The Recent Revolution in Organ Building Being an Account of Modern Developments
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The Recent Revolution in Organ Building Being an Account of Modern Developments

By George Laing Miller
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Table of Contents
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook, The Recent Revolution in Organ Building, by George Laing Miller
    • E-text prepared by Al Haines
      • The Organ in St. George's Hall, Liverpool, Eng. Built by Henry Willis in 1855. Rebuilt 1867 and 1898. The White Marble Bust Seen in Front is That of W. T. Best.
    • The Organ in St. George's Hall, Liverpool, Eng. Built by Henry Willis in 1855. Rebuilt 1867 and 1898. The White Marble Bust Seen in Front is That of W. T. Best.
  • The Recent Revolution in Organ Building
    • Being an Account of Modern Developments
      • By
    • By
    • GEORGE LAING MILLER
      • SECOND EDITION
        • NEW YORK THE CHARLES FRANCIS PRESS 1913
      • NEW YORK THE CHARLES FRANCIS PRESS 1913
    • SECOND EDITION
      • NEW YORK THE CHARLES FRANCIS PRESS 1913
    • NEW YORK THE CHARLES FRANCIS PRESS 1913
    • FOREWORD
    • CONTENTS
      • CHAPTER I
      • CHAPTER II
      • CHAPTER III
      • CHAPTER IV
      • CHAPTER V
      • CHAPTER VI
      • CHAPTER VII
      • CHAPTER VIII
      • CHAPTER IX
      • CHAPTER X
      • CHAPTER XI
      • CHAPTER XII
      • CHAPTER XIII
      • CHAPTER XIV
    • CHAPTER I
    • CHAPTER II
    • CHAPTER III
    • CHAPTER IV
    • CHAPTER V
    • CHAPTER VI
    • CHAPTER VII
    • CHAPTER VIII
    • CHAPTER IX
    • CHAPTER X
    • CHAPTER XI
    • CHAPTER XII
    • CHAPTER XIII
    • CHAPTER XIV
    • INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS
  • THE RECENT REVOLUTION IN ORGAN BUILDING
    • CHAPTER I.
      • AS IT WAS IN THE BEGINNING.
      • Pre-historic Double Flutes. From Assyrian and Egyptian Tombs
      • CHAPTER II.
      • THE ORGAN IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
      • Fig. 1. The Wind-chest. Front View
      • Fig. 2. The Wind-chest. Side View
      • CHAPTER III.
      • THE DAWN OF A NEW ERA—THE PNEUMATIC LEVER.
      • Fig. 3. The Pneumatic Lever
      • Fig. 4. Nomenclature of Organ Keyboard
      • PROSPER-ANTOINE MOITESSIER, INVENTOR OF TUBULAR PNEUMATIC ACTION
      • CHAPTER IV.
      • PNEUMATIC AND ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC ACTIONS.
      • TUBULAR PNEUMATICS.[1]
      • Fig. 5. Tubular Pneumatic Action
      • THE CRYING NEED FOR ELECTRIC ACTION.
      • The First Electric Organ Ever Built. In the Collegiate Church at Salon, Near Marseilles, France (1866).
      • DESCRIPTION OF THE ELECTRIC ACTION.
      • Fig. 6. The Electro-Pneumatic Lever
      • Fig. 7. Valve and Valve Seat, Hope-Jones Electric Action
      • DIVISION OF ORGANS.
      • OCTAVE COUPLERS.
      • DR. ALBERT PESCHARD. Inventor of Electro-Pneumatic Action.
      • CHAPTER V.
      • STOP-KEYS.
      • Fig. 8. Console, Showing the Inclined Keyboards First Introduced Into This Country by Robert Hope-Jones
      • Fig. 9. Console on the Bennett System, Showing Indicator Discs
      • Fig. 10. Console of Organ in Trinity Church, Boston, Mass. Built by Hutchings Organ Co.
      • Fig. 11. Console of Organ in College of City of New York. Built by The E. M. Skinner Co.
      • CONTROL OF THE STOPS.
      • CHAPTER VI.
      • RADIATING AND CONCAVE PEDAL BOARDS.
      • PEDAL STOP CONTROL.
      • CHAPTER VII.
      • MEANS OF OBTAINING EXPRESSION.
      • CRESCENDO PEDAL.
      • SFORZANDO PEDAL—DOUBLE TOUCH.
      • BALANCED SWELL PEDAL
      • SWELL BOXES.
      • Fig. 12. The Principle of the Sound Trap
      • Fig. 13. Sound Trap Joint
      • Figs. 14-15. The Vacuum Shutter
      • CHAPTER VIII.
      • A REVOLUTION IN WIND SUPPLY.
      • BELLOWS SPRINGS VERSUS WEIGHTS.
      • INDIVIDUAL PALLETS.
      • HEAVY WIND PRESSURES.
      • MECHANICAL BLOWERS.
      • CHAPTER IX.
      • TRANSFERENCE OF STOPS.
      • CHAPTER X.
      • THE PRODUCTION OF ORGAN TONE.
      • Series of harmonics
      • Fig. 16. Estey's Open Bass Pipes—Wood and Metal
      • DIAPASONS.
      • Fig. 17. Diapason Pipe with Leathered Lip
      • THE DECLINE OF MIXTURES.
      • FLUTES.
      • STRINGS.
      • REEDS.
      • Fig. 18. Haskell's Clarinet Without Reed
      • Fig. 19. Diagram of Reed Pipe
      • Fig. 20. Vox Humana with Vowel Cavity Attached. Fig. 21. Orchestral Oboe with Vowel Cavity Attached Fig. 22. Kinura with Vowel Cavity Attached
      • UNDULATING STOPS—CELESTES.
      • PERCUSSION STOPS.
      • THE DIAPHONE.
      • Fig. 23. Diaphone in Worcester Cathedral, Eng.
      • Fig. 24. Diaphone in Aberdeen University.
      • Figs. 25, 26, 27. Diaphone in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York
      • Fig. 28. Diaphone in the Auditorium, Ocean Grove, N. J.
      • Fig. 29. Diaphone in St. Paul's Cathedral, Buffalo, N. Y.
      • Fig. 30. Diaphone Producing Foundation Tone
      • CHAPTER XI.
      • TUNING.
      • NEW METHOD OF REED TUNING.
      • Figs. 31-35. New Method of Tuning Reeds
      • CHAPTER XII.
      • PROGRESS OF THE REVOLUTION IN OUR OWN COUNTRY.
      • ARISTIDE CAVAILLE-COLL.
      • CHAPTER XIII.
      • THE CHIEF ACTORS IN THE DRAMA.
      • CHARLES SPACHMAN BARKER,
      • CHARLES SPACHMAN BARKER.
      • ARISTIDE CAVAILLE-COLL.
      • HENRY WILLIS.
      • Henry Willis
      • ROBERT HOPE-JONES.
      • Robert Hope-Jones
      • CHAPTER XIV.
      • HOW WE STAND TO-DAY.
      • AUTOMATIC PLAYERS.
      • ORGAN IN ST. GEORGE'S HALL, LIVERPOOL, ENG.
      • Keyboards of Organ in St. George's Hall, Liverpool. Two Rows of Stops at Left Omitted
      • ORGAN IN THE CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE-DAME, PARIS, FRANCE.
      • Keyboards, Cathedral Notre Dame, Paris
      • ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL ORGAN, LONDON, ENG.
      • WESTMINSTER ABBEY ORGAN, LONDON, ENG.
      • The Console, Westminster Abbey
      • ORGAN IN THE MANSION OF J. MARTIN WHITE, ESQ., BALRUDDERY, SCOTLAND
      • Organ in Hall of Balruddery Mansion, Dundee, Scotland
      • ORGAN IN WORCESTER CATHEDRAL, ENGLAND.
      • ORGAN IN WOOLSEY HALL, YALE UNIVERSITY, NEW HAVEN, CONN.
      • ORGAN IN ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL, BUFFALO, N. Y.
      • ORGAN KNOWN AS THE HOPE-JONES UNIT ORCHESTRA, IN THE PARIS THEATRE, DENVER, COLORADO.
      • The Author Playing a Hope-Jones Unit Orchestra.
      • CATHEDRAL OF ST. JOHN THE DIVINE, NEW YORK CITY.
      • ORGAN IN UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, CANADA.
      • CITY HALL, PORTLAND, MAINE.
      • LIVERPOOL CATHEDRAL, ENGLAND.
    • AS IT WAS IN THE BEGINNING.
    • Pre-historic Double Flutes. From Assyrian and Egyptian Tombs
    • CHAPTER II.
    • THE ORGAN IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
    • Fig. 1. The Wind-chest. Front View
    • Fig. 2. The Wind-chest. Side View
    • CHAPTER III.
    • THE DAWN OF A NEW ERA—THE PNEUMATIC LEVER.
    • Fig. 3. The Pneumatic Lever
    • Fig. 4. Nomenclature of Organ Keyboard
    • PROSPER-ANTOINE MOITESSIER, INVENTOR OF TUBULAR PNEUMATIC ACTION
    • CHAPTER IV.
    • PNEUMATIC AND ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC ACTIONS.
    • TUBULAR PNEUMATICS.[1]
    • Fig. 5. Tubular Pneumatic Action
    • THE CRYING NEED FOR ELECTRIC ACTION.
    • The First Electric Organ Ever Built. In the Collegiate Church at Salon, Near Marseilles, France (1866).
    • DESCRIPTION OF THE ELECTRIC ACTION.
    • Fig. 6. The Electro-Pneumatic Lever
    • Fig. 7. Valve and Valve Seat, Hope-Jones Electric Action
    • DIVISION OF ORGANS.
    • OCTAVE COUPLERS.
    • DR. ALBERT PESCHARD. Inventor of Electro-Pneumatic Action.
    • CHAPTER V.
    • STOP-KEYS.
    • Fig. 8. Console, Showing the Inclined Keyboards First Introduced Into This Country by Robert Hope-Jones
    • Fig. 9. Console on the Bennett System, Showing Indicator Discs
    • Fig. 10. Console of Organ in Trinity Church, Boston, Mass. Built by Hutchings Organ Co.
    • Fig. 11. Console of Organ in College of City of New York. Built by The E. M. Skinner Co.
    • CONTROL OF THE STOPS.
    • CHAPTER VI.
    • RADIATING AND CONCAVE PEDAL BOARDS.
    • PEDAL STOP CONTROL.
    • CHAPTER VII.
    • MEANS OF OBTAINING EXPRESSION.
    • CRESCENDO PEDAL.
    • SFORZANDO PEDAL—DOUBLE TOUCH.
    • BALANCED SWELL PEDAL
    • SWELL BOXES.
    • Fig. 12. The Principle of the Sound Trap
    • Fig. 13. Sound Trap Joint
    • Figs. 14-15. The Vacuum Shutter
    • CHAPTER VIII.
    • A REVOLUTION IN WIND SUPPLY.
    • BELLOWS SPRINGS VERSUS WEIGHTS.
    • INDIVIDUAL PALLETS.
    • HEAVY WIND PRESSURES.
    • MECHANICAL BLOWERS.
    • CHAPTER IX.
    • TRANSFERENCE OF STOPS.
    • CHAPTER X.
    • THE PRODUCTION OF ORGAN TONE.
    • Series of harmonics
    • Fig. 16. Estey's Open Bass Pipes—Wood and Metal
    • DIAPASONS.
    • Fig. 17. Diapason Pipe with Leathered Lip
    • THE DECLINE OF MIXTURES.
    • FLUTES.
    • STRINGS.
    • REEDS.
    • Fig. 18. Haskell's Clarinet Without Reed
    • Fig. 19. Diagram of Reed Pipe
    • Fig. 20. Vox Humana with Vowel Cavity Attached. Fig. 21. Orchestral Oboe with Vowel Cavity Attached Fig. 22. Kinura with Vowel Cavity Attached
    • UNDULATING STOPS—CELESTES.
    • PERCUSSION STOPS.
    • THE DIAPHONE.
    • Fig. 23. Diaphone in Worcester Cathedral, Eng.
    • Fig. 24. Diaphone in Aberdeen University.
    • Figs. 25, 26, 27. Diaphone in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York
    • Fig. 28. Diaphone in the Auditorium, Ocean Grove, N. J.
    • Fig. 29. Diaphone in St. Paul's Cathedral, Buffalo, N. Y.
    • Fig. 30. Diaphone Producing Foundation Tone
    • CHAPTER XI.
    • TUNING.
    • NEW METHOD OF REED TUNING.
    • Figs. 31-35. New Method of Tuning Reeds
    • CHAPTER XII.
    • PROGRESS OF THE REVOLUTION IN OUR OWN COUNTRY.
    • ARISTIDE CAVAILLE-COLL.
    • CHAPTER XIII.
    • THE CHIEF ACTORS IN THE DRAMA.
    • CHARLES SPACHMAN BARKER,
    • CHARLES SPACHMAN BARKER.
    • ARISTIDE CAVAILLE-COLL.
    • HENRY WILLIS.
    • Henry Willis
    • ROBERT HOPE-JONES.
    • Robert Hope-Jones
    • CHAPTER XIV.
    • HOW WE STAND TO-DAY.
    • AUTOMATIC PLAYERS.
    • ORGAN IN ST. GEORGE'S HALL, LIVERPOOL, ENG.
    • Keyboards of Organ in St. George's Hall, Liverpool. Two Rows of Stops at Left Omitted
    • ORGAN IN THE CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE-DAME, PARIS, FRANCE.
    • Keyboards, Cathedral Notre Dame, Paris
    • ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL ORGAN, LONDON, ENG.
    • WESTMINSTER ABBEY ORGAN, LONDON, ENG.
    • The Console, Westminster Abbey
    • ORGAN IN THE MANSION OF J. MARTIN WHITE, ESQ., BALRUDDERY, SCOTLAND
    • Organ in Hall of Balruddery Mansion, Dundee, Scotland
    • ORGAN IN WORCESTER CATHEDRAL, ENGLAND.
    • ORGAN IN WOOLSEY HALL, YALE UNIVERSITY, NEW HAVEN, CONN.
    • ORGAN IN ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL, BUFFALO, N. Y.
    • ORGAN KNOWN AS THE HOPE-JONES UNIT ORCHESTRA, IN THE PARIS THEATRE, DENVER, COLORADO.
    • The Author Playing a Hope-Jones Unit Orchestra.
    • CATHEDRAL OF ST. JOHN THE DIVINE, NEW YORK CITY.
    • ORGAN IN UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, CANADA.
    • CITY HALL, PORTLAND, MAINE.
    • LIVERPOOL CATHEDRAL, ENGLAND.
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