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Handbook of the Trees of New England

By Henry M. (Henry Mason) Brooks, Lorin Low Dame
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Table of Contents
  • HANDBOOK OF THE
  • TREES OF NEW ENGLAND
    • WITH RANGES THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA
      • BY
    • LORIN L. DAME, S.D.
      • AND
    • HENRY BROOKS
      • PLATES FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS
        • BY
      • ELIZABETH GLEASON BIGELOW
    • CONTENTS
    • PREFACE.
    • KEY TO THE TREES OF NEW ENGLAND.
    • LIST OF PLATES.
    • BOTANICAL AUTHORITIES.
    • ABBREVIATIONS.
    • TREES OF NEW ENGLAND.
    • PINOIDEÆ. PINE FAMILY. CONIFERS.
      • ABIETACEÆ. CUPRESSACEÆ.
      • ABIETACEÆ.
        • Larix. Pinus. Picea. Tsuga. Abies.
      • CUPRESSACEÆ.
        • Thuja. Cupressus. Juniperus.
        • Larix Americana, Michx.
        • Tamarack. Hacmatack. Larch. Juniper.
        • Plate I.—Larix Americana.
    • PINUS.
      • Pinus Strobus, L.
        • White Pine.
        • Plate II.  Pinus Strobus.
      • Pinus rigida, Mill.
        • Pitch Pine. Hard Pine.
        • Plate III.—Pinus rigida.
      • Pinus Banksiana, Lamb.
        • Scrub Pine. Gray Pine. Spruce Pine. Jack Pine.
        • Plate IV.—Pinus Banksiana.
      • Pinus resinosa, Ait.
        • Red Pine. Norway Pine.
        • Plate V.—Pinus resinosa.
      • Pinus sylvestris, L.
        • Scotch Pine (sometimes incorrectly called the Scotch fir).
      • Picea nigra, Link.
        • Black Spruce. Swamp Spruce. Double Spruce. Water Spruce.
        • Plate VI.—Picea nigra.
      • Picea rubra, Link.
        • Red Spruce.
        • Plate VII.--Picea rubra.
      • Picea alba, Link.
        • White Spruce. Cat Spruce. Skunk Spruce.[1] Labrador Spruce.
        • Plate VIII.--Picea alba.
      • Tsuga Canadensis, Carr.
        • Hemlock.
        • Plate IX.—Tsuga Canadensis.
      • Abies balsamea, Mill.
        • Fir Balsam. Balsam. Fir.
        • Plate X.—Abies balsamea.
      • Thuja occidentalis, L.
        • Arbor-Vitæ. White Cedar. Cedar.
        • Plate XI.—Thuja occidentalis.
      • Cupressus thyoides, L.
        • White Cedar. Cedar.
        • Plate XII.—Cupressus thyoides.
      • Juniperus Virginiana, L.
        • Red Cedar. Cedar. Savin.
        • Plate XIII.—Juniperus Virginiana.
    • SALICACEÆ. WILLOW FAMILY.
      • POPULUS.
      • SALIX.
      • Populus tremuloides, Michx.
        • Poplar. Aspen.
        • Plate XIV.—Populus tremuloides.
      • Populus grandidentata, Michx.
        • Poplar. Large-toothed Aspen.
        • Plate XV.—Populus grandidentata.
      • Populus heterophylla, L.
        • Poplar. Swamp Poplar. Cottonwood.
        • Plate XVI.—Populus heterophylla.
      • Populus deltoides, Marsh.
        • Cottonwood. Poplar.
        • Plate XVII.—Populus deltoides.
      • Populus balsamifera, L.
        • Balsam. Poplar. Balm of Gilead.
        • Plate XVIII.—Populus balsamifera.
      • Populus candicans, Ait.
        • Balm of Gilead.
        • Plate XIX.—Populus candicans.
      • Populus alba, L.
        • Abele. White Poplar. Silver-leaf Poplar.
      • Salix discolor. Muhl.
        • Pussy Willow. Glaucous Willow.
        • Plate XX.—Salix discolor.
      • Salix nigra, Marsh.
        • Black Willow
        • Plate XXI.—Salix nigra.
      • Salix fragilis and Salix alba.
      • Salix fragilis, L.
        • Crack Willow. Brittle Willow.
      • Salix alba, L.
        • White Willow.
    • JUGLANDACEÆ. WALNUT FAMILY.
      • Juglans cinerea, L.
        • Butternut. Oilnut. Lemon Walnut.
        • Plate XXII.—Juglans cinerea.
      • Juglans nigra, L.
        • Black Walnut.
        • Plate XXIII.—Juglans nigra.
      • Carya alba, Nutt.
        • Shagbark. Shagbark or Shellbark Hickory. Walnut.
        • Plate XXIV.—Carya alba.
      • Carya tomentosa, Nutt.
        • Mockernut. White-heart Hickory. Walnut.
        • Plate XXV.—Carya tomentosa.
      • Carya porcina, Nutt.
        • Pignut. White Hickory.
        • Plate XXVI.—Carya porcina.
      • Carya amara, Nutt.
        • Bitternut. Swamp Hickory.
        • Plate XXVII.—Carya amara.
    • BETULACEÆ. BIRCH FAMILY.
      • Ostrya Virginica, Willd.
        • Hop Hornbeam. Ironwood. Leverwood.
        • Plate XXVIII.—Ostrya Virginica.
      • Carpinus Caroliniana, Walt.
        • Hornbeam. Blue Beech. Ironwood. Water Beech.
        • Plate XXIX.—Carpinus Caroliniana.
      • BETULA.
      • Betula lenta, L.
        • Black Birch. Cherry Birch. Sweet Birch.
        • Plate XXX.—Betula lenta.
      • Betula lutea, Michx. f.
        • Yellow Birch. Gray Birch.
        • Plate XXXI.—Betula lutea.
      • Betula nigra, L.
        • Red Birch. River Birch.
        • Plate XXXII.—Betula nigra.
      • Betula populifolia, Marsh.
        • White Birch. Gray Birch. Oldfield Birch. Poplar Birch. Poverty Birch. Small White Birch.
        • Plate XXXIII.—Betula populifolia.
      • Betula papyrifera, Marsh.
        • Canoe Birch. White Birch. Paper Birch.
        • Plate XXXIV.—Betula papyrifera.
      • Alnus glutinosa, Medic.
        • European Alder.
    • FAGACEÆ. BEECH FAMILY.
      • Fagus ferruginea, Ait.
        • Beech.
        • Plate XXXV.—Fagus ferruginea.
      • Castanea sativa, var. Americana, Watson and Coulter.
        • Chestnut.
        • Plate XXXVI.—Castanea sativa, var. Americana.
      • QUERCUS.
        • White Oaks.
        • Black Oaks.
      • Quercus alba, L.
        • White Oak.
        • Plate XXXVII.—Quercus alba.
      • Quercus stellata, Wang.
        • Post Oak. Box White Oak.
        • Plate XXXVIII.—Quercus stellata.
      • Quercus macrocarpa, Michx.
        • Bur Oak. Over-cup Oak. Mossy-cup Oak.
        • Plate XXXIX.—Quercus macrocarpa.
      • Quercus bicolor, Willd.
        • Swamp White Oak.
        • Plate XL.—Quercus bicolor.
      • Quercus Prinus, L.
        • Chestnut Oak. Rock Chestnut Oak.
        • Plate XLI.—Quercus Prinus.
      • Quercus Muhlenbergii, Engelm.
        • Chestnut Oak.
        • Plate XLII.—Quercus Muhlenbergii.
      • Quercus prinoides, Willd.
        • Scrub White Oak. Scrub Chestnut Oak.
      • Quercus rubra, L.
        • Red Oak.
        • Plate XLIII.—Quercus rubra.
      • Quercus coccinea, Wang.
        • Scarlet Oak.
        • Plate XLIV.—Quercus coccinea.
      • Quercus velutina, Lam.
        • Black Oak. Yellow Oak.
        • Plate XLV.—Quercus velutina.
      • Quercus palustris, Du Roi.
        • Pin Oak. Swamp Oak. Water Oak.
        • Plate XLVI.—Quercus palustris.
      • Quercus ilicifolia, Wang.
        • Scrub Oak. Bear Oak.
        • Plate XLVII.—Quercus ilicifolia.
    • ULMACEÆ. ELM FAMILY.
      • Ulmus Americana, L.
        • Elm. American Elm. White Elm.
        • Plate XLVIII.—Ulmus Americana.
      • Ulmus fulva, Michx.
        • Slippery Elm. Red Elm.
        • Plate XLIX.—Ulmus fulva.
      • Ulmus racemosa, Thomas.
        • Cork Elm. Rock Elm.
        • Plate L.—Ulmus racemosa.
      • Celtis occidentalis, L.
        • Hackberry. Nettle Tree. Hoop Ash. Sugar Berry.
        • Plate LI.—Celtis occidentalis.
    • MORACEÆ. MULBERRY FAMILY.
      • Morus rubra, L.
        • Mulberry.
        • Plate LII.—Morus rubra.
      • Morus alba, L.
    • MAGNOLIACEÆ. MAGNOLIA FAMILY.
      • Liriodendron Tulipifera, L.
        • Tulip Tree. Whitewood. Poplar.
        • Plate LIII.—Liriodendron Tulipifera.
    • LAURACEÆ. LAUREL FAMILY.
      • Sassafras officinale, Nees.
        • Sassafras.
        • Plate LIV.—Sassafras officinale.
    • HAMAMELIDACEÆ. WITCH HAZEL FAMILY.
      • Liquidambar Styraciflua, L.
        • Sweet Gum.
        • Plate LV.—Liquidambar styraciflua.
    • PLATANACEÆ. PLANE-TREE FAMILY.
      • Platanus occidentalis, L.
        • Buttonwood. Sycamore. Buttonball. Plane Tree.
        • Plate LVI.—Platanus occidentalis.
    • POMACEÆ. APPLE FAMILY.
      • Pyrus. Malus. Amelanchier. Cratægus.
      • Pyrus Americana, DC.
        • Mountain Ash.
        • Plate LVII.—Pyrus Americana.
      • Pyrus sambucifolia, Cham. & Schlecht.
        • Mountain Ash.
        • Plate LVIII.—Pyrus sambucifolia.
      • Pyrus communis, L.
        • Pear Tree.
      • Pyrus Malus, L.
        • Apple Tree.
      • Amelanchier Canadensis, Medic.
        • Shadbush. June-berry.
        • Plate LIX.—Amelanchier Canadensis.
      • Cratægus.
      • Cratægus Crus-Galli, L.
        • Cockspur Thorn.
      • Cratægus punctata, Jacq.
      • Cratægus coccinea, L.
      • Cratægus mollis, Scheele.
        • Thorn.
        • Plate LX.—Cratægus mollis.
    • DRUPACEÆ. PLUM FAMILY.
      • Prunus nigra, Ait.
        • Wild Plum. Red Plum. Horse Plum. Canada Plum.
        • Plate LXI.—Prunus nigra.
      • Prunus Americana, Marsh.
        • Plate LXII.—Prunus Americana.
      • Prunus Pennsylvanica, L. f.
        • Red Cherry. Pin Cherry. Pigeon Cherry. Bird Cherry.
        • Plate LXIII.—Prunus Pennsylvanica.
      • Prunus Virginiana, L.
        • Chokecherry.
        • Plate LXIV.—Prunus Virginia.
      • Prunus serotina, Ehrh.
        • Rum Cherry. Black Cherry.
        • Plate LXV.—Prunus serotina.
      • Prunus Avium, L.
        • Mazard Cherry.
    • LEGUMINOSÆ. PULSE FAMILY.
      • Gleditsia triacanthos, L.
        • Honey Locust. Three-thorned Acacia.
        • Plate LXVI.—Gleditsia triacanthos.
      • Robinia Pseudacacia, L.
        • Locust.
        • Plate LXVII.—Robinia Pseudacacia.
      • Robinia viscosa, Vent.
        • Clammy Locust.
    • SIMARUBACEÆ. AILANTHUS FAMILY.
      • Ailanthus glandulosus, Desf.
        • Ailanthus. Tree-of-heaven. Chinese Sumac.
    • ANACARDIACEÆ. SUMAC FAMILY.
      • Rhus typhina, L.
        • Staghorn Sumac.
        • Plate LXVIII.—Rhus typhina.
      • Rhus Vernix, L.
        • Dogwood. Poison Sumac. Poison Elder.
        • Plate LXIX.—Rhus Vernix.
    • AQUIFOLIACEÆ. HOLLY FAMILY.
      • Ilex opaca, Ait.
        • Holly. American Holly.
        • Plate LXX.—Ilex opaca.
    • ACERACEÆ. MAPLE FAMILY.
      • Acer rubrum, L.
        • Red Maple. Swamp Maple. Soft Maple. White Maple.
        • Plate LXXI.—Acer rubrum.
      • Acer saccharinum, L.
        • Silver Maple. Soft Maple. White Maple. River Maple.
        • Plate LXXII.—Acer saccharinum.
      • Acer Saccharum, Marsh.
        • Rock Maple. Sugar Maple. Hard Maple. Sugar Tree.
        • Plate LXXIII.—Acer saccharum.
      • Acer saccharum, Marsh., var. nigrum, Britton.
        • Black Maple.
        • Plate LXXIV.—Acer Saccharum, var. nigrum.
      • Acer spicatum, Lam.
        • Mountain Maple.
        • Plate LXXV.—Acer spicatum.
      • Acer Pennsylvanicum, L.
        • Striped Maple. Moosewood. Whistlewood.
        • Plate LXXVI.—Acer Pennsylvanicum.
      • Acer Negundo, L.
        • Box Elder. Ash-leaved Maple.
        • Plate LXXVII.—Acer Negundo.
    • TILIACEÆ. LINDEN FAMILY.
      • Tilia Americana, L.
        • Basswood. Linden. Lime. Whitewood.
        • Plate LXXVIII.—Tilia Americana.
    • CORNACEÆ. DOGWOOD FAMILY.
      • Cornus florida, L.
        • Flowering Dogwood. Boxwood.
        • Plate LXXIX.—Cornus florida.
      • Cornus alternifolia, L. f.
        • Dogwood. Green Osier.
        • Plate LXXX.—Cornus alternifolia.
      • Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh.
        • Tupelo. Sour Gum. Pepperidge.
        • Plate LXXXI.—Nyssa sylvatica.
    • EBENACEÆ. EBONY FAMILY.
      • Diospyros Virginiana, L.
        • Persimmon.
        • Plate LXXXII.—Diospyros Virginiana.
    • OLEACEÆ. OLIVE FAMILY.
      • Fraxinus Americana, L.
        • White Ash.
        • Plate LXXXIII.—Fraxinus Americana.
      • Fraxinus Pennsylvanica, Marsh.
        • Red Ash. Brown Ash. River Ash.
        • Plate LXXXIV.—Fraxinus Pennsylvanica.
      • Fraxinus Pennsylvanica, var. lanceolata, Sarg.
        • Green Ash.
        • Plate LXXXV.—Fraxinus Pennsylvanica, var. ceolata.
      • Fraxinus nigra, Marsh.
        • Black Ash. Swamp Ash. Basket Ash. Hoop Ash. Brown Ash.
        • Plate LXXXVI.—Fraxinus nigra.
    • CAPRIFOLIACEÆ. HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY.
      • Viburnum Lentago, L.
        • Sheep Berry. Sweet Viburnum. Nanny Plum.
        • Plate LXXXVII.—Viburnum Lentago.
    • APPENDIX.
    • GLOSSARY.
    • INDEX.
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