History of biology
Free

History of biology

By L. C. Miall
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • HISTORY OF BIOLOGY
  • CONTENTS
  • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
  • INTRODUCTION
    • The Biology of the Ancients.
    • Extinction of Scientific Inquiry.
    • Revival of Knowledge.
  • PERIOD I.
    • Characteristics of the Period.
    • The Revival of Botany.
    • The Revival of Zoology.
    • Early Notions of System.
    • The First English Naturalists.
    • The Rise of Experimental Physiology.
    • The Natural History of Distant Lands (Sixteenth Century and Earlier).
    • Agriculture, Horticulture, and Silk-Culture in the Sixteenth Century.
  • PERIOD II
    • Characteristics of the Period.
    • The Minute Anatomists.
    • Early Notions about the Nature of Fossils.
    • Comparative Anatomy: the Study of Biological Types.
    • Adaptations of Plants and Animals: Natural Theology.
    • Spontaneous Generation.
    • The Natural History of John Ray.
    • The Scale of Nature.
    • The Sexes of Flowering Plants.
  • PERIOD III
    • Characteristics of the Period.
    • Systems of Flowering Plants: Linnæus and the Jussieus.
    • Réaumur and the History of Insects.
    • The Budding-out of New Animals (Hydra): another Form of Propagation without Mating (Aphids).
    • The Historical or Comparative Method: Montesquieu and Buffon.
    • Amateur Students of Living Animals.
    • Intelligence and Instinct in the Lower Animals.
    • The Food of Green Plants.
    • The Metamorphoses of Plants.
    • Early Notions about the Lower Plants.
  • PERIOD IV
    • Characteristics of the Period.
    • Sprengel and the Fertilisation of Flowers.
    • Cuvier and the Rise of Palæontology.
    • Chamisso on the Alternation of Generations in Salpa.
    • Baer and the Development of Animals.
    • The Cell Theory.
    • The Enrichment of English Gardens.
    • Humboldt as a Traveller and a Biologist.
    • Premonitions of Biological Evolution.
  • PERIOD V
    • Period V.
    • Darwin on the Origin of Species.
    • Pasteur's Experimental Study of Microbes.
  • CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE
  • THE SUB-DIVISIONS OF BIOLOGY
  • BIBILIOGRAPHY
    • History of Biology or its Sub-Divisions.
  • INDEX
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