Identification of the Larger Fungi
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Identification of the Larger Fungi

By Roy Watling
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • IDENTIFICATION OF THE LARGER FUNGI
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • INTRODUCTION
    • Where to look
    • Collecting
    • Examination
    • Microscopic examination
  • Key to the major classes of Larger Fungi
    • Key to major groups based on character of basidium and fruit-body shape
  • A. AGARICS AND THEIR RELATIVES
    • Key to major genera
    • (i) Agarics of woodlands and copses
      • (a) Mycorrhizal formers
      • (b) Parasites
      • (c) Saprophytes—wood inhabiting or lignicolous agarics
      • (d) Saprophytes—terrestrial agarics
    • (ii) Agarics of Pastures and Meadows
      • (a) Agarics of rough and hill pastures
      • (b) Agarics of chalk-grassland and rich uplands
      • (c) Agarics of meadows and valley-bottom grasslands
      • (d) Fairy-ring formers
      • (e) Agarics of urban areas—lawn and parkland agarics
      • (f) Agarics of wasteland and hedgerows
  • B. BRACKET-FUNGI AND THEIR RELATIVES
    • Key to major genera
    • (i) Pored and toothed fungi
      • (a) Colonisers of tree trunks, stumps and branches
      • (b) Destroyers of timber in buildings
      • (c) Colonisers of cones
      • (d) Terrestrial forms
    • (ii) Chanterelles and relatives
      • Cantharellus cibarius Fries Chanterelle
      • Craterellus cornucopioides (Fries) Persoon Horn of plenty
    • (iii) Fairy-club fungi
      • Clavulina rugosa (Fries) Schroeter Wrinkled club
      • Clavaria vermicularis Fries White spindles
      • Clavulinopsis corniculata (Fries), Corner (p. 171).
      • Typhula erythropus Fries.
      • Pistillaria micans Fries.
      • General notes on the club-fungi
      • Thelephora terrestris Fries Earth-fan
    • (iv) Resupinate fungi
  • C. THE JELLY FUNGI
    • Key to the major groups
    • Dacrymyces stillatus Nees ex Fries
    • Hirneola auricula-judae (St Amans) Berkeley Jew’s ear
    • Auricularia mesenterica (S. F. Gray) Persoon
    • Exidia glandulosa (St Amans) Fries Witch’s butter
  • D. THE STOMACH FUNGI
    • Key to some groups
    • Lycoperdon pyriforme Persoon Stump puff-ball
    • L. perlatum Persoon
    • L. foetidum Bonorden
    • Langermannia gigantea (Persoon) Rostkovius Giant puff-ball
      • Calvatia utriformis (Fries) Jaap (= C. caelata (Persoon) Morgan)
      • C. excipuliformis (Fries) Perdeck (= C. saccata (Vahl.) Morgan)
      • Bovista nigrescens Persoon
    • Earth-stars and Earth-balls
      • Earth-balls
    • Stinkhorns
      • Phallus impudicus Persoon Common stinkhorn
      • Mutinus caninus (Persoon) Fries
    • Birds nest fungi
      • Crucibulum laeve (de Candolle) Kambly
      • Sphaerobolus stellatus Persoon
  • E. CUP FUNGI AND ALLIES
    • General Notes.
      • Aleuria aurantia (Fries) Fuckel Orange-peel fungus or Scarlet elf-cup
      • Peziza repanda Persoon Elf-cup
      • Morchella esculenta St Amans Common morel
      • Gyromirta esculenta (Persoon) Fries Turban-fungus
      • Helvella crispa Fries Common white helvella
      • Helvella lacunosa Fries, ‘Slate grey Helvella’
      • Leptopodia elastica (St Amans) Boudier
      • Cyathipodia macropus (Fries) Dennis
      • Mitrula paludosa Fries, the ‘Bog beacon’
      • Rhizina undulata Pine fire fungus
      • Daldinia concentrica (Fries) Cesati & de Notaris Cramp-balls
      • Xylosphaera polymorpha (Mérat) Dumortier Dead man’s fingers
      • Xylosphaera hypoxylon Dumortier Stag’s horn fungus
  • F. SPECIALIZED HABITATS
    • (i) Fungi of dung and straw heaps
      • Bolbitius vitellinus (Fries) Fries Yellow cow-pat toadstool
      • Stropharia semiglobata (Fries) Quélet Dung-roundhead
      • Mottle-gills—on dung from Spring until Autumn.
      • Coprinus cinereus (Fries) S. F. Gray Dung-heap ink-cap
      • The genus Coprinus—or Ink-caps
      • General notes on dung-loving fungi and their habitats
    • (ii) Fungi of bonfire-sites
      • Pholiota highlandensis (Peck) A. H. Smith Charcoal pholiota
      • Tephrocybe anthracophila (Lasch) P. D. Orton
      • Psathyrella pennata (Fries) Pearson & Dennis Bonfire brittle-cap
      • Coprinus angulatus Peck Bonfire ink-cap
      • General notes on fungi of burnt sites
    • (iii) Fungi of bogs and marshes
      • (a) Sphagnum bogs
      • (b) Alder-carrs
    • (iv) Fungi of beds of herbaceous plants
      • On herbaceous stems
      • On bare soil
    • (v) Fungi of moss-cushions
      • Galerina hypnorum (Fries) Kühner
      • Galerina mycenopsis (Fries) Kühner
    • (vi) Heath and mountain fungi
      • (a) Moorland fungi
      • (b) Mountain fungi and the so-called Basidiolichens
    • (vii) Sand-dune fungi
      • Inocybe dunensis P. D. Orton
      • Psathyrella ammophila (Durieu & Léville) P. D. Orton Sand-dune brittle-cap
    • (viii) Subterranean fungi
      • General notes
      • Basidiomycetes
      • Ascomycetes
    • (ix) Fungal parasites
      • Nyctalis parasitica (Fries) Fries Pick-a-back-toadstool
      • General notes on Fungicoles
  • G. APPENDIX
    • (i) Species list of specialised habitats
      • INTRODUCTION
      • General Woodland
      • Conifer Woods
      • Deciduous Woods General
      • Beech Woods
      • Birch Woods
      • Oak Woods
      • Specific Tree Species
      • Grasslands
      • Lawns: Wasteland: Hedgerows
      • Specialised habitats
    • (ii) Glossary of technical terms
      • Illustrations
      • Abbreviations for illustrations used throughout the text
    • (iii) Fairy rings
    • (iv) Development of the agaric fruit-body
    • (v) References
      • A. Reference Texts
      • B. General Texts
      • C. Journals
      • D. Advanced Texts
  • INDEX
    • Latin Names
    • Common Names
  • Transcriber’s Notes
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