A Manual of Elementary Geology or, The Ancient Changes of the Earth and its Inhabitants as Illustrated by Geological Monuments
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A Manual of Elementary Geology or, The Ancient Changes of the Earth and its Inhabitants as Illustrated by Geological Monuments

By Sir Charles Lyell
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • A MANUAL OF ELEMENTARY GEOLOGY:
    • PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION.
      • Abstract of the "Principles of Geology," Eighth Edition.
        • Book I.
        • Book II.
        • Book III.
      • Book I.
      • Book II.
      • Book III.
    • Abstract of the "Principles of Geology," Eighth Edition.
      • Book I.
      • Book II.
      • Book III.
    • Book I.
    • Book II.
    • Book III.
    • POSTSCRIPT.
      • CRETACEOUS GASTEROPODA.
      • DICOTYLEDONOUS LEAVES IN LOWER CRETACEOUS STRATA.
    • CRETACEOUS GASTEROPODA.
    • DICOTYLEDONOUS LEAVES IN LOWER CRETACEOUS STRATA.
    • CONTENTS.
      • Dates of the successive Editions of the "Principles" and "Elements" (or Manual) of Geology, by the Author.
      • Works by Sir Charles Lyell.
        • I.
        • II.
        • III.
        • IV.
      • I.
      • II.
      • III.
      • IV.
    • Dates of the successive Editions of the "Principles" and "Elements" (or Manual) of Geology, by the Author.
    • Works by Sir Charles Lyell.
      • I.
      • II.
      • III.
      • IV.
    • I.
    • II.
    • III.
    • IV.
  • MANUAL OF ELEMENTARY GEOLOGY.
    • CHAPTER I.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT CLASSES OF ROCKS.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT CLASSES OF ROCKS.
    • CHAPTER II.
      • AQUEOUS ROCKS—THEIR COMPOSITION AND FORMS OF STRATIFICATION.
    • AQUEOUS ROCKS—THEIR COMPOSITION AND FORMS OF STRATIFICATION.
    • CHAPTER III.
      • ARRANGEMENT OF FOSSILS IN STRATA—FRESHWATER AND MARINE.
    • ARRANGEMENT OF FOSSILS IN STRATA—FRESHWATER AND MARINE.
    • CHAPTER IV.
      • CONSOLIDATION OF STRATA AND PETRIFACTION OF FOSSILS.
    • CONSOLIDATION OF STRATA AND PETRIFACTION OF FOSSILS.
    • CHAPTER V.
      • ELEVATION OF STRATA ABOVE THE SEA—HORIZONTAL AND INCLINED STRATIFICATION.
    • ELEVATION OF STRATA ABOVE THE SEA—HORIZONTAL AND INCLINED STRATIFICATION.
    • CHAPTER VI.
      • DENUDATION.
    • DENUDATION.
    • CHAPTER VII.
      • ALLUVIUM.
    • ALLUVIUM.
    • CHAPTER VIII.
      • CHRONOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS.
    • CHRONOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS.
    • CHAPTER IX.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE AQUEOUS ROCKS.
      • Fossiliferous Strata of Western Europe divided into Six Groups.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE AQUEOUS ROCKS.
    • Fossiliferous Strata of Western Europe divided into Six Groups.
    • CHAPTER X.
      • CLASSIFICATION OF TERTIARY FORMATIONS.—POST-PLIOCENE GROUP.
      • Post-Pliocene Formations.
    • CLASSIFICATION OF TERTIARY FORMATIONS.—POST-PLIOCENE GROUP.
    • Post-Pliocene Formations.
    • CHAPTER XI.
      • NEWER PLIOCENE PERIOD.—BOULDER FORMATION.
    • NEWER PLIOCENE PERIOD.—BOULDER FORMATION.
    • CHAPTER XII.
      • BOULDER FORMATION—continued.
    • BOULDER FORMATION—continued.
    • CHAPTER XIII.
      • NEWER PLIOCENE STRATA AND CAVERN DEPOSITS.
      • OSSEOUS BRECCIAS AND DEPOSITS IN CAVES OF THE PLIOCENE PERIOD.
    • NEWER PLIOCENE STRATA AND CAVERN DEPOSITS.
    • OSSEOUS BRECCIAS AND DEPOSITS IN CAVES OF THE PLIOCENE PERIOD.
    • CHAPTER XIV.
      • OLDER PLIOCENE AND MIOCENE FORMATIONS.
      • MIOCENE FORMATIONS.
    • OLDER PLIOCENE AND MIOCENE FORMATIONS.
    • MIOCENE FORMATIONS.
    • CHAPTER XV.
      • UPPER EOCENE FORMATIONS.
    • UPPER EOCENE FORMATIONS.
    • CHAPTER XVI.
      • EOCENE FORMATIONS—continued.
      • MIDDLE EOCENE.—FRANCE.
      • LOWER EOCENE, FRANCE.
      • ENGLISH EOCENE FORMATIONS.
      • EOCENE STRATA IN THE UNITED STATES.
    • EOCENE FORMATIONS—continued.
    • MIDDLE EOCENE.—FRANCE.
    • LOWER EOCENE, FRANCE.
    • ENGLISH EOCENE FORMATIONS.
    • EOCENE STRATA IN THE UNITED STATES.
    • CHAPTER XVII.
      • CRETACEOUS GROUP.
      • LOWER CRETACEOUS DIVISION. (No. 6. Tab. p. 209.)
      • HIPPURITE LIMESTONE.
      • FLORA OF THE CRETACEOUS PERIOD.
      • CRETACEOUS ROCKS IN THE UNITED STATES.
    • CRETACEOUS GROUP.
    • LOWER CRETACEOUS DIVISION. (No. 6. Tab. p. 209.)
    • HIPPURITE LIMESTONE.
    • FLORA OF THE CRETACEOUS PERIOD.
    • CRETACEOUS ROCKS IN THE UNITED STATES.
    • CHAPTER XVIII.
      • WEALDEN GROUP.
      • Weald Clay.
      • Hastings Sands.
      • Purbeck Beds.
    • WEALDEN GROUP.
    • Weald Clay.
    • Hastings Sands.
    • Purbeck Beds.
    • CHAPTER XIX.
      • DENUDATION OF THE CHALK AND WEALDEN.
    • DENUDATION OF THE CHALK AND WEALDEN.
    • CHAPTER XX.
      • OOLITE AND LIAS.
      • Upper Oolite.
      • Middle Oolite.
      • Lower Oolite.
    • OOLITE AND LIAS.
    • Upper Oolite.
    • Middle Oolite.
    • Lower Oolite.
    • CHAPTER XXI.
      • OOLITE AND LIAS—continued.
      • Oolite and Lias of the United States.
    • OOLITE AND LIAS—continued.
    • Oolite and Lias of the United States.
    • CHAPTER XXII.
      • TRIAS OR NEW RED SANDSTONE GROUP.
      • Trias or Upper New Red Sandstone Group.
      • Triassic group in England.
      • Origin of Red Sandstone and Rock Salt.
    • TRIAS OR NEW RED SANDSTONE GROUP.
    • Trias or Upper New Red Sandstone Group.
    • Triassic group in England.
    • Origin of Red Sandstone and Rock Salt.
    • CHAPTER XXIII.
      • PERMIAN OR MAGNESIAN LIMESTONE GROUP.
    • PERMIAN OR MAGNESIAN LIMESTONE GROUP.
    • CHAPTER XXIV.
      • THE COAL, OR CARBONIFEROUS GROUP.
      • COAL-MEASURES.
      • CARBONIFEROUS FLORA.
      • Exogens.
    • THE COAL, OR CARBONIFEROUS GROUP.
    • COAL-MEASURES.
    • CARBONIFEROUS FLORA.
    • Exogens.
    • CHAPTER XXV.
      • CARBONIFEROUS GROUP—continued.
      • CARBONIFEROUS REPTILES.
      • CARBONIFEROUS OR MOUNTAIN LIMESTONE.
    • CARBONIFEROUS GROUP—continued.
    • CARBONIFEROUS REPTILES.
    • CARBONIFEROUS OR MOUNTAIN LIMESTONE.
    • CHAPTER XXVI.
      • OLD RED SANDSTONE, OR DEVONIAN GROUP.
      • Devonian Strata in the United States.
      • Devonian Flora.
    • OLD RED SANDSTONE, OR DEVONIAN GROUP.
    • Devonian Strata in the United States.
    • Devonian Flora.
    • CHAPTER XXVII.
      • SILURIAN GROUP.
      • UPPER SILURIAN ROCKS.
      • LOWER SILURIAN ROCKS.
      • Silurian Strata of the United States.
      • Mineral Character of Silurian Strata.
      • CAMBRIAN GROUP.
      • TABULAR VIEW OF FOSSILIFEROUS STRATA,
    • SILURIAN GROUP.
    • UPPER SILURIAN ROCKS.
    • LOWER SILURIAN ROCKS.
    • Silurian Strata of the United States.
    • Mineral Character of Silurian Strata.
    • CAMBRIAN GROUP.
    • TABULAR VIEW OF FOSSILIFEROUS STRATA,
    • CHAPTER XXVIII.
      • VOLCANIC ROCKS.
      • Explanation of the names, synonyms, and mineral composition of the more abundant volcanic rocks.
      • ANALYSIS OF MINERALS MOST ABUNDANT IN THE VOLCANIC AND HYPOGENE ROCKS.
    • VOLCANIC ROCKS.
    • Explanation of the names, synonyms, and mineral composition of the more abundant volcanic rocks.
    • ANALYSIS OF MINERALS MOST ABUNDANT IN THE VOLCANIC AND HYPOGENE ROCKS.
    • CHAPTER XXIX.
      • VOLCANIC ROCKS—continued.
      • Relation of Trappean Rocks to the products of active Volcanos.
      • FORM, STRUCTURE, AND ORIGIN OF VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS.
    • VOLCANIC ROCKS—continued.
    • Relation of Trappean Rocks to the products of active Volcanos.
    • FORM, STRUCTURE, AND ORIGIN OF VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS.
    • CHAPTER XXX.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE VOLCANIC ROCKS.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE VOLCANIC ROCKS.
    • CHAPTER XXXI.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE VOLCANIC ROCKS—continued.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE VOLCANIC ROCKS—continued.
    • CHAPTER XXXII.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE VOLCANIC ROCKS—continued.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE VOLCANIC ROCKS—continued.
    • CHAPTER XXXIII.
      • PLUTONIC ROCKS—GRANITE.
    • PLUTONIC ROCKS—GRANITE.
    • CHAPTER XXXIV.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE PLUTONIC ROCKS.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE PLUTONIC ROCKS.
    • CHAPTER XXXV.
      • METAMORPHIC ROCKS.
      • Origin of the Metamorphic Strata.
    • METAMORPHIC ROCKS.
    • Origin of the Metamorphic Strata.
    • CHAPTER XXXVI.
      • METAMORPHIC ROCKS—continued.
    • METAMORPHIC ROCKS—continued.
    • CHAPTER XXXVII.
      • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE METAMORPHIC ROCKS.
    • ON THE DIFFERENT AGES OF THE METAMORPHIC ROCKS.
    • CHAPTER XXXVIII.
      • MINERAL VEINS.
    • MINERAL VEINS.
    • INDEX.
      • A.
      • B.
      • C.
      • D.
      • E.
      • F.
      • G.
      • H.
      • I.
      • J.
      • K.
      • L.
      • M.
      • N.
      • O.
      • P.
      • Q.
      • R.
      • S.
      • T.
      • U.
      • V.
      • W.
      • Z.
    • A.
    • B.
    • C.
    • D.
    • E.
    • F.
    • G.
    • H.
    • I.
    • J.
    • K.
    • L.
    • M.
    • N.
    • O.
    • P.
    • Q.
    • R.
    • S.
    • T.
    • U.
    • V.
    • W.
    • Z.
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