The Politics of Access: University Education and Nation-Building in Nigeria, 1948–2000

The Politics of Access: University Education and Nation-Building in Nigeria, 1948–2000

By Ogechi E. Anyanwu
Book Description

Access to university education in Africa was inadequate during the colonial period. With independence, various African countries moved away from the elitist colonial education system by embarking on programs designed to provide education to all, regardless of class, ethnicity, or creed. Nowhere in Africa has the question of access to university education reached such a crescendo of concern and posed such as challenge to the polity as in Nigeria. In illuminating the history of massification of university education in Nigeria, Anyanwu makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the challenges of nation-building in multi-ethnic and religious societies in Africa and demonstrates that the intractable issues in Africas university education system - such as academic quality, relevance, funding, and unemployment - flow from the creation and adoption of the massification system.

Table of Contents
  • Cover
  • Series Information
  • Title Page
  • Bibliographic Information
  • Dedication
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
    • Background
    • Education for Nation-Building
    • Education for Development
    • Organization
  • 1: The Politics of Colonial Education
    • Introduction
    • Western Education and the Making of Nigeria
    • Development of Higher Education
    • Access, Economic Development, and Nation-Building
  • 2: Towards Educational Reform: The Cold War, Decolonization, and the Carnegie Corporation, 1952–60
    • Introduction
    • Education in National Politics
    • Postwar Nigeria
    • The Ashby Commission and the Question of Relevance
  • 3: The Ashby Commission, Regionalism, and University Education in the 1960s
    • Introduction
    • Blueprint for Change
    • Implementing Ashby’s Report
    • Colonial Legacy
    • Towards Centralization
    • Conclusion
  • 4: Centralization of Universities and National Integration, 1970–79: The Legacy of the Nigerian Civil War
    • Introduction
    • Continuing Elitism
    • Federal Control of University Education
    • Quota System and Admission Reform
    • Recession of 1978
    • Conclusion
  • 5: The Second Republic and the Burden of Expansion, 1979–83: Free Education, Science and Technology, and Quota System
    • Introduction
    • National Open University and Universities of Technology
    • Quota System and the Challenges of Nationhood
    • State Participation in Higher Education
    • Economic Meltdown of 1983
    • Conclusion
    • 6: Rationalization Policy: The IMF/World Bank and Structural Adjustment Program, 1984–90
      • Introduction
      • Buhari and the Search for Cost-Saving Measures
      • Babangida, IMF, and Universities
      • The World Bank and the White Paper on University Reform
      • The Impact of IMF/World Bank Policies on Universities
      • Conclusion
  • 7: Crisis of Nationhood: Funding Issues, Socio-Political Instability, and Private University Education, 1990–2000
    • Introduction
    • Nigeria, Still a Divided Nation
    • Poor Funding, ASUU, and Military Dictatorship
    • Satellite Campuses
    • Private Universities
    • Towards a Renewed Commitment to Educational Expansion
    • Conclusion
      • Colonial Origins
      • The 1960s
      • Post-Civil War Nation-Building
      • Setbacks in Expansion
      • Recent Trends
    • Notes
    • Bibliography
    • Index
    • Back Cover
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