Introduction to Psychology - 1st Canadian Edition

Introduction to Psychology - 1st Canadian Edition

By Charles Stangor
Book Description

This book is designed to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. The focus on behaviour and empiricism has produced a text that is better organized, has fewer chapters, and is somewhat shorter than many of the leading books. The beginning of each section includes learning objectives; throughout the body of each section are key terms in bold followed by their definitions in italics; key takeaways, and exercises and critical thinking activities end each section.

To facilitate learning outcomes, three techniques have been used:

  1. Chapter openers.The focus on behaviour begins each chapter with an opener showcasing an interesting real-world example of people who are dealing with behavioural questions and who can use psychology to help them answer those questions. The opener is designed to draw the student into the chapter and create an interest in learning about the topic.
  2. Psychology in everyday life.Each chapter contains one or two features designed to link the principles from the chapter to real-world applications in business, environment, health, law, learning, and other relevant domains. For instance, the application in Chapter 7 “Growing and Developing” — “What Makes a Good Parent?” — applies the concepts of parenting styles in a mini handbook about parenting, and the application in Chapter 4, “Brains, Bodies, and Behaviour,” is about the difficulties that left-handed people face performing everyday tasks in a right-handed world.
  3. Research focus.Empiricism is also emphasized throughout, but without making it a distraction from the main story line. Each chapter presents one or more close-ups on research — well-articulated and specific examples of research within the content area, each including a summary of the hypotheses, methods, results, and interpretations. This feature provides a continuous thread that reminds students of the importance of empirical research. The research foci also emphasize the fact that findings are not always predictable ahead of time (dispelling the myth of hindsight bias) and help students understand how research really works.

In short, the authors  have attempted to bring psychology to life in ways that really matter to students while, at the same time, maintaining content and conceptual rigor, with a strong focus on the fundamental principles of empiricism and the scientific method.

Table of Contents
  • Introduction to Psychology - 1st Canadian Edition
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • About the Book
  • Approach and Pedagogy
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Introducing Psychology
  • 1. Introducing Psychology
  • 1.1 Psychology as a Science
  • 1.2 The Evolution of Psychology: History, Approaches, and Questions
  • 1.3 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 2. Introduction to Major Perspectives
  • 2. Introduction to Major Perspectives
  • Notes
  • 2.1 Biological Psychology
  • Notes
  • 2.2 Psychodynamic Psychology
  • 2.3 Behaviourist Psychology
  • 2.4 Humanist, Cognitive, and Evolutionary Psychology
  • Notes
  • 2.5 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 3. Psychological Science
  • 3. Psychological Science
  • 3.1 Psychologists Use the Scientific Method to Guide Their Research
  • 3.2 Psychologists Use Descriptive, Correlational, and Experimental Research Designs to Understand Behaviour
  • 3.3 You Can Be an Informed Consumer of Psychological Research
  • 3.4 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 4. Brains, Bodies, and Behaviour
  • 4. Brains, Bodies, and Behaviour
  • 4.1 The Neuron Is the Building Block of the Nervous System
  • Notes
  • 4.2 Our Brains Control Our Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviour
  • 4.3 Psychologists Study the Brain Using Many Different Methods
  • 4.4 Putting It All Together: The Nervous System and the Endocrine System
  • 4.5 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 5. Sensing and Perceiving
  • 5. Sensing and Perceiving
  • 5.1 We Experience Our World through Sensation
  • 5.2 Seeing
  • 5.3 Hearing
  • 5.4 Tasting, Smelling, and Touching
  • 5.5 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception
  • 5.6 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 6. States of Consciousness
  • 6. States of Consciousness
  • 6.1 Sleeping and Dreaming Revitalize Us for Action
  • 6.2 Altering Consciousness with Psychoactive Drugs
  • 6.3 Altering Consciousness without Drugs
  • 6.4 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 7. Growing and Developing
  • 7. Growing and Developing
  • 7.1 Conception and Prenatal Development
  • 7.2 Infancy and Childhood: Exploring and Learning
  • Notes
  • 7.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity
  • 7.4 Early and Middle Adulthood: Building Effective Lives
  • 7.5 Late Adulthood: Aging, Retiring, and Bereavement
  • 7.6 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 8. Learning
  • 8. Learning
  • 8.1 Learning by Association: Classical Conditioning
  • 8.2 Changing Behaviour through Reinforcement and Punishment: Operant Conditioning
  • 8.3 Learning by Insight and Observation
  • 8.4 Using the Principles of Learning to Understand Everyday Behaviour
  • 8.5 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 9. Remembering and Judging
  • 9. Remembering and Judging
  • 9.1 Memories as Types and Stages
  • 9.2 How We Remember: Cues to Improving Memory
  • 9.3 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Memory and Cognition
  • 9.4 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 10. Intelligence and Language
  • 10. Intelligence and Language
  • 10.1 Defining and Measuring Intelligence
  • 10.2 The Social, Cultural, and Political Aspects of Intelligence
  • 10.3 Communicating with Others: The Development and Use of Language
  • 10.4 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 11. Emotions and Motivations
  • 11. Emotions and Motivations
  • 11.1 The Experience of Emotion
  • 11.2 Stress: The Unseen Killer
  • 11.3 Positive Emotions: The Power of Happiness
  • 11.4 Two Fundamental Human Motivations: Eating and Mating
  • 11.5 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 12. Personality
  • 12. Personality
  • 12.1 Personality and Behaviour: Approaches and Measurement
  • 12.2 The Origins of Personality
  • 12.3 Is Personality More Nature or More Nurture? Behavioural and Molecular Genetics
  • 12.4 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 13. Defining Psychological Disorders
  • 13. Defining Psychological Disorders
  • 13.1 Psychological Disorder: What Makes a Behaviour Abnormal?
  • 13.2 Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us
  • 13.3 Mood Disorders: Emotions as Illness
  • 13.4 Schizophrenia: The Edge of Reality and Consciousness
  • 13.5 Personality Disorders
  • 13.6 Somatoform, Factitious, and Sexual Disorders
  • 13.7 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 14. Treating Psychological Disorders
  • 14. Treating Psychological Disorders
  • 14.1 Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy
  • 14.2 Reducing Disorder Biologically: Drug and Brain Therapy
  • 14.3 Reducing Disorder by Changing the Social Situation
  • 14.4 Evaluating Treatment and Prevention: What Works?
  • 14.5 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 15. Psychology in Our Social Lives
  • 15. Psychology in Our Social Lives
  • 15.1 Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselves and Others
  • 15.2 Interacting With Others: Helping, Hurting, and Conforming
  • 15.3 Working With Others: The Costs and Benefits of Social Groups
  • 15.4 Chapter Summary
  • Chapter 16. Stress, Health, and Coping
  • 16. Health, Stress, and Coping
  • 16.1 Health and Stress
  • 16.2 Stress and Coping
  • 16.3 Stress, Health, and Coping in the Workplace
  • 16.4 Chapter Summary
  • About the Authors
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