Shattered Crystals
Mia Amalia Kanner
Shattered Crystals

My name is Eve Rosenzweig Kugler, nee Kanner. I am a child survivor of the Holocaust.

This Web Site is the outgrowth of a book I wrote with my mother, Mia Amalia Kanner, titled Shattered Crystals, published in 1997 by CIS Publishers, Lakewood, New Jersey, as part of its Holocaust Diaries series.

Since the book's publication, important questions about the effects of our Holocaust experience have been raised by readers and at book readings and talks I have been privileged to give. On this Web site I want to try to answer questions and to explore the effect of the Holocaust on child survivors at the time and in adulthood, based on my life as a child survivor and the experiences of child survivors, including individuals I first met in France between 1940 and 1941, and others whom I met subsequently.

Shattered Crystals recounts the history of the escape of my mother, Mia, my father, Sal, and my two sisters Ruth and Lea, from Nazi Germany after Crystal Night in November 1938 and how we defied the odds and survived in France before and after German occupation until liberation. During this period, husband and wife were forced apart, children were separated from parents and sisters from each other. For some of this time, my sisters and I were sheltered, along with other homeless Jewish children, by the Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants [OSE], who became vital to the family's survival.

Some significant matters could not be covered in the book, because they did not lend themselves to the first person format required by the publisher. Foremost in this category is the question of how I and other children coped during the Holocaust and afterwards. In dealing with this issue, I have been able to draw on the experiences of OSE children who settled in America and who have shared their attitudes, feelings and fears. As the OSE is largely unknown except to those whom it benefited, I provide some details of the history of the organization that was so important to our survival.

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