A Study of Recent Earthquakes
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A Study of Recent Earthquakes

By Charles Davison
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Table of Contents
  • A STUDY OF RECENT EARTHQUAKES.
    • BY
    • CHARLES DAVISON, Sc.D., F.G.S.
      • WITH 80 ILLUSTRATIONS
        • London and Newcastle-on-Tyne: THE WALTER SCOTT PUBLISHING CO., LTD. 1905
      • London and Newcastle-on-Tyne: THE WALTER SCOTT PUBLISHING CO., LTD. 1905
      • PREFACE.
      • CONTENTS.
      • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
    • WITH 80 ILLUSTRATIONS
      • London and Newcastle-on-Tyne: THE WALTER SCOTT PUBLISHING CO., LTD. 1905
    • London and Newcastle-on-Tyne: THE WALTER SCOTT PUBLISHING CO., LTD. 1905
    • PREFACE.
    • CONTENTS.
    • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
  • A STUDY OF RECENT EARTHQUAKES.
    • CHAPTER I.
      • INTRODUCTION.
        • TERMS AND DEFINITIONS.
        • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • TERMS AND DEFINITIONS.
      • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER II.ToC
        • THE NEAPOLITAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 16TH, 1857.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • GENERAL OBJECTS OF INVESTIGATION.
        • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
        • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
        • MINOR SHOCKS.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • REFERENCE.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE NEAPOLITAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 16TH, 1857.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • GENERAL OBJECTS OF INVESTIGATION.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • MINOR SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCE.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER III.ToC
        • THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES OF MARCH 4TH, 1881, AND JULY 28TH, 1883.
        • VOLCANIC HISTORY OF ISCHIA.
        • EARTHQUAKE OF MARCH 4TH, 1881.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
        • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • EARTHQUAKE OF JULY 28TH, 1883.
        • PREPARATORY SIGNS.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
        • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • LANDSLIPS.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • CHARACTERISTICS OF ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
        • ORIGIN OF THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES OF MARCH 4TH, 1881, AND JULY 28TH, 1883.
      • VOLCANIC HISTORY OF ISCHIA.
      • EARTHQUAKE OF MARCH 4TH, 1881.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • EARTHQUAKE OF JULY 28TH, 1883.
      • PREPARATORY SIGNS.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • LANDSLIPS.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • CHARACTERISTICS OF ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
      • ORIGIN OF THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER IV.ToC
        • THE ANDALUSIAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 25TH, 1884.
        • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
        • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
        • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
        • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • GEOLOGY OF THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA AND ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE ANDALUSIAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 25TH, 1884.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • GEOLOGY OF THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA AND ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER V.ToC
        • THE CHARLESTON EARTHQUAKE OF AUGUST 31ST, 1886.
        • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • THE DOUBLE EPICENTRE.
        • ORIGIN OF THE DOUBLE SHOCK.
        • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCI.
        • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
        • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE CHARLESTON EARTHQUAKE OF AUGUST 31ST, 1886.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • THE DOUBLE EPICENTRE.
      • ORIGIN OF THE DOUBLE SHOCK.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCI.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER VI.ToC
        • THE RIVIERA EARTHQUAKE OF FEBRUARY 23RD, 1887.
        • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKES.
        • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKES.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRES.
        • DEPTH OF THE PRINCIPAL FOCUS.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
        • EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE AT SEA.
        • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE RIVIERA EARTHQUAKE OF FEBRUARY 23RD, 1887.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRES.
      • DEPTH OF THE PRINCIPAL FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
      • EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE AT SEA.
      • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER VII.ToC
        • THE JAPANESE EARTHQUAKE OF OCTOBER 28TH, 1891.
        • THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA.
        • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • PRINCIPAL MEASUREMENTS OBTAINED FROM SEISMOGRAPHIC RECORDS.
        • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
        • THE GREAT FAULT-SCARP.
        • MINOR SHOCKS.
        • EFFECT OF THE EARTHQUAKE ON THE SEISMIC ACTIVITY OF THE ADJOINING DISTRICTS.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE JAPANESE EARTHQUAKE OF OCTOBER 28TH, 1891.
      • THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • PRINCIPAL MEASUREMENTS OBTAINED FROM SEISMOGRAPHIC RECORDS.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • THE GREAT FAULT-SCARP.
      • MINOR SHOCKS.
      • EFFECT OF THE EARTHQUAKE ON THE SEISMIC ACTIVITY OF THE ADJOINING DISTRICTS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER VIII.ToC
        • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896, AND THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
        • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • DIRECTION OF THE SHOCK.
        • COSEISMAL LINES AND VELOCITY OF EARTH-WAVES.
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • MINOR EARTHQUAKES.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
        • THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
        • PREPARATORY SHOCKS.
        • EFFECTS OF THE SHOCK.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • THE AFTER-SHOCKS AND THEIR ORIGIN.
        • SYMPATHETIC EARTHQUAKES.
        • CONCLUSION.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896, AND THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
      • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • DIRECTION OF THE SHOCK.
      • COSEISMAL LINES AND VELOCITY OF EARTH-WAVES.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • MINOR EARTHQUAKES.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
      • PREPARATORY SHOCKS.
      • EFFECTS OF THE SHOCK.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • THE AFTER-SHOCKS AND THEIR ORIGIN.
      • SYMPATHETIC EARTHQUAKES.
      • CONCLUSION.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER IX.ToC
        • THE INDIAN EARTHQUAKE OF JUNE 12TH, 1897.
        • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
        • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
        • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
        • EARTH-FISSURES, SAND-VENTS, ETC.
        • LANDSLIPS.
        • ROTATION OF PILLARS, ETC.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
        • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
        • REFERENCES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • THE INDIAN EARTHQUAKE OF JUNE 12TH, 1897.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
      • EARTH-FISSURES, SAND-VENTS, ETC.
      • LANDSLIPS.
      • ROTATION OF PILLARS, ETC.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • CHAPTER X.ToC
        • CONCLUSION.
        • FORE-SHOCKS.
        • DISTURBED AREA.
        • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
        • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
        • NATURE OF THE SHOCK
        • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
        • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
        • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
        • AFTER-SHOCKS.
        • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
        • FOOTNOTES:
      • CONCLUSION.
      • FORE-SHOCKS.
      • DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • INDEX.ToC
    • INTRODUCTION.
      • TERMS AND DEFINITIONS.
      • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • TERMS AND DEFINITIONS.
    • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER II.ToC
      • THE NEAPOLITAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 16TH, 1857.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • GENERAL OBJECTS OF INVESTIGATION.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • MINOR SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCE.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE NEAPOLITAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 16TH, 1857.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • GENERAL OBJECTS OF INVESTIGATION.
    • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
    • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
    • MINOR SHOCKS.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • REFERENCE.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER III.ToC
      • THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES OF MARCH 4TH, 1881, AND JULY 28TH, 1883.
      • VOLCANIC HISTORY OF ISCHIA.
      • EARTHQUAKE OF MARCH 4TH, 1881.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • EARTHQUAKE OF JULY 28TH, 1883.
      • PREPARATORY SIGNS.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • LANDSLIPS.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • CHARACTERISTICS OF ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
      • ORIGIN OF THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES OF MARCH 4TH, 1881, AND JULY 28TH, 1883.
    • VOLCANIC HISTORY OF ISCHIA.
    • EARTHQUAKE OF MARCH 4TH, 1881.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
    • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • EARTHQUAKE OF JULY 28TH, 1883.
    • PREPARATORY SIGNS.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
    • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • LANDSLIPS.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • CHARACTERISTICS OF ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
    • ORIGIN OF THE ISCHIAN EARTHQUAKES.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER IV.ToC
      • THE ANDALUSIAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 25TH, 1884.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • GEOLOGY OF THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA AND ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE ANDALUSIAN EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 25TH, 1884.
    • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
    • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
    • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
    • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • GEOLOGY OF THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA AND ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER V.ToC
      • THE CHARLESTON EARTHQUAKE OF AUGUST 31ST, 1886.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • THE DOUBLE EPICENTRE.
      • ORIGIN OF THE DOUBLE SHOCK.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCI.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE CHARLESTON EARTHQUAKE OF AUGUST 31ST, 1886.
    • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • THE DOUBLE EPICENTRE.
    • ORIGIN OF THE DOUBLE SHOCK.
    • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCI.
    • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
    • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER VI.ToC
      • THE RIVIERA EARTHQUAKE OF FEBRUARY 23RD, 1887.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRES.
      • DEPTH OF THE PRINCIPAL FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
      • EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE AT SEA.
      • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE RIVIERA EARTHQUAKE OF FEBRUARY 23RD, 1887.
    • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKES.
    • PREPARATION FOR THE EARTHQUAKES.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRES.
    • DEPTH OF THE PRINCIPAL FOCUS.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
    • EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE AT SEA.
    • MISCELLANEOUS PHENOMENA.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER VII.ToC
      • THE JAPANESE EARTHQUAKE OF OCTOBER 28TH, 1891.
      • THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA.
      • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • PRINCIPAL MEASUREMENTS OBTAINED FROM SEISMOGRAPHIC RECORDS.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • THE GREAT FAULT-SCARP.
      • MINOR SHOCKS.
      • EFFECT OF THE EARTHQUAKE ON THE SEISMIC ACTIVITY OF THE ADJOINING DISTRICTS.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE JAPANESE EARTHQUAKE OF OCTOBER 28TH, 1891.
    • THE MEIZOSEISMAL AREA.
    • DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • PRINCIPAL MEASUREMENTS OBTAINED FROM SEISMOGRAPHIC RECORDS.
    • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
    • THE GREAT FAULT-SCARP.
    • MINOR SHOCKS.
    • EFFECT OF THE EARTHQUAKE ON THE SEISMIC ACTIVITY OF THE ADJOINING DISTRICTS.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER VIII.ToC
      • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896, AND THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
      • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • DIRECTION OF THE SHOCK.
      • COSEISMAL LINES AND VELOCITY OF EARTH-WAVES.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • MINOR EARTHQUAKES.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
      • THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
      • PREPARATORY SHOCKS.
      • EFFECTS OF THE SHOCK.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • THE AFTER-SHOCKS AND THEIR ORIGIN.
      • SYMPATHETIC EARTHQUAKES.
      • CONCLUSION.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896, AND THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
    • THE HEREFORD EARTHQUAKE OF DECEMBER 17TH, 1896.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • DIRECTION OF THE SHOCK.
    • COSEISMAL LINES AND VELOCITY OF EARTH-WAVES.
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • MINOR EARTHQUAKES.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKES.
    • THE INVERNESS EARTHQUAKE OF SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1901.
    • PREPARATORY SHOCKS.
    • EFFECTS OF THE SHOCK.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • THE AFTER-SHOCKS AND THEIR ORIGIN.
    • SYMPATHETIC EARTHQUAKES.
    • CONCLUSION.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER IX.ToC
      • THE INDIAN EARTHQUAKE OF JUNE 12TH, 1897.
      • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
      • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
      • EARTH-FISSURES, SAND-VENTS, ETC.
      • LANDSLIPS.
      • ROTATION OF PILLARS, ETC.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
      • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
      • REFERENCES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • THE INDIAN EARTHQUAKE OF JUNE 12TH, 1897.
    • ISOSEISMAL LINES AND DISTURBED AREA.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK.
    • ELEMENTS OF THE WAVE-MOTION.
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
    • THE UNFELT EARTHQUAKE.
    • EARTH-FISSURES, SAND-VENTS, ETC.
    • LANDSLIPS.
    • ROTATION OF PILLARS, ETC.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
    • ORIGIN OF THE EARTHQUAKE.
    • REFERENCES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • CHAPTER X.ToC
      • CONCLUSION.
      • FORE-SHOCKS.
      • DISTURBED AREA.
      • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
      • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
      • NATURE OF THE SHOCK
      • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
      • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
      • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
      • AFTER-SHOCKS.
      • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
      • FOOTNOTES:
    • CONCLUSION.
    • FORE-SHOCKS.
    • DISTURBED AREA.
    • POSITION OF THE EPICENTRE.
    • DEPTH OF THE SEISMIC FOCUS.
    • NATURE OF THE SHOCK
    • SOUND-PHENOMENA.
    • VELOCITY OF THE EARTH-WAVES.
    • STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE EPICENTRAL AREA.
    • AFTER-SHOCKS.
    • ORIGIN OF EARTHQUAKES.
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • INDEX.ToC
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