Observing the Volcano World
Carina J. Fearnley (editor)
Observing the Volcano World

This book provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic crisis research, the goal being to establish ways of successfully applying volcanology in practice and to identify areas that need to be addressed for future progress. It shows how volcano crises are managed in practice, and helps to establish best practices. Consequently the book brings together authors from all over the globe who work with volcanoes, ranging from observatory volcanologists, disaster practitioners and government officials to NGO-based and government practitioners to address three key aspects of volcanic crises.

First, the book explores the unique nature of volcanic hazards, which makes them a particularly challenging threat to forecast and manage, due in part to their varying spatial and temporal characteristics. Second, it presents lessons learned on how to best manage volcanic events based on a number of crises that have shaped our understanding of volcanic hazards and crises management. Third, it discusses the diverse and wide-ranging aspects of communication involved in crises, which merge old practices and new technologies to accommodate an increasingly challenging and globalised world.


The information and insights presented here are essential to tapping established knowledge, moving towards more robust volcanic crises management, and understanding how the volcanic world is perceived from a range of standpoints and contexts around the globe.

1. Adapting Warnings for Volcanic Hazards
Volcano Crisis Communication: Challenges and Solutions in the 21st Century
Communication Demands of Volcanic Ashfall Events
Volcanic Ash and Aviation—The Challenges of Real-Time, Global Communication of a Natural Hazard
Volcanic Gases: Silent Killers
Active Hydrothermal Features as Tourist Attractions
Mapping Hazard Zones, Rapid Warning Communication and Understanding Communities: Primary Ways to Mitigate Pyroclastic Flow Hazard
The Communication and Risk Management of Volcanic Ballistic Hazards
Imagining the Unimaginable: Communicating Extreme Volcanic Risk
Part One Summary: Adapting Warnings for Volcanic Hazards
2. Observing Volcanic Crises
Volcanic Unrest and Hazard Communication in Long Valley Volcanic Region, California
Volcanic Hazard Communication at Pinatubo from 1991 to 2015
Instrumental Volcano Surveillance and Community Awareness in the Lead-Up to the 1994 Eruptions at Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
Challenges in Responding to a Sustained, Continuing Volcanic Crisis: The Case of Popocatépetl Volcano, Mexico, 1994-Present
Organisational Response to the 2007 Ruapehu Crater Lake Dam-Break Lahar in New Zealand: Use of Communication in Creating an Effective Response
Crisis Coordination and Communication During the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Eruption
Supporting the Development of Procedures for Communications During Volcanic Emergencies: Lessons Learnt from the Canary Islands (Spain) and Etna and Stromboli (Italy)
Integrating Social and Physical Perspectives of Mitigation Policy and Practice in Indonesia
Social Representation of Human Resettlement Associated with Risk from Volcán de Colima, Mexico
If I Understand, I Am Understood: Experiences of Volcanic Risk Communication in Colombia
Challenges of Volcanic Crises on Small Islands States
Investigating the Management of Geological Hazards and Risks in the Mt Cameroon Area Using Focus Group Discussions
Blaming Active Volcanoes or Active Volcanic Blame? Volcanic Crisis Communication and Blame Management in the Cameroon
Part Two Summary: Observing Volcanic Crises
3. Communicating into the Future
Communicating Information on Eruptions and Their Impacts from the Earliest Times Until the Late Twentieth Century
What Can We Learn from Records of Past Eruptions to Better Prepare for the Future?
Reflections from an Indigenous Community on Volcanic Event Management, Communications and Resilience
Fostering Participation of Local Actors in Volcanic Disaster Risk Reduction
“There’s no Plastic in Our Volcano”: A Story About Losing and Finding a Path to Participatory Volcanic Risk Management in Colombia
Cultural Differences and the Importance of Trust Between Volcanologists and Partners in Volcanic Risk Mitigation
International Coordination in Managing Airborne Ash Hazards: Lessons from the Northern Pacific
Decision-Making: Preventing Miscommunication and Creating Shared Meaning Between Stakeholders
Using Statistics to Quantify and Communicate Uncertainty During Volcanic Crises
Insurance and a Volcanic Crisis—A Tale of One (Big) Eruption, Two Insurers, and Innumerable Insureds
Challenges and Benefits of Standardising Early Warning Systems: A Case Study of New Zealand’s Volcanic Alert Level System
More Than Meets the Eye: Volcanic Hazard Map Design and Visual Communication
The Role of Geospatial Technologies in Communicating a More Effective Hazard Assessment: Application of Remote Sensing Data
Re-enchanting Volcanoes: The Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of Art and Aesthetics in the Making of Volcanic Knowledges
Living with an Active Volcano: Informal and Community Learning for Preparedness in South of Japan
Using Role-Play to Improve Students’ Confidence and Perceptions of Communication in a Simulated Volcanic Crisis
Learning to Be Practical: A Guided Learning Approach to Transform Student Community Resilience When Faced with Natural Hazard Threats
Role of Social Media and Networking in Volcanic Crises and Communication
Part Three Summary: Communicating into the Future
Volcanic Crisis Communication: Where Do We Go from Here?
Erratum to: Crisis Coordination and Communication During the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Eruption
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