Women and the Colonial State
Free

Women and the Colonial State

By Elsbeth Locher-Scholten
Free
Book Description

Woman and the Colonial State deals with the ambiguous relationship between women of both the European and the Indonesian population and the colonial state in the former Netherlands Indies in the first half of the twentieth century. Based on new data from a variety of sources: colonial archives, journals, household manuals, children's literature, and press surveys, it analyses the women-state relationship by presenting five empirical studies on subjects, in which women figured prominently at the time: Indonesian labour, Indonesian servants in colonial homes, Dutch colonial fashion and food, the feminist struggle for the vote and the intense debate about monogamy of and by women at the end of the 1930s. An introductory essay combines the outcomes of the case studies and relates those to debates about Orientalism, the construction of whiteness, and to questions of modernity and the colonial state formation

Table of Contents
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • I By Way of a Prologue and Epilogue: Gender, Modernity and the Colonial State
  • After the ‘The Family of Man’
  • Women and the Colonial State
  • Historical Context
  • Contents
  • Orientalism, Gender and Class
  • Whiteness and ‘European-ness’
  • Colonial Modernity and Gender
  • Nation-State and Female Colonial Citizenship
  • II Female Labour in Twentieth Century Colonial Java: European Notions – Indonesian Practices
  • Introduction
  • European Notions
  • Female Night Labour in the Netherlands Indies
  • The Indonesian Practice: Figures from the 1920s and 1930s
  • Analyses of Indigenous Agriculture
  • The Census of 1930
  • The Coolie Budget Survey in Java 1939-1940
  • Concluding Remarks
  • III ‘So Close and Yet So Far’: European Ambivalence towards Javanese Servants
  • Introduction
  • Sources and Their Authors
  • ‘Different’ or ‘One Step Behind’?
  • Facts and Figures on Colonial Domestics
  • Manuals and Advice Literature
  • Children’s Literature
  • Servants in Youth Literature
  • Concluding Remarks
  • IV Summer Dresses and Canned Food: European Women and Western Lifestyles
  • Introduction
  • European Women in the Colonial Community
  • What to Wear?
  • Shopping, Sewing and the Jahit
  • The Illusion of Westernisation
  • European Food
  • In the Shadow of the Second World War
  • Concluding Remarks
  • V Feminism, Citizenship and the Struggle for Women’s Suffrage in a Colonial Context
  • Introduction
  • Gender and Class in Representative Institutions
  • The First Phase: 1908-1925
  • The Second Phase: In the Indies, 1925-1937
  • Indonesian and Colonial Feminism
  • The First Female Member of the People’s Council
  • The Third Phase: 1937-1941
  • Winning the Right to Vote
  • Concluding Remarks
  • VI Marriage, Morality and Modernity: The 1937 Debate on Monogamy
  • Introduction
  • Marriage in Colonial Indonesia
  • Indonesian Requests
  • The Debate of the 1920s and 1930s: The Indonesian Perspective
  • The Colonial Government’s Position
  • The Two Origins of the Draft
  • Intersection of Gender, Race and Class
  • Indonesian Reactions
  • Islamic Arguments
  • Secular Criticisms
  • The Bangoen Affair
  • Consequences
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Bibliography
  • Glossary
  • Index
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