The Chemistry of Plant Life
Free

The Chemistry of Plant Life

By Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • AGRICULTURAL AND BIOLOGICAL PUBLICATIONS
  • THE CHEMISTRY OF PLANT LIFE
  • THE CHEMISTRY OF PLANT LIFE
    • BY
    • ROSCOE W. THATCHER, M.A., D.Agr. Dean of the Department of Agriculture and Director of the Agricultural Experiment Stations. University of Minnesota (formerly Professor of Plant Chemistry. University of Minnesota)
      • McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, Inc. NEW YORK: 370 SEVENTH AVENUE LONDON: 6 & 8 BOUVERIE ST., E. C. 4 1921
    • Preface
    • CONTENTS
    • INTRODUCTION
  • CHEMISTRY OF PLANT LIFE
    • CHAPTER I
      • PLANT NUTRIENTS
      • PLANT FOOD ELEMENTS
      • AVAILABLE AND UNAVAILABLE FORMS
      • THE VALUE OF THE SOIL ELEMENTS AS PLANT FOOD
      • RÔLE OF PLANT FOOD ELEMENTS IN PLANT GROWTH
      • INORGANIC PLANT TOXINS AND STIMULANTS
      • References
    • CHAPTER II
      • THE ORGANIC COMPONENTS OF PLANTS
      • TYPES OF CHEMICAL CHANGES INVOLVED IN PLANT GROWTH
      • GROUPS OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FOUND IN PLANTS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES AND BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF THE ORGANIC COMPONENT GROUPS
    • CHAPTER III
      • PHOTOSYNTHESIS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL STEPS IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS
      • FORMALDEHYDE, THE SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE STRUCTURE
      • THE CONDENSATION OF FORMALDEHYDE INTO SUGARS
      • THEORIES CONCERNING PHOTOSYNTHESIS
      • THE PRODUCTION OF SUGARS AND STARCHES
      • References
    • CHAPTER IV
      • CARBOHYDRATES
      • GROUPS OF CARBOHYDRATES
      • ISOMERIC FORMS OF MONOSACCHARIDES
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHEMICAL CONSTITUTION OF MONOSACCHARIDES
      • CHARACTERISTIC REACTIONS OF HEXOSES
      • THE OCCURRENCE AND PROPERTIES OF MONOSACCHARIDES
      • DISACCHARIDES
      • TRISACCHARIDES
      • TETRASACCHARIDES
      • THE RELATION OF THE MOLECULAR CONFIGURATION OF SUGARS TO THEIR BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
      • POLYSACCHARIDES
      • (A) The Dextrosans
      • (B) Levulosans
      • (C) Mannosans, or Mannans
      • (D) Galactans
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USE AND BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF CARBOHYDRATES
      • REFERENCES
    • CHAPTER V
      • GUMS, PECTINS, AND CELLULOSES
      • THE NATURAL GUMS AND PENTOSANS
      • MUCILAGES
      • PECTINS
      • CELLULOSES
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USE OF CELLULOSES
      • REFERENCES
    • CHAPTER VI
      • GLUCOSIDES
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • HYDROLYSIS OF THE NATURAL GLUCOSIDES
      • GENERAL PROPERTIES OF GLUCOSIDES
      • THE PHENOL GLUCOSIDES
      • THE ALCOHOL GLUCOSIDES
      • THE ALDEHYDE GLUCOSIDES
      • THE ACID GLUCOSIDES
      • THE OXY-CUMARIN GLUCOSIDES
      • THE PIGMENT GLUCOSIDES
      • THE CYANOPHORE GLUCOSIDES
      • THE MUSTARD OIL GLUCOSIDES
      • TEE DIGITALIS GLUCOSIDES
      • THE SAPONINS
      • THE PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF GLUCOSIDES
      • BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF GLUCOSIDES
      • References.
    • CHAPTER VII
      • TANNINS
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • OCCURRENCE
      • CHEMICAL CONSTITUTION
      • CLASSES OF TANNINS
      • SOME COMMON TANNINS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF TANNINS
      • BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF TANNINS IN FRUITS
      • References.
    • CHAPTER VIII
      • PIGMENTS
      • THE CHLOROPHYLLS
      • THE CONSTITUTION OF THE CHLOROPHYLLS
      • SIMILARITY OF CHLOROPHYLL AND HÆMOGLOBIN
      • PROPERTIES OF THE CHLOROPHYLLS
      • THE CAROTINOIDS
      • PHYCOERYTHRIN AND PHYCOPHÆIN
      • THE ANTHOCYANS
      • THE ANTHOXANTHINS
      • THE PRODUCTION OF ORNAMENTAL PIGMENTS IN FLOWERS, ETC.
      • THE PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF PIGMENTS
      • BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ORNAMENTAL PIGMENTS
      • References.
    • CHAPTER IX
      • ORGANIC ACIDS, ACID SALTS, AND ESTERS
      • CHEMICAL CONSTITUTION
      • SOME COMMON ORGANIC ACIDS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF ORGANIC ACIDS
      • BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF FRUIT ACIDS, ETC.
    • CHAPTER X
      • FATS AND OILS, WAXES, AND LIPOIDS
      • A. FATS AND OILS
      • OCCURRENCE
      • CHEMICAL CONSTITUTION
      • THE ACIDS WHICH OCCUR IN NATURAL FATS
      • THE ALCOHOLS WHICH OCCUR IN NATURAL FATS
      • HYDROLYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF FATS
      • THE EXTRACTION OF OILS FROM PLANT TISSUES
      • IDENTIFICATION OF FATS AND OILS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USE OF FATS AND OILS
      • B. THE WAXES
      • C. THE LIPOIDS
      • LECITHIN
      • OTHER PLANT PHOSPHATIDES
      • PLANT CEREBROSIDES
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF LIPOIDS
      • References.
    • CHAPTER XI
      • ESSENTIAL OILS AND RESINS
      • THE ESSENTIAL OILS
      • THE RESINS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES AND BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ESSENTIAL OILS
      • References.
    • CHAPTER XII
      • THE VEGETABLE BASES
      • THE PLANT AMINES
      • ALKALOIDS
      • THE PURINE BASES
      • THE PYRIMIDINE BASES
      • THE NUCLEIC ACIDS
      • References
    • CHAPTER XIII
      • PROTEINS
      • GENERAL COMPOSITION OF PROTEINS
      • AMINO-ACIDS AND PEPTID UNITS
      • INDIVIDUAL AMINO-ACIDS FROM PROTEINS
      • COMPOSITION OF PLANT PROTEINS
      • GENERAL PROPERTIES OF THE PROTEINS
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE CLASSIFICATION OF THE PROTEINS
      • DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANT AND ANIMAL PROTEINS
      • THE EXTRACTION OF PROTEINS FROM PLANT TISSUES
      • THE SYNTHESIS OF PROTEINS IN PLANTS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF PROTEINS
      • References
    • CHAPTER XIV
      • ENZYMES AND THEIR ACTION
      • ENZYMES AS CATALYSTS
      • GENERAL PROPERTIES OF ENZYMES
      • THE CHEMICAL NATURE OF ENZYMES
      • NOMENCLATURE AND CLASSIFICATION
      • OCCURRENCE AND PREPARATION FOR STUDY
      • THE NATURE OF ENZYME ACTION
      • ACTIVATORS AND INHIBITORS
      • COENZYMES AND ANTIENZYMES
      • ZYMOGENS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL USES OF ENZYMES
      • FURTHER STUDIES NEEDED
      • References
    • CHAPTER XV
      • THE COLLOIDAL CONDITION
      • THE COLLOIDAL CONDITION A DISPERSION PHENOMENON
      • NOMENCLATURE AND CLASSIFICATION
      • CONDITIONS NECESSARY TO THE FORMATION OF SOLS
      • GEL-FORMATION
      • GENERAL PROPERTIES OF COLLOIDAL SOLUTIONS
      • ADSORPTION
      • CATALYSIS AFFECTED BY THE COLLOIDAL CONDITION
      • INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF COLLOIDAL PHENOMENA
      • NATURAL COLLOIDAL PHENOMENA
      • References
    • CHAPTER XVI
      • THE PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY OF PROTOPLASM
      • HETEROGENEOUS STRUCTURE OF THE CELL
      • WATER
      • SALTS
      • OSMOTIC PRESSURE
      • SURFACE BOUNDARY PHENOMENA
      • ELECTRICAL PHENOMENA OF PROTOPLASM
      • ACIDITY OR ALKALINITY OF PROTOPLASM
      • SUMMARY
      • References
    • CHAPTER XVII
      • HORMONES, AUXIMONES, VITAMINES, AND TOXINS
      • HORMONES
      • VITAMINES
      • AUXIMONES
      • TOXINS
    • CHAPTER XVIII
      • ADAPTATIONS
      • TYPES OF ADAPTATIONS
      • CHROMATIC ADAPTATIONS
      • STRUCTURAL ADAPTATIONS
      • PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS
      • CONCLUDING STATEMENTS
    • INDEX
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