The Study of Religion and the Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe

The Study of Religion and the Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe

By Willem B. Drees
Book Description

Religious scholarship can be offensive to believers, as conflicts from the time of Galileo and Spinoza to the recent critique of Danish religious scholars in the wake of the infamous Muhammad cartoons have shown. Studies of this type of scholarship have been appropriated by believers as a means of reinventing their own identities - as the training of twentieth-century Muslim clergy demonstrates. This volume offers a unique collection of training materials from European Muslim clergy since the 1940s - including Third Reich reports on debriefing imams, surveillance files on Muslim activists, and information on Bosnian clergy and their training centres - as well as an exploration of religion and academic freedom in general, accompanied by appendices in both Arabic and English.

Spanningen tussen academische en religieuze vrijheid kunnen grote maatschappelijke gevolgen hebben. Te denken valt aan de onlusten ten gevolge van de Deense cartoons, de gevolgen van '11 september' voor wetenschappelijk onderzoek, en de juridische strijd over evolutie en 'Intelligent Design'. Er zijn in onze tijd echter ook positieve ontwikkelingen. Belangrijk is dat in Europa, op verschillende manieren, gewerkt wordt aan opleidingen voor islamitische geestelijke leiders. Dit zijn opleidingen die niet geïsoleerd zijn maar verbonden met de universitaire wereld. Dit boek biedt een eerste studie van de wetenschappelijke training van islamitische geestelijken in Europa in samenhang met de bestudering van religie en academische vrijheid.

Table of Contents
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface and Acknowledgements
  • Acaddemic and Religious Freedom: An Introduction
  • Part One: Academic Freedom and the Study of religion
  • 1. Academic Freedom and Competing Authorities: Historical Reflections
  • 2. Freedom of Thought and the Authority of Tradition in Modern Jewisg Philosophy: The Cases of Spinoza and Mendelssohn
  • 3. Academic Freedom and the Symbolic Significance of Evolution
  • 4. The Dismissal of A.J. Wensinck from the Royal Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo
  • 5. The Historical Method of Biblical Interpretation: Its Nature, Use, Origin and Limitations
  • 6. Trial of Thought: Modern Inquisition in Egypt A Case Study
  • 7. Academic Freedom in Islamic Studies and the Surveillance by Muslim Activists in Indonesia
  • 8. Historians of Religion as Agents of Religious Change
  • 9. A Passing Storm or a Structural Shift? Challenges to Academic Freedom in the United States After September 11
  • 10. In the Wake of the Cartoon Crisis: Freedom of Expression of Academics in Denmark
  • Part Two: The Academic Training of Muslim Clergy n Europe
  • 11. History of the Institutionalized Training of Imams in Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • 12. The Training of Imams by the Third Reich
  • 13. The Academic Training of Imams Recent Discussions and Initiatives in the Netherlands
  • 14. Non-Formal Islamic Higher Education in the Netherlands: With Some Comparative Notes on France and the United Kingdom
  • 15. Islamic Religious Pedagogy at the University of Vienna
  • 16. Legitimizing Islamic Theology at European Universities
  • 17. The Training Programme of Immams in Italy
  • Index
  • Contributors
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