Local Identities
Free

Local Identities

By Fokke Albert Gerritsen
Free
Book Description

Investigates how small groups - households and local communities - constitute and represent their social identity by ordering the landscape in which they dwell. The author develops a new theoretical and empirical perspective that deals with many of the practices that create collective senses of identity and belonging. These include house building and habitation, structured deposition, cremation and burial, arable farming, and ritual practices. An explicitly diachronic approach charts processes of cultural and social change which have previously gone largely unnoticed, providing a stimulating basis for a more dynamic history of the late prehistoric inhabitants of the Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region.

In dit nieuwe deel in de Amsterdam Archaeological Studies-reeks onderzoekt Fokke Gerritsen hoe kleine groepen mensen - huishoudens en plaatselijke leefgemeenschappen - hun sociale identiteit vormden en bewerkstelligden door het ordenen van het landschap waarin zij zich bevonden. De auteur ontwikkelt een nieuw theoretisch en empirisch perspectief op de vele gebruiken die een collectief gevoel van identiteit en toebehoren creëren zoals huizenbouw en woonomgeving, structurele nederzetting, crematie en begrafenis, land- en akkerbouw, en rituele praktijken. Een uitgesproken diachronische aanpak brengt processen van culturele en sociale verandering in kaart die hiervoor grotendeels onopgemerkt zijn gebleven en die een solide basis vormen voor een meer dynamische geschiedenis van de laat-prehistorische bewoners van het Meuse-Demer-Scheldtgebied.

Table of Contents
  • Table of Contents
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • 1 INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1 General theme and aims of research
    • 1.2 Continuity and change in the archaeology of first millennium BC temperate Europe
    • 1.3 Recent trends in landscape and settlement archaeology
    • 1.4 A long-term perspective and its implications
    • 1.5 Geographical and chronological framework
  • 2 ARCHAEOLOGY IN A SANDY 'ESSEN' LANDSCAPE
    • 2.1 Aspects of geology and geomorphology
    • 2.2 The premodern landscape and its implications for archaeological research
    • 2.3 A brief overview of investigations into the late prehistoric Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region
      • 2.3.1 The period of heathland archaeology
      • 2.3.2 The period of ‘essen’ archaeology
    • 2.4 The Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region as a research area
  • 3 THE HOUSE AND ITS INHABITANTS
    • 3.1 An anthropological perspective on houses and households
      • 3.1.1 Introduction
      • 3.1.2 Houses and the socio-cosmological order
      • 3.1.3 The house as a social category
      • 3.1.4 The temporality of domestic architecture
      • 3.1.5 The cultural biography of houses
      • 3.1.6 House, farmyard, farmstead
    • 3.2 Constructing house and household
      • 3.2.1 Introduction
      • 3.2.2 Building the house: an overview of house construction types
      • 3.2.3 Social considerations in the choice of farmstead location
      • 3.2.4 Ritualised aspects of house construction
    • 3.3 Inhabiting the house
      • 3.3.1 The use and ordering of space inside houses
      • 3.3.2 The farmyard
      • 3.3.3 Farmstead and household dynamics
      • 3.3.4 Depositional practices associated with the phase of habitation
    • 3.4 Abandoning the house
      • 3.4.1 Introduction
      • 3.4.2 Abandonment practices
      • 3.4.3 Farmstead abandonment and farmstead continuity in a diachronic perspective
    • 3.5 Houses and households: concluding remarks
  • 4 LOCAL COMMUNITIES AND THE ORGANISATION OF THE LANDSCAPE
    • 4.1 Settlement territories and local communities
      • 4.1.1 Introduction
      • 4.1.2 The symbolic construction of communities
      • 4.1.3 Community and landscape
      • 4.1.4 Approaches to territoriality and land tenure in archaeology
    • 4.2 Cemeteries and burial practices
      • 4.2.1 Introduction
      • 4.2.2 Burial practices from the Middle Bronze Age to the Early Roman period
      • 4.2.3 Burial in cemeteries and alternative ways of treating the dead
      • 4.2.4 Urnfield cemeteries and older burial monuments
      • 4.2.5 Changing relationships between local communities and ancestors
    • 4.3 Enclosed and open cult places and other enclosures
      • 4.3.1 Rectangular enclosures with funerary connotations
      • 4.3.2 Enclosures without apparent funerary connotations
      • 4.3.3 Other types of cult places
      • 4.3.4 Cult places and cult communities
    • 4.4 Arable lands, celtic fields and agricultural systems
      • 4.4.1 Celtic fields in the Meuse-Demer-Scheldt region and the Northwest European Plain
      • 4.4.2 Arable lands, farmsteads and barrows
      • 4.4.3 Celtic field agricultural systems and the dynamic use of arable lands
      • 4.4.4 The development of a new agricultural regime in the later part of the Iron Age and the Roman period
      • 4.4.5 Local communities and arable lands
    • 4.5 Settlement nucleation
      • 4.5.1 Introduction
      • 4.5.2 Early examples of settlement nucleation
      • 4.5.3 Settlement enclosures
      • 4.5.4 The local community and its settlement in the Late Iron Age and the Early Roman period
    • 4.6 Local communities and settlement territories in time: discussion and synthesis
      • 4.6.1 The Middle Bronze Age
      • 4.6.2 The Urnfield period
      • 4.6.3 The Middle and early Late Iron Age
      • 4.6.4 The Late Iron Age and the beginning of the Roman period
      • 4.6.5 Conclusion
  • 5 MICRO-REGIONAL AND REGIONAL PATTERNS OF HABITATION, DEMOGRAPHY AND LAND USE
    • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.1.1 Research questions
      • 5.1.2 Methodological issues
    • 5.2 The habitation histories of four micro-regions
      • 5.2.1 The Bladel-Hoogeloon region
      • 5.2.2 The Weert-Nederweert region
      • 5.2.3 The Someren region
      • 5.2.4 The Oss region
      • 5.2.5 The four micro-regions compared
    • 5.3 Regional settlement patterns and demographic trends
      • 5.3.1 The Middle Bronze Age
      • 5.3.2 The Urnfield period
      • 5.3.3 The Middle Iron Age and early Late Iron Age
      • 5.3.4 The Late Iron Age and the beginning of the Roman period
      • 5.3.5 Summary
    • 5.4 Changing settlement patterns and environmental degradation
      • 5.4.1 Population densities and soil degradation, an environmental model
      • 5.4.2 Changing agricultural regimes in the later part of the Iron Age
    • 5.5 Conclusions
  • 6 LANDSCAPE, IDENTITY AND COMMUNITY IN THE FIRST MILLENNIUM BC
    • 6.1 Flexible patterns of social identity and land tenure in a Middle Bronze Age barrow landscape
    • 6.2 The Middle Bronze Age to Late Bronze Age transition and the genesis of urnfields
      • 6.2.1 Agricultural production, elite competition and demography in macro-regional and regional interpretations
      • 6.2.2 The mythical dimensions of the landscape and the formation of stable local communities
    • 6.3 Local communities, land and collective identity in the Urnfield period
    • 6.4 Changing habitation patterns and social fragmentation at the end of the Urnfield period
    • 6.5 New forms of social identity and land tenure in the Middle and early Late Iron Age
    • 6.6 Diversified social foundations in the Late Iron Age and the beginning of the Roman era
      • 6.6.1 The ‘longue durée’ and conjectural history
      • 6.6.2 Social relationships and land tenure in a changing world
    • 6.7 Concluding remarks
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX 1: MEUSE-DEMER-SCHELDT REGION. DISTRIBUTION OF URNFIELDS
  • APPENDIX 2: CATALOGUE OF URNFIELDS
  • INDEX OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES
    No review for this book yet, be the first to review.
      No comment for this book yet, be the first to comment
      Also Available On
      App store smallGoogle play small
      Categories
      Curated Lists
      • Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning (Information Science and Statistics)
        by Christopher M. Bishop
        Data mining
        by I. H. Witten
        The Elements of Statistical Learning: Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction
        by Various
        See more...
      • CK-12 Chemistry
        by Various
        Concept Development Studies in Chemistry
        by John Hutchinson
        An Introduction to Chemistry - Atoms First
        by Mark Bishop
        See more...
      • Microsoft Word - How to Use Advanced Algebra II.doc
        by Jonathan Emmons
        Advanced Algebra II: Activities and Homework
        by Kenny Felder
        de2de
        by
        See more...
      • The Sun Who Lost His Way
        by
        Tania is a Detective
        by Kanika G
        Firenze_s-Light
        by
        See more...
      • Java 3D Programming
        by Daniel Selman
        The Java EE 6 Tutorial
        by Oracle Corporation
        JavaKid811
        by
        See more...