689.
      • THE SETTLEMENT AND GROWTH OF MARYLAND.
      • DEVELOPMENT OF VIRGINIA.
      • DEVELOPMENT OF NEW ENGLAND.
      • THE NEW ENGLAND CONFEDERACY.
      • DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES.
      • THE SOUTHERN COLONIES.
    • THE SETTLEMENT AND GROWTH OF MARYLAND.
    • DEVELOPMENT OF VIRGINIA.
    • DEVELOPMENT OF NEW ENGLAND.
    • THE NEW ENGLAND CONFEDERACY.
    • DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES.
    • THE SOUTHERN COLONIES.
    • CHAPTER IV. the country at the end of the seventeenth century.
      • GENERAL CONDITIONS.
      • CHARACTERISTICS OF NEW ENGLAND.
      • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES.
      • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOUTHERN COLONIES.
    • GENERAL CONDITIONS.
    • CHARACTERISTICS OF NEW ENGLAND.
    • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES.
    • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOUTHERN COLONIES.
    • CHAPTER V. development of the colonies, 1690–1765.
      • COLONIAL DISPUTES.
      • VIRGINIA AND GEORGIA.
      • FRENCH DISCOVERIES AND CLAIMS.
      • WARS WITH THE FRENCH.
    • COLONIAL DISPUTES.
    • VIRGINIA AND GEORGIA.
    • FRENCH DISCOVERIES AND CLAIMS.
    • WARS WITH THE FRENCH.
  • PART II. PERIOD OF THE REVOLUTION, 1765–1789.
    • CHAPTER VI. causes of the revolution.
      • GENERAL CAUSES.
      • THE QUESTION OF TAXATION.
      • THE RESISTANCE OF THE COLONISTS.
      • THE TAX ON TEA.
      • NEW LEGISLATION AND OPPOSITION.
      • THE CRISIS.
    • GENERAL CAUSES.
    • THE QUESTION OF TAXATION.
    • THE RESISTANCE OF THE COLONISTS.
    • THE TAX ON TEA.
    • NEW LEGISLATION AND OPPOSITION.
    • THE CRISIS.
    • CHAPTER VII. the campaigns of 1775 and 1776.
      • EARLY MOVEMENTS.
      • WASHINGTON IN COMMAND.
      • THE WAR IN NEW YORK.
      • GENERAL CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY.
      • FAILURE OF BRITISH EXPEDITIONS.
      • THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
      • THE WAR IN NEW JERSEY.
    • EARLY MOVEMENTS.
    • WASHINGTON IN COMMAND.
    • THE WAR IN NEW YORK.
    • GENERAL CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY.
    • FAILURE OF BRITISH EXPEDITIONS.
    • THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
    • THE WAR IN NEW JERSEY.
    • CHAPTER VIII. the campaign of 1777.
      • THE STRUGGLE FOR THE CENTER.
    • THE STRUGGLE FOR THE CENTER.
    • CHAPTER IX. the french alliance and the campaigns of 1778 and 1779.
      • A WINTER OF DISCOURAGEMENT.
      • PROSPECTS BRIGHTEN.
      • CONDITIONS WEST OF THE ALLEGHANIES.
      • THE CONQUEST OF THE NORTHWEST.
      • THE VICTORIES OF PAUL JONES.
    • A WINTER OF DISCOURAGEMENT.
    • PROSPECTS BRIGHTEN.
    • CONDITIONS WEST OF THE ALLEGHANIES.
    • THE CONQUEST OF THE NORTHWEST.
    • THE VICTORIES OF PAUL JONES.
    • CHAPTER X. the campaigns of 1780 and 1781.
      • THE WAR IN THE SOUTH.
      • THE TREASON OF BENEDICT ARNOLD.
      • CAUSES OF DISCOURAGEMENT.
      • AMERICAN SUCCESSES IN THE SOUTH.
      • THE CLOSE OF THE WAR.
    • THE WAR IN THE SOUTH.
    • THE TREASON OF BENEDICT ARNOLD.
    • CAUSES OF DISCOURAGEMENT.
    • AMERICAN SUCCESSES IN THE SOUTH.
    • THE CLOSE OF THE WAR.
    • CHAPTER XI. the articles of confederation and the constitution.
      • DIFFICULTIES OF CONFEDERATION.
      • THE CONSTITUTION.
    • DIFFICULTIES OF CONFEDERATION.
    • THE CONSTITUTION.
  • PART III. THE ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES, 1789–1825.
    • CHAPTER XII. the country at the close of the eighteenth century.
      • GENERAL CONDITIONS.
      • SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE.
    • GENERAL CONDITIONS.
    • SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE.
    • CHAPTER XIII. the administrations of washington, 1789–1797.
      • EARLY LEGISLATION AND PARTIES.
      • DIFFICULTIES OF ADMINISTRATION.
    • EARLY LEGISLATION AND PARTIES.
    • DIFFICULTIES OF ADMINISTRATION.
    • CHAPTER XIV. the administration of john adams, 1797–1801.
      • A PERIOD OF DISSENSIONS.
    • A PERIOD OF DISSENSIONS.
    • CHAPTER XV. the administrations of jefferson, 1801–1809.
      • JEFFERSONIAN POLICY.
      • MEASURES AND EVENTS.
      • CHARACTER OF JEFFERSON’S STATESMANSHIP.
    • JEFFERSONIAN POLICY.
    • MEASURES AND EVENTS.
    • CHARACTER OF JEFFERSON’S STATESMANSHIP.
    • CHAPTER XVI. the administrations of madison, 1809–1817.
      • OUTBREAK OF WAR.
      • EXPLOITS OF THE NAVY.
      • REVERSES AND SUCCESSES.
      • END OF THE WAR.
      • THE DISAFFECTION OF NEW ENGLAND.
      • CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR.
    • OUTBREAK OF WAR.
    • EXPLOITS OF THE NAVY.
    • REVERSES AND SUCCESSES.
    • END OF THE WAR.
    • THE DISAFFECTION OF NEW ENGLAND.
    • CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR.
    • CHAPTER XVII. the administrations of monroe, 1817–1825.
      • CHARACTER OF THE PERIOD.
      • DIPLOMATIC ACHIEVEMENTS.
      • SLAVERY COMES TO THE FRONT.
      • FACTIONAL POLITICS.
    • CHARACTER OF THE PERIOD.
    • DIPLOMATIC ACHIEVEMENTS.
    • SLAVERY COMES TO THE FRONT.
    • FACTIONAL POLITICS.
  • PART IV. SPREAD OF DEMOCRACY AND EXTENSION OF TERRITORY, 1825–1850.
    • CHAPTER XVIII. the administration of john quincy adams, 1825—1829.
      • FAILURES OF THE ADMINISTRATION.
      • THE TARIFF QUESTION.
    • FAILURES OF THE ADMINISTRATION.
    • THE TARIFF QUESTION.
    • CHAPTER XIX. the jacksonian epoch, 1829–1837.
      • POLITICAL CONDITIONS.
      • PROGRESS OF THE NATION.
    • POLITICAL CONDITIONS.
    • PROGRESS OF THE NATION.
    • CHAPTER XX. jackson’s first administration, 1829–1833.
      • A POPULAR AUTOCRAT.
      • THE DEBATE OVER THE NATURE OF THE CONSTITUTION.
      • THE TARIFF AND NULLIFICATION.
    • A POPULAR AUTOCRAT.
    • THE DEBATE OVER THE NATURE OF THE CONSTITUTION.
    • THE TARIFF AND NULLIFICATION.
    • CHAPTER XXI. jackson’s second administration, 1833–1837.
      • THE ABOLITIONISTS.
      • FINANCIAL DISTURBANCES.
    • THE ABOLITIONISTS.
    • FINANCIAL DISTURBANCES.
    • CHAPTER XXII. the administrations of van buren and of harrison and tyler, 1837–1845.
      • A PERIOD OF CONFUSION.
      • THE EMBARRASSMENTS OF THE WHIGS.
      • TEXAS AND OREGON.
    • A PERIOD OF CONFUSION.
    • THE EMBARRASSMENTS OF THE WHIGS.
    • TEXAS AND OREGON.
    • CHAPTER XXIII. the administration of polk, 1845–1849.
      • THE OPENING OF THE MEXICAN WAR.
      • THE CONDUCT AND RESULTS OF THE WAR.
    • THE OPENING OF THE MEXICAN WAR.
    • THE CONDUCT AND RESULTS OF THE WAR.
  • PART V. THE EVE OF THE CIVIL WAR, 1850–1861.
    • CHAPTER XXIV. the administration of taylor and fillmore, 1849–1853.
      • THE QUESTION OF CALIFORNIA.
      • THE COMPROMISE OF 1850.
      • INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC AFFAIRS.
    • THE QUESTION OF CALIFORNIA.
    • THE COMPROMISE OF 1850.
    • INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC AFFAIRS.
    • CHAPTER XXV. the administration of pierce, 1853–1857.
      • THE CONFUSION OF PARTIES.
      • KANSAS-NEBRASKA LEGISLATION.
      • THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
    • THE CONFUSION OF PARTIES.
    • KANSAS-NEBRASKA LEGISLATION.
    • THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
    • CHAPTER XXVI. the administration of buchanan, 1857–1861.
      • THE SUPREME COURT AND SLAVERY.
      • KANSAS AND UTAH.
      • THE GREAT DEBATES.
      • JOHN BROWN AND PUBLIC OPINION.
      • THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OF 1860.
      • SECESSION OF THE SOUTH.
      • THE COUNTRY IN 1860–1861.
    • THE SUPREME COURT AND SLAVERY.
    • KANSAS AND UTAH.
    • THE GREAT DEBATES.
    • JOHN BROWN AND PUBLIC OPINION.
    • THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OF 1860.
    • SECESSION OF THE SOUTH.
    • THE COUNTRY IN 1860–1861.
  • PART VI. THE CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION, 1861–1869.
    • CHAPTER XXVII. the beginnings of the civil war.
      • OPENING OF HOSTILITIES.
      • MILITARY AND FINANCIAL STRENGTH OF THE COMBATANTS.
      • DESCRIPTION OF THE SEAT OF WAR.
      • DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN COMPLICATIONS.
      • MILITARY MOVEMENTS OF 1861.
      • INTERNATIONAL DIFFICULTIES.
    • OPENING OF HOSTILITIES.
    • MILITARY AND FINANCIAL STRENGTH OF THE COMBATANTS.
    • DESCRIPTION OF THE SEAT OF WAR.
    • DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN COMPLICATIONS.
    • MILITARY MOVEMENTS OF 1861.
    • INTERNATIONAL DIFFICULTIES.
    • CHAPTER XXVIII. the campaigns of 1862.
      • THE WAR IN THE WEST.
      • THE WORK OF THE NAVY.
      • THE WAR IN THE EAST.
      • PUBLIC FEELING IN THE NORTH AND GREAT BRITAIN.
      • THE WAR IN THE EAST CONTINUED.
      • DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN EFFECTS OF THE CAMPAIGNS OF 1862.
    • THE WAR IN THE WEST.
    • THE WORK OF THE NAVY.
    • THE WAR IN THE EAST.
    • PUBLIC FEELING IN THE NORTH AND GREAT BRITAIN.
    • THE WAR IN THE EAST CONTINUED.
    • DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN EFFECTS OF THE CAMPAIGNS OF 1862.
    • CHAPTER XXIX. the campaigns of 1863.
      • VICKSBURG.
      • THE CHATTANOOGA CAMPAIGN
      • EASTERN CAMPAIGNS.
      • EMBARRASSMENT OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
    • VICKSBURG.
    • THE CHATTANOOGA CAMPAIGN
    • EASTERN CAMPAIGNS.
    • EMBARRASSMENT OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
    • CHAPTER XXX. the campaigns of 1864.
      • GRANT AND LEE IN VIRGINIA.
      • SHERMAN’S CAMPAIGNS.
      • NAVAL VICTORIES.
      • POLITICAL AFFAIRS.
    • GRANT AND LEE IN VIRGINIA.
    • SHERMAN’S CAMPAIGNS.
    • NAVAL VICTORIES.
    • POLITICAL AFFAIRS.
    • CHAPTER XXXI. end of the war, 1865.
      • MOVEMENTS OF SHERMAN AND GRANT.
      • THE DEATH OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN.
      • THE MAGNITUDE OF THE WAR.
    • MOVEMENTS OF SHERMAN AND GRANT.
    • THE DEATH OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN.
    • THE MAGNITUDE OF THE WAR.
    • CHAPTER XXXII. the administration of johnson: reconstruction, 1865–1869.
      • DIFFERENT POLICIES OF RECONSTRUCTION.
      • EFFECTS OF RECONSTRUCTION.
      • JOHNSON AND CONGRESS.
    • DIFFERENT POLICIES OF RECONSTRUCTION.
    • EFFECTS OF RECONSTRUCTION.
    • JOHNSON AND CONGRESS.
  • PART VII. PERIOD OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, 1869–1902.
    • CHAPTER XXXIII. the administrations of grant, 1869–1877.
      • GRANT’S FIRST ADMINISTRATION, 1869–1873.
      • GRANT’S SECOND ADMINISTRATION, 1873–1877.
      • PARTY POLITICS.
    • GRANT’S FIRST ADMINISTRATION, 1869–1873.
    • GRANT’S SECOND ADMINISTRATION, 1873–1877.
    • PARTY POLITICS.
    • CHAPTER XXXIV. the administrations of hayes and of garfield and arthur, 1877–1885.
      • INDUSTRIAL PROBLEMS.
      • FINANCIAL PROBLEMS.
      • POLITICAL AFFAIRS.
      • CHIEF FEATURES OF ARTHUR’S ADMINISTRATION.
      • POLITICAL EVENTS.
      • THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OF 1884.
    • INDUSTRIAL PROBLEMS.
    • FINANCIAL PROBLEMS.
    • POLITICAL AFFAIRS.
    • CHIEF FEATURES OF ARTHUR’S ADMINISTRATION.
    • POLITICAL EVENTS.
    • THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OF 1884.
    • CHAPTER XXXV. first administration of cleveland, 1885–1889.
      • IMPORTANT MEASURES AND REFORMS.
      • INDUSTRIAL AND FINANCIAL DISTURBANCES.
    • IMPORTANT MEASURES AND REFORMS.
    • INDUSTRIAL AND FINANCIAL DISTURBANCES.
    • CHAPTER XXXVI. the administration of benjamin harrison, 1889–1893.
      • DOMESTIC EVENTS AND MEASURES.
      • FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
      • POLITICAL AFFAIRS.
    • DOMESTIC EVENTS AND MEASURES.
    • FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
    • POLITICAL AFFAIRS.
    • CHAPTER XXXVII. second administration of cleveland, 1893–1897.
      • FINANCIAL LEGISLATION.
      • FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
      • DOMESTIC EVENTS.
    • FINANCIAL LEGISLATION.
    • FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
    • DOMESTIC EVENTS.
    • CHAPTER XXXVIII. the administrations of mckinley and roosevelt, 1897–1909.
      • THE BEGINNING OF McKINLEY’S ADMINISTRATION.
      • THE WAR WITH SPAIN.
      • CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR.
      • THE CLOSE OF McKINLEY’S FIRST ADMINISTRATION.
      • McKINLEY’S SECOND ADMINISTRATION.
      • ROOSEVELT’S ADMINISTRATION.
    • THE BEGINNING OF McKINLEY’S ADMINISTRATION.
    • THE WAR WITH SPAIN.
    • CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR.
    • THE CLOSE OF McKINLEY’S FIRST ADMINISTRATION.
    • McKINLEY’S SECOND ADMINISTRATION.
    • ROOSEVELT’S ADMINISTRATION.
    • CHAPTER XXXIX. progress of the epoch.
      • SPREAD AND CHARACTER OF POPULATION.
      • NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
    • SPREAD AND CHARACTER OF POPULATION.
    • NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
  • APPENDIX A.
    • declaration of independence.
      • A DECLARATION BY THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED.
    • A DECLARATION BY THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED.
  • APPENDIX B.
    • constitution of the united states of america.
      • Preamble.
      • Article I. Legislative Department.
        • Section I. Congress in General.
        • Section II. House of Representatives.
        • Section III. Senate.
        • Section IV. Both Houses.
        • Section V. The Houses Separately.
        • Section VI. Disabilities of Members.
        • Section VII. Mode of Passing Laws.
        • Section VIII. Powers granted to Congress.
        • Section IX. Powers denied to the United States.
        • Section X. Powers denied to the States.
      • Section I. Congress in General.
      • Section II. House of Representatives.
      • Section III. Senate.
      • Section IV. Both Houses.
      • Section V. The Houses Separately.
      • Section VI. Disabilities of Members.
      • Section VII. Mode of Passing Laws.
      • Section VIII. Powers granted to Congress.
      • Section IX. Powers denied to the United States.
      • Section X. Powers denied to the States.
      • Article II. Executive Department.
        • Section I. President and Vice-President.
        • Section II. Powers of the President.
        • Section III. Duties of the President.
        • Section IV. Impeachment of the President.
      • Section I. President and Vice-President.
      • Section II. Powers of the President.
      • Section III. Duties of the President.
      • Section IV. Impeachment of the President.
      • Article III. Judicial Department.
        • Section I. United States Courts.
        • Section II. Jurisdiction of the United States Courts.
        • Section III. Treason.
      • Section I. United States Courts.
      • Section II. Jurisdiction of the United States Courts.
      • Section III. Treason.
      • Article IV. The States and the Federal Government.
        • Section I. State Records.
        • Section II. Privileges of Citizens, etc.
        • Section III. New States and Territories.
        • Section IV. Guarantee to the States.
      • Section I. State Records.
      • Section II. Privileges of Citizens, etc.
      • Section III. New States and Territories.
      • Section IV. Guarantee to the States.
      • Article V. Power of Amendment.
      • Article VI. Public Debt, Supremacy of the Constitution, Oath of Office, Religious Test.
      • Article VII. Ratification of the Constitution.
    • Preamble.
    • Article I. Legislative Department.
      • Section I. Congress in General.
      • Section II. House of Representatives.
      • Section III. Senate.
      • Section IV. Both Houses.
      • Section V. The Houses Separately.
      • Section VI. Disabilities of Members.
      • Section VII. Mode of Passing Laws.
      • Section VIII. Powers granted to Congress.
      • Section IX. Powers denied to the United States.
      • Section X. Powers denied to the States.
    • Section I. Congress in General.
    • Section II. House of Representatives.
    • Section III. Senate.
    • Section IV. Both Houses.
    • Section V. The Houses Separately.
    • Section VI. Disabilities of Members.
    • Section VII. Mode of Passing Laws.
    • Section VIII. Powers granted to Congress.
    • Section IX. Powers denied to the United States.
    • Section X. Powers denied to the States.
    • Article II. Executive Department.
      • Section I. President and Vice-President.
      • Section II. Powers of the President.
      • Section III. Duties of the President.
      • Section IV. Impeachment of the President.
    • Section I. President and Vice-President.
    • Section II. Powers of the President.
    • Section III. Duties of the President.
    • Section IV. Impeachment of the President.
    • Article III. Judicial Department.
      • Section I. United States Courts.
      • Section II. Jurisdiction of the United States Courts.
      • Section III. Treason.
    • Section I. United States Courts.
    • Section II. Jurisdiction of the United States Courts.
    • Section III. Treason.
    • Article IV. The States and the Federal Government.
      • Section I. State Records.
      • Section II. Privileges of Citizens, etc.
      • Section III. New States and Territories.
      • Section IV. Guarantee to the States.
    • Section I. State Records.
    • Section II. Privileges of Citizens, etc.
    • Section III. New States and Territories.
    • Section IV. Guarantee to the States.
    • Article V. Power of Amendment.
    • Article VI. Public Debt, Supremacy of the Constitution, Oath of Office, Religious Test.
    • Article VII. Ratification of the Constitution.
    • AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION.
      • Article I.
      • Article II.
      • Article III.
      • Article IV.
      • Article V.
      • Article VI.
      • Article VII.
      • Article VIII.
      • Article IX.
      • Article X.
      • Article XI.
      • Article XII.
      • Article XIII.
      • Article XIV.
      • Article XV.
    • Article I.
    • Article II.
    • Article III.
    • Article IV.
    • Article V.
    • Article VI.
    • Article VII.
    • Article VIII.
    • Article IX.
    • Article X.
    • Article XI.
    • Article XII.
    • Article XIII.
    • Article XIV.
    • Article XV.
  • APPENDIX C.
    • list of presidents and vice presidents, with their terms of office.
  • INDEX.
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