Land-Use Modelling in Planning Practice
Free

Land-Use Modelling in Planning Practice

By Eric Koomen
Free
Book Description

This book provides an overview of recent developments and applications of the Land Use Scanner model. Internationally recognized as among the best of its kind, this versatile model can be applied at a national level for trend extrapolation, scenario studies and optimization, yet can also be employed in a smaller-scale regional context. Alongside these practical examples from the Netherlands, readers will find discussion of more theoretical aspects of land-use models as well as an assessment of various studies that aim to develop the Land-Use Scanner model further. Spanning the divide between the abstractions of land-use modelling and the imperatives of policy making, this is a cutting-edge account of the way in which the Land-Use Scanner approach is able to interrogate a spectrum of issues that range from climate change to transportation efficiency. Aimed at planners, researchers and policy makers who need to stay abreast of the latest advances in land-use modelling techniques in the context of planning practice, the book guides the reader through the applications supported by current instrumentation. It affords the opportunity for a wide readership to benefit from the extensive and acknowledged expertise of Dutch planners, who have originated a host of much-used models.

This book was part of a pilot project where existing Springer publications were sent to DOAB and OAPen to become open access books in their databases.

Table of Contents
  • 978-94-007-1822-7_Cover
  • 9789400718227_Book
    • Foreword
      • References
    • Preface
    • Contents
    • Contributors
    • Part I Introduction
      • 1 Introducing Land Use Scanner
        • 1.1 Introduction
        • 1.2 Land Use Scanner in the Context of Dutch Spatial Planning and Environmental Policy
          • 1.2.1 Elaboration of Diverging Scenarios
          • 1.2.2 Extrapolation of Trends
          • 1.2.3 Optimisation of Land Use
        • 1.3 Model Structure
          • 1.3.2 Continuous Model
          • 1.3.3 Discrete Model
        • 1.4 Land Use Scanner in Practice: Implementation Issues
        • References
      • 2 Lumos Models from an International Perspective
        • 2.1 Introduction
        • 2.2 Audit Committee's Findings and Recommendations
          • 2.2.1 Appropriateness of the Models
          • 2.2.2 Resources
          • 2.2.3 Use of Results
          • 2.2.4 Communication
          • 2.2.5 Next Steps: The Coming Years
        • 2.3 Conclusion
        • Reference
      • 3 Core Principles and Concepts in Land-Use Modelling: A Literature Review
        • 3.1 Introduction
        • 3.2 Categorising Land-Use Simulation Models
          • 3.2.3 Land-Use Change Concepts
          • 3.2.4 Concepts of Land-Use Change in Practice
          • 3.2.5 Selection of Operational Land-Use Simulation Models
        • 3.3 Lessons from Model Validation
        • 3.5 Conclusions and Discussion
        • References
    • Part II Practice
      • 4 A Sustainable Outlook on the Future of The Netherlands
        • 4.1 Introduction
        • 4.2 Researching Sustainability
          • 4.2.1 Defining Sustainability
          • 4.2.2 Drawing Up Two Reference Scenarios
          • 4.2.3 Interpreting Spatial Focuses
          • 4.2.4 Comparing Focuses with the Reference Scenarios
          • 4.2.5 Optimising Land Use in a Combination Map
        • 4.3 Land-Use Dynamics and Their Impact
        • 4.4 Optimising for Sustainability
          • 4.4.1 Climate Change
          • 4.4.2 Biodiversity
          • 4.4.3 Accessibility
          • 4.4.4 Quality of the Living Environment
          • 4.4.5 International Business Establishment
          • 4.4.6 Landscape Quality
        • 4.5 Comparing Combination Map with Reference Scenarios
        • 4.6 Conclusion
          • 4.6.1 Policy Actions for the Short and Long Term
          • 4.6.2 Merits of Land Use Scanner
        • References
      • 5 Coupling a Detailed Land-Use Model and a Land-Use and Transport Interaction Model
        • 5.1 Introduction
        • 5.2 Short Description of Tigris XL
        • 5.3 Linking Tigris XL and Land Use Scanner
          • 5.3.1 Overview of Differences and Overlaps
          • 5.3.2 Set-Up of Interaction
          • 5.3.3 Use of Land-Use Data and Restriction Maps
          • 5.3.4 Interactions for Differing Housing Market Circumstances
        • 5.4 A Policy Application of the Combined Framework
        • 5.5 Conclusions and Directions for Further Research
        • References
      • 6 Biomass on Peat Soils?
        • 6.1 Introduction
        • 6.2 Method
        • 6.3 Cost-Benefit Analysis of Biomass Production
        • 6.4 The Purpose of the Scenario Approach
          • 6.4.1 Reference Scenario
          • 6.4.2 Bioenergy Feasibility Scenario
        • 6.5 Implementation and Results
          • 6.5.1 Suitability Maps
          • 6.5.3 Results
        • References
      • 7 Simulation of Future Land Use for Developing a Regional Spatial Strategy
        • 7.1 Introduction
          • 7.1.1 A New Regional Spatial Strategy for the Province of Overijssel
          • 7.1.2 Chapter Contents
        • 7.2 Spatial Exploration: Overijssel in 2040
          • 7.2.1 Creating a Regional Application
          • 7.2.2 Visualising Theme-Specific Spatial Policy Alternatives
        • 7.3 Strategic Environmental Assessment
          • 7.3.1 Sustainability Indicators
          • 7.3.2 Developing the Current and New Policy Alternatives
          • 7.3.3 Assessing Environmental Impacts
        • 7.4 Discussion and Conclusion
        • References
      • 8 Lessons Learned from Using Land-Use Simulation in Regional Planning
        • 8.1 Introduction
        • 8.2 Providing Input for Regional Strategic Visions
        • 8.3 Exploring Spatial Planning Concepts for the Randstad Conurbation
          • 8.3.1 Depicting Regional Planning Concepts
          • 8.3.3 Exploring Regional Possibilities for Urban Densification and Expansion
        • 8.5 Parallels
          • 8.5.1 Modelling Characteristics and Main Purpose
          • 8.5.2 Modelling Issues
        • References
    • Part III Future Developments
      • 9 Explaining Land-Use Transition in a Segmented Land Market
        • 9.1 Introduction
        • 9.2 A New Explanatory Model for Land-Use Transitions
        • 9.3 A Case-Study in the Province of Noord-Holland
          • 9.3.1 Description of the Study Area
          • 9.3.3 Selecting Model Variables
        • 9.4 Results of the Model Parameter Estimations
        • 9.5 Application of Model Results
          • 9.5.1 Calculation of a Transition Probability Map
          • 9.5.2 Relevance of Results for Land Use Scanner
        • 9.6 Concluding Remarks
        • References
      • 10 A Policy Perspective of the Development of Dutch Land-Use Models
        • 10.1 Introduction
        • 10.3 Policy Instruments for Dutch Spatial Planning
        • 10.4 Policy-Based Land-Use Modelling Requirements
        • 10.5 Closing Remarks
        • References
      • 11 Developing a New, Market-Based Land-Use Model
        • 11.1 Introduction
        • 11.2 Evaluation of Land Use Scanner Applications
        • 11.3 Requirements of the Model: Policy Questions and Indicators
        • 11.4 Requirements of the Model: Driving Forces of Land-Use Change
        • 11.5 Options
          • 11.5.1 Exploring Options
          • 11.5.2 Expanding Tigris XL
        • 11.7 Conclusion
        • References
    • Index
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