Organisation: How Armies are Formed For War
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Organisation: How Armies are Formed For War

By Hubert Foster
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • ORGANIZATION
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • ERRATA
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • INTRODUCTION
  • PART I WAR ORGANIZATION OF THE PRESENT DAY
  • CHAPTER I THE OBJECT OF ORGANIZATION
    • Command
    • Definition of Organization
    • The Chain of Command
    • Units or Formations of Troops
  • CHAPTER II THE FIGHTING TROOPS
    • The Arms of the Service
    • Characteristics of the Arms
      • 1. CAVALRY
      • 2. ARTILLERY
      • 3. ENGINEERS
      • 4. INFANTRY
  • CHAPTER III ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITS OF EACH ARM
    • 1. INFANTRY
      • THE COMPANY
      • THE BATTALION
      • THE INFANTRY REGIMENT
      • THE INFANTRY BRIGADE
    • 2. CAVALRY
      • THE SQUADRON
      • THE CAVALRY REGIMENT
      • THE CAVALRY BRIGADE
    • 3. ARTILLERY
      • FIELD ARTILLERY
      • HEAVY ARTILLERY
      • MOUNTAIN ARTILLERY
      • THE BATTERY
      • THE ARTILLERY BRIGADE
      • HIGHER UNITS OF ARTILLERY
      • AMMUNITION COLUMNS
      • BRITISH AMMUNITION SUPPLY
    • 4. ENGINEERS
  • CHAPTER IV NEW VARIETIES OF FIGHTING TROOPS
    • 1. Mounted Infantry
    • 2. Mountain Infantry
    • 3. Mountain Artillery
    • 4. Machine Guns
    • 5. Cavalry Pioneers
    • 6. Cyclists and Motor Cars
      • MOTOR CAR SERVICE IN WAR
    • 7. Scouts
    • 8. Field Orderlies
    • 9. Military Police
  • CHAPTER V FORMATIONS OF ALL ARMS
    • 1. The Division
      • THE INFANTRY DIVISION
      • THE CAVALRY DIVISION
    • 2. The Army Corps
      • MEANING OF THE TERM
      • REASON FOR ORGANIZATION BY ARMY CORPS
      • COMPOSITION OF AN ARMY CORPS
    • 3. Cavalry Corps
    • 4. The Army as a Unit
    • THE ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
      • ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES IN FOREIGN ARMIES
  • CHAPTER VI THE STAFF
    • Head-Quarters
      • COMPOSITION OF HEAD-QUARTERS
    • Varieties of Staff
      • THE GENERAL STAFF
      • THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL’S BRANCH (A.G.)
      • THE QUARTER-MASTER-GENERAL’S BRANCH (Q.M.G.)
      • STAFF OF SUBORDINATE COMMANDS
    • Importance of the Staff
    • Number of Officers Allotted to the Staff
  • CHAPTER VII WAR ESTABLISHMENTS
    • Their Object and Utility
    • States and Returns
    • Reinforcements
    • Evils of Improvised Organizations
    • Importance of Preserving Original Organization
    • The Ordre de Bataille
  • PART II BRITISH WAR ORGANIZATION
  • CHAPTER VIII THE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE FIGHTING TROOPS
    • The Expeditionary Force
    • Expeditionary Force COMPOSITION OF SUBORDINATE COMMANDS
      • CAVALRY BRIGADE
      • CAVALRY DIVISION
      • INFANTRY BRIGADE
      • DIVISION
      • MOUNTED BRIGADE
      • ARMY TROOPS
    • Strength of Field Force and of its Main Subdivisions
      • STRENGTH OF SUBORDINATE COMMANDS
    • Total by Arms
      • TOTAL STRENGTH OF EACH ARM AND SERVICE, IN ROUND NUMBERS
    • Establishments of Units INCLUDING THOSE ATTACHED—VIZ. MEDICAL AND VETERINARY OFFICERS, MEN OF MEDICAL CORPS AND ARMY SERVICE CORPS FOR 2ND LINE TRANSPORT
    • Strength of Units of Fighting Troops
    • Composition of Head-Quarters
      • GENERAL HEAD-QUARTERS
      • ARMY HEAD-QUARTERS
      • HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE LINES OF COMMUNICATION
      • HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE BASE
      • HEAD-QUARTERS OF A DIVISION (INFANTRY OR CAVALRY)
      • HEAD-QUARTERS OF A BRIGADE OF CAVALRY OR INFANTRY, OF MOUNTED BRIGADES, AND OF DIVISIONAL ARTILLERY
  • CHAPTER IX THE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (continued) ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
    • Organization of the Lines Of Communication
    • 1. Service of Inter-communication
      • WIRELESS TELEGRAPH COMPANY
      • DIVISIONAL TELEGRAPH COMPANY
      • ARMY TROOPS TELEGRAPH COMPANIES
      • BALLOON COMPANIES, FOR RECONNAISSANCE
    • 2. Transport
      • REGIMENTAL TRANSPORT
      • TRANSPORT ON THE LINES OF COMMUNICATION
    • 3. Supply
      • (I.) MOBILE SUPPLIES WITH THE TROOPS
      • (II.) SUPPLY DEPÔTS ON THE LINES OF COMMUNICATION
    • 4. The Medical Services
      • (a) WITH THE TROOPS AT THE FRONT
      • (b) ON THE LINES OF COMMUNICATION
      • DETAILS OF MEDICAL ORGANIZATION
      • THE SANITARY SERVICE
  • CHAPTER X THE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (continued) SERVICES ON THE LINES OF COMMUNICATION
    • 5. The Veterinary Service
      • THE REMOUNT SERVICE
    • 6. The Ordnance Services
      • ARRANGEMENTS FOR AMMUNITION SUPPLY
      • GUN AMMUNITION
      • SMALL-ARM AMMUNITION
    • 7. The Railway Services
    • 8. The Works Service
    • 9. The Postal Service
    • 10. The Accounts Department
    • 11. The Records Branch
    • 12. Depôts for Personnel
  • CHAPTER XI THE TERRITORIAL FORCE—THE INDIAN ARMY
    • The Territorial Force
    • The Army of India
    • Indian Army Organization
      • Cavalry Brigade
      • Infantry Brigade (British or Indian)
      • Infantry Division
  • CHAPTER XII SPECIAL FEATURES OF BRITISH WAR ORGANIZATION
    • Organization by Divisions
    • Facility of Subdivision
    • Staff
    • Cavalry Organization
    • Machine Guns
    • Field Artillery
    • Ammunition Supply
    • Engineers
    • Organization of the Division
    • Inter-communication
    • Lines of Communication
    • Finance and Clerical Work
    • Postal Service
    • Reinforcements
  • PART III ORGANIZATION OF FOREIGN ARMIES
  • CHAPTER XIII WAR ORGANIZATION OF THE FIGHTING TROOPS
    • Normal War Organization of Foreign Armies
      • INFANTRY
      • CAVALRY
      • FIELD ARTILLERY
    • Rank of the Officers commanding the above Formations
    • GERMANY
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
      • Ammunition Columns
    • FRANCE
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
    • RUSSIA
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
    • AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
    • ITALY
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
    • JAPAN
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Field Artillery
    • SWITZERLAND
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
    • UNITED STATES
      • Infantry
      • Cavalry
      • Artillery
  • CHAPTER XIV COMPOSITION OF NATIONAL ARMIES
    • Armies of First Line
    • Armies of Second Line (Reserve or Territorial Armies)
    • Reserves
    • Table of War Strengths of the Various Powers
      • TOTAL WAR STRENGTH
  • PART IV HISTORY OF ORGANIZATION
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CHAPTER XV ORGANIZATION IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY
    • A Sketch of the Origin of Organization as seen in the Early Standing Armies of Europe
    • The Regiment
      • EARLIEST REGIMENTAL ORGANIZATION
  • CHAPTER XVI THE EVOLUTION OF INFANTRY
    • The Halberd and Pike
      • The Firearm
      • Musketeers
    • Infantry under Maurice of Nassau
    • Brigades
    • Battalions
    • Spanish Infantry—Sixteenth Century
    • Infantry under Gustavus
    • French Infantry
    • Fusiliers
    • Grenadiers
    • Light Infantry
    • Light Infantry and Rifles
  • CHAPTER XVII THE EVOLUTION OF CAVALRY
    • Origin of true Cavalry in the “Reiters”
    • Light Horse
  • CHAPTER XVIII THE EVOLUTION OF ARTILLERY AND ENGINEERS
    • The Artillery
      • GUNS
    • The Evolution of the Engineers
  • CHAPTER XIX ORGANIZATION IN THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
    • The “New Model” Army
    • The Armies of the Eighteenth Century
      • UNIFORM
      • MILITARY MUSIC
      • FLAGS OR COLOURS
  • CHAPTER XX ORGANIZATION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
    • Organization in the Wars following the French Revolution
      • DIVISIONS
      • CORPS D’ARMÉE (ARMY CORPS)
      • DETAILS OF NAPOLEON’S ORGANIZATION
      • STRENGTH OF ARMY CORPS
    • Prussian Organization in the Nineteenth Century
    • Proportions of the Arms
      • CAVALRY AND INFANTRY
      • GUNS AND INFANTRY
  • CHAPTER XXI THE EVOLUTION OF THE STAFF AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
    • 1. The Staff
      • UNITED STATES STAFF IN THE CIVIL WAR
      • PRUSSIAN STAFF IN 1870
    • 2. The Supply and Transport Services
    • 3. The Medical Organization for War
  • PART V MILITARY COMMAND
  • CHAPTER XXII PRINCIPLES OF COMMAND
    • Mode of exercising Command
    • Instructions
      • Orders
      • Division Commanders
    • Limits of Initiative in Staff Officers
  • CHAPTER XXIII PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ARMIES
  • APPENDIX A ORIGIN OF MILITARY TERMS
    • 1. RANKS AND OFFICES
    • 2. VARIETIES OF TROOPS, AND THEIR UNITS AND FORMATIONS
    • 3. ARMS AND ACCOUTREMENTS
    • 4. MISCELLANEOUS
  • APPENDIX B REMARKS ON MILITARY NOMENCLATURE
  • Transcriber’s Notes
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