Poor Folk
Free

Poor Folk

By Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Free
Book Description

Poor Folk (Russian: Бедные люди, Bednye lyudi), sometimes translated as Poor People,[note] is the first novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, written over the span of nine months between 1844 and 1845. Dostoyevsky was in financial difficulty because of his extravagant living and his developing gambling addiction; although he had produced some translations of foreign novels, they had little success, and he decided to write a novel of his own to try to raise funds.
Inspired by the works of Gogol, Pushkin, and Karamzin, as well as English and French authors, Poor Folk is written in the form of letters between the two main characters, Makar Devushkin and Varvara Dobroselova, who are poor second cousins. The novel showcases the life of poor people, their relationship with rich people, and poverty in general, all common themes of literary naturalism. A deep but odd friendship develops between them until Dobroselova loses her interest in literature, and later in communicating with Devushkin after a rich widower Mr. Bykov proposes to her. Devushkin, a prototype of the clerk found in many works of naturalistic literature at that time, retains his sentimental characteristics; Dobroselova abandons art, while Devushkin cannot live without literature.
Contemporary critics lauded Poor Folk for its humanitarian themes. While Vissarion Belinsky dubbed the novel Russia's first "social novel" and Alexander Herzen called it a major socialist work, other critics detected parody and satire. The novel uses a complicated polyphony of voices from different perspectives and narrators. Initially offered by Dostoyevsky to the liberal-leaning magazine Fatherland Notes, the novel was published in the almanac, St. Petersburg Collection, on January 15, 1846. It became a huge success nationwide. Parts of it were translated into German by Wilhelm Wolfsohn and published in an 1846/1847 magazine. The first English translation was provided by Lena Milman in 1894, with an introduction by George Moore, cover art design by Aubrey Beardsley and publication by London's Mathews and Lane.
From Wikipedia (CC BY-SA).

Table of Contents
  • POOR FOLK
  • Translated by C. J. Hogarth
  • April 8th
  • April 8th
  • April 8th
  • April 9th
  • April 12th
  • April 25th
  • May 20th
  • June 1st
  • June 11th
  • June 12th.
  • June 20th.
  • June 21st.
  • June 22nd.
  • June 25th.
  • June 26th.
  • June 27th.
  • June 28th.
  • July 1st.
  • July 7th.
  • July 8th.
  • July 27th.
  • July 28th.
  • July 28th.
  • July 29th.
  • August 1st.
  • August 2nd.
  • August 3rd.
  • August 4th.
  • August 4th.
  • August 5th.
  • August 5th.
  • August 11th.
  • August 13th.
  • August 14th.
  • August 19th.
  • August 21st.
  • September 3rd.
  • September 5th.
  • September 9th.
  • September 10th.
  • September 11th.
  • September 15th.
  • September 18th.
  • September 19th.
  • September 23rd.
  • September 23rd.
  • September 27th.
  • September 27th.
  • September 28th.
  • September 28th.
  • September 29th.
  • September 30th.
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