A treatise of human nature
Free

A treatise of human nature

By David Hume
Free
Book Description

A Treatise of Human Nature is a book by Scottish philosopher David Hume, first published in 1739–1740.
The full title of the Treatise is 'A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects'. It contains the following sections:
Book 1: "Of the Understanding" – An investigation into human cognition. Important statements of Skepticism.
Book 2: "Of the Passions" – A treatment of emotions and free will.
Book 3: "Of Morals" – A treatment of moral ideas, justice, obligations, benevolence.

Table of Contents
  • A TREATISE OF HUMAN NATURE
  • ADVERTISEMENT.
  • INTRODUCTION.
  • BOOK I. OF THE UNDERSTANDING
  • PART I. OF IDEAS, THEIR ORIGIN, COMPOSITION, CONNEXION, ABSTRACTION, ETC.
  • SECT. I. OF THE ORIGIN OF OUR IDEAS.
  • SECT. II. DIVISION OF THE SUBJECT.
  • SECT. III. OF THE IDEAS OF THE MEMORY AND IMAGINATION.
  • SECT. IV. OF THE CONNEXION OR ASSOCIATION OF IDEAS.
  • SECT. V. OF RELATIONS.
  • SECT. VI. OF MODES AND SUBSTANCES
  • SECT. VII. OF ABSTRACT IDEAS.
  • PART II. OF THE IDEAS OF SPACE AND TIME.
  • SECT. I. OF THE INFINITE DIVISIBILITY OF OUR IDEAS OF SPACE AND TIME.
  • SECT. II. OF THE INFINITE DIVISIBILITY OF SPACE AND TIME.
  • SECT. III. OF THE OTHER QUALITIES OF OUR IDEA OF SPACE AND TIME.
  • SECT. IV. OBJECTIONS ANSWERED.
  • SECT. V. THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED.
  • SECT. VI. OF THE IDEA OF EXISTENCE, AND OF EXTERNAL EXISTENCE.
  • PART III. OF KNOWLEDGE AND PROBABILITY.
  • SECT. I. OF KNOWLEDGE.
  • SECT. II. OF PROBABILITY, AND OF THE IDEA OF CAUSE AND EFFECT.
  • SECT. III. WHY A CAUSE IS ALWAYS NECESSARY.
  • SECT. IV. OF THE COMPONENT PARTS OF OUR REASONINGS CONCERNING CAUSE AND EFFECT.
  • SECT. V. OF THE IMPRESSIONS OF THE SENSES AND MEMORY.
  • SECT. VI. OF THE INFERENCE FROM THE IMPRESSION TO THE IDEA.
  • SECT. VII. OF THE NATURE OF THE IDEA OR BELIEF.
  • SECT. VIII. OF THE CAUSES OF BELIEF.
  • SECT. IX. OF THE EFFECTS OF OTHER RELATIONS AND OTHER HABITS.
  • SECT. X. OF THE INFLUENCE OF BELIEF.
  • SECT. XI. OF THE PROBABILITY OF CHANCES.
  • SECT. XII. OF THE PROBABILITY OF CAUSES.
  • SECT. XIII. OF UNPHILOSOPHICAL PROBABILITY.
  • SECT. XIV. OF THE IDEA OF NECESSARY CONNEXION.
  • SECT. XV. RULES BY WHICH TO JUDGE OF CAUSES AND EFFECTS.
  • SECT. XVI OF THE REASON OF ANIMALS
  • PART IV. OF THE SCEPTICAL AND OTHER SYSTEMS OF PHILOSOPHY.
  • SECT. I. OF SCEPTICISM WITH REGARD TO REASON.
  • SECT. II. OF SCEPTICISM WITH REGARD TO THE SENSES.
  • SECT. III. OF THE ANTIENT PHILOSOPHY.
  • SECT. IV. OF THE MODERN PHILOSOPHY.
  • SECT. V. OF THE IMMATERIALITY OF THE SOUL.
  • SECT. VI. OF PERSONAL IDENTITY
  • SECT. VII. CONCLUSION OF THIS BOOK.
  • BOOK II OF THE PASSIONS
  • PART I OF PRIDE AND HUMILITY
  • SECT. I DIVISION OF THE SUBJECT
  • SECT. II OF PRIDE AND HUMILITY, THEIR OBJECTS AND CAUSES
  • SECT. III WHENCE THESE OBJECTS AND CAUSES ARE DERIVED
  • SECT. IV OF THE RELATIONS OF IMPRESSIONS AND IDEAS
  • SECT. V OF THE INFLUENCE OF THESE RELATIONS ON PRIDE AND HUMILITY.
  • SECT. VI LIMITATIONS OF THIS SYSTEM
  • SECT. VII OF VICE AND VIRTUE
  • SECT. VIII OF BEAUTY AND DEFORMITY
  • SECT. IX OF EXTERNAL ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
  • SECT. X OF PROPERTY AND RICHES
  • SECT. XI OF THE LOVE OF FAME
  • SECT. XII OF THE PRIDE AND HUMILITY OF ANIMALS
  • PART II OF LOVE AND HATRED
  • SECT. I OF THE OBJECT AND CAUSES OF LOVE AND HATRED
  • SECT. II EXPERIMENTS TO CONFIRM THIS SYSTEM
  • SECT. III DIFFICULTIES SOLVED
  • SECT. IV OF THE LOVE OF RELATIONS
  • SECT. V OF OUR ESTEEM FOR THE RICH AND POWERFUL
  • SECT. VI OF BENEVOLENCE AND ANGER
  • SECT. VII OF COMPASSION
  • SECT. VIII OF MALICE AND ENVY
  • SECT. IX OF THE MIXTURE OF BENEVOLENCE AND ANGER WITH COMPASSION AND MALICE
  • SECT. X OF RESPECT AND CONTEMPT
  • SECT. XI OF THE AMOROUS PASSION, OR LOVE BETWIXT THE SEXES
  • SECT. XII OF THE LOVE AND HATRED OF ANIMALS
  • PART III OF THE WILL AND DIRECT PASSIONS
  • SECT. I OF LIBERTY AND NECESSITY
  • SECT. II THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUed
  • SECT. III OF THE INFLUENCING MOTIVES OF THE WILL
  • SECT. IV OF THE CAUSES OF THE VIOLENT PASSIONS
  • SECT. V OF THE EFFECTS OF CUSTOM
  • SECT. VI OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE IMAGINATION ON THE PASSIONS
  • SECT. VII OF CONTIGUITY AND DISTANCE IN SPACE AND TIME
  • SECT. VIII THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUed
  • SECT. IX OF THE DIRECT PASSIONS
  • SECT. X OF CURIOSITY, OR THE LOVE OF TRUTH
  • BOOK III OF MORALS
  • PART I OF VIRTUE AND VICE IN GENERAL
  • SECT. I MORAL DISTINCTIONS NOT DERIVed FROM REASON
  • SECT. II MORAL DISTINCTIONS DERIVed FROM A MORAL SENSE
  • PART II OF JUSTICE AND INJUSTICE
  • SECT. I JUSTICE, WHETHER A NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL VIRTUE?
  • SECT. II OF THE ORIGIN OF JUSTICE AND PROPERTY
  • SECT. III OF THE RULES WHICH DETERMINE PROPERTY
  • SECT. IV OF THE TRANSFERENCE OF PROPERTY BY CONSENT
  • SECT. V OF THE OBLIGATION OF PROMISES
  • SECT. VI SOME FARTHER REFLECTIONS CONCERNING JUSTICE AND INJUSTICE
  • SECT. VII OF THE ORIGIN OF GOVERNMENT
  • SECT. VIII OF THE SOURCE OF ALLEGIANCE
  • SECT. IX OF THE MEASURES OF ALLEGIANCE
  • SECT. X OF THE OBJECTS OF ALLEGIANCE
  • SECT. XI OF THE LAWS OF NATIONS
  • SECT. XII OF CHASTITY AND MODESTY
  • PART III OF THE OTHER VIRTUES AND VICES
  • SECT. I OF THE ORIGIN OF THE NATURAL VIRTUES AND VICES
  • SECT. II OF GREATNESS OF MIND
  • SECT. III OF GOODNESS AND BENEVOLENCE
  • SECT. IV OF NATURAL ABILITIES
  • SECT. V SOME FARTHER REFLECTIONS CONCERNING THE NATURAL VIRTUES
  • SECT. VI CONCLUSION OF THIS BOOK
  • APPENDIX
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