Biographies of Distinguished Scientific Men First Series
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Biographies of Distinguished Scientific Men First Series

By François Arago
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Table of Contents
  • BIOGRAPHIES
  • DISTINGUISHED SCIENTIFIC MEN.
    • MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTE.
      • TRANSLATED BY
    • TRANSLATED BY
    • ADMIRAL W.H. SMYTH, D.C.L., F.R.S., &c.
    • THE REV. BADEN POWELL, M.A., F.R.S., &c.
      • AND
    • AND
    • ROBERT GRANT, Esq., M.A., F.R.A.S.
      • RIVERSIDE, CAMBRIDGE:
    • RIVERSIDE, CAMBRIDGE:
    • TRANSLATORS' PREFACE.
    • CONTENTS.
    • LIVES
    • DISTINGUISHED SCIENTIFIC MEN.
    • THE HISTORY OF MY YOUTH:
      • AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF FRANCIS ARAGO.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF FRANCIS ARAGO.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • BAILLY.
      • BIOGRAPHY READ AT THE PUBLIC SITTING OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, THE 26TH OF FEBRUARY, 1844.
      • INTRODUCTION.
      • INFANCY OF BAILLY.—HIS YOUTH.—HIS LITERARY ESSAYS.—HIS MATHEMATICAL STUDIES.
      • BAILLY BECOMES THE PUPIL OF LACAILLE.—HE IS ASSOCIATED WITH HIM IN HIS ASTRONOMICAL LABOURS.
      • FOOTNOTE:
      • BAILLY A MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.—HIS RESEARCHES ON JUPITER'S SATELLITES.
      • BAILLY'S LITERARY WORKS.—HIS BIOGRAPHIES OF CHARLES V.—OF LEIBNITZ—OF PETER CORNEILLE—OF MOLIÈRE.
      • DEBATES RELATIVE TO THE POST OF PERPETUAL SECRETARY OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.
      • HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY.—LETTERS ON THE ATLANTIS OF PLATO AND ON THE ANCIENT HISTORY OF ASIA.
      • FIRST INTERVIEW OF BAILLY WITH FRANKLIN.—HIS ENTRANCE INTO THE FRENCH ACADEMY IN 1783.—HIS RECEPTION.—DISCOURSE.—HIS RUPTURE WITH BUFFON.
      • REPORT ON ANIMAL MAGNETISM.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • ELECTION OF BAILLY INTO THE ACADEMY OF INSCRIPTIONS.
      • REPORT ON THE HOSPITALS.
      • REPORT ON THE SLAUGHTER-HOUSES.
      • BIOGRAPHIES OF COOK AND OF GRESSET.
      • ASSEMBLY OF THE NOTABLES.—BAILLY IS NAMED FIRST DEPUTY OF PARIS; AND SOON AFTER DEAN OR SENIOR OF THE DEPUTIES OF THE COMMUNES.
      • BAILLY BECOMES MAYOR OF PARIS.—SCARCITY.—MARAT DECLARES HIMSELF INIMICAL TO THE MAYOR.—EVENTS OF THE 6TH OF OCTOBER.
      • A GLANCE AT THE POSTHUMOUS MEMOIR OF BAILLY.
      • EXAMINATION OF BAILLY'S ADMINISTRATION AS MAYOR.
      • FOOTNOTE:
      • THE KING'S FLIGHT.—EVENTS ON THE CHAMP DE MARS.
      • BAILLY QUITS THE MAYORALTY THE 12TH OF NOVEMBER, 1791.—THE ESCHEVINS.—EXAMINATION OF THE REPROACHES THAT MIGHT BE ADDRESSED TO THE MAYOR.
      • FOOTNOTE:
      • BAILLY'S JOURNEY FROM PARIS TO NANTES, AND THEN FROM NANTES TO MÉLUN.— HIS ARREST IN THE LAST TOWN.—HE IS TRANSFERRED TO PARIS.
      • BAILLY IS CALLED AS A WITNESS IN THE TRIAL OF THE QUEEN.—HIS OWN TRIAL BEFORE THE REVOLUTIONARY TRIBUNAL.—HIS CONDEMNATION TO DEATH.—HIS EXECUTION.—IMAGINARY DETAILS ADDED BY ILL-INFORMED HISTORIANS TO WHAT THAT ODIOUS AND FRIGHTFUL EVENT ALREADY PRESENTED.
      • PORTRAIT OF BAILLY.—HIS WIFE.
    • BIOGRAPHY READ AT THE PUBLIC SITTING OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, THE 26TH OF FEBRUARY, 1844.
    • INTRODUCTION.
    • INFANCY OF BAILLY.—HIS YOUTH.—HIS LITERARY ESSAYS.—HIS MATHEMATICAL STUDIES.
    • BAILLY BECOMES THE PUPIL OF LACAILLE.—HE IS ASSOCIATED WITH HIM IN HIS ASTRONOMICAL LABOURS.
    • FOOTNOTE:
    • BAILLY A MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.—HIS RESEARCHES ON JUPITER'S SATELLITES.
    • BAILLY'S LITERARY WORKS.—HIS BIOGRAPHIES OF CHARLES V.—OF LEIBNITZ—OF PETER CORNEILLE—OF MOLIÈRE.
    • DEBATES RELATIVE TO THE POST OF PERPETUAL SECRETARY OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.
    • HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY.—LETTERS ON THE ATLANTIS OF PLATO AND ON THE ANCIENT HISTORY OF ASIA.
    • FIRST INTERVIEW OF BAILLY WITH FRANKLIN.—HIS ENTRANCE INTO THE FRENCH ACADEMY IN 1783.—HIS RECEPTION.—DISCOURSE.—HIS RUPTURE WITH BUFFON.
    • REPORT ON ANIMAL MAGNETISM.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • ELECTION OF BAILLY INTO THE ACADEMY OF INSCRIPTIONS.
    • REPORT ON THE HOSPITALS.
    • REPORT ON THE SLAUGHTER-HOUSES.
    • BIOGRAPHIES OF COOK AND OF GRESSET.
    • ASSEMBLY OF THE NOTABLES.—BAILLY IS NAMED FIRST DEPUTY OF PARIS; AND SOON AFTER DEAN OR SENIOR OF THE DEPUTIES OF THE COMMUNES.
    • BAILLY BECOMES MAYOR OF PARIS.—SCARCITY.—MARAT DECLARES HIMSELF INIMICAL TO THE MAYOR.—EVENTS OF THE 6TH OF OCTOBER.
    • A GLANCE AT THE POSTHUMOUS MEMOIR OF BAILLY.
    • EXAMINATION OF BAILLY'S ADMINISTRATION AS MAYOR.
    • FOOTNOTE:
    • THE KING'S FLIGHT.—EVENTS ON THE CHAMP DE MARS.
    • BAILLY QUITS THE MAYORALTY THE 12TH OF NOVEMBER, 1791.—THE ESCHEVINS.—EXAMINATION OF THE REPROACHES THAT MIGHT BE ADDRESSED TO THE MAYOR.
    • FOOTNOTE:
    • BAILLY'S JOURNEY FROM PARIS TO NANTES, AND THEN FROM NANTES TO MÉLUN.— HIS ARREST IN THE LAST TOWN.—HE IS TRANSFERRED TO PARIS.
    • BAILLY IS CALLED AS A WITNESS IN THE TRIAL OF THE QUEEN.—HIS OWN TRIAL BEFORE THE REVOLUTIONARY TRIBUNAL.—HIS CONDEMNATION TO DEATH.—HIS EXECUTION.—IMAGINARY DETAILS ADDED BY ILL-INFORMED HISTORIANS TO WHAT THAT ODIOUS AND FRIGHTFUL EVENT ALREADY PRESENTED.
    • PORTRAIT OF BAILLY.—HIS WIFE.
    • HERSCHEL.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF THE MEMOIRS OF WILLIAM HERSCHEL.[17]
      • FOOTNOTE:
      • IMPROVEMENTS IN THE MEANS OF OBSERVATION.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • LABOURS IN SIDEREAL ASTRONOMY.
      • LABOURS RELATIVE TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM.
      • OPTICAL LABOURS.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF THE MEMOIRS OF WILLIAM HERSCHEL.[17]
    • FOOTNOTE:
    • IMPROVEMENTS IN THE MEANS OF OBSERVATION.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • LABOURS IN SIDEREAL ASTRONOMY.
    • LABOURS RELATIVE TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM.
    • OPTICAL LABOURS.
    • LAPLACE.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • APPENDIX.
      • (A.)
      • THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF NOTICE OF SOME OTHER INTERESTING RESULTS OF THE RESEARCHES OF LAPLACE WHICH HAVE NOT BEEN MENTIONED IN THE TEXT.
      • (B.)
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • APPENDIX.
    • (A.)
    • THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF NOTICE OF SOME OTHER INTERESTING RESULTS OF THE RESEARCHES OF LAPLACE WHICH HAVE NOT BEEN MENTIONED IN THE TEXT.
    • (B.)
    • JOSEPH FOURIER.
      • BIOGRAPHY READ AT A PUBLIC ASSEMBLY OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, ON THE 18TH OF NOVEMBER, 1833.
      • FOOTNOTE:
      • BIRTH OF FOURIER.—HIS YOUTH.
      • MEMOIR ON THE RESOLUTION OF NUMERICAL EQUATIONS.
      • PART PLAYED BY FOURIER IN OUR REVOLUTION.—HIS ENTRANCE INTO THE CORPS OF PROFESSORS OF THE NORMAL SCHOOL AND THE POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL.—EXPEDITION TO EGYPT.
      • FOURIER PREFECT OF L'ISÈRE.
      • MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF HEAT.
      • CENTRAL HEAT OF THE TERRESTRIAL GLOBE.
      • RETURN OF NAPOLEON FROM ELBA.—FOURIER PREFECT OF THE RHONE.—HIS NOMINATION TO THE OFFICE OF DIRECTOR OF THE BOARD OF STATISTICS OF THE SEINE.
      • ENTRANCE OF FOURIER INTO THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.—HIS ELECTION TO THE OFFICE OF PERPETUAL SECRETARY.—HIS ADMISSION TO THE FRENCH ACADEMY.
      • FOOTNOTE:
      • CHARACTER OF FOURIER.—HIS DEATH.
      • THE END.
    • BIOGRAPHY READ AT A PUBLIC ASSEMBLY OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, ON THE 18TH OF NOVEMBER, 1833.
    • FOOTNOTE:
    • BIRTH OF FOURIER.—HIS YOUTH.
    • MEMOIR ON THE RESOLUTION OF NUMERICAL EQUATIONS.
    • PART PLAYED BY FOURIER IN OUR REVOLUTION.—HIS ENTRANCE INTO THE CORPS OF PROFESSORS OF THE NORMAL SCHOOL AND THE POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL.—EXPEDITION TO EGYPT.
    • FOURIER PREFECT OF L'ISÈRE.
    • MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF HEAT.
    • CENTRAL HEAT OF THE TERRESTRIAL GLOBE.
    • RETURN OF NAPOLEON FROM ELBA.—FOURIER PREFECT OF THE RHONE.—HIS NOMINATION TO THE OFFICE OF DIRECTOR OF THE BOARD OF STATISTICS OF THE SEINE.
    • ENTRANCE OF FOURIER INTO THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.—HIS ELECTION TO THE OFFICE OF PERPETUAL SECRETARY.—HIS ADMISSION TO THE FRENCH ACADEMY.
    • FOOTNOTE:
    • CHARACTER OF FOURIER.—HIS DEATH.
    • THE END.
    • A LIST OF BOOKS
    • TICKNOR AND FIELDS.
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      • Thomas De Quincey.
      • Alfred Tennyson.
      • Charles Reade.
      • Henry W. Longfellow.
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      • John G. Saxe.
      • Charles T. Brooks.
      • Samuel Bailey.
      • Tom Brown.
      • Leigh Hunt.
      • Gerald Massey.
      • C.W. Upham.
      • W.M. Thackeray.
      • Charles Mackay.
      • Henry Alford.
      • Richard Monckton Milnes.
      • George H. Boker.
      • Matthew Arnold.
      • W. Edmondstoune Aytoun.
      • Mrs. Rosa V. Johnson.
      • Henry T. Tuckerman.
      • William Mountford.
      • John Bowring.
      • Yriarte.
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      • E. Foxton.
      • Paul H. Hayne.
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      • Christopher Wordsworth.
      • Henry Taylor.
      • Hufeland.
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      • Dr. John C. Warren.
      • James Prior.
      • Joseph T. Buckingham.
      • Bayle St. John.
      • Edmund Quincy.
      • Henry Morley.
      • Goldsmith.
      • C.A. Bartol.
      • Mrs. H.G. Otis.
      • Horace Mann.
      • Addison.
      • F.W.P. Greenwood.
      • S.T. Wallis.
      • Dr. William E. Coale.
      • Mrs. Gaskell.
      • Lord Dufferin.
      • Fanny Kemble.
      • Arago.
      • William Smith.
      • In Blue and Gold.
      • Illustrated Juvenile Books.
    • Sir Walter Scott.
    • Thomas De Quincey.
    • Alfred Tennyson.
    • Charles Reade.
    • Henry W. Longfellow.
    • Oliver Wendell Holmes.
    • William Howitt.
    • Charles Kingsley.
    • Nathaniel Hawthorne.
    • Barry Cornwall.
    • James Russell Lowell.
    • Coventry Patmore.
    • Charles Sumner.
    • John G. Whittier.
    • Alexander Smith.
    • Bayard Taylor.
    • Edwin P. Whipple.
    • George S. Hillard.
    • Robert Browning.
    • Henry Giles.
    • William Motherwell.
    • Capt. Mayne Reid.
    • Goethe.
    • Rev. Charles Lowell.
    • Rev. F.W. Robertson.
    • R.H. Stoddard.
    • George Lunt.
    • Philip James Bailey.
    • Anna Mary Howitt.
    • Mary Russell Mitford.
    • Josiah Phillips Quincy.
    • Grace Greenwood.
    • Mrs. Crosland.
    • Mrs. Jameson.
    • Mrs. Mowatt.
    • Mrs. Howe.
    • Alice Cary.
    • Mrs. Eliza B. Lee.
    • Samuel Smiles.
    • Blanchard Jerrold.
    • Mrs. Judson.
    • Trelawny.
    • Charles Sprague.
    • Mrs. Lawrence.
    • G.A. Sala.
    • Thomas W. Parsons.
    • John G. Saxe.
    • Charles T. Brooks.
    • Samuel Bailey.
    • Tom Brown.
    • Leigh Hunt.
    • Gerald Massey.
    • C.W. Upham.
    • W.M. Thackeray.
    • Charles Mackay.
    • Henry Alford.
    • Richard Monckton Milnes.
    • George H. Boker.
    • Matthew Arnold.
    • W. Edmondstoune Aytoun.
    • Mrs. Rosa V. Johnson.
    • Henry T. Tuckerman.
    • William Mountford.
    • John Bowring.
    • Yriarte.
    • Phœbe Cary.
    • E. Foxton.
    • Paul H. Hayne.
    • Mrs. A.C. Lowell.
    • G.H. Lewes.
    • Lieut. Arnold.
    • Henry D. Thoreau.
    • Washington Allston.
    • Professor E.T. Channing.
    • Dr. Walter Charming.
    • Mrs. Horace Mann.
    • Horace and James Smith.
    • Christopher Wordsworth.
    • Henry Taylor.
    • Hufeland.
    • Dr. Jacob Bigelow.
    • Dr. John C. Warren.
    • James Prior.
    • Joseph T. Buckingham.
    • Bayle St. John.
    • Edmund Quincy.
    • Henry Morley.
    • Goldsmith.
    • C.A. Bartol.
    • Mrs. H.G. Otis.
    • Horace Mann.
    • Addison.
    • F.W.P. Greenwood.
    • S.T. Wallis.
    • Dr. William E. Coale.
    • Mrs. Gaskell.
    • Lord Dufferin.
    • Fanny Kemble.
    • Arago.
    • William Smith.
    • In Blue and Gold.
    • Illustrated Juvenile Books.
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