Concise Revision Course: CSEC® Chemistry

Concise Revision Course: CSEC® Chemistry

By Anne Tindale
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Book Description

The CSEC® Chemistry Concise Revision Course provides full coverage of the CSEC® Chemistry syllabus. This book provides comprehensive and authoritative guidance for the course. It adopts a practical, supportive approach to help students with their learning. Revision exam and assessment guidance questions throughout consolidate this learning.

• Comprehensive coverage of the CSEC® Chemistry course, presented in an engaging, full-color format

• Revision questions at the end of each topic help to secure knowledge and understanding

• Exam-style questions at the end of each section provide effective practice for the actual exam

Table of Contents
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • The pathway to success
  • 1 The states of matter
    • The particulate theory of matter
    • Evidence to support the particulate theory of matter
    • Uses of osmosis
    • Types of particles that make up matter
    • The three states of matter
    • Changing state
    • Revision questions
  • 2 Pure substances, mixtures and separations
    • Pure substances
    • Mixtures
    • Solutions, suspensions and colloids
    • Solubility
    • Separating the components of mixtures
    • The extraction of sucrose from sugar cane
    • Revision questions
  • 3 Atomic structure
    • Subatomic particles
    • The arrangement of subatomic particles in an atom
    • Isotopes
    • Revision questions
  • 4 The periodic table and periodicity
    • The historical development of the periodic table
    • The modern periodic table
    • Trends in Group II – the alkaline earth metals
    • Trends in Group VII – the halogens
    • Trends in Period 3
    • Revision questions
  • 5 Structure and bonding
    • Chemical formulae
    • Ionic bonding
    • Covalent bonding
    • Drawing dot and cross bonding diagrams
    • Metallic bonding
    • The structure and properties of solids
    • Revision questions
  • 6 Chemical equations
    • Writing balanced equations
    • Ionic equations
    • Revision questions
  • 7 Types of chemical reaction
    • Synthesis reactions
    • Decomposition reactions
    • Single displacement reactions
    • Ionic precipitation reactions
    • Oxidation-reduction reactions
    • Neutralisation reactions
    • Reversible reactions
    • Revision questions
  • 8 The mole concept
    • Relative atomic, molecular and formula masses
    • The mole
    • The mole and mass
    • The mole and number of particles
    • The mole, mass and number of particles
    • The mole and volumes of gases
    • The mole, mass, number of particles and gas volume
    • Revision questions
    • The mole and chemical formulae
    • Percentage composition
    • The mole and solutions
    • Revision questions
    • The mole and chemical reactions
    • Revision questions
  • 9 Acids, bases and salts
    • Acids
    • Bases
    • Distinguishing between acids and alkalis
    • The strength of acids and alkalis
    • Amphoteric oxides and hydroxides
    • Classification of oxides
    • Revision questions
    • Salts
    • Methods used to prepare salts
    • Salts in everyday life
    • Neutralisation reactions
    • Volumetric analysis
    • Revision questions
  • 10 Oxidation-reduction reactions
    • Oxidation-reduction reactions in terms of electrons
    • Oxidation number
    • Oxidation-reduction reactions in terms of oxidation number
    • Using oxidation numbers to recognise redox reactions
    • Oxidising and reducing agents
    • Tests for oxidising and reducing agents
    • Oxidation-reduction reactions in everyday activities
    • Revision questions
  • 11 Electrochemistry
    • Predicting reactions using the electrochemical series of metals
    • Predicting reactions using the electrochemical series of non-metals
    • Electrical conduction
    • Electrolysis
    • Electrolysis of molten electrolytes
    • Electrolysis of aqueous electrolytes
    • Revision questions
    • Quantitative electrolysis
    • Industrial applications of electrolysis
    • Revision questions
  • 12 Rates of reaction
    • Measuring rates of reaction
    • The collision theory for chemical reactions
    • Rate curves for reactions
    • Factors that affect rates of reaction
    • The effect of changing different factors on rate curves
    • Revision questions
  • 13 Energetics
    • Exothermic and endothermic reactions
    • Breaking and forming bonds during reactions
    • Enthalpy changes during reactions
    • Energy profile diagrams
    • Calculating enthalpy changes
    • Revision questions
    • Exam-style questions – Chapters 1 to 13
  • 14 Organic chemistry – an introduction
    • Bonding in organic compounds
    • The structure of organic molecules
    • Formulae of organic compounds
    • Homologous series
    • Structural isomerism
    • The alkanes: CnH2n+2
    • The alkenes: CnH2n
    • Alcohols: CnH2n+1OH or R–OH
    • Alkanoic acids: CnH2n+1COOH or R–COOH
    • Revision questions
  • 15 Sources of hydrocarbon compounds
    • Natural sources of hydrocarbons
    • Fractional distillation of crude oil
    • Cracking hydrocarbons
    • Revision questions
  • 16 Reactions of carbon compounds
    • The alkanes: CnH2n+2
    • The alkenes: CnH2n
    • Distinguishing between an alkane and an alkene
    • Uses of alkanes and alkenes
    • Revision questions
    • Alcohols: CnH2n+1OH or R–OH
    • Alkanoic acids: CnH2n+1COOH or R–COOH
    • Esters: CnH2n+1COOCxH2x+1 or R–COO–R’
    • Soapy and soapless detergents
    • Revision questions
  • 17 Polymers
    • Formation of polymers
    • Uses of polymers
    • Impact of synthetic polymers (plastics) on the environment
    • Revision questions
    • Exam-style questions – Chapters 14 to 17
  • 18 Characteristics of metals
    • Physical properties of metals
    • Chemical properties of metals
    • Reactions of metal compounds
    • Revision questions
  • 19 The reactivity, extraction and uses of metals
    • The reactivity series of metals
    • The extraction of metals from their ores
    • Extraction of aluminium
    • Extraction of iron
    • Uses of metals
    • Alloys and uses of alloys
    • Revision questions
  • 20 Impact of metals on living systems and the environment
    • Corrosion of metals
    • The importance of metals and their compounds i living organisms
    • Harmful effects of metals and their compounds
    • Revision questions
  • 21 Non-metals
    • Physical properties of non-metals
    • Chemical properties of non-metals
    • Behaviour of non-metals as oxidising and reducing agents
    • Laboratory preparation of gases
    • Uses of carbon dioxide and oxygen
    • Uses of non-metals and their compounds
    • Harmful effects of non-metals and their compounds
    • Revision questions
  • 22 Water
    • The unique properties of water
    • Consequences of water’s solvent properties
    • Treatment of water for domestic use
    • Revision questions
  • 23 Green Chemistry
    • The twelve principles of Green Chemistry
    • Revision questions
  • 24 Qualitative analysis
    • Identifying cations
    • Identifying anions
    • Identifying gases
    • Revision questions
    • Exam-style questions – Chapters 18 to 24
  • Appendix – The Periodic Table
  • Index
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