Fugitive Slaves (1619-1865)
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Fugitive Slaves (1619-1865)

By Marion Gleason McDougall
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Table of Contents
  • FUGITIVE SLAVES (1619-1865) BY MARION GLEASON McDOUGALL
  • EDITOR'S PREFACE.
  • AUTHOR'S PREFACE.
  • CONTENTS.
  • CHAPTER I. LEGISLATION AND CASES BEFORE THE CONSTITUTION.
    • Treatment of the Fugitives.
    • Escapes in New England.
    • Dutch and Intercolonial Regulations.
    • Intercolonial Cases.
    • International Cases.
    • English Law. Northwest Ordinance.
    • Fugitive Question in Constitutional Conventions.
  • CHAPTER II. LEGISLATION FROM 1789 TO 1850.
    • The First Fugitive Slave Act.
    • Propositions of 1797 and 1802.
    • Propositions from 1817 to 1822.
    • Period of the Missouri Compromise.
    • Canada and Mexico Places of Refuge.
    • Kidnapping from 1793-1850. Prigg Case.
    • The Second Fugitive Slave Act.
    • Arguments for the Bill.
    • Arguments against the Bill.
  • CHAPTER III. PRINCIPAL CASES FROM 1789 TO 1860.
    • The First Case of Rescue.
    • Kidnapping.
    • Interference and Rescues.
    • Interstate Relations.
    • Prosecutions. Act of 1850.
    • Sims and Burns.
    • Garner and Shadrach.
    • Rescues.
    • Castner Hanway. John Brown.
  • CHAPTER IV. FUGITIVES AND THEIR FRIENDS.
    • Reasons for Escape.
    • Escapes to the North.
    • Fugitives disguised as Whites.
    • The Underground Railroad.
    • Operations "Underground."
  • CHAPTER V. PERSONAL LIBERTY LAWS.
    • Analysis.
    • Review of the Acts by States.
  • CHAPTER VI. THE END OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVE QUESTION (1860-1865).
    • Enforcement. Slaves of Disloyal Men.
    • Confiscation Bills.
    • The Emancipation Proclamation.
    • Fugitives from Loyal Slave States.
    • District of Columbia.
    • Repeal of the Acts proposed.
    • Discussion of Repeal Bills.
    • Repeal of the Acts.
  • APPENDIX A. COLONIAL LAWS RELATIVE TO FUGITIVES.
    • 1. New Netherlands:—Running away from Patroons. [§ 2].
      • 2. Massachusetts:—Capture and protection of servants. [§ 4.]
      • 3. New Netherlands:—Runaway servants. [§ 6.]
      • 4. Maryland:—Runaway apprentices felons.
      • 5. New Netherlands:—Against harboring fugitive servants. [§ 6].
      • 6. Virginia:—Entertainment of fugitives. [§ 3].
      • 7. Virginia:—Runaway servants. [§ 3.]
      • 8. New England Confederation:—Articles of Confederation. [§ 8.]
      • 9. Connecticut:—Servants and apprentices.
      • 10. New Netherlands:—Entertainment of runaways.
      • 11. Maryland:—Against fugitives.
      • 12. Maryland:—Against fugitives.
      • 13. Virginia:—Penalty for second offence.
      • 14. New Netherlands:—Treaty with United Colonies. [§ 11.]
      • 15. City of Amsterdam:—Runaway colonists banished.
      • 16. Virginia:—Entertainment of runaways.
      • 17. Virginia:—Punishment of runaways.
      • 18. Virginia:—Huie and crie after runaways.
      • 19. New Netherlands:—Runaway servants.
      • 20. Virginia:—How to know a runnaway servant. [§ 3.]
      • 21. Virginia:—Payment of Dutch shipmasters.
      • 22. Virginia:—Apprehension of runaways.
      • 23. Virginia:—English runnaway with negroes. [§ 3.]
      • 24. Virginia:—Glocester to have jurisdiction over runaways.
      • 25. Virginia:—Runaway servants.
      • 26. Maryland:—Against runaways.
      • 27. Virginia:—Pursuit of runaways to the Dutch.
      • 28. Maryland:—Against English servants.
      • 29. New Netherlands:—Quakers, etc. refused admission to colony.
      • 30. Virginia:—Entertainment of runaways.
      • 31. Maryland:—Runaways and their entertainers.
      • 32. New Jersey—Fugitive servants.
      • 33. Virginia:—Runaways.
      • 34. Virginia:—Runaways.
      • 35. Virginia:—Apprehension of Runaways.
      • 36. Virginia:—Reward to the first taker up of runaways.
      • 37. Virginia:—Apprehension of Runaways. [§ 8.]
      • 38. Maryland:—Apprehension of runaways.
      • 39. New Jersey:—Fugitive servants and apprentices.
      • 40. Maryland:—Runaways.
      • 41. East New Jersey:—Fugitive servants.
      • 42. New Jersey:—Prevention of runaways.
      • 43. South Carolina.—Prevention of runaways.
      • 44. Virginia:—Repeal of law of 1663, September.
      • 45. East New Jersey:—Runaway servants. [§ 2.]
      • 46. Virginia: Law of 1670 amended.
      • 47. South Carolina:—Inhibition of trade with runaways.
      • 48. Pennsylvania:—Regulation of servants.
      • 49. New York:—Regulation of slaves.
      • 50. New York:—Punishment of runaways to Canada. [§ 8.]
      • 51. New York:—Act of 1702 revived.
      • 52. Virginia:—Runaway servants and slaves.
      • 53. Massachusetts Bay:—Regulation of free negroes. [§ 4.]
      • 54. South Carolina:—For the better ordering of slaves.
      • 55. New Jersey:—Regulation of slaves.
      • 56. New Jersey:—Regulation of white servants.
      • 57. Rhode Island:—Ferriage of runaways. [§ 4.]
      • 58. South Carolina:—Additional Act to Act of 1712.
      • 59. New York:—Act of 1705 revived. [§ 8.]
      • 60. North Carolina:—Servants and slaves.
      • 61. New Hampshire:—Runaway minors and servants.
      • 62. South Carolina:—Additional Act against runaways.
      • 63. Massachusetts Bay:—Transportation of apprentices and servants.
      • 64. South Carolina:—Regulation of Slaves.
      • 65. Pennsylvania:—Regulation of negroes.
      • 66. Virginia:—Earlier act amended.
      • 67. Connecticut:—Runaway servants and slaves.
      • 68. New York:—Slave insurrections, etc.
      • 69. South Carolina:—Regulation of slaves.
      • 70. Delaware:—Regulation of servants and slaves.
      • 71. Delaware:—Regulation of servants and slaves.
      • 72. South Carolina:—Regulation of slaves.
      • 73. North Carolina:—Entertainment of runaways, etc. [§ 3.]
      • 74. Virginia:—Ferriage of runaways.
      • 75. South Carolina: Act additional to Act of 1740.
      • 76. Rhode Island:—Assistance of runaways.
      • 77. North Carolina:—Slave stealing.
      • 78. Connecticut:—Escape of negroes and servants.
      • 79. Connecticut:—Pursuit of runaways.
      • 80. Pennsylvania:—Harboring fugitives.
    • 2. Massachusetts:—Capture and protection of servants. [§ 4.]
    • 3. New Netherlands:—Runaway servants. [§ 6.]
    • 4. Maryland:—Runaway apprentices felons.
    • 5. New Netherlands:—Against harboring fugitive servants. [§ 6].
    • 6. Virginia:—Entertainment of fugitives. [§ 3].
    • 7. Virginia:—Runaway servants. [§ 3.]
    • 8. New England Confederation:—Articles of Confederation. [§ 8.]
    • 9. Connecticut:—Servants and apprentices.
    • 10. New Netherlands:—Entertainment of runaways.
    • 11. Maryland:—Against fugitives.
    • 12. Maryland:—Against fugitives.
    • 13. Virginia:—Penalty for second offence.
    • 14. New Netherlands:—Treaty with United Colonies. [§ 11.]
    • 15. City of Amsterdam:—Runaway colonists banished.
    • 16. Virginia:—Entertainment of runaways.
    • 17. Virginia:—Punishment of runaways.
    • 18. Virginia:—Huie and crie after runaways.
    • 19. New Netherlands:—Runaway servants.
    • 20. Virginia:—How to know a runnaway servant. [§ 3.]
    • 21. Virginia:—Payment of Dutch shipmasters.
    • 22. Virginia:—Apprehension of runaways.
    • 23. Virginia:—English runnaway with negroes. [§ 3.]
    • 24. Virginia:—Glocester to have jurisdiction over runaways.
    • 25. Virginia:—Runaway servants.
    • 26. Maryland:—Against runaways.
    • 27. Virginia:—Pursuit of runaways to the Dutch.
    • 28. Maryland:—Against English servants.
    • 29. New Netherlands:—Quakers, etc. refused admission to colony.
    • 30. Virginia:—Entertainment of runaways.
    • 31. Maryland:—Runaways and their entertainers.
    • 32. New Jersey—Fugitive servants.
    • 33. Virginia:—Runaways.
    • 34. Virginia:—Runaways.
    • 35. Virginia:—Apprehension of Runaways.
    • 36. Virginia:—Reward to the first taker up of runaways.
    • 37. Virginia:—Apprehension of Runaways. [§ 8.]
    • 38. Maryland:—Apprehension of runaways.
    • 39. New Jersey:—Fugitive servants and apprentices.
    • 40. Maryland:—Runaways.
    • 41. East New Jersey:—Fugitive servants.
    • 42. New Jersey:—Prevention of runaways.
    • 43. South Carolina.—Prevention of runaways.
    • 44. Virginia:—Repeal of law of 1663, September.
    • 45. East New Jersey:—Runaway servants. [§ 2.]
    • 46. Virginia: Law of 1670 amended.
    • 47. South Carolina:—Inhibition of trade with runaways.
    • 48. Pennsylvania:—Regulation of servants.
    • 49. New York:—Regulation of slaves.
    • 50. New York:—Punishment of runaways to Canada. [§ 8.]
    • 51. New York:—Act of 1702 revived.
    • 52. Virginia:—Runaway servants and slaves.
    • 53. Massachusetts Bay:—Regulation of free negroes. [§ 4.]
    • 54. South Carolina:—For the better ordering of slaves.
    • 55. New Jersey:—Regulation of slaves.
    • 56. New Jersey:—Regulation of white servants.
    • 57. Rhode Island:—Ferriage of runaways. [§ 4.]
    • 58. South Carolina:—Additional Act to Act of 1712.
    • 59. New York:—Act of 1705 revived. [§ 8.]
    • 60. North Carolina:—Servants and slaves.
    • 61. New Hampshire:—Runaway minors and servants.
    • 62. South Carolina:—Additional Act against runaways.
    • 63. Massachusetts Bay:—Transportation of apprentices and servants.
    • 64. South Carolina:—Regulation of Slaves.
    • 65. Pennsylvania:—Regulation of negroes.
    • 66. Virginia:—Earlier act amended.
    • 67. Connecticut:—Runaway servants and slaves.
    • 68. New York:—Slave insurrections, etc.
    • 69. South Carolina:—Regulation of slaves.
    • 70. Delaware:—Regulation of servants and slaves.
    • 71. Delaware:—Regulation of servants and slaves.
    • 72. South Carolina:—Regulation of slaves.
    • 73. North Carolina:—Entertainment of runaways, etc. [§ 3.]
    • 74. Virginia:—Ferriage of runaways.
    • 75. South Carolina: Act additional to Act of 1740.
    • 76. Rhode Island:—Assistance of runaways.
    • 77. North Carolina:—Slave stealing.
    • 78. Connecticut:—Escape of negroes and servants.
    • 79. Connecticut:—Pursuit of runaways.
    • 80. Pennsylvania:—Harboring fugitives.
  • APPENDIX B. NATIONAL ACTS AND PROPOSITIONS RELATIVE TO FUGITIVE SLAVES. 1778-1854.
    • Treaties and First Act.
      • 1. Fugitive clause in treaty with the Delawares.
      • 2. Fugitive clause in the treaty of peace. [§§ 13, 22.]
      • 3. Fugitive clauses in Indian treaties. [§ 13.]
      • 4. Fugitive clause in King's ordinance. [§ 14.]
      • 5. Fugitive clauses in Indian treaties. [§ 13.]
      • 6. Fugitive clause in Northwest Ordinance of 1787. [§ 14]
      • 7. Fugitive clause in the Constitution. [§ 15.]
      • 8. Clauses for returning fugitives in Indian treaties.
      • 9. First Fugitive Slave Act.
    • 1. Fugitive clause in treaty with the Delawares.
    • 2. Fugitive clause in the treaty of peace. [§§ 13, 22.]
    • 3. Fugitive clauses in Indian treaties. [§ 13.]
    • 4. Fugitive clause in King's ordinance. [§ 14.]
    • 5. Fugitive clauses in Indian treaties. [§ 13.]
    • 6. Fugitive clause in Northwest Ordinance of 1787. [§ 14]
    • 7. Fugitive clause in the Constitution. [§ 15.]
    • 8. Clauses for returning fugitives in Indian treaties.
    • 9. First Fugitive Slave Act.
    • Bills and Propositions.
      • 10. Abstract of amendatory bill on fugitives. [§ 19.]
      • 11. Restoration of slaves by Indian treaties. [§ 22.]
      • 12. Fugitive slave clause in the Treaty of Ghent. [§ 22].
      • 13. Amendments proposed to Pindall's bill. [§ 20]
      • 14. Provision for delivery on executive requisition. [§ 20.]
      • 15. Proposed limitation to four years. [§ 20.]
      • 16. Fugitive Slave clause in the Missouri Compromise. [§ 21.]
      • 17. Investigation into the Pennsylvania Act. [§ 21.]
      • 18. Maryland resolutions protesting against Pennsylvanians. [§ 21.]
      • 19. Assumption of claims on Indians for fugitives. [§ 22.]
      • 20. Calhoun's resolution on the status of slaves on the high seas. [§ 24.]
      • 21. Woodbridge resolution on extradition of slaves. [§ 23]
    • 10. Abstract of amendatory bill on fugitives. [§ 19.]
    • 11. Restoration of slaves by Indian treaties. [§ 22.]
    • 12. Fugitive slave clause in the Treaty of Ghent. [§ 22].
    • 13. Amendments proposed to Pindall's bill. [§ 20]
    • 14. Provision for delivery on executive requisition. [§ 20.]
    • 15. Proposed limitation to four years. [§ 20.]
    • 16. Fugitive Slave clause in the Missouri Compromise. [§ 21.]
    • 17. Investigation into the Pennsylvania Act. [§ 21.]
    • 18. Maryland resolutions protesting against Pennsylvanians. [§ 21.]
    • 19. Assumption of claims on Indians for fugitives. [§ 22.]
    • 20. Calhoun's resolution on the status of slaves on the high seas. [§ 24.]
    • 21. Woodbridge resolution on extradition of slaves. [§ 23]
    • Prigg Decision. Resolutions.
      • 22. Significant extracts from the Prigg decision. [§ 25.]
      • 23. Giddings's resolutions on the status of slaves on the high seas. [§ 24.]
      • 24. Benton's resolution on slaves escaping to Canada. [§ 23.]
      • 25. Giddings's resolution for the abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia. [§ 28.]
      • 26. Hall's repeal resolution for the District of Columbia. [§ 28.]
    • 22. Significant extracts from the Prigg decision. [§ 25.]
    • 23. Giddings's resolutions on the status of slaves on the high seas. [§ 24.]
    • 24. Benton's resolution on slaves escaping to Canada. [§ 23.]
    • 25. Giddings's resolution for the abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia. [§ 28.]
    • 26. Hall's repeal resolution for the District of Columbia. [§ 28.]
    • Resolutions. Bill of 1850.
      • 27. Giddings's resolution inquiring into the condition of the District of Columbia jail. [§ 28.]
      • 28. Giddings's resolution on the jail in the District of Columbia. [§ 28.]
      • 29. Meade's resolution on more effectual enforcement of the constitutional article on fugitive slaves. [§ 27.]
      • 30. Legislative history of the Fugitive Slave Act. [Jan. 3 to Sept. 18, § 29.]
    • 27. Giddings's resolution inquiring into the condition of the District of Columbia jail. [§ 28.]
    • 28. Giddings's resolution on the jail in the District of Columbia. [§ 28.]
    • 29. Meade's resolution on more effectual enforcement of the constitutional article on fugitive slaves. [§ 27.]
    • 30. Legislative history of the Fugitive Slave Act. [Jan. 3 to Sept. 18, § 29.]
    • Second Fugitive Slave Act.
      • 31. Second Fugitive Slave Act. [§§ 29, 30.]
    • 31. Second Fugitive Slave Act. [§§ 29, 30.]
    • Act of 1850. Resolutions.
      • 32. McLanahan's resolution against repeal of the law of 1850.
      • 33. Clay's resolution on the Shadrach case, Boston. [§ 51.]
      • 34. Bright's bill explanatory of law of 1850.
      • 35. Fitch's resolution affirming the Compromise.
      • 36. Jackson's resolution affirming the Compromise.
      • 37. Hillyer's finality resolution.
      • 38. Chase's resolution of inquiry into payments under act of 1850.
    • 32. McLanahan's resolution against repeal of the law of 1850.
    • 33. Clay's resolution on the Shadrach case, Boston. [§ 51.]
    • 34. Bright's bill explanatory of law of 1850.
    • 35. Fitch's resolution affirming the Compromise.
    • 36. Jackson's resolution affirming the Compromise.
    • 37. Hillyer's finality resolution.
    • 38. Chase's resolution of inquiry into payments under act of 1850.
  • APPENDIX C. NATIONAL ACTS AND PROPOSITIONS RELATING TO FUGITIVE SLAVES. 1860-1864.
    • 1. President Buchanan's message. [§ 86.]
      • 2. Cochrane's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 3. Morris's Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 4. Leake's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 5. Cox's Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 6. Stevenson's Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 7. Niblack's Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 8. English's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 9. McClernand's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 10. Hindman's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 11. Kilgore's Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 12. Johnson's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 13. Crittenden's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 14. Douglas's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
      • 15. Florence's Joint Resolution.
      • 16. Morris's Joint Resolution.
      • 17. Douglas's Bill to amend the Fugitive Slave Laws. [§ 101.]
      • 18. Florence's Joint Resolution.
      • 19. Kellogg's Joint Resolution.
      • 20. Kellogg's Joint Resolution.
      • 21. Kellogg's Joint Resolution.
      • 22. Peace Convention Amendment to the Constitution. [§ 85.]
      • 23. Clarence's Joint Resolution.
      • 24. Crittenden's Joint Resolution.
      • * 25. Compromise Bill to amend the Fugitive Slave Act. [§ 87.]
      • 26. Pugh's Joint Resolution.
      • 27. Johnson's Joint Resolution on the return of fugitives.
      • 28. Powell's Joint Resolution on the return of fugitive slaves.
      • 29. Lovejoy's Resolution against the return of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
      • 30. Trumbull's confiscation Bill. [§ 90.]
      • ** 31. Chandler's confiscation Act. [§ 90.]
      • 32. Wilson's Joint Resolution for discharge of fugitives from the Washington jail. [§ 97.]
      • * 33. Wilson's Resolution on repeal of the black code in the District of Columbia. [§ 97.]
      • * 34. Clark's Resolution on persons in Washington jail.
      • 35. Lovejoy's Bill to prevent return by the Army. [§ 95.]
      • * 36. Sumner's Resolution on Army orders relating to fugitive slaves.
      • 37. Trumbull's Confiscation Bill.
      • * 38. Fessenden's Resolution on the Washington jail. [§ 97.]
      • 39. Bingham's Resolution on the Washington jail. [§ 97.]
      • 40. Morrill's confiscation Joint Resolution. [§ 91.]
      • * 41. Hale's Resolution on the slaves of rebels. [§ 95.]
      • 42. Wilson's Bill for emancipation in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
      • * 43. Sumner's Resolution against the surrender of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
      • 44. Lovejoy's confiscation and emancipation Resolution. [§§ 91, 95.]
      • * 45. Julian's Resolution to amend the Fugitive Slave Law. [§ 95.]
      • 46. Shank's Resolution on the return of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
      • * 47. Wilson's Resolution for articles of war. [§ 95.]
      • 48. Wilson's Bill on the arrest of fugitives by the officers of the Army and Navy. [§ 95.]
      • 49. Howe's Bill for repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. [§ 101.]
      • 50. Davis's confiscation Bill.
      • ** 51. Grimes's Act on criminal justice in the District of Columbia [§ 97.]
      • 52. Trumbull's Bill for the confiscation of property of rebels and to free the slaves of rebels. [§ 91.]
      • 53. Amendments to Wilson's Bill on Army and Navy officers. [§ 95.]
      • 54. Wilson's District of Columbia Bill. [§ 98.]
      • * 55. Wilson's Resolution on the management of the Washington jail.
      • 56. Wilson's Bill to repeal the black code in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
      • 57. Amendments to the confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • ** 58. Blair's Act prohibiting return by the Army. [§ 95.]
      • 59. Harris's confiscation Bill. [§ 91]
      • 60. Report of House Judiciary Committee on confiscation.
      • 61. Wilson's Resolution on the return of fugitives by the Army and Navy.
      • * 62. Bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
      • 63. Sherman's Amendment to Harris's confiscation Bill.
      • 64. Wilson's Bill to amend the Fugitive Slave Act. [§ 101.]
      • *65. Bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
      • 66. Lovejoy's Bill on return of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
      • 67. Harris's confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • 68. House confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • 69. Eliot's confiscation and emancipation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • 70. Saulsbury's amendment of Wilson's Resolution.
      • 71. Harris's confiscation Bill recommitted. [§ 91.]
      • 72. Clark's confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • 73. Confiscation and emancipation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • 74. Sumner's Resolution on fugitive slaves.
      • 75. Emancipation Bill.
      • 76. Julian's Bill to repeal the Fugitive Slave Act. [§ 101.]
      • 77. Colfax's Resolution demanding trial by jury for fugitives.
      • *78. Bill for emancipation of fugitives from disloyal masters. [§ 91.]
      • ** 79. Progress of the confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
      • 80. Bills for the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act. [§§ 101-103.]
      • 81. Saulsbury's substitute on the validity of personal liberty laws in the States, etc.
      • 82. Discussion of the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law. [§ 101.]
      • ** 83. Act repealing the Fugitive Slave Acts. [§§ 101-104.]
    • 2. Cochrane's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 3. Morris's Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 4. Leake's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 5. Cox's Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 6. Stevenson's Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 7. Niblack's Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 8. English's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 9. McClernand's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 10. Hindman's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 11. Kilgore's Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 12. Johnson's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 13. Crittenden's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 14. Douglas's Joint Resolution. [§ 86.]
    • 15. Florence's Joint Resolution.
    • 16. Morris's Joint Resolution.
    • 17. Douglas's Bill to amend the Fugitive Slave Laws. [§ 101.]
    • 18. Florence's Joint Resolution.
    • 19. Kellogg's Joint Resolution.
    • 20. Kellogg's Joint Resolution.
    • 21. Kellogg's Joint Resolution.
    • 22. Peace Convention Amendment to the Constitution. [§ 85.]
    • 23. Clarence's Joint Resolution.
    • 24. Crittenden's Joint Resolution.
    • * 25. Compromise Bill to amend the Fugitive Slave Act. [§ 87.]
    • 26. Pugh's Joint Resolution.
    • 27. Johnson's Joint Resolution on the return of fugitives.
    • 28. Powell's Joint Resolution on the return of fugitive slaves.
    • 29. Lovejoy's Resolution against the return of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
    • 30. Trumbull's confiscation Bill. [§ 90.]
    • ** 31. Chandler's confiscation Act. [§ 90.]
    • 32. Wilson's Joint Resolution for discharge of fugitives from the Washington jail. [§ 97.]
    • * 33. Wilson's Resolution on repeal of the black code in the District of Columbia. [§ 97.]
    • * 34. Clark's Resolution on persons in Washington jail.
    • 35. Lovejoy's Bill to prevent return by the Army. [§ 95.]
    • * 36. Sumner's Resolution on Army orders relating to fugitive slaves.
    • 37. Trumbull's Confiscation Bill.
    • * 38. Fessenden's Resolution on the Washington jail. [§ 97.]
    • 39. Bingham's Resolution on the Washington jail. [§ 97.]
    • 40. Morrill's confiscation Joint Resolution. [§ 91.]
    • * 41. Hale's Resolution on the slaves of rebels. [§ 95.]
    • 42. Wilson's Bill for emancipation in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
    • * 43. Sumner's Resolution against the surrender of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
    • 44. Lovejoy's confiscation and emancipation Resolution. [§§ 91, 95.]
    • * 45. Julian's Resolution to amend the Fugitive Slave Law. [§ 95.]
    • 46. Shank's Resolution on the return of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
    • * 47. Wilson's Resolution for articles of war. [§ 95.]
    • 48. Wilson's Bill on the arrest of fugitives by the officers of the Army and Navy. [§ 95.]
    • 49. Howe's Bill for repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. [§ 101.]
    • 50. Davis's confiscation Bill.
    • ** 51. Grimes's Act on criminal justice in the District of Columbia [§ 97.]
    • 52. Trumbull's Bill for the confiscation of property of rebels and to free the slaves of rebels. [§ 91.]
    • 53. Amendments to Wilson's Bill on Army and Navy officers. [§ 95.]
    • 54. Wilson's District of Columbia Bill. [§ 98.]
    • * 55. Wilson's Resolution on the management of the Washington jail.
    • 56. Wilson's Bill to repeal the black code in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
    • 57. Amendments to the confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • ** 58. Blair's Act prohibiting return by the Army. [§ 95.]
    • 59. Harris's confiscation Bill. [§ 91]
    • 60. Report of House Judiciary Committee on confiscation.
    • 61. Wilson's Resolution on the return of fugitives by the Army and Navy.
    • * 62. Bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
    • 63. Sherman's Amendment to Harris's confiscation Bill.
    • 64. Wilson's Bill to amend the Fugitive Slave Act. [§ 101.]
    • *65. Bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. [§ 98.]
    • 66. Lovejoy's Bill on return of fugitives by the Army. [§ 95.]
    • 67. Harris's confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • 68. House confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • 69. Eliot's confiscation and emancipation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • 70. Saulsbury's amendment of Wilson's Resolution.
    • 71. Harris's confiscation Bill recommitted. [§ 91.]
    • 72. Clark's confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • 73. Confiscation and emancipation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • 74. Sumner's Resolution on fugitive slaves.
    • 75. Emancipation Bill.
    • 76. Julian's Bill to repeal the Fugitive Slave Act. [§ 101.]
    • 77. Colfax's Resolution demanding trial by jury for fugitives.
    • *78. Bill for emancipation of fugitives from disloyal masters. [§ 91.]
    • ** 79. Progress of the confiscation Bill. [§ 91.]
    • 80. Bills for the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act. [§§ 101-103.]
    • 81. Saulsbury's substitute on the validity of personal liberty laws in the States, etc.
    • 82. Discussion of the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law. [§ 101.]
    • ** 83. Act repealing the Fugitive Slave Acts. [§§ 101-104.]
  • APPENDIX D. LIST OF IMPORTANT FUGITIVE SLAVE CASES.
    • 1. New Netherlands and Hartford controversy. [§ 11.]
      • 2. Escape to Manhattan. [§ 7.]
      • 3. Escape of white servants to Cape May. [§ 9.]
      • 4. Escape to the Indians. [§ 8.]
      • 5. Escape from English to French. [§ 11.]
      • 6. Crispus Attucks. [§ 5.]
      • 7. Glasgow. [§ 12.]
      • 8. Shanley v. Haney. [§ 12.]
      • 9. Somersett case. [§ 12.]
      • 10. Ship Friendship, case of. [§ 5.]
      • 11. John. [§ 17.]
      • 12. Quincy's case. [§ 34.]
      • 13. Washington's slave. [§ 35.]
      • 14. North Carolina fugitives. [§ 19.]
      • 15. Columbia case.
      • 16. Solomon Northup. [§ 38.]
      • 17. Williams case.
      • 18. Prigg case. [§ 27.]
      • 19. Kidnapping of Jones. [§ 37.]
      • 20. Chickasaw rescue. [§ 42.]
      • 21. Schooner Boston case. [§ 47.]
      • 22. Philadelphia. [§ 43.]
      • 23. Escape of Douglass. [§§ 68, 75.]
      • 24. Isaac Gansey case. [§ 47.]
      • 25. Van Zandt case. [§ 50.]
      • 26. Oberlin case. [§ 50.]
      • 27. Thompson case.
      • 28. Latimer case. [§ 44.]
      • 29. Goin case.
      • 30. Thomas case.
      • 31. Walker case. [§ 50.]
      • 32. Smithburg.
      • 33. Kirk case.
      • 34. Brig Ottoman. [§ 45.]
      • 35. Kennedy case. [§ 43.]
      • 36. Slaves on board Brazilian ship.
      • 37. Ohio and Kentucky controversy. [§ 48]
      • 38. South Bend case.
      • 39. Brig Wm. Purrington.
      • 40. Drayton and Sayres. [§ 50.]
      • 41. Crafts escape. [§ 69.]
      • 42. Washington case. [§ 39.]
      • 43. Hamlet case. [§ 53.]
      • 44. Gannett case.
      • 45. Gibson case.
      • 46. Case in Pennsylvania.
      • 47. Sims case. [§ 54.]
      • 48. Shadrach case. [§ 57.]
      • 49. Christiana case. [§ 60.]
      • 50. Miller. [§ 61.]
      • 51. Jerry case. [§ 58.]
      • 52. Parker rescue.
      • 53. Brig Florence.
      • 54. Lewis case.
      • 55. Glover case.
      • 56. Bath.
      • 57. Burns case. [§ 55.]
      • 58. Garner. [§ 56]
      • 59. Williamson case.
      • 60. Johnson case.
      • 61. Gatchell case.
      • 62. Oberlin-Wellington case. [§ 59]
      • 63. John Brown's Raid. [§ 62.]
      • 64. Nalle case.
      • 65. Anderson case. [§ 23.]
      • 66. Wisdom case. [§ 91.]
      • 67. Major Sherwood's servant. [§ 91.]
      • 68. Norfolk case.
      • 69. Archer Alexander.
    • 2. Escape to Manhattan. [§ 7.]
    • 3. Escape of white servants to Cape May. [§ 9.]
    • 4. Escape to the Indians. [§ 8.]
    • 5. Escape from English to French. [§ 11.]
    • 6. Crispus Attucks. [§ 5.]
    • 7. Glasgow. [§ 12.]
    • 8. Shanley v. Haney. [§ 12.]
    • 9. Somersett case. [§ 12.]
    • 10. Ship Friendship, case of. [§ 5.]
    • 11. John. [§ 17.]
    • 12. Quincy's case. [§ 34.]
    • 13. Washington's slave. [§ 35.]
    • 14. North Carolina fugitives. [§ 19.]
    • 15. Columbia case.
    • 16. Solomon Northup. [§ 38.]
    • 17. Williams case.
    • 18. Prigg case. [§ 27.]
    • 19. Kidnapping of Jones. [§ 37.]
    • 20. Chickasaw rescue. [§ 42.]
    • 21. Schooner Boston case. [§ 47.]
    • 22. Philadelphia. [§ 43.]
    • 23. Escape of Douglass. [§§ 68, 75.]
    • 24. Isaac Gansey case. [§ 47.]
    • 25. Van Zandt case. [§ 50.]
    • 26. Oberlin case. [§ 50.]
    • 27. Thompson case.
    • 28. Latimer case. [§ 44.]
    • 29. Goin case.
    • 30. Thomas case.
    • 31. Walker case. [§ 50.]
    • 32. Smithburg.
    • 33. Kirk case.
    • 34. Brig Ottoman. [§ 45.]
    • 35. Kennedy case. [§ 43.]
    • 36. Slaves on board Brazilian ship.
    • 37. Ohio and Kentucky controversy. [§ 48]
    • 38. South Bend case.
    • 39. Brig Wm. Purrington.
    • 40. Drayton and Sayres. [§ 50.]
    • 41. Crafts escape. [§ 69.]
    • 42. Washington case. [§ 39.]
    • 43. Hamlet case. [§ 53.]
    • 44. Gannett case.
    • 45. Gibson case.
    • 46. Case in Pennsylvania.
    • 47. Sims case. [§ 54.]
    • 48. Shadrach case. [§ 57.]
    • 49. Christiana case. [§ 60.]
    • 50. Miller. [§ 61.]
    • 51. Jerry case. [§ 58.]
    • 52. Parker rescue.
    • 53. Brig Florence.
    • 54. Lewis case.
    • 55. Glover case.
    • 56. Bath.
    • 57. Burns case. [§ 55.]
    • 58. Garner. [§ 56]
    • 59. Williamson case.
    • 60. Johnson case.
    • 61. Gatchell case.
    • 62. Oberlin-Wellington case. [§ 59]
    • 63. John Brown's Raid. [§ 62.]
    • 64. Nalle case.
    • 65. Anderson case. [§ 23.]
    • 66. Wisdom case. [§ 91.]
    • 67. Major Sherwood's servant. [§ 91.]
    • 68. Norfolk case.
    • 69. Archer Alexander.
  • APPENDIX E. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF FUGITIVE SLAVE CASES AND FUGITIVE SLAVE LEGISLATION.
    • 1. Sources of information.
      • 2. Libraries.
      • 3. Secondary works.
      • 4. Biographies.
      • 5. Original sources.
      • 6. Slave autobiographies.
      • 7. Records of trials.
      • 8. Speeches.
      • 9. Reminiscences.
      • 10. Reports of societies.
      • 11. Periodicals and newspapers.
      • 12. Materials bearing on legislation.
      • 13. Alphabetical list of works.
    • 2. Libraries.
    • 3. Secondary works.
    • 4. Biographies.
    • 5. Original sources.
    • 6. Slave autobiographies.
    • 7. Records of trials.
    • 8. Speeches.
    • 9. Reminiscences.
    • 10. Reports of societies.
    • 11. Periodicals and newspapers.
    • 12. Materials bearing on legislation.
    • 13. Alphabetical list of works.
  • INDEX.
  • FOOTNOTES.
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