Einstein's Theories of Relativity and Gravitation
Free

Einstein's Theories of Relativity and Gravitation

By J. Malcolm Bird
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • PREFACE
  • Table of Contents
  • Table of Contents
  • I. THE EINSTEIN $5,000 PRIZE
    • The Donor and the Prize
    • The Judges
    • Three Thousand Words
    • The Competing Essays
    • Looking for the Winner
    • The Winner of the Prize
  • II. THE WORLD—AND US
    • Getting Away from the Greek Ideas
    • Relativism and Reality
    • Laws of Nature
    • Concepts and Realities
    • The Concepts of Space and Time
    • The Reference Frame for Space
    • Time and the Coordinate System
    • The Choice of a Coordinate Frame
  • III THE RELATIVITY OF UNIFORM MOTION
    • Who Is Moving?
    • Mechanical Relativity
    • The Search for the Absolute
    • The Ether and Absolute Motion
    • The Earth and the Ether
    • A Journey Upstream and Back
    • The Michelson-Morley Experiment
    • The Verdict
    • The “Contraction” Hypothesis
    • Taking the Bull by the Horns
    • Questions of Common Sense
    • Shifting the Mental Gears
  • IV THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
    • Light and the Ether
    • The Measurement of Time and Space
    • The Problem of Communication
    • An Einsteinian Experiment
    • Who Is Right?
    • The Relativity of Time and Space
    • Relativity and Reality
    • Time and Space in a Single Package
    • Some Further Consequences
    • Assumption and Consequence
    • Relativity and the Layman
    • Physics vs. Metaphysics
  • V THAT PARALLEL POSTULATE
    • Terms We Cannot Define
    • Laying the Foundation
    • The Rôle of Geometry
    • What May We Take for Granted?
    • And What Is It All About?
    • Euclid’s Geometry
    • Axioms Made to Order
    • Locating the Discrepancy
    • What the Postulate Really Does
    • The Geometry of Surfaces
    • Euclidean or Non-Euclidean
  • VI THE SPACE-TIME CONTINUUM
    • The Four-Dimensional World of Events
    • A Continuum of Points
    • The Continuum in General
    • Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Continua
    • Our World of Four Dimensions
    • The Curvature of Space-Time
    • The Question of Visualization
    • What It All Leads To
  • VII RELATIVITY
    • The Mechanical Principle of Relativity
    • The Special Principle of Relativity
    • The Four Dimensional Continuum
    • Gravitation and Acceleration
    • The General Principle of Relativity
  • VIII THE NEW CONCEPTS OF TIME AND SPACE
    • A World of Points
    • The Four-Dimensional World of Events
    • Successive Steps Toward Generality
    • Gravitation and Acceleration
    • Einstein’s Time-Space World
    • The Layman’s Last Doubt
  • IX THE PRINCIPLE OF RELATIVITY
    • The Behavior of Light
    • Space and Time
    • The World of Reality
    • Accelerated Motion
  • X SPACE, TIME AND GRAVITATION
    • The External World and its Geometry
    • Gravitation and its Place in the Universe
    • Gravitation and Space-Time
  • XI THE PRINCIPLE OF GENERAL RELATIVITY
    • Gravitation and Acceleration
    • Paths Through the World of Four Dimensions
    • The Universe of Space-Time
  • XII FORCE VS. GEOMETRY
    • The Relativity of Uniform Motion
    • Universal Relativity
    • The Geometry of Gravitation
  • XIII AN INTRODUCTION TO RELATIVITY
    • The Electromagnetic Theory of Light
    • The Michelson-Morley Experiment
    • The Lorentz Transformation
    • The First Theory of Relativity
    • The Inclusion of Gravitation
  • XIV NEW CONCEPTS FOR OLD
    • The World-Frame
    • The World-Fabric
    • Einstein’s Results
  • XV THE NEW WORLD
    • The World Geometry
    • The Genesis of the Theory
    • The Time Diagram
  • XVI THE QUEST OF THE ABSOLUTE
    • The Gravitational Hypothesis
    • The Special Relativity Theory
  • XVII THE PHYSICAL SIDE OF RELATIVITY
  • XVIII THE PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF RELATIVITY
    • The Special Theory and Its Surprising Consequences
    • The Generalization
    • The Tests
  • XIX EINSTEIN’S THEORY OF RELATIVITY
  • XX EINSTEIN’S THEORY OF GRAVITATION
  • XXI THE EQUIVALENCE HYPOTHESIS
  • XXII THE GENERAL THEORY
  • Colophon
    • Availability
    • Metadata
    • Revision History
    • External References
    • Corrections
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