Sharing : Culture and the Economy in the Internet Age

Sharing : Culture and the Economy in the Internet Age

By Philippe Aigrain
Book Description

In the past fifteen years, file sharing of digital cultural works between individuals has been at the center of a number of debates on the future of culture itself. To some, sharing constitutes piracy, to be fought against and eradicated. Others see it as unavoidable, and table proposals to compensate for its harmful effects. Meanwhile, little progress has been made towards addressing the real challenges facing culture in a digital world. Sharing starts from a radically different viewpoint, namely that the non-market sharing of digital works is both legitimate and useful. It supports this premise with empirical research, demonstrating that non-market sharing leads to more diversity in the attention given to various works. Taking stock of what we have learned about the cultural economy in recent years, Sharing sets out the conditions necessary for valuable cultural functions to remain sustainable in this context. Our software and datasets can be downloaded from the book site at On the same site, the reader can also run our models with adjusted parameters and upload datasets in order to run our algorithms for the study of diversity of attention.

Voor sommigen staat delen gelijk aan piraterij: iets wat moet worden bestreden. Anderen zien het als deel van het moderne leven en proberen de schadelijke effecten zoveel mogelijk te compenseren. Ondertussen wordt er weinig vooruitgang geboekt in het aanpakken van de echte problemen waar- mee de cultuur te maken krijgt wanneer steeds meer mensen kunnen bijdragen aan het produceren van cultureel waardevolle werken. Sharing stelt dat het niet-commercieel delen van digitale werken zowel legitiem als nuttig is, omdat het leidt tot meer diversiteit in de digitale culturele wereld. Sharing bespreekt nieuwe financieringsregelingen die geschikt zijn voor een digitale culturele sfeer waar werken vrijelijk gedeeld kunnen worden door individuen. Voor meer informatie over het boek, bezoek: Sharing-The Book

Table of Contents
  • Sharing
  • Acknowledgments
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • 1 Introduction
  • Setting the scene
    • 2 The Internet and creativity debate
    • 3 The value of non-market sharing
    • 4 Sustainable resources for creative activities
  • The Creative Contribution
    • 5 Which rights for whom? A choice of models
    • 6 Defining rights and obligations
    • 7 How much?
    • 8 Sustainable financing for the commons
  • Implementation
    • 9 Organization and complementary policy measures
    • 10 Usage measurement for equitable rewards
    • 11 Clarification and counter-arguments
    • 12 From proposal to reality
  • Appendixes
    • A Diversity of attention for beginners
    • B The total cost of rewards and their distribution
    • C Modeling usage measurement
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index
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