Early Man in the New World
Free

Early Man in the New World

By Joseph A. Hester, Jr., Kenneth Macgowan
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • EARLY MAN IN THE NEW WORLD
  • FOREWORD
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • ILLUSTRATIONS, MAPS, AND TABLES
  • A NOTE ON NOTES
  • 1 THIS SUDDEN NEW WORLD
    • A Secret Laboratory of Culture
    • Time-Tests by Travel, Tongues, and Physiques
    • From the Old Stone Age to the New
    • From Tools and Bones, Fossils and Rocks
  • 2 THE ROAD OF EARLY MAN
    • How New Was the New World?
    • A Passage from Asia to North America
    • Men Out of Asia—and All the Continents
    • Bering Strait—Freeway to the New World
    • Three Roads to the South—with One Detour
    • Problematical Roads to the New World
    • Ware Dogma!
  • 3 THE DEAD HAND OF THE AGES
    • Conflicts and Confusions
    • The Problem of the Ages
    • The Bronze Age—a Phantasm
    • Wood, Bone, and Shell Ages
    • Dividing the Stone Age—the Old and the New
    • Activities of the New Stone Age
    • Agriculture—Test of the Neolithic
    • First a Food Gatherer, Then a Hunter
  • 4 THE GREAT ICE AGE
    • Our Part of the Geologic Time Scale
    • The Glacial Hypothesis Appears
    • The End of the Great Ice Age
    • River Terraces and Beach Lines
    • The Cause of Glaciation
  • 5 EARLY MAN IN THE OLD WORLD
    • Archaeology, a New Science
    • Mortillet’s Cramping Classification
    • Enter the Eolith
    • Flake vs. Core Industries
    • Dating Early Man in Europe
    • True Tools—Deceptive Skulls
    • Ancestors from Heidelberg and Swanscombe?
    • Putting the Neanderthal in His Place
    • Ancient Man in Java and China
    • “Giant Ape”—a Mythical Ancestor?
    • “Java” Men in Africa and Europe?
    • Man-Apes or Ape-Men in Africa
    • The Progressive Neanderthal
    • Radiocarbon Dates for the Mousterian
    • Homo sapiens—New or Old?
    • Solutrean Flint Workers Invade Europe
    • Weapons and Tools—from Hand Ax to Arrowhead
    • The Danger in Universal Time-Scales
  • 6 WHAT THE BONES HAVE TO SAY
    • Early Man as Adam’s Progeny
    • Science and Religion Embattled
    • Reaction, Led by Science
    • The Red Herring of the “Primitive Skull”
    • The Mystery of the Missing Bones
    • South America Provides the First Skulls
    • North American Skulls and Bones
    • Early Man Not Solely Mongoloid or Indian
    • Evidence from Middle America
    • New Finds in the United States
  • 7 THE ARTIFACTS OF EARLY MAN IN THE NEW WORLD
    • Artifacts from Heaven
    • The Folsom Point—Unique and Potent
    • Americans Hunted Animals Now Extinct
    • Two Other Folsom Sites—Clovis and Lindenmeier
    • Another Fine and Ancient Point
    • The Plainview Point
    • A New Point—and Sloths—in Gypsum Cave
    • Old Lake and River Sites
    • Sandia—Older Than Folsom
    • The Milling Stone Appears
    • A Paucity of Art Objects
    • Hand Axes in the Americas
    • Early Man in Mexico
    • From the Glacial to the Archaic
    • Back of 15,000 Years?
      • THE MORE IMPORTANT SITES OF EARLY MAN
  • 8 EARLY MAN AND THE GREAT EXTINCTION
    • A Twofold Problem
    • Myths and Mammoths
    • Archaeological Evidence of Recent Man and the Mastodon
    • Sloth and Camel in Dry Caves
    • The Folsom Bison Not Extinct?
    • The Mystery of Extinction
    • More Radiocarbon Dates for Extinct Mammals
  • 9 PYGMIES, AUSTRALOIDS, AND NEGROIDS—BEFORE INDIANS?
    • The Mythical Indian Race
    • Racial Definition—the Field of the Physical Anthropologist
    • The Cephalic Index—and Others
    • What Skull Measurements Tell Us About Early Man
    • Europe Recognizes the Australoid in America
    • Hooton and Dixon on Early Invaders
    • A Potpourri of Races
    • Pygmies Before Australoids in the New World?
    • Australoids, Negroids, and Men from Europe
    • No Mongoloids till 300 B.C.
    • Siberian Caucasoids
  • 10 DID THE INDIAN INVENT OR BORROW HIS CULTURE?
    • Diffusion vs. Independent Invention
    • Bastian’s “Psychic Unity”
    • Complexity an Argument for Diffusion
    • Dispersion as Well as Diffusion
    • The Trap of Time
    • Escape from the Trap
    • Dead Alexander Invades America
    • Independent Inventions Neither Parallel Nor Diffused
    • What Diffusion of Plants and Art?
  • 11 THE INDIAN IN AGRICULTURE
    • Inventions—Some New, Some Old
      • NEW WORLD PLANTS AND PRODUCTS
    • American Plants and Their Cultivation
    • When and Where Did Our Agriculture Begin?
    • The Indian’s Accomplishment in Agriculture
    • How Old Is Corn?
  • 12 PUZZLES, PROBLEMS, AND HALF-ANSWERS
    • The Pendulum Swings
    • The Puzzle of the Skulls
    • The Puzzle of the Querns
    • The Puzzle of the Points
    • Was Our Early Man a Solutrean?
    • Or Was the American Aurignacian or Magdalenian?
    • Chopping Tools Instead of Hand Axes in Asia
    • Spinden’s Neolithic Blockade
    • Was the First Migration Interglacial?
    • Geological Evidence and the Pluvials
    • In Sum
  • REFERENCES IN THE TEXT
    • Chapter 1
    • Chapter 2
    • Chapter 3
    • Chapter 4
    • Chapter 5
    • Chapter 6
    • Chapter 7
    • Chapter 8
    • Chapter 9
    • Chapter 10
    • Chapter 11
    • Chapter 12
  • REFERENCES AS TO ILLUSTRATIONS
  • INDEX
    • THE NATURAL HISTORY LIBRARY
    • EARLY MAN IN THE NEW WORLD
  • Transcriber’s Notes
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