Scandinavian influence on Southern Lowland Scotch A contribution to the study of the linguistic relations of English and Scandinavian
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Scandinavian influence on Southern Lowland Scotch A contribution to the study of the linguistic relations of English and Scandinavian
By George T. (George Tobias) Flom
Free
Book Description

Table of Contents
  • ERRATA.
  • PREFACE.
    • Abbreviations Referring to Texts Included in this Investigation..1.
    • Abbreviations Referring to Grammars, Glossaries, Dictionaries, and the Like
    • Abbreviations Referring to Languages, Grammatical Terms, Etc.
  • CONTENTS.
    • PART I. INTRODUCTION.
    • PART II.
    • PART III.
  • PART I.
    • INTRODUCTION.
      • 1. General Remarks.
      • 2. Place-Names and Settlements in Northwestern England.
      • 3. Scandinavian Settlements in Southern Scotland.
      • 4. Settlements in England, Norse or Danish? The Place-Name Test.
      • 5. By in Place-Names. Conclusions as to this Test.
      • 6. Characteristics of Old Northern, or Old Scandinavian. Early Dialectal Differentiations.
      • 7. Old Norse and Old Danish.
      • 8. Remarks.
      • 9. Characteristics of Old Northumbrian.
      • 10. Remarks. Metathesis of r.
      • 11. The Question of Palatalization in O. Nhb.
      • 12. Sk as a Scandinavian Sign. Certain Words in sk. Palatalization in Norse.
      • 13. Conclusion as to the Test of Non-palatalization.
      • 14. Old and Middle Scotch.
      • 15. Some Characteristics of Scotch. O. E. ă, ā.
      • 16. Curtis's Table.
      • 17. O. E. ō.—A List of Illustrative Words from the Aberdeen Dialect.
      • 18. Inorganic y in Scotch.
      • 19. D for the Spirant th.
      • 20. O. E. ā and O. N. æi. How far we can Determine such Words to be of Native or of Norse Origin.
      • 21. A List of Some Words that are Norse. Further Remarks.
      • 22. Celtic, Lowland Scotch, and Norse.
      • 23. Some Words that are not Scandinavian Loanwords.
      • 24. Loanword Tests.
      • 25. Remarks on the Texts.
    • 1. General Remarks.
    • 2. Place-Names and Settlements in Northwestern England.
    • 3. Scandinavian Settlements in Southern Scotland.
    • 4. Settlements in England, Norse or Danish? The Place-Name Test.
    • 5. By in Place-Names. Conclusions as to this Test.
    • 6. Characteristics of Old Northern, or Old Scandinavian. Early Dialectal Differentiations.
    • 7. Old Norse and Old Danish.
    • 8. Remarks.
    • 9. Characteristics of Old Northumbrian.
    • 10. Remarks. Metathesis of r.
    • 11. The Question of Palatalization in O. Nhb.
    • 12. Sk as a Scandinavian Sign. Certain Words in sk. Palatalization in Norse.
    • 13. Conclusion as to the Test of Non-palatalization.
    • 14. Old and Middle Scotch.
    • 15. Some Characteristics of Scotch. O. E. ă, ā.
    • 16. Curtis's Table.
    • 17. O. E. ō.—A List of Illustrative Words from the Aberdeen Dialect.
    • 18. Inorganic y in Scotch.
    • 19. D for the Spirant th.
    • 20. O. E. ā and O. N. æi. How far we can Determine such Words to be of Native or of Norse Origin.
    • 21. A List of Some Words that are Norse. Further Remarks.
    • 22. Celtic, Lowland Scotch, and Norse.
    • 23. Some Words that are not Scandinavian Loanwords.
    • 24. Loanword Tests.
    • 25. Remarks on the Texts.
  • PART II.
    • LOANWORDS.
  • PART III.
    • 1. The Dialectal Provenience of Loanwords.
    • 2. (a) The Old Northern Vowels in the Loanwords.
      • Short Vowels.
        • a.
        • e.
        • i.
        • o.
        • u.
        • y.
        • æ.
        • ö
        • ja (ia).
        • jö (iö).
      • a.
      • e.
      • i.
      • o.
      • u.
      • y.
      • æ.
      • ö
      • ja (ia).
      • jö (iö).
      • Long Vowels.
        • ā.
        • ē.
        • ī.
        • ō.
        • ū.
        • ȳ.
        • ǣ.
      • ā.
      • ē.
      • ī.
      • ō.
      • ū.
      • ȳ.
      • ǣ.
      • Diphthongs.
        • ai.
        • öy.
        • ou, au.
        • jo.
        • ju.
      • ai.
      • öy.
      • ou, au.
      • jo.
      • ju.
    • Short Vowels.
      • a.
      • e.
      • i.
      • o.
      • u.
      • y.
      • æ.
      • ö
      • ja (ia).
      • jö (iö).
    • a.
    • e.
    • i.
    • o.
    • u.
    • y.
    • æ.
    • ö
    • ja (ia).
    • jö (iö).
    • Long Vowels.
      • ā.
      • ē.
      • ī.
      • ō.
      • ū.
      • ȳ.
      • ǣ.
    • ā.
    • ē.
    • ī.
    • ō.
    • ū.
    • ȳ.
    • ǣ.
    • Diphthongs.
      • ai.
      • öy.
      • ou, au.
      • jo.
      • ju.
    • ai.
    • öy.
    • ou, au.
    • jo.
    • ju.
    • (b) The Old Northern Consonants.
      • b.
        • d.
        • g.
        • p.
        • t.
        • k.
        • v.
        • ð, þ
        • f.
        • s.
        • sk.
        • h.
        • hv.
        • m, n, l, r.
      • d.
      • g.
      • p.
      • t.
      • k.
      • v.
      • ð, þ
      • f.
      • s.
      • sk.
      • h.
      • hv.
      • m, n, l, r.
    • b.
      • d.
      • g.
      • p.
      • t.
      • k.
      • v.
      • ð, þ
      • f.
      • s.
      • sk.
      • h.
      • hv.
      • m, n, l, r.
    • d.
    • g.
    • p.
    • t.
    • k.
    • v.
    • ð, þ
    • f.
    • s.
    • sk.
    • h.
    • hv.
    • m, n, l, r.
    • Footnotes
  • ERRATA.
  • PREFACE.
    • Abbreviations Referring to Texts Included in this Investigation..1.
    • Abbreviations Referring to Grammars, Glossaries, Dictionaries, and the Like
    • Abbreviations Referring to Languages, Grammatical Terms, Etc.
  • CONTENTS.
    • PART I. INTRODUCTION.
    • PART II.
    • PART III.
  • PART I.
    • INTRODUCTION.
      • 1. General Remarks.
      • 2. Place-Names and Settlements in Northwestern England.
      • 3. Scandinavian Settlements in Southern Scotland.
      • 4. Settlements in England, Norse or Danish? The Place-Name Test.
      • 5. By in Place-Names. Conclusions as to this Test.
      • 6. Characteristics of Old Northern, or Old Scandinavian. Early Dialectal Differentiations.
      • 7. Old Norse and Old Danish.
      • 8. Remarks.
      • 9. Characteristics of Old Northumbrian.
      • 10. Remarks. Metathesis of r.
      • 11. The Question of Palatalization in O. Nhb.
      • 12. Sk as a Scandinavian Sign. Certain Words in sk. Palatalization in Norse.
      • 13. Conclusion as to the Test of Non-palatalization.
      • 14. Old and Middle Scotch.
      • 15. Some Characteristics of Scotch. O. E. [)a], [¯a].
      • 16. Curtis's Table.
      • 17. O. E. [¯o].--A List of Illustrative Words from the Aberdeen Dialect.
      • 18. Inorganic y in Scotch.
      • 19. D for the Spirant th.
      • 20. O. E. [¯a] and O. N. æi. How far we can Determine such Words to be of Native or of Norse Origin.
      • 21. A List of Some Words that are Norse. Further Remarks.
      • 22. Celtic, Lowland Scotch, and Norse.
      • 23. Some Words that are not Scandinavian Loanwords.
      • 24. Loanword Tests.
      • 25. Remarks on the Texts.
    • 1. General Remarks.
    • 2. Place-Names and Settlements in Northwestern England.
    • 3. Scandinavian Settlements in Southern Scotland.
    • 4. Settlements in England, Norse or Danish? The Place-Name Test.
    • 5. By in Place-Names. Conclusions as to this Test.
    • 6. Characteristics of Old Northern, or Old Scandinavian. Early Dialectal Differentiations.
    • 7. Old Norse and Old Danish.
    • 8. Remarks.
    • 9. Characteristics of Old Northumbrian.
    • 10. Remarks. Metathesis of r.
    • 11. The Question of Palatalization in O. Nhb.
    • 12. Sk as a Scandinavian Sign. Certain Words in sk. Palatalization in Norse.
    • 13. Conclusion as to the Test of Non-palatalization.
    • 14. Old and Middle Scotch.
    • 15. Some Characteristics of Scotch. O. E. [)a], [¯a].
    • 16. Curtis's Table.
    • 17. O. E. [¯o].--A List of Illustrative Words from the Aberdeen Dialect.
    • 18. Inorganic y in Scotch.
    • 19. D for the Spirant th.
    • 20. O. E. [¯a] and O. N. æi. How far we can Determine such Words to be of Native or of Norse Origin.
    • 21. A List of Some Words that are Norse. Further Remarks.
    • 22. Celtic, Lowland Scotch, and Norse.
    • 23. Some Words that are not Scandinavian Loanwords.
    • 24. Loanword Tests.
    • 25. Remarks on the Texts.
  • PART II.
    • LOANWORDS.
  • PART III.
    • 1. The Dialectal Provenience of Loanwords.
    • 2. (a) The Old Northern Vowels in the Loanwords.
      • Short Vowels.
        • a.
        • e.
        • i.
        • o.
        • u.
        • y.
        • æ.
        • ö
        • ja (ia).
        • jö (iö).
      • a.
      • e.
      • i.
      • o.
      • u.
      • y.
      • æ.
      • ö
      • ja (ia).
      • jö (iö).
      • Long Vowels.
        • [¯a].
        • [¯e].
        • [¯i].
        • [¯o].
        • [¯u].
        • [¯y].
        • [¯æ].
      • [¯a].
      • [¯e].
      • [¯i].
      • [¯o].
      • [¯u].
      • [¯y].
      • [¯æ].
      • Diphthongs.
        • ai.
        • öy.
        • ou, au.
        • jo.
        • ju.
      • ai.
      • öy.
      • ou, au.
      • jo.
      • ju.
    • Short Vowels.
      • a.
      • e.
      • i.
      • o.
      • u.
      • y.
      • æ.
      • ö
      • ja (ia).
      • jö (iö).
    • a.
    • e.
    • i.
    • o.
    • u.
    • y.
    • æ.
    • ö
    • ja (ia).
    • jö (iö).
    • Long Vowels.
      • [¯a].
      • [¯e].
      • [¯i].
      • [¯o].
      • [¯u].
      • [¯y].
      • [¯æ].
    • [¯a].
    • [¯e].
    • [¯i].
    • [¯o].
    • [¯u].
    • [¯y].
    • [¯æ].
    • Diphthongs.
      • ai.
      • öy.
      • ou, au.
      • jo.
      • ju.
    • ai.
    • öy.
    • ou, au.
    • jo.
    • ju.
    • (b) The Old Northern Consonants.
      • b.
        • d.
        • g.
        • p.
        • t.
        • k.
        • v.
        • ð, þ
        • f.
        • s.
        • sk.
        • h.
        • hv.
        • m, n, l, r.
      • d.
      • g.
      • p.
      • t.
      • k.
      • v.
      • ð, þ
      • f.
      • s.
      • sk.
      • h.
      • hv.
      • m, n, l, r.
    • b.
      • d.
      • g.
      • p.
      • t.
      • k.
      • v.
      • ð, þ
      • f.
      • s.
      • sk.
      • h.
      • hv.
      • m, n, l, r.
    • d.
    • g.
    • p.
    • t.
    • k.
    • v.
    • ð, þ
    • f.
    • s.
    • sk.
    • h.
    • hv.
    • m, n, l, r.
    • Footnotes
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