The Elements of Style
Free

The Elements of Style

By William Strunk
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE ELEMENTS OF STYLE
  • CONTENTS
  • I. INTRODUCTORY
  • II. ELEMENTARY RULES OF USAGE
    • 1. Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding 's.
    • 2. In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last.
    • 3. Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas.
    • 4. Place a comma before a conjunction introducing a co-ordinate clause.
    • 5. Do not join independent clauses by a comma.
    • 6. Do not break sentences in two.
    • 7. A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject.
  • III. ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION
    • 8. Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic.
    • 9. As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, end it in conformity with the beginning.
    • 10. Use the active voice.
    • 11. Put statements in positive form.
    • 12. Use definite, specific, concrete language.
    • 13. Omit needless words.
    • 14. Avoid a succession of loose sentences:
    • 15. Express co-ordinate ideas in similar form.
    • 16. Keep related words together.
    • 17. In summaries, keep to one tense.
    • 18. Place the emphatic words of a sentence at the end.
  • IV. A FEW MATTERS OF FORM
  • V. WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS COMMONLY MISUSED
  • VI. SPELLING
    • WORDS OFTEN MISSPELLED
  • VII. EXERCISES ON CHAPTERS II AND III
    • I. Punctuate:
    • II. Explain the difference in meaning:
    • III. Explain and correct the errors in punctuation:
    • IV. Point out and correct the faults in the following sentences:
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