Everywhere Taksim: Sowing the Seeds for a New Turkey at Gezi

Everywhere Taksim: Sowing the Seeds for a New Turkey at Gezi

By Isabel David
Book Description

In May 2013, a small group of protesters made camp in Istanbul's Taksim Square, protesting the privatisation of what had long been a vibrant public space. When the police responded to the demonstration with brutality, the protests exploded in size and force, quickly becoming a massive statement of opposition to the Turkish regime. This book assembles a collection of field research, data, theoretical analyses, and cross-country comparisons to show the significance of the protests both within Turkey and throughout the world.

Table of Contents
  • Cover
  • Contents
    • Acknowledgements
      • List of Acronyms
    • Introduction
      • Gezi in Retrospect
        • Isabel David and Kumru F. Toktamış
    • Bibliography
    • Section I – Gezi Protests and Democratisation
      • 1 Evoking and Invoking Nationhood as Contentious Democratisation
        • Kumru F. Toktamış
        • 2007 – Nation-Evoking Demonstrations
        • Gezi – Summer 2013
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
      • 2 ‘Everyday I’m Çapulling!’
        • Global Flows and Local Frictions of Gezi
          • Jeremy F. Walton
        • Introduction: Gezi and Rumi’s Elephant in the Dark
        • The Politics of Public Space in Urban Turkey: Taksim Square, Proscenium of the Nation
        • The Carnivalesque Citizenship of the Çapulcu
        • Gezi and the Discontents of Neoliberal Globalisation
        • Conclusion: Gezi and the Decoupling of Liberalism and Democracy in Turkey
        • Bibliography
      • 3 The Incentives and Actors of Protests in Turkey and Bosnia-Herzegovina in 2013
        • Ana Dević and Marija Krstić
        • Introduction
        • Turkish Case: Political Change and Gezi Park Protests
        • The Common Denominator of the Protests in Turkey and Bosnia-Herzegovina
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
    • Section II – The Political Economy of Protests
      • 4 AKP Rule in the Aftermath of the Gezi Protests
        • From Expanded to Limited Hegemony?
          • Umut Bozkurt
        • Understanding the AKP’s Hegemony
          • Neoliberal Populism and the AKP Rule
          • The Explosion of Social Assistance Programmes
          • The Symbolic/Ideological Sources of the Party’s Hegemony
        • The AKP’s Hegemony after the Gezi Protests
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
      • 5 Rebelling against Neoliberal Populist Regimes
        • Barış Alp Özden and Ahmet Bekmen
        • Neoliberal Populism, AKP and PT
          • Depoliticising the Question of Poverty
          • Deradicalising Labour
        • Preliminary Reflections on the Protests
        • Bibliography
      • 6 Enough is Enough
        • What do the Gezi Protestors Want to Tell Us? A Political Economy Perspective
          • İlke Civelekoğlu
        • Re-thinking Neoliberalism in Turkey under AKP Rule
        • Re-thinking the Gezi Park Protests: What did the Protestors Actually Protest?
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
    • Section III – Protesters and Repertoires of Protests
      • 7 ‘We are more than Alliances between Groups’
        • A Social Psychological Perspective on the Gezi Park Protesters and Negotiating Levels of Identity
          • Özden Melis Uluğ and Yasemin Gülsüm Acar
        • Background to the Gezi Park Protests
        • Social Psychological Perspectives on Collective Action
          • Antecedents to Collective Action
          • Creating a Group from the Crowd
        • ‘We Are More than Alliances between Groups’: An Identity-based Analysis of the Gezi Park Protest Activists
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
      • 8 Istanbul United
        • Football Fans Entering the ‘Political Field’
          • Dağhan Irak
        • Introduction
        • Methodology
        • The Political Context of Turkish Football
        • The Hyper-Commodification of Turkish Football
        • Politicisation of Football Fans in Turkey
        • Fans’ Reasons for Joining the Gezi Protests
        • Discussion
        • Bibliography
      • 9 Humour as Resistance?
        • A Brief Analysis of the Gezi Park Protest Graffiti
          • Lerna K. Yanık
        • Background
        • What is a Graffito? The Features of the Graffiti Collected around Gezi Park
        • The Role and the Function of Graffiti and Humour: A Short Conceptual Overview
        • The Graffiti in Gezi Park: Humour or Resistance, or Humour as Resistance?
        • Delivering Messages through Humour
          • Erdoğan in Graffiti
          • Counterstatement or Intertextual Graffiti
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
      • 10 Where did Gezi Come from?
        • Exploring the Links between Youth Political Activism before and during the Gezi Protests
          • Pınar Gümüş and Volkan Yılmaz
        • Introduction
        • Social Movement Communities and Social Movement Spillover
        • New Social Movements in Turkey
        • Methodology
        • Five Cross-cutting Themes
          • Aversive Attitude towards Conventional Political Organisations
          • Ability to Organise Horizontally and to Accommodate Individual Differences
          • Ability to Work with Diverse Political Groups and Cooperate with Strangers
          • Ability to Transfer Protest Skills
          • The Gezi Protests as a Paradigm-Shifting Event with Respect to the Older Generation’s Perception of the Relationship between Youth and Politics
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
    • Section IV – The Politics of Space and Identity at Gezi
      • 11 ‘We May Be Lessees, but the Neighbourhood is Ours’
        • Gezi Resistances and Spatial Claims
          • Ahu Karasulu
        • ‘Essentials Are Thus Cast Up’: Space and Contention
        • ‘(New Elements) Become Briefly Visible in Luminous Transparency’: Spatial Claims
        • ‘Events Belie Forecasts’: Concluding Remarks
        • Bibliography
      • 12 Negotiating Religion at the Gezi Park Protests
        • Emrah Çelik
        • Introduction
        • The Objects of the Protests
        • The Place of Religion in the Protests
        • The Position of Religious People in the Protests
        • Democratisation vs. Polarisation
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
      • 13 Gezi Park
        • A Revindication of Public Space
          • Clara Rivas Alonso
        • Introduction
        • The Turkish Institutional Approach to Intervention in the Urban Environment
          • AKP’s Neoliberal Project: Taming the Commons by Taming the City
          • AKP’s Reliance on the Construction Sector
          • Commodification of Culture and Monopolization of Narratives: Branding the City
          • Rewriting History
        • Gezi: Mapping the Space Reclaimed and the Victory of the Commons
          • Gezi Protests as a Reaction against AKP Policies
          • The Value of Resistance in and for a Park: Creating New Senses of Belonging
          • Responses to the Militarisation of Space: The Return of the Commons
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
    • Section V – Gezi in an International Context
      • 14 Gezi Spirit in the Diaspora
        • Diffusion of Turkish Politics to Europe
          • Bahar Baser
        • Diffusion of Gezi Spirit to the Transnational Space
        • Creating ‘Gezi Parks’ in Europe
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
      • 15 Turkey’s EU Membership Process in the Aftermath of the Gezi Protests
        • Beken Saatçioğlu
        • Introduction
        • The Normative Meaning of Gezi
        • Implications for Turkey-EU Relations
          • Postponing Negotiations on Chapter 22
          • Negotiations on Chapter 22 and beyond
        • Conclusion
        • Bibliography
    • List of Contributors
    • Index
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