Studies in the Book of Revelation
Free

Studies in the Book of Revelation

By Stephen Alexander Hunter
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Contents
  • Foreword
  • Master-Thoughts upon the Revelation1
  • Preface
  • Introduction
    • 1. General Introduction.
    • 2. The Title.
    • 3. The Author.
    • 4. The Unity.
    • 5. The Date.
    • 6. The Place.
    • 7. The Canonicity.
    • 8. The Form.
    • 9. The Theme.
    • 10. The Occasion.
    • 11. The Purpose.
    • 12. The Interpretation.
    • 13. The Outline Analysis.
    • 14. The Literary Structure.
    • 15. The Literature.
  • Scripture Text
    • I The Prologue
      • 1 The Superscription
      • 2 The Salutation
      • 3 The Introductory Vision
      • 4 The Seven Epistles
      • II The Main Apocalypse
        • 1 The Vision of God on the Throne (The Throne During Conflict)
        • 2 The Vision of the Seven Seals (The Church's Trial Foreshown)
        • 6 The Vision of Victory (The Church's Vindication Manifested)
        • 7 The Vision of the New Jerusalem (The Throne after Victory)
      • 1 The Vision of God on the Throne (The Throne During Conflict)
      • 2 The Vision of the Seven Seals (The Church's Trial Foreshown)
      • 6 The Vision of Victory (The Church's Vindication Manifested)
      • 7 The Vision of the New Jerusalem (The Throne after Victory)
      • III The Epilogue
        • 1 The Final Words of the Angel with the Promise of Christ
        • 2 The Closing Testimony of John
        • 3 The Author's Benediction
      • 1 The Final Words of the Angel with the Promise of Christ
      • 2 The Closing Testimony of John
      • 3 The Author's Benediction
    • 1 The Superscription
    • 2 The Salutation
    • 3 The Introductory Vision
    • 4 The Seven Epistles
    • II The Main Apocalypse
      • 1 The Vision of God on the Throne (The Throne During Conflict)
      • 2 The Vision of the Seven Seals (The Church's Trial Foreshown)
      • 6 The Vision of Victory (The Church's Vindication Manifested)
      • 7 The Vision of the New Jerusalem (The Throne after Victory)
    • 1 The Vision of God on the Throne (The Throne During Conflict)
    • 2 The Vision of the Seven Seals (The Church's Trial Foreshown)
    • 6 The Vision of Victory (The Church's Vindication Manifested)
    • 7 The Vision of the New Jerusalem (The Throne after Victory)
    • III The Epilogue
      • 1 The Final Words of the Angel with the Promise of Christ
      • 2 The Closing Testimony of John
      • 3 The Author's Benediction
    • 1 The Final Words of the Angel with the Promise of Christ
    • 2 The Closing Testimony of John
    • 3 The Author's Benediction
  • Analysis And Notes
    • I The Prologue, Ch. 1:1-3:22
      • 1 The Superscription, Ch. 1:1-3
      • 2 The Salutation, Ch. 1:4-8
      • 3 The Introductory Vision (The Glorified Son of Man), Ch. 1:9-20
        • (1) The Trumpet Voice, Ch. 1:9-11
        • (2) The Triumphant Son of Man, Ch. 1:12-13a
        • (3) The Gracious Apparel, Ch. 1:13b
        • (4) The Glorious Appearance, Ch. 1:14-15, and 16c
        • (5) The Seven Stars, Ch. 1:16a
        • (6) The Two-Edged Sword, Ch. 1:16b
        • (7) The Assuring Message, Ch. 1:17-20
      • (1) The Trumpet Voice, Ch. 1:9-11
      • (2) The Triumphant Son of Man, Ch. 1:12-13a
      • (3) The Gracious Apparel, Ch. 1:13b
      • (4) The Glorious Appearance, Ch. 1:14-15, and 16c
      • (5) The Seven Stars, Ch. 1:16a
      • (6) The Two-Edged Sword, Ch. 1:16b
      • (7) The Assuring Message, Ch. 1:17-20
      • 4 The Seven Epistles, Ch. 2:1-3:22
        • (1) The Epistle to the Church in Ephesus, Ch. 2:1-7
        • (2) The Epistle to the Church in Smyrna, Ch. 2:8-11
        • (3) The Epistle to the Church in Pergamus337, Ch. 2:12-17
        • (4) The Epistle to the Church in Thyatira, Ch. 2:18-29
        • (5) The Epistle to the Church in Sardis, Ch. 3:1-6
        • (6) The Epistle to the Church in Philadelphia, Ch. 3:7-13
        • (7) The Epistle to the Church in Laodicea, Ch. 3:14-22
      • (1) The Epistle to the Church in Ephesus, Ch. 2:1-7
      • (2) The Epistle to the Church in Smyrna, Ch. 2:8-11
      • (3) The Epistle to the Church in Pergamus337, Ch. 2:12-17
      • (4) The Epistle to the Church in Thyatira, Ch. 2:18-29
      • (5) The Epistle to the Church in Sardis, Ch. 3:1-6
      • (6) The Epistle to the Church in Philadelphia, Ch. 3:7-13
      • (7) The Epistle to the Church in Laodicea, Ch. 3:14-22
    • 1 The Superscription, Ch. 1:1-3
    • 2 The Salutation, Ch. 1:4-8
    • 3 The Introductory Vision (The Glorified Son of Man), Ch. 1:9-20
      • (1) The Trumpet Voice, Ch. 1:9-11
      • (2) The Triumphant Son of Man, Ch. 1:12-13a
      • (3) The Gracious Apparel, Ch. 1:13b
      • (4) The Glorious Appearance, Ch. 1:14-15, and 16c
      • (5) The Seven Stars, Ch. 1:16a
      • (6) The Two-Edged Sword, Ch. 1:16b
      • (7) The Assuring Message, Ch. 1:17-20
    • (1) The Trumpet Voice, Ch. 1:9-11
    • (2) The Triumphant Son of Man, Ch. 1:12-13a
    • (3) The Gracious Apparel, Ch. 1:13b
    • (4) The Glorious Appearance, Ch. 1:14-15, and 16c
    • (5) The Seven Stars, Ch. 1:16a
    • (6) The Two-Edged Sword, Ch. 1:16b
    • (7) The Assuring Message, Ch. 1:17-20
    • 4 The Seven Epistles, Ch. 2:1-3:22
      • (1) The Epistle to the Church in Ephesus, Ch. 2:1-7
      • (2) The Epistle to the Church in Smyrna, Ch. 2:8-11
      • (3) The Epistle to the Church in Pergamus337, Ch. 2:12-17
      • (4) The Epistle to the Church in Thyatira, Ch. 2:18-29
      • (5) The Epistle to the Church in Sardis, Ch. 3:1-6
      • (6) The Epistle to the Church in Philadelphia, Ch. 3:7-13
      • (7) The Epistle to the Church in Laodicea, Ch. 3:14-22
    • (1) The Epistle to the Church in Ephesus, Ch. 2:1-7
    • (2) The Epistle to the Church in Smyrna, Ch. 2:8-11
    • (3) The Epistle to the Church in Pergamus337, Ch. 2:12-17
    • (4) The Epistle to the Church in Thyatira, Ch. 2:18-29
    • (5) The Epistle to the Church in Sardis, Ch. 3:1-6
    • (6) The Epistle to the Church in Philadelphia, Ch. 3:7-13
    • (7) The Epistle to the Church in Laodicea, Ch. 3:14-22
    • II THE MAIN APOCALYPSE, Ch. 4:1-22:5
      • I The Vision of God on the Throne (A Vision of Sovereignty). Ch. 4:1-5:14
        • 1 The Throne and the King, Ch. 4:1-3, 5a, and 6a
        • 2 The Four and Twenty Elders, Ch. 4:4, 10 and 11
        • 3 The Seven Lamps of Fire (or Torches), Ch. 4:5b
        • 4 The Four Living Creatures, Ch. 4. 6b-9
        • 5 The Sealed Book (or Scroll), Ch. 5:1-5
        • 6 The Lamb, Ch. 5:6-8a
        • 7 The Heavenly Worship, Ch. 5:8b-14
      • 1 The Throne and the King, Ch. 4:1-3, 5a, and 6a
      • 2 The Four and Twenty Elders, Ch. 4:4, 10 and 11
      • 3 The Seven Lamps of Fire (or Torches), Ch. 4:5b
      • 4 The Four Living Creatures, Ch. 4. 6b-9
      • 5 The Sealed Book (or Scroll), Ch. 5:1-5
      • 6 The Lamb, Ch. 5:6-8a
      • 7 The Heavenly Worship, Ch. 5:8b-14
      • II The Vision of the Seven Seals (A Vision of Trial). Ch. 6:1-17, and 8:1
        • 1 The Opening of the First Seal, Ch. 6:1, 2
        • 2 The Opening of the Second Seal, Ch. 6:3, 4
        • 3 The Opening of the Third Seal, Ch. 6:5, 6
        • 4 The Opening of the Fourth Seal, Ch. 6:7, 8
        • 5 The Opening of the Fifth Seal, Ch. 6:9-11
        • 6 The Opening of the Sixth Seal, Ch. 6:12-17
        • 7 The Opening of the Seventh Seal, Ch. 8:1
      • 1 The Opening of the First Seal, Ch. 6:1, 2
      • 2 The Opening of the Second Seal, Ch. 6:3, 4
      • 3 The Opening of the Third Seal, Ch. 6:5, 6
      • 4 The Opening of the Fourth Seal, Ch. 6:7, 8
      • 5 The Opening of the Fifth Seal, Ch. 6:9-11
      • 6 The Opening of the Sixth Seal, Ch. 6:12-17
      • 7 The Opening of the Seventh Seal, Ch. 8:1
      • IIb The Episode of the Sealed Ones (A Vision of Salvation Assured). Ch. 7:1-17
        • A The Sealed of Israel, Ch. 7:1-8
        • B The Redeemed Out of All Nations, Ch. 7:9-17
      • A The Sealed of Israel, Ch. 7:1-8
      • B The Redeemed Out of All Nations, Ch. 7:9-17
      • III The Vision of the Seven Trumpets (A Vision of Threatening). Ch. 8:2-9:21, and 11:14-19
        • A The Preparation for the Trumpets, Ch. 8:2-6
        • B The Trumpets Sounded, Ch. 8:7-9:21; and 11:14-19
      • A The Preparation for the Trumpets, Ch. 8:2-6
      • B The Trumpets Sounded, Ch. 8:7-9:21; and 11:14-19
      • IIIb The Episode of the Angel with the Book; and of the Two Witnesses (A Vision of Divine Help). Ch. 10:1-11:13
        • A The Angel with the Little Open Book, Ch. 10:1-11
        • B The Two Witnesses, Ch. 11:1-13
      • A The Angel with the Little Open Book, Ch. 10:1-11
      • B The Two Witnesses, Ch. 11:1-13
      • IV The Vision of Conflict (A Vision of Warfare). Ch. 12:1-14:20
        • A The Woman and the Dragon, Ch. 12:1-6, and 13-17
        • B War in Heaven, Ch. 12:7-12
        • C The Two Beasts, Ch. 13:1-18
        • D. The Lamb on Mount Zion, Ch. 14:1-20
      • A The Woman and the Dragon, Ch. 12:1-6, and 13-17
      • B War in Heaven, Ch. 12:7-12
      • C The Two Beasts, Ch. 13:1-18
      • D. The Lamb on Mount Zion, Ch. 14:1-20
      • V. The Vision of the Seven Vials [or Bowls] (A Vision of Judgment). Ch. 15:1-16:12, and 16:17-21
        • A. The Preparation for the Vials, Ch. 15:1-8
        • B. The Vials Poured Out, Ch. 16:1-12, and 17-21
      • A. The Preparation for the Vials, Ch. 15:1-8
      • B. The Vials Poured Out, Ch. 16:1-12, and 17-21
      • Vb The Episode of the Frog-like Spirits (A Vision of Warning). Ch. 16:13-16
        • 1 The Unclean Spirits of Evil, Ch. 16:13-14, and 16
        • 2 John's Word of Warning, Ch. 16:15
      • 1 The Unclean Spirits of Evil, Ch. 16:13-14, and 16
      • 2 John's Word of Warning, Ch. 16:15
      • VI The Vision of Victory (A Vision of Vindication). Ch. 17:1-20:15
        • A The Mystic Babylon and Her Fall, Ch. 17:1-18:24
        • B The Triumph of the Redeemed, Ch. 19:1-10
        • C The Last Things, Ch. 19:11-20:15
      • A The Mystic Babylon and Her Fall, Ch. 17:1-18:24
      • B The Triumph of the Redeemed, Ch. 19:1-10
      • C The Last Things, Ch. 19:11-20:15
      • VII The Vision of the New Jerusalem (A Vision of Triumph). Ch. 21:1-22:5
        • 1 The New Heaven and the New Earth, Ch. 21:1
        • 2 The Holy City, Ch. 21:2-22:5
      • 1 The New Heaven and the New Earth, Ch. 21:1
      • 2 The Holy City, Ch. 21:2-22:5
    • I The Vision of God on the Throne (A Vision of Sovereignty). Ch. 4:1-5:14
      • 1 The Throne and the King, Ch. 4:1-3, 5a, and 6a
      • 2 The Four and Twenty Elders, Ch. 4:4, 10 and 11
      • 3 The Seven Lamps of Fire (or Torches), Ch. 4:5b
      • 4 The Four Living Creatures, Ch. 4. 6b-9
      • 5 The Sealed Book (or Scroll), Ch. 5:1-5
      • 6 The Lamb, Ch. 5:6-8a
      • 7 The Heavenly Worship, Ch. 5:8b-14
    • 1 The Throne and the King, Ch. 4:1-3, 5a, and 6a
    • 2 The Four and Twenty Elders, Ch. 4:4, 10 and 11
    • 3 The Seven Lamps of Fire (or Torches), Ch. 4:5b
    • 4 The Four Living Creatures, Ch. 4. 6b-9
    • 5 The Sealed Book (or Scroll), Ch. 5:1-5
    • 6 The Lamb, Ch. 5:6-8a
    • 7 The Heavenly Worship, Ch. 5:8b-14
    • II The Vision of the Seven Seals (A Vision of Trial). Ch. 6:1-17, and 8:1
      • 1 The Opening of the First Seal, Ch. 6:1, 2
      • 2 The Opening of the Second Seal, Ch. 6:3, 4
      • 3 The Opening of the Third Seal, Ch. 6:5, 6
      • 4 The Opening of the Fourth Seal, Ch. 6:7, 8
      • 5 The Opening of the Fifth Seal, Ch. 6:9-11
      • 6 The Opening of the Sixth Seal, Ch. 6:12-17
      • 7 The Opening of the Seventh Seal, Ch. 8:1
    • 1 The Opening of the First Seal, Ch. 6:1, 2
    • 2 The Opening of the Second Seal, Ch. 6:3, 4
    • 3 The Opening of the Third Seal, Ch. 6:5, 6
    • 4 The Opening of the Fourth Seal, Ch. 6:7, 8
    • 5 The Opening of the Fifth Seal, Ch. 6:9-11
    • 6 The Opening of the Sixth Seal, Ch. 6:12-17
    • 7 The Opening of the Seventh Seal, Ch. 8:1
    • IIb The Episode of the Sealed Ones (A Vision of Salvation Assured). Ch. 7:1-17
      • A The Sealed of Israel, Ch. 7:1-8
      • B The Redeemed Out of All Nations, Ch. 7:9-17
    • A The Sealed of Israel, Ch. 7:1-8
    • B The Redeemed Out of All Nations, Ch. 7:9-17
    • III The Vision of the Seven Trumpets (A Vision of Threatening). Ch. 8:2-9:21, and 11:14-19
      • A The Preparation for the Trumpets, Ch. 8:2-6
      • B The Trumpets Sounded, Ch. 8:7-9:21; and 11:14-19
    • A The Preparation for the Trumpets, Ch. 8:2-6
    • B The Trumpets Sounded, Ch. 8:7-9:21; and 11:14-19
    • IIIb The Episode of the Angel with the Book; and of the Two Witnesses (A Vision of Divine Help). Ch. 10:1-11:13
      • A The Angel with the Little Open Book, Ch. 10:1-11
      • B The Two Witnesses, Ch. 11:1-13
    • A The Angel with the Little Open Book, Ch. 10:1-11
    • B The Two Witnesses, Ch. 11:1-13
    • IV The Vision of Conflict (A Vision of Warfare). Ch. 12:1-14:20
      • A The Woman and the Dragon, Ch. 12:1-6, and 13-17
      • B War in Heaven, Ch. 12:7-12
      • C The Two Beasts, Ch. 13:1-18
      • D. The Lamb on Mount Zion, Ch. 14:1-20
    • A The Woman and the Dragon, Ch. 12:1-6, and 13-17
    • B War in Heaven, Ch. 12:7-12
    • C The Two Beasts, Ch. 13:1-18
    • D. The Lamb on Mount Zion, Ch. 14:1-20
    • V. The Vision of the Seven Vials [or Bowls] (A Vision of Judgment). Ch. 15:1-16:12, and 16:17-21
      • A. The Preparation for the Vials, Ch. 15:1-8
      • B. The Vials Poured Out, Ch. 16:1-12, and 17-21
    • A. The Preparation for the Vials, Ch. 15:1-8
    • B. The Vials Poured Out, Ch. 16:1-12, and 17-21
    • Vb The Episode of the Frog-like Spirits (A Vision of Warning). Ch. 16:13-16
      • 1 The Unclean Spirits of Evil, Ch. 16:13-14, and 16
      • 2 John's Word of Warning, Ch. 16:15
    • 1 The Unclean Spirits of Evil, Ch. 16:13-14, and 16
    • 2 John's Word of Warning, Ch. 16:15
    • VI The Vision of Victory (A Vision of Vindication). Ch. 17:1-20:15
      • A The Mystic Babylon and Her Fall, Ch. 17:1-18:24
      • B The Triumph of the Redeemed, Ch. 19:1-10
      • C The Last Things, Ch. 19:11-20:15
    • A The Mystic Babylon and Her Fall, Ch. 17:1-18:24
    • B The Triumph of the Redeemed, Ch. 19:1-10
    • C The Last Things, Ch. 19:11-20:15
    • VII The Vision of the New Jerusalem (A Vision of Triumph). Ch. 21:1-22:5
      • 1 The New Heaven and the New Earth, Ch. 21:1
      • 2 The Holy City, Ch. 21:2-22:5
    • 1 The New Heaven and the New Earth, Ch. 21:1
    • 2 The Holy City, Ch. 21:2-22:5
    • III THE EPILOGUE, Ch. 22:6-21
      • A The Final Words of the Angel, with the Promise of Christ, Ch. 22:6-16
        • 1 The Message Reaffirmed, Ch. 22:6-9
        • 2 The Book Not to be Sealed, Ch. 22:10-11
        • 3 The Promise of Christ to the Victors, Ch. 22:12-16
      • 1 The Message Reaffirmed, Ch. 22:6-9
      • 2 The Book Not to be Sealed, Ch. 22:10-11
      • 3 The Promise of Christ to the Victors, Ch. 22:12-16
      • B The Closing Testimony of John, Ch. 22:17-20
        • 1 A Last Universal Invitation of Grace, Ch. 22:17
        • 2 A Last Impressive Warning of Exhortation, Ch. 22:18-19
        • 3 A Last Assuring Promise of Hope, Ch. 22:20a
        • 4 A last Ecstatic Prayer of Yearning, Ch. 22:20b
      • 1 A Last Universal Invitation of Grace, Ch. 22:17
      • 2 A Last Impressive Warning of Exhortation, Ch. 22:18-19
      • 3 A Last Assuring Promise of Hope, Ch. 22:20a
      • 4 A last Ecstatic Prayer of Yearning, Ch. 22:20b
      • C The Author's Benediction, Ch. 22:21
    • A The Final Words of the Angel, with the Promise of Christ, Ch. 22:6-16
      • 1 The Message Reaffirmed, Ch. 22:6-9
      • 2 The Book Not to be Sealed, Ch. 22:10-11
      • 3 The Promise of Christ to the Victors, Ch. 22:12-16
    • 1 The Message Reaffirmed, Ch. 22:6-9
    • 2 The Book Not to be Sealed, Ch. 22:10-11
    • 3 The Promise of Christ to the Victors, Ch. 22:12-16
    • B The Closing Testimony of John, Ch. 22:17-20
      • 1 A Last Universal Invitation of Grace, Ch. 22:17
      • 2 A Last Impressive Warning of Exhortation, Ch. 22:18-19
      • 3 A Last Assuring Promise of Hope, Ch. 22:20a
      • 4 A last Ecstatic Prayer of Yearning, Ch. 22:20b
    • 1 A Last Universal Invitation of Grace, Ch. 22:17
    • 2 A Last Impressive Warning of Exhortation, Ch. 22:18-19
    • 3 A Last Assuring Promise of Hope, Ch. 22:20a
    • 4 A last Ecstatic Prayer of Yearning, Ch. 22:20b
    • C The Author's Benediction, Ch. 22:21
  • Appendix A: Some Fundamental Conceptions of the Apocalypse
    • I A Duality of Forces in the Moral World
    • II A Triple Antagonism of Moral Life
    • III A Trinal Antithesis of Moral Character
    • IV A Threefold Theocratic Method in Man's Redemptive History
  • Appendix B: Current Questions of Divided Opinion
    • I The Four Schools of Interpretation
    • II The Seven Shibboleths of Interpreters
  • Appendix C: Heptachords of Song and Blessing
    • I The Seven Choral Symphonies of the Revelation
    • II The Seven Benedictions of the Revelation
  • Appendix D: The Formal Series of Sevens
    • I The Initial Series of Seven
  • Appendix E: The Symbolism of Numbers
  • Appendix F: The Literary Structure of the Apocalypse
  • Appendix G: The Apocalyptic Literature595
  • Footnotes
  • Credits
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