The Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, Vol. I (of 2)
Free

The Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, Vol. I (of 2)

By W. Crooke
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
  • PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
  • CONTENTS.
  • FOLK-LORE OF NORTHERN INDIA.
  • CHAPTER I.
  • THE GODLINGS OF NATURE.
    • The Deva.
    • The Deotâ.
    • Godlings Pure and Impure.
    • Sûraj Nârâyan, the Sun Godling.
    • Village Worship of Sûraj Nârâyan.
    • Sun-worship among the non-Aryan Races.
    • Sun-worship in the Domestic Ritual.
    • Moon-worship.
    • Eclipses and the Fire Sacrifice.
    • Eclipse Observances.
    • Star-worship.
    • The Rainbow.
    • The Milky Way.
    • Earth-worship.
    • Worship of Mother Earth.
    • Earth-worship among the Drâvidians.
    • Secrecy in Worship of Mother Earth.
    • Thunder and Lightning.
    • Earthquakes.
    • River-worship.
    • Springs Connected with the Ganges.
    • Sacred River Junctions.
    • Ill-omened Streams.
    • Origin of River-worship.
    • Floods and Drowning People.
    • Khwâja Khizr, the God of Water.
    • The Folk-lore of Wells.
    • Sacred Wells.
    • Hot Springs.
    • Waterfalls.
    • Sacred Lakes.
    • The Lake of the Fairy Gifts.
    • The Shâhgarh Lake.
    • Other Sacred Tanks.
    • Mountain-worship; the Himâlaya.
    • Mountain-worship among the Drâvidians.
    • Respect Paid to the Vindhya and Kaimûr Ranges.
    • Other Famous Hills.
    • The Spirits of the Air.
    • Bhîmsen, a Weather Godling.
    • Demoniacal Control of the Weather.
    • Rain-making and Nudity.
    • Rites Special to Women.
    • Other Rites to bring Rain.
    • Devices to Cause Rain to Cease.
    • Hail and Whirlwind.
    • Aerolites.
  • CHAPTER II.
  • THE HEROIC AND VILLAGE GODLINGS.
    • The Heroic Godlings.
    • Hanumân.
    • Hanumân as a Village Godling.
    • Worship of Bhîmsen.
    • Pillar-worship of Bhîmsen.
    • Worship of Bhîshma.
    • Worship of the Local Godlings.
    • Village Shrines.
    • Identification of the Local Godling.
    • Worship of Dwâra Gusâîn.
    • Worship of Bhûmiya.
    • Worship of Bhairon.
    • Worship of Ganesa.
    • The Worship of the Great Mothers.
    • Mother-worship in Gujarât.
    • Mother-worship in Upper India.
    • The Jungle Mothers.
    • Other Mother Goddesses.
    • Worship of Gansâm Deo.
    • Worship of Dântan Deo and Lalitâ.
    • Worship of Dûlha Deo, the Bridegroom Godling.
  • CHAPTER III.
  • THE GODLINGS OF DISEASE.
    • The Demoniacal Theory of Disease.
    • Sîtalâ, the Goddess of Small-pox.
    • Connection of Sîtalâ with Human Sacrifice.
    • Small-pox Worship in Bengal.
    • Mâtangî Saktî and Masân.
    • Journey forbidden during an Epidemic of Small-pox.
    • Observances during Small-pox Epidemics.
    • Minor Disease Godlings.
    • Hardaul Lâla, the Cholera Godling.
    • Exorcism of the Cholera Demon.
    • Cholera caused by Witchcraft.
    • The Demon of Cattle Disease.
    • Other Cholera Godlings.
    • Exorcism of Disease.
    • Methods of Rural Exorcism.
    • Exorcism by Dancing.
    • Flagellation.
    • Treatment of Sorcerers.
    • Appointment of Ojhas.
    • Fraud in Exorcism.
    • Disease Charms.
    • Rag Offerings.
    • Disease Transference.
    • Scapegoats.
    • Demons Scared by Noise.
    • Disease Scapegoats.
  • CHAPTER IV.
  • THE WORSHIP OF THE SAINTED DEAD.
    • Ancestor-worship: its Origin.
    • Among the Aryans and Drâvidians.
    • Spirits Mortal.
    • Ancestors Re-born in Children.
    • The Srâddha.
    • Degradation of Ancestor-worship.
    • Worship of Worthies.
    • The Sâdhu.
    • Miracle-working Tombs.
    • The Satî.
    • The Satî and the Pitri.
    • Modern Saints.
    • Deification in Modern Times.
    • Shaikh Bûrhan.
    • Salîm Chishti.
    • Deification of Noted Persons.
    • Harshu Pânrê.
    • Ratan Pânrê.
    • Mahenî.
    • Nâhar Khân.
    • Gangânâth and Bholanâth.
    • Bhairwanand.
    • Vyâsa.
    • Vâlmîki.
    • Various Saints.
    • Deified Robbers.
    • Râja Lâkhan.
    • Râja Chandol.
    • Belâ.
    • Jokhaiya.
    • Ramâsa Pîr.
    • Râê Sinh.
    • The Pîrs and Sayyids.
    • The Panj Pîr.
    • Caste Saints.
    • Domestic Worship of the Pîr.
    • The Pachpiriyas.
    • The Pânch Pîr and the Pândavas.
    • Ghâzi Miyân.
    • Sakhi Sarwar.
    • Gûga Pîr.
    • Gûga and Snake-worship.
    • Worship of Tejajî.
    • Worship of Bâba Farîd Shakkarganj.
    • Minor Saints.
    • Villages Overturned.
    • Malâmat Shâh.
    • Miyân Ahmad.
    • Shaikh Saddû.
    • Shrines Which Cure Disease.
    • Sayyid Yûsuf.
    • Wonder-working Tombs.
    • The Nine-yard Tombs.
    • Shrines with Images or Relics.
    • The Curing of Barrenness.
    • Harmless Saints and Godlings.
  • CHAPTER V.
  • WORSHIP OF THE MALEVOLENT DEAD.
    • Spirits of the Dead Hostile.
    • Savage Theory of Dreams.
    • The Separable Soul.
    • The Bhût.
    • Shrines to Persons Accidentally Killed.
    • Second Marriage and Bhûts.
    • Food of Bhûts.
    • Posture of Bhûts.
    • Tests of Bhûts.
    • Spirit Lovers.
    • Spirit Entries: The Head.
    • The Mouth.
    • Yawning.
    • Sneezing.
    • The Hands and Feet.
    • The Ears.
    • Varieties of Bhûts.
    • The Pret.
    • The Pisâcha.
    • The Râkshasa.
    • Power of Lengthening Themselves.
    • Night Spirits.
    • Râkshasas as Builders.
    • Modern Râkshasas.
    • Brâhman Ghosts.
    • The Deo.
    • The Bîr.
    • The Dâno.
    • The Daitya.
    • The Headless Horseman.
    • The Ghostly Army.
    • Masân.
    • Tola.
    • Airi.
    • Hill Demons.
    • Birth Fiends.
    • The Parî and Jinn.
    • The Ghoul.
    • The Baghaut.
    • The Churel.
    • Eating Food in Spirit Land.
    • Modes of Repelling the Churel.
    • Counting.
    • The Couvade.
    • Various Birth Ceremonies.
    • Places Infested by Bhûts: Burial Places.
    • Deserts.
    • Owls and Bats.
    • Ghosts and Burial Grounds.
    • Mutilation.
    • Ghosts of Old Ruins.
    • Mine and Cave Spirits.
    • Cave Deities.
    • Bhûts Treasure Guardians.
    • Fairy Gifts.
    • Underground Treasure.
    • Ghosts of Roads.
    • Ghosts of Empty Houses.
    • Ghosts of Flowers.
    • The Hearth.
    • Ghosts of Filthy Places.
    • The House Roof.
  • Colophon
    • Availability
    • Encoding
    • Revision History
    • External References
    • Corrections
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