Thirty Years' View (Vol. I of 2) or, A History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850
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Thirty Years' View (Vol. I of 2) or, A History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850

By Thomas Hart Benton
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THIRTY YEARS' VIEW;
  • AUTO-BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.
  • PREFACE
    • 1.—MOTIVES FOR WRITING THIS WORK.
    • 2.—QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE WORK.
    • 3.—THE SCOPE OF THE WORK.
    • 4.—THE SPIRIT OF THE WORK.
  • CONTENTS OF VOLUME I.
  • PRELIMINARY VIEW.
    • FROM 1815 TO 1820
  • THIRTY YEARS' VIEW.
  • CHAPTER I.
    • PERSONAL ASPECT OF THE GOVERNMENT.
  • CHAPTER II.
    • ADMISSION OF THE STATE OF MISSOURI.
  • CHAPTER III.
    • FINANCES.—REDUCTION OF THE ARMY.
  • CHAPTER IV.
    • RELIEF OF PUBLIC LAND DEBTORS.
  • CHAPTER V.
    • OREGON TERRITORY.
  • CHAPTER VI.
    • FLORIDA TREATY AND CESSION OF TEXAS.
  • CHAPTER VII.
    • DEATH OF MR. LOWNDES.
  • CHAPTER VIII.
    • DEATH OF WILLIAM PINKNEY.
  • CHAPTER IX.
    • ABOLITION OF THE INDIAN FACTORY SYSTEM.
  • CHAPTER X.
    • INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT.
  • CHAPTER XI.
    • GENERAL REMOVAL OF INDIANS.
  • CHAPTER XII.
    • VISIT OF LAFAYETTE TO THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER XIII.
    • THE TARIFF, AND AMERICAN SYSTEM.
  • CHAPTER XIV.
    • THE A. B. PLOT.
  • CHAPTER XV.
    • AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION IN RELATION TO THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT.
  • CHAPTER XVI.
    • INTERNAL TRADE WITH NEW MEXICO.
  • CHAPTER XVII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL AND VICE-PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN THE ELECTORAL COLLEGES.
  • CHAPTER XVIII.
    • DEATH OF JOHN TAYLOR, OF CAROLINE.
  • CHAPTER XIX.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • CHAPTER XX.
    • THE OCCUPATION OF THE COLUMBIA.
  • CHAPTER XXI.
    • COMMENCEMENT OF MR. ADAMS'S ADMINISTRATION.
  • CHAPTER XXII.
    • CASE OF MR. LANMAN—TEMPORARY SENATORIAL APPOINTMENT FROM CONNECTICUT.
  • CHAPTER XXIII.
    • RETIRING OF MR. RUFUS KING.
  • CHAPTER XXIV.
    • REMOVAL OF THE CREEK INDIANS FROM GEORGIA.
  • CHAPTER XXV.
    • THE PANAMA MISSION.
  • CHAPTER XXVI.
    • DUEL BETWEEN MR. CLAY AND MR. RANDOLPH.
  • CHAPTER XXVII.
    • DEATH OF MR. GAILLARD.
  • CHAPTER XXVIII.
    • AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION IN RELATION TO THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT.
  • CHAPTER XXIX.
    • REDUCTION OF EXECUTIVE PATRONAGE.
  • CHAPTER XXX.
    • EXCLUSION OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FROM CIVIL OFFICE APPOINTMENTS
  • CHAPTER XXXI.
    • DEATH OF THE EX-PRESIDENTS JOHN ADAMS AND THOMAS JEFFERSON.
  • CHAPTER XXXII.
    • BRITISH INDEMNITY FOR DEPORTED SLAVES.
  • CHAPTER XXXIII.
    • MEETING OF THE FIRST CONGRESS ELECTED UNDER THE ADMINISTRATION OF MR. ADAMS.
  • CHAPTER XXXIV.
    • REVISION OF THE TARIFF.
  • CHAPTER XXXV.
    • THE PUBLIC LANDS—THEIR PROPER DISPOSITION—GRADUATED PRICES—PRE-EMPTION RIGHTS—DONATIONS TO SETTLERS.
  • CHAPTER XXXVI.
    • CESSION OF A PART OF THE TERRITORY OF ARKANSAS TO THE CHEROKEE INDIANS.
  • CHAPTER XXXVII.
    • RENEWAL OF THE OREGON JOINT OCCUPATION CONVENTION.
  • CHAPTER XXXVIII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1828, AND FURTHER ERRORS OF MONS. DE TOCQUEVILLE.
  • CHAPTER XXXIX.
    • RETIRING OF MR. MACON.
  • ADMINISTRATION OF ANDREW JACKSON.
  • CHAPTER XL.
    • COMMENCEMENT OF GENERAL JACKSON'S ADMINISTRATION.
  • CHAPTER XLI.
    • THE FIRST ANNUAL MESSAGE OF GENERAL JACKSON TO THE TWO HOUSES OF CONGRESS.
  • CHAPTER XLII.
    • THE RECOVERY OF THE DIRECT TRADE WITH THE BRITISH WEST INDIA ISLANDS.
  • CHAPTER XLIII.
    • ESTABLISHMENT OF THE GLOBE NEWSPAPER.
  • CHAPTER XLIV.
    • LIMITATION OF PUBLIC LAND SALES. SUSPENSION OF SURVEYS. ABOLITION OF THE OFFICE OF SURVEYOR GENERAL. ORIGIN OF THE UNITED STATES LAND SYSTEM. AUTHORSHIP OF THE ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE OF 1778. SLAVERY CONTROVERSY. PROTECTIVE TARIFF. INCEPTION OF THE DOCTRINE OF NULLIFICATION.
  • CHAPTER XLV.
    • REPEAL OF THE SALT TAX.
  • CHAPTER XLVI.
    • BIRTHDAY OF MR. JEFFERSON, AND THE DOCTRINE OF NULLIFICATION.
  • CHAPTER XLVII.
    • REGULATION OF COMMERCE.
  • CHAPTER XLVIII.
    • ALUM SALT. THE ABOLITION OF THE DUTY UPON IT, AND REPEAL OF THE FISHING BOUNTY AND ALLOWANCES FOUNDED ON IT.
  • CHAPTER XLIX.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER L.
    • REMOVALS FROM OFFICE.
  • CHAPTER LI.
    • INDIAN SOVEREIGNTIES WITHIN THE STATES
  • CHAPTER LII.
    • VETO ON THE MAYSVILLE ROAD BILL.
  • CHAPTER LIII.
    • RUPTURE BETWEEN PRESIDENT JACKSON, AND VICE-PRESIDENT CALHOUN.
  • CHAPTER LIV.
    • BREAKING UP OF THE CABINET, AND APPOINTMENT OF ANOTHER.
  • CHAPTER LV.
    • MILITARY ACADEMY.
  • CHAPTER LVI.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.—NON-RENEWAL OF CHARTER.
  • CHAPTER LVII.
    • ERROR OF DE TOCQUEVILLE, IN RELATION TO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • CHAPTER LVIII.
    • THE TWENTY-SECOND CONGRESS.
  • CHAPTER LIX.
    • REJECTION OF MR. VAN BUREN, MINISTER TO ENGLAND.
  • CHAPTER LX.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES—ILLEGAL AND VICIOUS CURRENCY.
  • CHAPTER LXI.
    • ERROR OF MONS. DE TOCQUEVILLE IN RELATION TO THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES, THE PRESIDENT, AND THE PEOPLE.
  • CHAPTER LXII.
    • EXPENSES OF THE GOVERNMENT.
  • CHAPTER LXIII.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES—RECHARTER COMMENCEMENT OF THE PROCEEDINGS.
  • CHAPTER LXIV.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES—COMMITTEE OF INVESTIGATION ORDERED.
  • CHAPTER LXV.
    • THE THREE PER CENT. DEBT, AND LOSS IN NOT PAYING IT WHEN THE RATE WAS LOW, AND THE MONEY IN THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT INTEREST.
  • CHAPTER LXVI.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES—BILL FOR THE RECHARTER REPORTED IN THE SENATE—AND PASSED THAT BODY.
  • CHAPTER LXVII.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES—BILL FOR THE RENEWED CHARTER PASSED IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • CHAPTER LXVIII.
    • THE VETO.
  • CHAPTER LXIX.
    • THE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM.
  • CHAPTER LXX.
    • PUBLIC LANDS.—DISTRIBUTION TO THE STATES.
  • CHAPTER LXXI.
    • SETTLEMENT OF FRENCH AND SPANISH LAND CLAIMS.
  • CHAPTER LXXII.
    • "EFFECTS OF THE VETO."
  • CHAPTER LXXIII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1832.
  • CHAPTER LXXIV.
    • FIRST ANNUAL MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT JACKSON AFTER HIS SECOND ELECTION.
  • CHAPTER LXXV.
    • BANK OF THE UNITED STATES—DELAY IN PAYING THE THREE PER CENTS—COMMITTEE OF INVESTIGATION.
  • CHAPTER LXXVI.
    • ABOLITION OF IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT.
  • CHAPTER LXXVII.
    • SALE OF UNITED STATES STOCK IN THE NATIONAL BANK.
  • CHAPTER LXXVIII.
    • NULLIFICATION ORDINANCE IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
  • CHAPTER LXXIX.
    • PROCLAMATION AGAINST NULLIFICATION.
  • CHAPTER LXXX.
    • MESSAGE ON THE SOUTH CAROLINA PROCEEDINGS.
  • CHAPTER LXXXI.
    • REDUCTION OF DUTIES.—MR. VERPLANK'S BILL.
  • CHAPTER LXXXII.
    • REDUCTION OF DUTIES.—MR. CLAY'S BILL.
  • CHAPTER LXXXIII.
    • REVENUE COLLECTION, OR FORCE BILL.
  • CHAPTER LXXXIV.
    • MR. CALHOUN'S NULLIFICATION RESOLUTIONS.
  • CHAPTER LXXXV.
    • SECRET HISTORY OF THE "COMPROMISE" OF 1833.
  • CHAPTER LXXXVI.
    • COMPROMISE LEGISLATION; AND THE ACT, SO CALLED, OF 1833.
  • CHAPTER LXXXVII.
    • VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS OF '98-'99—DISABUSED OF THEIR SOUTH CAROLINA INTERPRETATION—1. UPON THEIR OWN WORDS—2. UPON CONTEMPORANEOUS INTERPRETATION.
  • CHAPTER LXXXVIII.
    • VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS OF 1798:—DISABUSED OF NULLIFICATION, BY THEIR AUTHOR.
  • CHAPTER LXXXIX.
    • THE AUTHOR'S OWN VIEW OF THE NATURE OF OUR GOVERNMENT, AS BEING A UNION IN CONTRADISTINCTION TO A LEAGUE: PRESENTED IN A SUBSEQUENT SPEECH ON MISSOURI RESOLUTIONS.
  • CHAPTER XC.
    • PUBLIC LANDS:—DISTRIBUTION OF PROCEEDS.
  • CHAPTER XCI.
    • COMMENCEMENT OF THE TWENTY-THIRD CONGRESS.—THE MEMBERS, AND PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER XCII.
    • REMOVAL OF THE DEPOSITS FROM THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER XCIII.
    • BANK PROCEEDINGS, ON SEEING THE DECISION OF THE PRESIDENT, IN RELATION TO THE REMOVAL OF THE DEPOSITS.
  • CHAPTER XCIV.
    • REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY TO CONGRESS ON THE REMOVAL OF THE DEPOSITS.
  • CHAPTER XCV.
    • NOMINATION OF GOVERNMENT DIRECTORS, AND THEIR REJECTION.
  • CHAPTER XCVI.
    • SECRETARY'S REPORT ON THE REMOVAL OF THE DEPOSITS.
  • CHAPTER XCVII.
    • CALL ON THE PRESIDENT FOR A COPY OF THE "PAPER READ TO THE CABINET."
  • CHAPTER XCVIII.
    • MISTAKES OF PUBLIC MEN:—GREAT COMBINATION AGAINST GENERAL JACKSON:—COMMENCEMENT OF THE PANIC.
  • CHAPTER XCIX.
    • MR. CLAY'S SPEECH AGAINST PRESIDENT JACKSON ON THE REMOVAL OF THE DEPOSITS—EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER C.
    • MR. BENTON'S SPEECH IN REPLY TO MR. CLAY—EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CI.
    • CONDEMNATION OF PRESIDENT JACKSON—MR. CALHOUN'S SPEECH—EXTRACTS.
  • CHAPTER CII.
    • PUBLIC DISTRESS.
  • CHAPTER CIII.
    • SENATORIAL CONDEMNATION OF PRESIDENT JACKSON: HIS PROTEST: NOTICE OF THE EXPUNGING RESOLUTION.
  • CHAPTER CIV.
    • MR. WEBSTER'S PLAN OF RELIEF.
  • CHAPTER CV.
    • REVIVAL OF THE GOLD CURRENCY—MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CVI.
    • ATTEMPTED INVESTIGATION OF THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CVII.
    • MR. TANEY'S REPORT ON THE FINANCES—EXPOSURE OF THE DISTRESS ALARMS—END OF THE PANIC.
  • CHAPTER CVIII.
    • REVIVAL OF THE GOLD CURRENCY.
  • CHAPTER CIX.
    • REJECTION OF MR. TANEY, NOMINATED FOR SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
  • CHAPTER CX.
    • SENATORIAL INVESTIGATION OF THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CXI.
    • DOWNFALL OF THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CXII.
    • DEATH OF JOHN RANDOLPH, OF ROANOAKE.
  • CHAPTER CXIII.
    • DEATH OF MR. WIRT.
  • CHAPTER CXIV.
    • DEATH OF THE LAST OF THE SIGNERS OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
  • CHAPTER CXV.
    • COMMENCEMENT OF THE SESSION 1834-'35: PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER CXVI.
    • REPORT OF THE BANK COMMITTEE.
  • CHAPTER CXVII.
    • FRENCH SPOLIATIONS BEFORE 1800.
  • CHAPTER CXVIII.
    • FRENCH SPOLIATIONS: SPEECH OF MR. WRIGHT, OF NEW-YORK.
  • CHAPTER CXIX.
    • FRENCH SPOLIATIONS—MR. WEBSTER'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CXX.
    • FRENCH SPOLIATIONS—MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CXXI.
    • ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT JACKSON.
  • CHAPTER CXXII.
    • ALABAMA EXPUNGING RESOLUTIONS.
  • CHAPTER CXXIII.
    • THE EXPUNGING RESOLUTION.
  • CHAPTER CXXIV.
    • EXPUNGING RESOLUTION: REJECTED, AND RENEWED.
  • CHAPTER CXXV.
    • BRANCH MINTS AT NEW ORLEANS, AND IN THE GOLD REGIONS OF GEORGIA AND NORTH CAROLINA.
  • CHAPTER CXXVI.
    • REGULATION DEPOSIT BILL.
  • CHAPTER CXXVII.
    • DEFEAT OF THE DEFENCE APPROPRIATION, AND LOSS OF THE FORTIFICATION BILL.
  • CHAPTER CXXVIII.
    • DISTRIBUTION OF REVENUE.
  • CHAPTER CXXIX.
    • COMMENCEMENT OF TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS—PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
  • CHAPTER CXXX.
    • ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
  • CHAPTER CXXXI.
    • MAIL CIRCULATION OF INCENDIARY PUBLICATIONS.
  • CHAPTER CXXXII.
    • FRENCH AFFAIRS—APPROACH OF A FRENCH SQUADRON—APOLOGY REQUIRED.
  • CHAPTER CXXXIII.
    • FRENCH INDEMNITIES: BRITISH MEDIATION: INDEMNITIES PAID.
  • CHAPTER CXXXIV.
    • PRESIDENT JACKSON'S FOREIGN DIPLOMACY.
  • CHAPTER CXXXV.
    • SLAVERY AGITATION.
  • CHAPTER CXXXVI.
    • REMOVAL OF THE CHEROKEES FROM GEORGIA.
  • CHAPTER CXXXVII.
    • EXTENSION OF THE MISSOURI BOUNDARY.
  • CHAPTER CXXXVIII.
    • ADMISSION OF THE STATES OF ARKANSAS AND MICHIGAN INTO THE UNION.
  • CHAPTER CXXXIX.
    • ATTEMPTED INQUIRY INTO THE MILITARY ACADEMY.
  • CHAPTER CXL.
    • MILITARY ACADEMY—SPEECH OF MR. PIERCE.
  • CHAPTER CXLI.
    • EXPUNGING RESOLUTION—PERORATION OF SENATOR BENTON'S SECOND SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CXLII.
    • DISTRIBUTION OF THE LAND REVENUE.
  • CHAPTER CXLIII.
    • RECHARTER OF THE DISTRICT BANKS—SPEECH OF MR. BENTON: THE PARTS OF LOCAL AND TEMPORARY INTEREST OMITTED.
  • CHAPTER CXLIV.
    • INDEPENDENCE OF TEXAS.
  • CHAPTER CXLV.
    • TEXAS INDEPENDENCE—MR. BENTON'S SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CXLVI.
    • THE SPECIE CIRCULAR.
  • CHAPTER CXLVII.
    • DEATH OF MR. MADISON, FOURTH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CXLVIII.
    • DEATH OF MR. MONROE, FIFTH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CXLIX.
    • DEATH OF CHIEF JUSTICE MARSHALL.
  • CHAPTER CL.
    • DEATH OF COL. BURR, THIRD VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • CHAPTER CLI.
    • DEATH OF WILLIAM B. GILES, OF VIRGINIA.
  • CHAPTER CLII.
    • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1836.
  • CHAPTER CLIII.
    • LAST ANNUAL MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT JACKSON.
  • CHAPTER CLIV.
    • FINAL REMOVAL OF THE INDIANS.
  • CHAPTER CLV.
    • RECISION OF THE TREASURY CIRCULAR.
  • CHAPTER CLVI.
    • DISTRIBUTION OF LANDS AND MONEY—VARIOUS PROPOSITIONS
  • CHAPTER CLVII.
    • MILITARY ACADEMY: ITS RIDING-HOUSE.
  • CHAPTER CLVIII.
    • SALT TAX: MR. BENTON'S FOURTH SPEECH AGAINST IT.
  • CHAPTER CLIX.
    • EXPUNGING RESOLUTION—PREPARATION FOR DECISION.
  • CHAPTER CLX.
    • EXPUNGING RESOLUTION.—MR. BENTON'S THIRD SPEECH.
  • CHAPTER CLXI.
    • EXPUNGING RESOLUTION: MR. CLAY, MR. CALHOUN, MR. WEBSTER: LAST SCENE: RESOLUTION PASSED, AND EXECUTED.
  • CHAPTER CLXII.
    • THE SUPREME COURT—JUDGES AND OFFICERS.
  • CHAPTER CLXIII.
    • FAREWELL ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT JACKSON—EXTRACT.
  • CHAPTER CLXIV.
    • CONCLUSION OF GENERAL JACKSON'S ADMINISTRATION.
  • CHAPTER CLXV.
    • RETIRING AND DEATH OF GENERAL JACKSON—ADMINISTRATION OF MARTIN VAN BUREN.
  • INDEX TO VOL. I.
  • Recent American History and Biography.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • Transcriber's note:
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