Nationalists Abroad: The Jamaica Progressive League and the Foundations of Jamaican Independence

Nationalists Abroad: The Jamaica Progressive League and the Foundations of Jamaican Independence

By Birte Timm
US$ 9.99
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Book Description

The Jamaica Progressive League, formed in New York in 1936 by Jamaican expatriates, W. Adolphe Roberts and Wilfred Domingo, was the first organization to demand an end to colonial rule in Jamaica. Yet, its history and its contribution to the island’s history have been neglected in historiography and all but forgotten in public memory. In Nationalists Abroad, Birte Timm successfully challenges the notion that demands for independence developed in Jamaica or had a strong local following. Instead, Timm posits and proves that the strongest impetus for anti-colonial demands came from a small group of expatriates in the USA whose ideas were met with strong and persistent skepticism at all levels of Jamaican society including the political elite, namely the much revered Norman Manley and Alexander Bustamante. This work on the Jamaica Progressive League highlights how Jamaican emigrants who actively participated in the vibrant black transnational political movement in Harlem, New York – the Harlem Renaissance – influenced the political developments in their country of birth by capitalizing on the shifting international power relations of the time; and provides fresh insights into the formative stages of local party politics in Jamaica. Drawing on an extensive range of primary and secondary archival materials, the book is organized in two main sections. The first part explores the origins of the Jamaica Progressive League in New York and in Jamaica, and the second part examines the history of the Progressive League from the founding in 1936 and its influence on the formation of the People’s National Party (PNP), through to the fulfilment of its main goal, Jamaican independence in 1962. Nationalists Abroad recovers a missing piece of Jamaica’s history and brings to the fore the forgotten roots of the march towards nationhood.

Table of Contents
  • _GoBack
  • Table of Contents
    • Nationalism, Anti-Colonialism and Transnational Migration
    • Migration and Transnational Networks
    • A Note on the Sources
    • Literature Review
    • Chapter Outline
  • PART ONE: Origins of the Movement For Self-Government
    • Chapter 1: Nationalism in Jamaica before 1936
    • Chapter 2: Origins of the Jamaica Progressive League
      • W. Adolphe Roberts and the Idea for a Movement for Self-Government
      • Wilfred A. Domingo and the ‘Black Tropics’ in Harlem
      • Ethelred Brown and the Harlem Unitarian Church
    • Chapter 3: Founding and First Reactions
      • Launch of the Jamaica Progressive League in New York
      • First Repercussions in Jamaica
    • Chapter 4: Stretching Out: A Local Branch in Kingston
      • Founding of the Jamaica Progressive League in Kingston
      • The Public Opinion Debate: Calling for a Party
      • ‘The Lid Blows Off’: Activities During the Labour Protests in 1938
      • The Jamaica Progressive League and the Founding of the PNP
    • Chapter 5: Implementing Demands for Self-Government
      • Official Representation for Self-Government before the Royal Commission
      • Domingo and Roberts in Jamaica 1939
      • First PNP Convention in April 1939
      • Roberts in Jamaica and the ‘Jamaicanizing Jamaica’ Campaign
    • Chapter 6: Alternative Strategies for Self-Government during the Second World War
      • Retreat or Reinforcement: Different Reactions to the Outbreak of the War
      • Internationalizing Claims: The West Indies National Council and the Havana Conference
      • Reverberations in Jamaica
      • Shifting the Focus Back to Jamaica: Continued Influence on the PNP
    • Chapter 7: Reassuming the Struggle for Independence in Jamaica
      • Domingo and Roberts in Jamaica in the 1940s and 1950s
    • Chapter 8: Opposing the West Indies Federation
      • Early Critique against Federation
      • ‘Opposing It Tooth and Nail’: The Campaign against Federation
      • ‘At the Crossroads of Destiny’: The Referendum
      • Nationalist Stance
    • Conclusion
    • Bibliography
    • Index of Names and Organizations
  • _GoBack
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