The Elements of Style
By William Strunk
Table of Contents
- THE ELEMENTS OF STYLE
- I. INTRODUCTORY
- II. ELEMENTARY RULES OF USAGE
- 1. Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding 's.
- 2. In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last.
- 3. Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas.
- 4. Place a comma before a conjunction introducing a co-ordinate clause.
- 5. Do not join independent clauses by a comma.
- 6. Do not break sentences in two.
- 7. A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject.
- III. ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION
- 8. Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic.
- 9. As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, end it in conformity with the beginning.
- 10. Use the active voice.
- 11. Put statements in positive form.
- 12. Use definite, specific, concrete language.
- 13. Omit needless words.
- 14. Avoid a succession of loose sentences:
- 15. Express co-ordinate ideas in similar form.
- 16. Keep related words together.
- 17. In summaries, keep to one tense.
- 18. Place the emphatic words of a sentence at the end.
- IV. A FEW MATTERS OF FORM
- V. WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS COMMONLY MISUSED
- VI. SPELLING
- WORDS OFTEN MISSPELLED
- VII. EXERCISES ON CHAPTERS II AND III
- I. Punctuate:
- II. Explain the difference in meaning:
- III. Explain and correct the errors in punctuation:
- IV. Point out and correct the faults in the following sentences:
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