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Canada

By John George Bourinot
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Table of Contents
  • THE HON. W. L. MACKENZIE KING, PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA
  • CANADA
    • K.C.M.G., LL.D., LIT.D.
      • SOMETIME CLERK OF THE CANADIAN HOUSE OF COMMONS; HONORARY SECRETARY OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF CANADA; DOCTEUR-ÈS-LETTRES OF LAVAL UNIVERSITY; HONORARY MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY
        • NEW AND REVISED EDITION, WITH ADDITIONAL CHAPTER BY WILLIAM H. INGRAM, B.A.
      • NEW AND REVISED EDITION, WITH ADDITIONAL CHAPTER BY WILLIAM H. INGRAM, B.A.
      • I DEDICATE THIS STORY OF CANADA BY PERMISSION TO HER EXCELLENCY THE COUNTESS OF ABERDEEN WHO HAS WON THE ESTEEM AND AFFECTION OF ALL CLASSES OF THE CANADIAN PEOPLE BY THE EARNESTNESS WITH WHICH SHE HAS IDENTIFIED HERSELF WITH EVERY MOVEMENT AFFECTING THE SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL PROGRESS OF THE NEW DOMINION
      • PREFATORY NOTE
      • PUBLISHER'S NOTE.
      • CONTENTS
      • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
      • BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE
    • SOMETIME CLERK OF THE CANADIAN HOUSE OF COMMONS; HONORARY SECRETARY OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF CANADA; DOCTEUR-ÈS-LETTRES OF LAVAL UNIVERSITY; HONORARY MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY
      • NEW AND REVISED EDITION, WITH ADDITIONAL CHAPTER BY WILLIAM H. INGRAM, B.A.
    • NEW AND REVISED EDITION, WITH ADDITIONAL CHAPTER BY WILLIAM H. INGRAM, B.A.
    • I DEDICATE THIS STORY OF CANADA BY PERMISSION TO HER EXCELLENCY THE COUNTESS OF ABERDEEN WHO HAS WON THE ESTEEM AND AFFECTION OF ALL CLASSES OF THE CANADIAN PEOPLE BY THE EARNESTNESS WITH WHICH SHE HAS IDENTIFIED HERSELF WITH EVERY MOVEMENT AFFECTING THE SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL PROGRESS OF THE NEW DOMINION
    • PREFATORY NOTE
    • PUBLISHER'S NOTE.
    • CONTENTS
    • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
    • BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE
  • THE STORY OF CANADA.
    • I.
      • INTRODUCTION.
      • THE CANADIAN DOMINION FROM OCEAN TO OCEAN.
        • View of Cape Trinity on the Laurentian Range.
        • Rocky Mountains at Donald, B.C.
        • Upper end of Fraser Cañon, B.C.
      • View of Cape Trinity on the Laurentian Range.
      • Rocky Mountains at Donald, B.C.
      • Upper end of Fraser Cañon, B.C.
      • II.
      • THE DAWN OF DISCOVERY IN CANADA.
      • (1497-1525.)
        • Sketch of Juan de la Cosa's map, A.D. 1500.
      • Sketch of Juan de la Cosa's map, A.D. 1500.
      • III.
      • A BRETON SAILOR DISCOVERS CANADA AND ITS GREAT RIVER.
      • (1534-36.)
        • Jacques Cartier
        • Ancient Hochelaga (from Ramusio).
      • Jacques Cartier
      • Ancient Hochelaga (from Ramusio).
      • FRANCISCUS PRIMUS DEI GRATIA FRANCORUM REX REGNAT.
      • IV.
      • FROM CARTIER TO DE MONTS.
      • (1540-1603.)
        • The "Dauphin Map" of Canada, circa 1543, showing Cartier's Discoveries.
      • The "Dauphin Map" of Canada, circa 1543, showing Cartier's Discoveries.
      • V.
      • THE FRENCH OCCUPATION OF ACADIA AND THE FOUNDATION OF PORT ROYAL.
      • (1604-1614.)
        • Champlain's plan of Port Royal in Acadia in 1605. Key to illustration: A, Workmen's dwelling; B, Platform for cannon; C, Storehouse; D, Residence for Champlain and Pontgravé; E, Blacksmith's forge; F, Palisade; G, Bakehouse; H, Kitchen; I, Gardens; K, Burying ground; L, St. Lawrence River; M, Moat; N, Dwelling of De Monts; and O, Ships' storehouse.
      • Champlain's plan of Port Royal in Acadia in 1605. Key to illustration: A, Workmen's dwelling; B, Platform for cannon; C, Storehouse; D, Residence for Champlain and Pontgravé; E, Blacksmith's forge; F, Palisade; G, Bakehouse; H, Kitchen; I, Gardens; K, Burying ground; L, St. Lawrence River; M, Moat; N, Dwelling of De Monts; and O, Ships' storehouse.
      • VI.
      • SAMUEL CHAMPLAIN IN THE VALLEY OF THE ST. LAWRENCE.
      • (1608-1635.)
        • Champlain.
        • Habitation de Quebec, from Champlain's sketch. Key to illustration: A, Storehouse; B, Dovecote; C, Workmen's lodgings and armoury; D, Lodgings for mechanics; E, Dial; F, Blacksmith's shop and workmen's lodgings; G, Galleries; H, Champlain's residence; I, Gate and drawbridge; L, Walk; M, Moat; N, Platform for cannon; O, Garden; P, Kitchen; P, Vacant space; R, St. Lawrence.
        • Champlain's lost astrolabe.
        • Onondaga fort in the Iroquois country; from Champlain's sketch.
      • Champlain.
      • Habitation de Quebec, from Champlain's sketch. Key to illustration: A, Storehouse; B, Dovecote; C, Workmen's lodgings and armoury; D, Lodgings for mechanics; E, Dial; F, Blacksmith's shop and workmen's lodgings; G, Galleries; H, Champlain's residence; I, Gate and drawbridge; L, Walk; M, Moat; N, Platform for cannon; O, Garden; P, Kitchen; P, Vacant space; R, St. Lawrence.
      • Champlain's lost astrolabe.
      • Onondaga fort in the Iroquois country; from Champlain's sketch.
      • VII.
      • GENTLEMEN-ADVENTURERS IN ACADIA.
      • (1614-1677.)
      • VIII.
      • THE CANADIAN INDIANS AND THE IROQUOIS: THEIR ORGANISATION, CHARACTER, AND CUSTOMS.
        • Indian costumes, from Lafitau. 1. Iroquois; 2. Algonquin.
        • Iroquois long house (from Morgan).
      • Indian costumes, from Lafitau. 1. Iroquois; 2. Algonquin.
      • Iroquois long house (from Morgan).
      • IX.
      • CONVENTS AND HOSPITALS—VILLE-MARIE—MARTYRED MISSIONARIES—VICTORIOUS IROQUOIS—HAPLESS HURONS.
      • (1635-1652.)
        • Marie Guyard (Mère Marie de l'Incarnation).
        • Portrait of Maisonneuve.
      • Marie Guyard (Mère Marie de l'Incarnation).
      • Portrait of Maisonneuve.
      • X.
      • YEARS OF GLOOM—THE KING COMES TO THE RESCUE OF CANADA—THE IROQUOIS HUMBLED.
      • (1652-1667.)
      • XI.
      • CANADA AS A ROYAL PROVINCE—CHURCH AND STATE.
      • (1663-1759.)
        • Portrait of Laval, first Canadian bishop.
        • Card issue of 1729, for 12 livres.
        • Fifteen sol piece.
      • Portrait of Laval, first Canadian bishop.
      • Card issue of 1729, for 12 livres.
      • Fifteen sol piece.
      • XII.
      • THE PERIOD OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY: PRIESTS, FUR-TRADERS, AND COUREURS DE BOIS IN THE WEST.
      • (1634-1687.)
        • Canadian trapper, from La Potherie.
      • Canadian trapper, from La Potherie.
      • XIII.
      • THE PERIOD OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY: FRANCE IN THE VALLEY OF THE MISSISSIPPI.
      • (1672-1687.)
        • Réné Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle
      • Réné Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle
      • "Louis le Grand, roy de France et de Navarre, regne; le neuviesme Avril, 1682."
      • XIV.
      • CANADA AND ACADIA: FROM FRONTENAC TO THE TREATY OF UTRECHT.
      • (1672-1713.)
        • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
        • Capture of Fort Nelson, in Hudson's Bay, by the French; from La Potherie. A. French boats. B. Camp. C. Mortar. D. Skirmishers. E. Fort Nelson.
        • Chevalier D'Iberville.
      • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
      • Capture of Fort Nelson, in Hudson's Bay, by the French; from La Potherie. A. French boats. B. Camp. C. Mortar. D. Skirmishers. E. Fort Nelson.
      • Chevalier D'Iberville.
      • XV.
      • ACADIA AND ÎLE ROYALE, FROM THE TREATY OF UTRECHT TO THE TREATY OF AIX-LA-CHAPELLE.
      • (1713-1748.)
        • View of Louisbourg in 1731.—From a sketch in the Paris Archives.
      • View of Louisbourg in 1731.—From a sketch in the Paris Archives.
      • XVI.
      • THE STRUGGLE FOR DOMINION IN THE GREAT VALLEYS OF NORTH AMERICA—PRELUDE.
      • (1748-1756.)
        • Map of French forts in America, 1750-60.
      • Map of French forts in America, 1750-60.
      • XVII.
      • THE STRUGGLE FOR DOMINION IN THE GREAT VALLEYS OF NORTH AMERICA: ENGLISH REVERSES AND FRENCH VICTORIES—FALL OF LOUISBOURG AND FORT DUQUESNE.
      • (1756-1758.)
        • Montcalm
        • Louisbourg medals of 1758.
      • Montcalm
      • Louisbourg medals of 1758.
      • XVIII.
      • THE STRUGGLE FOR DOMINION IN THE VALLEY OF THE ST. LAWRENCE—CANADA IS WON BY WOLFE ON THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM.
      • (1759-1763.)
        • Major-General James Wolfe.
        • Siege of Quebec, 1759.
      • Major-General James Wolfe.
      • Siege of Quebec, 1759.
      • HONNEUR À MONTCALM LE DESTIN EN LUI DÉROBANT LA VICTOIRE L'A RÉCOMPENSÉ PAR UNE MORT GLORIEUSE!
      • MORTEM. VIRTUS. COMMUNEM. FAMAM. HISTORIA. MONUMENTUM. POSTERITAS. DEDIT.
        • Montcalm and Wolfe monument at Quebec.
        • View of Quebec in 1760.
        • View of Montreal in 1760.
      • Montcalm and Wolfe monument at Quebec.
      • View of Quebec in 1760.
      • View of Montreal in 1760.
      • XIX.
      • A PERIOD OF TRANSITION—PONTIAC'S WAR—THE QUEBEC ACT.
      • (1760-1774.)
      • XX.
      • THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION—INVASION OF CANADA—DEATH OF MONTGOMERY—PEACE.
      • (1774-1783.)
      • XXI.
      • COMING OF THE LOYALISTS.
      • (1783-1791.)
        • Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)
      • Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)
      • XXII.
      • FOUNDATION OF NEW PROVINCES—ESTABLISHMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE INSTITUTIONS.
      • (1792-1812.)
        • Prescott Gate and Bishop's palace at Quebec in 1830.
        • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
      • Prescott Gate and Bishop's palace at Quebec in 1830.
      • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
      • XXIII.
      • THE WAR OF 1812-1815—PATRIOTISM OF THE CANADIANS.
        • Major-General Brock.
        • Colonel De Salaberry.
        • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
      • Major-General Brock.
      • Colonel De Salaberry.
      • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
      • XXIV.
      • POLITICAL STRIFE AND REBELLION.
      • (1815-1840.)
        • Louis J. Papineau, Aet. 70.
        • Bishop Strachan.
        • William Lyon Mackenzie.
        • Judge Haliburton ("Sam Slick").
      • Louis J. Papineau, Aet. 70.
      • Bishop Strachan.
      • William Lyon Mackenzie.
      • Judge Haliburton ("Sam Slick").
      • XXV.
      • RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT AND ITS RESULTS—FEDERAL UNION—RELATIONS BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES.
      • (1839-1867.)
        • Joseph Howe in 1865
        • Robert Baldwin.
        • Sir Louis H. Lafontaine.
        • L. A. Wilmot.
      • Joseph Howe in 1865
      • Robert Baldwin.
      • Sir Louis H. Lafontaine.
      • L. A. Wilmot.
      • XXVI.
      • END OF THE RULE OF FUR-TRADERS—ACQUISITION OF THE NORTHWEST—FORMATION OF MANITOBA—RIEL'S REBELLIONS—THE INDIANS.
      • (1670-1885.)
        • Fort Garry and a Red River steamboat in 1870.
        • Colonel Williams.
        • Indian carved posts in British Columbia.
      • Fort Garry and a Red River steamboat in 1870.
      • Colonel Williams.
      • Indian carved posts in British Columbia.
      • XXVII.
      • COMPLETION OF THE FEDERAL UNION—MAKERS OF THE DOMINION.
      • (1871-1891.)
        • John A. Macdonald.
        • George Brown.
        • George Cartier.
      • John A. Macdonald.
      • George Brown.
      • George Cartier.
      • XXVIII
      • CANADA AS A NATION: MATERIAL AND INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT—POLITICAL RIGHTS.
        • Sir Wilfrid Laurier (From a photograph by Ernest H. Mills.)
        • Old Parliament Building at Ottawa.
      • Sir Wilfrid Laurier (From a photograph by Ernest H. Mills.)
      • Old Parliament Building at Ottawa.
      • XXIX.
      • FRENCH CANADA.
        • Quebec in 1896.
        • Street in a French Canadian village near Quebec.
        • Old church at Bonne Ste. Anne, where miracles were performed.
        • A Canadian calèche of old times.
        • Louis Fréchette.
        • A characteristic snapshot of Sir Robert Borden at the Peace Conference, 1919.
      • Quebec in 1896.
      • Street in a French Canadian village near Quebec.
      • Old church at Bonne Ste. Anne, where miracles were performed.
      • A Canadian calèche of old times.
      • Louis Fréchette.
      • A characteristic snapshot of Sir Robert Borden at the Peace Conference, 1919.
      • XXX
      • RECENT DEVELOPMENT OF CANADA.
        • Silver mines at Cobalt, Ontario.
        • New Parliament Buildings, Ottawa.
      • Silver mines at Cobalt, Ontario.
      • New Parliament Buildings, Ottawa.
      • INDEX.
    • INTRODUCTION.
    • THE CANADIAN DOMINION FROM OCEAN TO OCEAN.
      • View of Cape Trinity on the Laurentian Range.
      • Rocky Mountains at Donald, B.C.
      • Upper end of Fraser Cañon, B.C.
    • View of Cape Trinity on the Laurentian Range.
    • Rocky Mountains at Donald, B.C.
    • Upper end of Fraser Cañon, B.C.
    • II.
    • THE DAWN OF DISCOVERY IN CANADA.
    • (1497-1525.)
      • Sketch of Juan de la Cosa's map, A.D. 1500.
    • Sketch of Juan de la Cosa's map, A.D. 1500.
    • III.
    • A BRETON SAILOR DISCOVERS CANADA AND ITS GREAT RIVER.
    • (1534-36.)
      • Jacques Cartier
      • Ancient Hochelaga (from Ramusio).
    • Jacques Cartier
    • Ancient Hochelaga (from Ramusio).
    • FRANCISCUS PRIMUS DEI GRATIA FRANCORUM REX REGNAT.
    • IV.
    • FROM CARTIER TO DE MONTS.
    • (1540-1603.)
      • The "Dauphin Map" of Canada, circa 1543, showing Cartier's Discoveries.
    • The "Dauphin Map" of Canada, circa 1543, showing Cartier's Discoveries.
    • V.
    • THE FRENCH OCCUPATION OF ACADIA AND THE FOUNDATION OF PORT ROYAL.
    • (1604-1614.)
      • Champlain's plan of Port Royal in Acadia in 1605. Key to illustration: A, Workmen's dwelling; B, Platform for cannon; C, Storehouse; D, Residence for Champlain and Pontgravé; E, Blacksmith's forge; F, Palisade; G, Bakehouse; H, Kitchen; I, Gardens; K, Burying ground; L, St. Lawrence River; M, Moat; N, Dwelling of De Monts; and O, Ships' storehouse.
    • Champlain's plan of Port Royal in Acadia in 1605. Key to illustration: A, Workmen's dwelling; B, Platform for cannon; C, Storehouse; D, Residence for Champlain and Pontgravé; E, Blacksmith's forge; F, Palisade; G, Bakehouse; H, Kitchen; I, Gardens; K, Burying ground; L, St. Lawrence River; M, Moat; N, Dwelling of De Monts; and O, Ships' storehouse.
    • VI.
    • SAMUEL CHAMPLAIN IN THE VALLEY OF THE ST. LAWRENCE.
    • (1608-1635.)
      • Champlain.
      • Habitation de Quebec, from Champlain's sketch. Key to illustration: A, Storehouse; B, Dovecote; C, Workmen's lodgings and armoury; D, Lodgings for mechanics; E, Dial; F, Blacksmith's shop and workmen's lodgings; G, Galleries; H, Champlain's residence; I, Gate and drawbridge; L, Walk; M, Moat; N, Platform for cannon; O, Garden; P, Kitchen; P, Vacant space; R, St. Lawrence.
      • Champlain's lost astrolabe.
      • Onondaga fort in the Iroquois country; from Champlain's sketch.
    • Champlain.
    • Habitation de Quebec, from Champlain's sketch. Key to illustration: A, Storehouse; B, Dovecote; C, Workmen's lodgings and armoury; D, Lodgings for mechanics; E, Dial; F, Blacksmith's shop and workmen's lodgings; G, Galleries; H, Champlain's residence; I, Gate and drawbridge; L, Walk; M, Moat; N, Platform for cannon; O, Garden; P, Kitchen; P, Vacant space; R, St. Lawrence.
    • Champlain's lost astrolabe.
    • Onondaga fort in the Iroquois country; from Champlain's sketch.
    • VII.
    • GENTLEMEN-ADVENTURERS IN ACADIA.
    • (1614-1677.)
    • VIII.
    • THE CANADIAN INDIANS AND THE IROQUOIS: THEIR ORGANISATION, CHARACTER, AND CUSTOMS.
      • Indian costumes, from Lafitau. 1. Iroquois; 2. Algonquin.
      • Iroquois long house (from Morgan).
    • Indian costumes, from Lafitau. 1. Iroquois; 2. Algonquin.
    • Iroquois long house (from Morgan).
    • IX.
    • CONVENTS AND HOSPITALS—VILLE-MARIE—MARTYRED MISSIONARIES—VICTORIOUS IROQUOIS—HAPLESS HURONS.
    • (1635-1652.)
      • Marie Guyard (Mère Marie de l'Incarnation).
      • Portrait of Maisonneuve.
    • Marie Guyard (Mère Marie de l'Incarnation).
    • Portrait of Maisonneuve.
    • X.
    • YEARS OF GLOOM—THE KING COMES TO THE RESCUE OF CANADA—THE IROQUOIS HUMBLED.
    • (1652-1667.)
    • XI.
    • CANADA AS A ROYAL PROVINCE—CHURCH AND STATE.
    • (1663-1759.)
      • Portrait of Laval, first Canadian bishop.
      • Card issue of 1729, for 12 livres.
      • Fifteen sol piece.
    • Portrait of Laval, first Canadian bishop.
    • Card issue of 1729, for 12 livres.
    • Fifteen sol piece.
    • XII.
    • THE PERIOD OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY: PRIESTS, FUR-TRADERS, AND COUREURS DE BOIS IN THE WEST.
    • (1634-1687.)
      • Canadian trapper, from La Potherie.
    • Canadian trapper, from La Potherie.
    • XIII.
    • THE PERIOD OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY: FRANCE IN THE VALLEY OF THE MISSISSIPPI.
    • (1672-1687.)
      • Réné Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle
    • Réné Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle
    • "Louis le Grand, roy de France et de Navarre, regne; le neuviesme Avril, 1682."
    • XIV.
    • CANADA AND ACADIA: FROM FRONTENAC TO THE TREATY OF UTRECHT.
    • (1672-1713.)
      • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
      • Capture of Fort Nelson, in Hudson's Bay, by the French; from La Potherie. A. French boats. B. Camp. C. Mortar. D. Skirmishers. E. Fort Nelson.
      • Chevalier D'Iberville.
    • Frontenac, from Hébert's Statue at Quebec.
    • Capture of Fort Nelson, in Hudson's Bay, by the French; from La Potherie. A. French boats. B. Camp. C. Mortar. D. Skirmishers. E. Fort Nelson.
    • Chevalier D'Iberville.
    • XV.
    • ACADIA AND ÎLE ROYALE, FROM THE TREATY OF UTRECHT TO THE TREATY OF AIX-LA-CHAPELLE.
    • (1713-1748.)
      • View of Louisbourg in 1731.—From a sketch in the Paris Archives.
    • View of Louisbourg in 1731.—From a sketch in the Paris Archives.
    • XVI.
    • THE STRUGGLE FOR DOMINION IN THE GREAT VALLEYS OF NORTH AMERICA—PRELUDE.
    • (1748-1756.)
      • Map of French forts in America, 1750-60.
    • Map of French forts in America, 1750-60.
    • XVII.
    • THE STRUGGLE FOR DOMINION IN THE GREAT VALLEYS OF NORTH AMERICA: ENGLISH REVERSES AND FRENCH VICTORIES—FALL OF LOUISBOURG AND FORT DUQUESNE.
    • (1756-1758.)
      • Montcalm
      • Louisbourg medals of 1758.
    • Montcalm
    • Louisbourg medals of 1758.
    • XVIII.
    • THE STRUGGLE FOR DOMINION IN THE VALLEY OF THE ST. LAWRENCE—CANADA IS WON BY WOLFE ON THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM.
    • (1759-1763.)
      • Major-General James Wolfe.
      • Siege of Quebec, 1759.
    • Major-General James Wolfe.
    • Siege of Quebec, 1759.
    • HONNEUR À MONTCALM LE DESTIN EN LUI DÉROBANT LA VICTOIRE L'A RÉCOMPENSÉ PAR UNE MORT GLORIEUSE!
    • MORTEM. VIRTUS. COMMUNEM. FAMAM. HISTORIA. MONUMENTUM. POSTERITAS. DEDIT.
      • Montcalm and Wolfe monument at Quebec.
      • View of Quebec in 1760.
      • View of Montreal in 1760.
    • Montcalm and Wolfe monument at Quebec.
    • View of Quebec in 1760.
    • View of Montreal in 1760.
    • XIX.
    • A PERIOD OF TRANSITION—PONTIAC'S WAR—THE QUEBEC ACT.
    • (1760-1774.)
    • XX.
    • THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION—INVASION OF CANADA—DEATH OF MONTGOMERY—PEACE.
    • (1774-1783.)
    • XXI.
    • COMING OF THE LOYALISTS.
    • (1783-1791.)
      • Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)
    • Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)
    • XXII.
    • FOUNDATION OF NEW PROVINCES—ESTABLISHMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE INSTITUTIONS.
    • (1792-1812.)
      • Prescott Gate and Bishop's palace at Quebec in 1830.
      • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
    • Prescott Gate and Bishop's palace at Quebec in 1830.
    • Lieutenant-General Simcoe.
    • XXIII.
    • THE WAR OF 1812-1815—PATRIOTISM OF THE CANADIANS.
      • Major-General Brock.
      • Colonel De Salaberry.
      • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
    • Major-General Brock.
    • Colonel De Salaberry.
    • Monument at Lundy's Lane.
    • XXIV.
    • POLITICAL STRIFE AND REBELLION.
    • (1815-1840.)
      • Louis J. Papineau, Aet. 70.
      • Bishop Strachan.
      • William Lyon Mackenzie.
      • Judge Haliburton ("Sam Slick").
    • Louis J. Papineau, Aet. 70.
    • Bishop Strachan.
    • William Lyon Mackenzie.
    • Judge Haliburton ("Sam Slick").
    • XXV.
    • RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT AND ITS RESULTS—FEDERAL UNION—RELATIONS BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES.
    • (1839-1867.)
      • Joseph Howe in 1865
      • Robert Baldwin.
      • Sir Louis H. Lafontaine.
      • L. A. Wilmot.
    • Joseph Howe in 1865
    • Robert Baldwin.
    • Sir Louis H. Lafontaine.
    • L. A. Wilmot.
    • XXVI.
    • END OF THE RULE OF FUR-TRADERS—ACQUISITION OF THE NORTHWEST—FORMATION OF MANITOBA—RIEL'S REBELLIONS—THE INDIANS.
    • (1670-1885.)
      • Fort Garry and a Red River steamboat in 1870.
      • Colonel Williams.
      • Indian carved posts in British Columbia.
    • Fort Garry and a Red River steamboat in 1870.
    • Colonel Williams.
    • Indian carved posts in British Columbia.
    • XXVII.
    • COMPLETION OF THE FEDERAL UNION—MAKERS OF THE DOMINION.
    • (1871-1891.)
      • John A. Macdonald.
      • George Brown.
      • George Cartier.
    • John A. Macdonald.
    • George Brown.
    • George Cartier.
    • XXVIII
    • CANADA AS A NATION: MATERIAL AND INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT—POLITICAL RIGHTS.
      • Sir Wilfrid Laurier (From a photograph by Ernest H. Mills.)
      • Old Parliament Building at Ottawa.
    • Sir Wilfrid Laurier (From a photograph by Ernest H. Mills.)
    • Old Parliament Building at Ottawa.
    • XXIX.
    • FRENCH CANADA.
      • Quebec in 1896.
      • Street in a French Canadian village near Quebec.
      • Old church at Bonne Ste. Anne, where miracles were performed.
      • A Canadian calèche of old times.
      • Louis Fréchette.
      • A characteristic snapshot of Sir Robert Borden at the Peace Conference, 1919.
    • Quebec in 1896.
    • Street in a French Canadian village near Quebec.
    • Old church at Bonne Ste. Anne, where miracles were performed.
    • A Canadian calèche of old times.
    • Louis Fréchette.
    • A characteristic snapshot of Sir Robert Borden at the Peace Conference, 1919.
    • XXX
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENT OF CANADA.
      • Silver mines at Cobalt, Ontario.
      • New Parliament Buildings, Ottawa.
    • Silver mines at Cobalt, Ontario.
    • New Parliament Buildings, Ottawa.
    • INDEX.
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