The Origin of Man and of his Superstitions
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The Origin of Man and of his Superstitions

By Carveth Read
Free
Book Description

Table of Contents
  • THE ORIGIN OF MAN AND OF HIS SUPERSTITIONS
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • CHAPTER I ON THE DIFFERENTIATION OF MAN FROM THE ANTHROPOIDS
    • § 1. The Hypothesis
    • § 2. What the Hypothesis Explains
    • § 3. Minor and Secondary Consequences
    • § 4. Prey and Competitors
    • § 5. Conclusion
  • CHAPTER II ON THE DIFFERENTIATION OF THE HUMAN FROM THE ANTHROPOID MIND
    • § 1. Heredity, Adaptation, Accommodation
    • § 2. The Original Stock and the Conditions of Differentiation
    • § 3. Primal Society
    • § 4. Psychology of the Hunting-pack
    • § 5. The Wolf-type of Man established by Natural Selection
    • § 6. Some further Consequences of the Hunting-life
    • § 7. Moralisation of the Hunters
    • § 8. Influence of the Imaginary Environment
  • CHAPTER III BELIEF AND SUPERSTITION
    • § 1. Superstition
    • § 2. Imagination
    • § 3. Belief
    • § 4. Causes and Grounds of Belief
    • § 5. The Beliefs of Immature Minds
    • § 6. The Reasoning of Immature Minds
    • § 7. General Ideas at the Savage Level
    • § 8. The Weakness of Imagination-beliefs
  • CHAPTER IV MAGIC
    • § 1. Antiquity of Magic
    • § 2. What is Magic?
    • § 3. The Beginnings of Magic
    • § 4. Magical Force and Primitive Ideas of Causation
    • § 5. Magic and Mystery
    • § 6. Volitional Magic
    • § 7. The Evolution of Magic—Direct Magic
    • § 8. Indirect or “Sympathetic” Magic
    • § 9. The Dissolution of Magic
  • CHAPTER V ANIMISM
    • § 1. What is Animism?
    • § 2. Psychological Animism
    • § 3. The Ghost Theory
    • § 4. Extension of the Ghost Theory to Animals
    • § 5. Ghosts and Soul-stuff
    • § 6. Ghosts and Spirits
    • § 7. How Ghosts and Spirits are imagined
    • § 8. Origin and Destiny of Souls
    • § 9. The Treatment of Ghosts
    • § 10. Evolution and Dissolution of Animism
  • CHAPTER VI THE RELATIONS BETWEEN MAGIC AND ANIMISM
    • § 1. The Question of Priority
    • § 2. Magic and Religion
    • § 3. Ideas and Practices of Magic adopted by Animism
    • § 4. Retrogradation
    • § 5. Spirits know Magic, teach it, and inspire Magicians
    • § 6. Spirits operate by Magic
    • § 7. Spirits are controlled by Magic
  • CHAPTER VII OMENS
    • § 1. The Prevalence of Omens
    • § 2. Omens and Natural Signs
    • § 3. Some Signs Conceived of as Magical
    • § 4. Differentiation of Omens from General Magic
    • § 5. Omens Interpreted by Animism
    • § 6. Natural and Artificial Omens
    • § 7. Divination and Oracles
    • § 8. Apparent Failure of Omens
    • § 9. Apology for Omens
  • CHAPTER VIII THE MIND OF THE WIZARD
    • § 1. The Rise and Fall of Wizardry
    • § 2. The Wizard’s Pretensions
    • § 3. Characteristics of the Wizard
    • § 4. The Wizard and the Sceptic
    • § 5. The Wizard’s Persuasion
  • CHAPTER IX TOTEMISM
    • § 1. Meaning and Scope of Totemism
    • § 2. Of the Origin of Totemism
    • § 3. The Conceptional Hypothesis
    • § 4. Andrew Lang’s Hypothesis
    • § 5. Totemism and Marriage
    • § 6. The Clansman and his Totem
    • § 7. Totemism and Magic
    • § 8. Totemism and Animism
  • CHAPTER X MAGIC AND SCIENCE
    • § 1. Their Common Ground
    • § 2. The Differentiation
    • § 3. Why Magic seems to be the Source of Science
    • § 4. Animism and Science
  • INDEX
  • FOOTNOTES:
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