Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability

Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability

By Marina Fischer-Kowalski
Book Description

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability. The contents are organized in three sections reflecting important focal points of Boserup’s own work: Long-Term Socio-Ecological Change; Agriculture, Land Use, and Development; and Gender, Population, and Economy. The diversity of the contributions to this book highlights the continuing impact of Ester Boserup’s work on scientific research today, and its likely influence on research for years to come.

Aus einer wissenschaftlichen Konferenz zu ihrem 100. Geburtstag heraus entstanden, ehrt dieses Buch das Leben und die Arbeit der Sozialwissenschaftlerin und Diplomatin Ester Boserup, die neue Wege in der interdisziplinären Nachhaltigkeits- und Entwicklungsforschung beschritt. Der Inhalt ist in drei Abschnitte gegliedert, in denen sich die Brennpunkte Boserups Arbeit widerspiegeln: langfristiger sozial-ökologischer Wandel; Landwirtschaft, Landnutzung und Entwicklung; und Gender, Bevölkerung und Wirtschaft. Die Vielfalt der Beiträge streicht die andauernde Bedeutung der Arbeit Ester Boserups für heutige und zukünftige wissenschaftliche Arbeit hervor.

Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • Contributors
  • About the Authors
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Part I Ester Boserup's Intellectual Heritage
    • Chapter 1 Ester Boserup: An Interdisciplinary Visionary Relevant for Sustainability
      • 1.1 Background
      • 1.2 Agricultural Change
      • 1.3 Women in Development
      • 1.4 Appreciating an Innovative Scholar
      • References
    • Chapter 2“Finding Out Is My Life”: Conversationswith Ester Boserup in the 1990s
      • 2.1 Conversations
      • 2.2 An Analytical Framework for Development Theory
      • 2.3 Selected Applications
      • 2.4 Boserup in Self-Perception
      • 2.5 Conclusion
      • References
    • Chapter 3 Boserup's Theory on Technological Change as a Point of Departure for the Theory of Sociometabolic Regime Transitions
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Boserup's Main Theoretical Propositions, and her Efforts at an Empirical Proof
      • 3.3 Understanding Qualitative Change: Sociometabolic Regimes
        • 3.3.1 The Green Revolution
      • 3.4 Examples of Later Research Findings that Could Have Been Anticipated from Boserup's Theory
        • 3.4.1 Example 1: On the Non-Linearity Between Population and Land Requirement
        • 3.4.2 Example 2: Generalizing the Thesis of Non-Linearity to Other Resources
        • 3.4.3 Example 3: On the Role of Development and Population Density in Driving Resource Use
      • 3.5 Conclusion
      • References
  • Part II Land Use, Technology and Agriculture
    • Chapter 4 The Dwindling Role of Population Pressure in Land Use Change---a Case from the South West Pacific
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 Our Theoretical and Conceptual Lenses
        • 4.2.1 Agricultural Intensification and Innovation
        • 4.2.2 A Diagrammatic Heuristic
      • 4.3 Land Use and Population Change on Bellona
        • 4.3.1 Changing Population Pressure
        • 4.3.2 Land Use Dynamics
        • 4.3.3 Land use change seen through a theoretical lens
      • 4.4 Conclusion
      • References
    • Chapter 5 Conceptual and Empirical Approaches to Mapping and Quantifying Land-Use Intensity
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Boserup's Notion of Land-Use Intensification
      • 5.3 Measuring Land-Use Intensity
        • 5.3.1 The Technical Efficiency Approach
        • 5.3.2 The -Factor
        • 5.3.3 Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production
        • 5.3.4 Global Patterns of Land-Use Intensity Derived Using the Three Approaches
      • 5.4 Comparison of the Three Approaches
        • 5.4.1 Conceptual Differences
        • 5.4.2 Spatial Patterns of Land-Use Intensity
      • 5.5 Conclusions
      • References
    • Chapter 6 Malthusian Assumptions, Boserupian Response in Transition to Agriculture Models
      • 6.1 Transitions to Agriculture
      • 6.2 Models of Population, Production, and Innovation
      • 6.3 A Combined Model and ``Real'' World Application
      • 6.4 Innovation in Transitions to Agriculture
      • 6.5 Conclusion
      • Appendix: The Reduced GLUES Model
      • References
    • Chapter 7 Reconciling Boserup with Malthus: Agrarian Change and Soil Degradation in Olive Orchards in Spain (1750--2000)
      • 7.1 Introduction
      • 7.2 Case Study in the Mountains of Southern Spain
      • 7.3 From a Pastoral System to a Specialisation in Olive Production
        • 7.3.1 Agrarian Change in Preindustrial Agriculture
        • 7.3.2 Specialisation in Olive Growing and the Major Transformation of the twentieth Century
      • 7.4 The Impacts of Agrarian Change: The Problems of Soil Erosion and Soil Fertility
        • 7.4.1 Managing Land Fertility
        • 7.4.2 Soil Erosion in Olive Orchards: A Long-Term Perspective
      • 7.5 Conclusion: A Sociometabolic Approach to Agrarian Intensification and Soil Degradation
      • References
    • Chapter 8 Beyond Boserup: The Role of Working Time in Agricultural Development
      • 8.1 Introduction
      • 8.2 Theoretical Assumptions, Concepts and Methods
        • 8.2.1 Returning to Boserup and Introducing Sociometabolic Concepts
        • 8.2.2 Human Time as a Biophysical Resource
          • Labour Time Studies Revisited
      • 8.3 Description of the Cases
        • 8.3.1 Introducing Trinket, Campo Bello, Sabawas, and Nalang
        • 8.3.2 Methods of Data Collection on Time Use
      • 8.4 Findings
        • 8.4.1 Land and Labour Productivity
        • 8.4.2 Overall Labour Time Investment in the Different Communities
          • Gender Differences in Labour Time
          • The Contribution of Children to Labour Time
      • 8.5 Conclusions
      • References
  • Part III Population and Gender
    • Chapter 9 Following Boserup's Traces: From Invisibility to Informalisation of Women's Economy to Engendering Development in Translocal Spaces
      • 9.1 Introduction: Reconceptualisations
      • 9.2 Following Ester Boserup's Traces
      • 9.3 Processes of Gendered Structuration and Informalisation
      • 9.4 Gendered Embeddedness of the Economy
      • 9.5 Food and Social Security, Natural Resource Entitlements
      • 9.6 Producing Knowledge and Negotiating Development in Translocal Gendered Spaces
      • 9.7 Conclusion: From Women's Roles to Engendering Development
      • References
    • Chapter 10 Daughters of the Hills: Gendered Agricultural Production, Modernisation, and Declining Child Sex Ratios in the Indian Central Himalayas
      • 10.1 Contrasting Case Studies
      • 10.2 Uttarakhand---Dominated by Female Farming Systems
      • 10.3 Low CSR---Bin Block, Pithoragarh Tehsil
      • 10.4 High CSR---Mori Block, Puraula Tehsil
      • 10.5 Discussion and Conclusion
      • References
    • Chapter 11 Revisiting Boserup's Hypotheses in the Context of Africa
      • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.2 The Status of African Women from the Pre-Colonial Era to the Post-Colonial Era
      • 11.3 The Role of African Women in Food Production and Agriculture
      • 11.4 Women's Lack of Control over the Means of Production
      • 11.5 Are Human Development, Economic Growth, and the Status of Females Interrelated?
      • 11.6 Fertility Transition in Africa
      • 11.7 Conclusions: The Relevance of Boserup's Theories in Twenty-first Century Africa
      • References
    • Chapter 12 An Interpretation of Large-Scale Land Deals Using Boserup's Theories of Agricultural Intensification, Gender and Rural Development
      • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.2 Boserup on Agricultural Intensification
      • 12.3 Background on Large-Scale Land Deals
      • 12.4 Large-Scale Land Deals as a Contemporary Example of Agricultural Intensification
      • 12.5 Boserup, Gender and the Large-Scale Land Deal Debate
      • 12.6 Integrating Gender into the Large-Scale Land Deal Debate
      • 12.7 Conclusions
      • References
    • Chapter 13 Labour Migration and Gendered Agricultural Asset Shifts in Southeastern Mexico: Two Stories of Farming Wives and Daughters
      • 13.1 Introduction
      • 13.2 Labour Migration, Gender, and Productive Assets: A Review of the Literature
      • 13.3 Methods
      • 13.4 Husbands' Migration and Wives' Land Assets
      • 13.5 Daughters' Migration and Daughters' Land and Cattle Assets
      • 13.6 Conclusions
      • References
    • Chapter 14 Working Time of Farm Women and Small-Scale Sustainable Farming in Austria
      • 14.1 Why Link to Boserup's Approach?
      • 14.2 The ``GenderGAP'' Project---An Austrian Case Study
      • 14.3 Sustainability Research, Gender Issues and Quality of Life
        • 14.3.1 The Sustainability Triangle
        • 14.3.2 Time-Use Approach as a Means for Analysing Changes in Gender Relations
        • 14.3.3 Quality of Life: Time Use as a Bridging Concept Between Sustainability and Social Issues
      • 14.4 Agent-Based, Participatory Modelling and Scenario Results
        • 14.4.1 Agent-Based Model of Two Villages
        • 14.4.2 Participatory Modelling
        • 14.4.3 Building Scenarios and Model Results
      • 14.5 Sustainable Agriculture in Austria in Light of Ester Boserup
      • References
    • Chapter 15 A Human Ecological Approach to Ester Boserup: Steps Towards Engendering Agriculture and Rural Development
      • 15.1 Making Women Visible
      • 15.2 The International Recognition of Women and Gender in Development
      • 15.3 Rural Gender and Women's Studies
      • 15.4 Criticism of Boserup and Her Terminology
      • 15.5 Gender Order Rather than Women's Role
      • 15.6 What is ``Natural'' About Nature?
      • 15.7 A Human Ecological Approach to Boserup
        • 15.7.1 Duncan's Ecological Complex
      • 15.8 Conclusions
      • References
    • Chapter 16 Conclusions: Re-Evaluating Boserup in the Light of the Contributions to this Volume
      • 16.1 In What Ways Did Ester Boserup's Work Influencethe Research Agenda of the Contributors to this Volume?
        • 16.1.1 Population Growth Leading into a Malthusian Trap or to Productive Innovations?
        • 16.1.2 Land Use Intensification and its Drivers
        • 16.1.3 Labour Time and Labour Productivity
        • 16.1.4 Genderizing Development
      • 16.2 In What Respects Does the Research Presented in this Volume Transgress, or Even Contradict, Boserup's Work?
      • References
  • ERRATUM “Finding Out Is My Life”: Conversations with Ester Boserup in the 1990s
  • ERRATUM Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability
  • Bibliography
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