Essentials of Linguistics
Free

Essentials of Linguistics

By Catherine Anderson
Free
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Book Description

This Open Educational Resource (OER) brings together Open Access content from around the web and enhances it with dynamic video lectures about the core areas of theoretical linguistics (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), supplemented with discussion of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic findings. Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for any beginning learner of linguistics but is primarily aimed at the Canadian learner, focusing on Canadian English for learning phonetic transcription, and discussing the status of Indigenous languages in Canada. Drawing on best practices for instructional design, Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for blended classes, traditional lecture classes, and for self-directed learning. No prior knowledge of linguistics is required.

Table of Contents
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table Of Contents
  • About the Book
  • About the Author
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 1: Thinking Like a Linguist
    • 1.1 Linguistics is Science
    • 1.2 Mental Grammar
    • 1.3 Creativity and Generativity
    • 1.4 Fundamental Properties of Language
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 2: Producing Speech Sounds
    • 2.1 How Humans Produce Speech
    • 2.2 Articulators
    • 2.3 Describing Speech Sounds: the IPA
    • 2.4 IPA symbols and speech sounds
    • 2.5 Sonority, Consonants, and Vowels
    • 2.6 Classifying Consonants
    • 2.7 Classifying Vowels
    • 2.8 Diphthongs
    • 2.9 Various Accents of English
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 3: Transcribing Speech Sounds
    • 3.1 Broad and Narrow Transcription
    • 3.2 IPA for Canadian English
    • 3.3 Syllabic Consonants
    • 3.4 Aspirated Stops in English
    • 3.5 Articulatory Processes: Assimilation
    • 3.6 Other Articulatory Processes
    • 3.7 Suprasegmentals
    • 3.8 Transcribing Casual Speech
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 4: Speech Sounds in the Mind
    • 4.1 Phonemes and Contrast
    • 4.2 Allophones and Predictable Variation
    • 4.3 Phonetic Segments and Features
    • 4.4 Natural Classes
    • 4.5 Phonological Derivations
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 5: Psycholinguistics of Learning Sounds
    • 5.1 How Babies Learn the Phoneme Categories of Their Language
    • 5.2 How Adults Learn the Phoneme Categories in a New Language
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 6: Word Forms
    • 6.1 Words and Morphemes
    • 6.2 Allomorphs
    • 6.3 Inflectional Morphology
    • 6.4 Derivational Morphology
    • 6.5 Inflectional Morphology in Some Indigenous Languages
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 7: Combining Words
    • 7.1 Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives: Open Class Categories
    • 7.2 Compound Words
    • 7.3 Closed Class Categories (Function Words)
    • 7.4 Auxiliaries
    • 7.5 Neurolinguistics: Syntactic Category Differences in the Brain
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 8: Forming Sentences
    • 8.1 Tree Diagrams
    • 8.2 X-bar Phrase Structure
    • 8.3 Constituents
    • 8.4 Sentences are Phrases
    • 8.5 English Verb Forms
    • 8.6 Subcategories
    • 8.7 Grammatical Roles
    • 8.8 Adjuncts
    • 8.9 Move
    • 8.10 Wh-Movement
    • 8.11 Do-Support
    • 8.12 Psycholinguistics: Traces in the Mind
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 9: Sentence Structure and Meaning
    • 9.1 Ambiguity
    • 9.2 Events, Participants, and Thematic Roles
    • 9.3 Thematic Roles and Passive Sentences
    • 9.4 Neurolinguistics: Using EEG to Investigate Syntax and Semantics
    • 9.5 Neurolinguistics and Second Language Learning
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 10: Word Meanings
    • 10.1 Elements of Word Meaning: Intensions and Extensions
    • 10.2 Intensions in the Mind
    • 10.3 Psycholinguistics of Word Meanings
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Chapter 11: Indigenous Languages
    • 11.1 Indigenous Languages and the Legacy of Residential Schools
    • 11.2 Preserving Mohawk
    • 11.3 Learning Mohawk
    • 11.4 Mohawk Culture and Language
    • 11.5 Creating Materials for Teaching Mohawk 
    • 11.6 Speaking Mohawk and Reconciliation
    • 11.7 The Future of Indigenous Languages in Canada
    • Practice Time
    • Summary
  • Back Matter Test
    • Testing Keys
  • References
  • Keys
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