Language strategies for the domain of colour
Free

Language strategies for the domain of colour

By Joris Bleys
Free
Book Description

This book presents a major leap forward in the understanding of colour by showing how richer descriptions of colour samples can be operationalized in agent-based models. Four different language strategies are explored: the basic colour strategy, the graded membership strategy, the category combination strategy and the basic modification strategy. These strategies are firmly rooted in empirical observations in natural languages, with a focus on compositionality at both the syntactic and semantic level. Through a series of in-depth experiments, this book discerns the impact of the environment, language and embodiment on the formation of basic colour systems. Finally, the experiments demonstrate how language users can invent their own language strategies of increasing complexity by combining primitive cognitive operators, and how these strategies can be aligned between language users through linguistic interactions.

Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations
  • Introduction
    • Language systems and language strategies
      • Language strategies for colour
        • Basic colour strategy
        • Graded membership strategy
        • Compounding strategy
        • Basic modification strategy
        • Other strategies
      • Modelling language strategies and linguistic interaction
        • Language games for colour
        • Background assumptions
      • Self-organisation of language systems
      • Modelling the self-organisation of language systems
      • Evolution of language strategies
      • Modelling evolution of language strategies
      • Structure of this book
    • Formalisms for language systems and language strategies
      • Embodied cognitive semantics using IRL
        • Theoretical foundations
        • Semantic constraint network
        • Evaluation
        • Conceptualisation and chunking
        • Implementation of a primitive
      • Construction Grammar using FCG
        • Theoretical foundations
        • Language processing
        • Coupled feature structures
        • Application of a construction
        • Structure building
        • Linking through variable equalities
        • Application of an example construction
  • Language strategies for colour
    • Basic colour strategy
      • Related research
        • Colour categories
        • Models
      • Semantic template
        • Profiling
        • Categorisation based on colour
        • Selection based on activation
        • Semantic constraint network
        • Semantic primitives
      • Syntactic templates
        • Syntactic template 1.1: Semantic entities
        • Syntactic template 1.2: Functional primitives
        • Syntactic template 1.3: Contextual primitives
      • Baseline experiment
        • Measures of communicative success
        • Results
      • Conclusion
    • Graded membership strategy
      • Related research
      • Semantic template
        • Profiling and categorisation based on colour
        • Categorisation based on membership
        • Selection based on activation
        • Semantic constraint network
        • Semantic primitives
        • Alternative approaches to semantics
      • Syntactic templates
        • Syntactic template 1.1: Semantic entities
        • Syntactic template 1.2: Functional primitives
        • Syntactic template 2.1: Re-use of constructions
      • Baseline experiment
      • Conclusion
    • Category combination strategy
      • Related research
      • Semantic template
        • Profiling and first categorisation based on colour
        • Transformation of the set of colour categories
        • Second categorisation based on colour
        • Optional categorisation based on membership
        • Selection based on activation
        • Semantic constraint network
        • Semantic primitives
        • Alternative approaches to semantics
      • Syntactic templates
        • Syntactic template 1.1: Semantic entities
        • Syntactic template 1.2: Functional primitives
        • Syntactic template 1.3: Contextual primitives
        • Syntactic template 2.2: Re-use of constructions
      • Baseline experiment
      • Conclusion
    • Basic modification strategy
      • Related research
      • Semantic template
        • Profiling and first categorisation based on colour
        • Transformation of set of modifying categories
        • Second categorisation based on modifiers
        • Optional categorisation based on membership
        • Selection based on activation
        • Semantic constraint network
        • Semantic primitives
      • Syntactic templates
      • Baseline Experiment
      • Conclusion
  • Self-organisation of language systems
    • Basic colour strategy
      • Related models
      • Adoption and alignment operators
        • Acquisition experiment
        • Measures
          • Number of categories
          • Interpretation variance
        • Results
      • Invention operator
        • Formation experiment
        • Results
          • Brightness and hue strategy
          • Brightness strategy
      • Conclusion
    • Graded membership strategy
      • Adoption and alignment operators
        • Acquisition experiment
        • Measures: Membership category variance
        • Results
      • Invention operator
        • Formation experiment
        • Measures: Number of membership categories
        • Results
      • Conclusion
    • Further experiments on basic colour systems
      • Impact of environment on similarity to natural systems
        • Data sets
        • Extracting colour categories
        • Comparison to human colour categories
        • Conclusion
      • Impact of language on universal trends
        • Discrimination game
        • Alignment within one population
        • Alignment over different populations
        • Conclusion
      • Impact of embodiment on performance of operators
        • Robotic setup and visual perception
        • Perceptual deviation and structure in embodied data
        • Discerning the impact of embodiment
        • Resulting dynamics
        • Comparison to human categories
        • Conclusion
      • General conclusion
  • Evolution and origins of language strategies
    • Linguistic selection of language strategies
      • Language strategies
      • Strategy selection
      • Experiment on linguistic selection
        • Measures
          • Strategy success
          • Strategy usage
          • Strategy coherence
        • Results
      • Selective advantage
        • Experiment
        • Results
      • Conclusion
    • Origins of language strategies
      • Generation of semantic templates
      • Repair strategies
        • Construction of a syntactic category system
          • Starting from scratch
          • Substituting a primitive constraint
          • Adding a primitive constraint
        • Implementaton of repair strategies
        • Repair strategy 1.1: Semantic entities
        • Repair strategy 1.2: Functional primitives
        • Repair strategy 1.3: Contextual primitives
        • Re-use of syntactic categories
        • Repair strategy 2.1: Re-use of constructions
        • Experimental results
      • Conclusion
  • Conclusion
    • Discussion and conclusion
      • Contributions
        • Identification of language strategies
        • Operationalisation of language strategies
        • Self-organisation of language systems
        • Evolution of language strategies
        • Compositional semantics and language
      • Discussion
        • Tractability
        • Compositionality
        • Flexiblity
        • Generality
        • Related models and approaches
          • Models of colour naming
          • Fuzzy sets
          • Conceptual spaces
          • Vantage theory
      • Possible applications
      • Future work
  • Colour spaces and systems
    • CIE 1931 XYZ colour space
      • Illuminants and chromatic adaptation
      • Chromaticity diagrams and CIE xyY colour space
    • CIE 1976 L*a*b*
    • CIE 1976 L*u*v*
    • Munsell colour system
      • Development
      • Conversion
    • Natural Color System
    • RGB
    • YCbCr
  • References
  • Index
    • Name index
    • Subject index
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