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Elementary Zoology, Second Edition
By Vernon L. (Vernon Lyman) Kellogg
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Table of Contents
  • ELEMENTARY ZOOLOGY
  • VERNON L. KELLOGG, M.S.
    • HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
    • PART I
    • STRUCTURE, FUNCTIONS, AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMALS
      • I.—THE STUDY OF ANIMALS AND THEIR LIFE.
      • II.—THE GARDEN TOAD (Bufo Lentiginosus).
      • III.—THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ANIMAL BODY.
      • IV.—THE CRAYFISH (Cambarus sp.).
      • V.—THE MODIFICATION OF ORGANS AND FUNCTIONS.
      • VI.—AMŒBA AND PARAMŒCIUM.
      • VII.—THE SINGLE-CELLED ANIMAL BODY; PROTOPLASM AND THE CELL.
      • VIII.-CELLULAR STRUCTURE OF THE TOAD (OR FROG).
      • IX.—THE MANY-CELLED ANIMAL BODY; DIFFERENTIATION OF THE CELL.
      • X.—HYDRA.
      • XI.—THE SIMPLEST MANY-CELLED ANIMALS.
      • XII.—DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOAD.
      • XIII.—MULTIPLICATION AND DEVELOPMENT.
    • I.—THE STUDY OF ANIMALS AND THEIR LIFE.
    • II.—THE GARDEN TOAD (Bufo Lentiginosus).
    • III.—THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ANIMAL BODY.
    • IV.—THE CRAYFISH (Cambarus sp.).
    • V.—THE MODIFICATION OF ORGANS AND FUNCTIONS.
    • VI.—AMŒBA AND PARAMŒCIUM.
    • VII.—THE SINGLE-CELLED ANIMAL BODY; PROTOPLASM AND THE CELL.
    • VIII.-CELLULAR STRUCTURE OF THE TOAD (OR FROG).
    • IX.—THE MANY-CELLED ANIMAL BODY; DIFFERENTIATION OF THE CELL.
    • X.—HYDRA.
    • XI.—THE SIMPLEST MANY-CELLED ANIMALS.
    • XII.—DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOAD.
    • XIII.—MULTIPLICATION AND DEVELOPMENT.
    • PART II
    • SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY
      • XIV.—THE CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS.
      • XV.—BRANCH PROTOZOA: THE ONE-CELLED ANIMALS.
      • XVI.—BRANCH PORIFERA: THE SPONGES.
      • XVII.—BRANCH CŒLENTERATA: THE POLYPS, SEA-ANEMONES, CORALS, AND JELLYFISHES.
      • XVIII.—BRANCH ECHINODERMATA: THE STARFISHES, SEA-URCHINS, SEA CUCUMBERS, ETC.
      • XIX.—BRANCH VERMES: THE WORMS.
      • XX.—BRANCH ARTHROPODA: THE CRUSTACEANS, CENTIPEDS, INSECTS, AND SPIDERS.
      • XXI.—BRANCH ARTHROPODA (CONTINUED).
      • XXII.—BRANCH MOLLUSCA: THE MOLLUSCS.
      • XXIII.—BRANCH CHORDATA: THE ASCIDIANS, VERTEBRATES, ETC.
      • XXIV.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
      • XXV.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
      • XXVI.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
      • XXVII.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
      • XXVIII.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
    • XIV.—THE CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS.
    • XV.—BRANCH PROTOZOA: THE ONE-CELLED ANIMALS.
    • XVI.—BRANCH PORIFERA: THE SPONGES.
    • XVII.—BRANCH CŒLENTERATA: THE POLYPS, SEA-ANEMONES, CORALS, AND JELLYFISHES.
    • XVIII.—BRANCH ECHINODERMATA: THE STARFISHES, SEA-URCHINS, SEA CUCUMBERS, ETC.
    • XIX.—BRANCH VERMES: THE WORMS.
    • XX.—BRANCH ARTHROPODA: THE CRUSTACEANS, CENTIPEDS, INSECTS, AND SPIDERS.
    • XXI.—BRANCH ARTHROPODA (CONTINUED).
    • XXII.—BRANCH MOLLUSCA: THE MOLLUSCS.
    • XXIII.—BRANCH CHORDATA: THE ASCIDIANS, VERTEBRATES, ETC.
    • XXIV.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
    • XXV.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
    • XXVI.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
    • XXVII.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
    • XXVIII.—BRANCH CHORDATA (CONTINUED).
    • PART III
    • ANIMAL ECOLOGY
      • XXIX.—THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE, ADAPTATION, AND SPECIES-FORMING.
      • XXX.—SOCIAL AND COMMUNAL LIFE, COMMENSALISM, AND PARASITISM.
      • XXXI.—COLOR AND PROTECTIVE RESEMBLANCES.
      • XXXII.—THE DISTRIBUTION OF ANIMALS.
    • XXIX.—THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE, ADAPTATION, AND SPECIES-FORMING.
    • XXX.—SOCIAL AND COMMUNAL LIFE, COMMENSALISM, AND PARASITISM.
    • XXXI.—COLOR AND PROTECTIVE RESEMBLANCES.
    • XXXII.—THE DISTRIBUTION OF ANIMALS.
    • APPENDICES
    • EQUIPMENT AND METHODS
      • APPENDIX I.—EQUIPMENT AND NOTES OF PUPILS.
      • APPENDIX II.—LABORATORY EQUIPMENT AND METHODS.
      • APPENDIX III.—REARING ANIMALS AND MAKING COLLECTIONS.
    • APPENDIX I.—EQUIPMENT AND NOTES OF PUPILS.
    • APPENDIX II.—LABORATORY EQUIPMENT AND METHODS.
    • APPENDIX III.—REARING ANIMALS AND MAKING COLLECTIONS.
  • PART I
  • STRUCTURE, FUNCTIONS, AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMALS
    • CHAPTER I
    • THE STUDY OF ANIMALS AND THEIR LIFE
      • CHAPTER II
    • CHAPTER II
    • THE GARDEN TOAD (Bufo lentiginosus)
      • LABORATORY EXERCISE
      • CHAPTER III
    • LABORATORY EXERCISE
    • CHAPTER III
    • THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ANIMAL BODY
      • CHAPTER IV
    • CHAPTER IV
    • THE CRAYFISH (Cambarus sp.)
      • LABORATORY EXERCISE
      • CHAPTER V
    • LABORATORY EXERCISE
    • CHAPTER V
    • THE MODIFICATION OF ORGANS AND FUNCTIONS
      • CHAPTER VI
    • CHAPTER VI
    • AMŒBA AND PARAMŒCIUM
      • LABORATORY EXERCISE
      • CHAPTER VII
    • LABORATORY EXERCISE
    • CHAPTER VII
    • THE SINGLE-CELLED ANIMAL BODY.—PROTOPLASM AND THE CELL
      • CHAPTER VIII
    • CHAPTER VIII
    • CELLULAR STRUCTURE OF THE TOAD (OR FROG)
      • LABORATORY EXERCISE
      • CHAPTER IX
    • LABORATORY EXERCISE
    • CHAPTER IX
    • THE MANY-CELLED ANIMAL BODY.—DIFFERENTIATION OF THE CELL
      • CHAPTER X
    • CHAPTER X
    • HYDRA
      • LABORATORY EXERCISE
      • CHAPTER XI
    • LABORATORY EXERCISE
    • CHAPTER XI
    • THE SIMPLEST MANY-CELLED ANIMALS
      • CHAPTER XII
    • CHAPTER XII
    • DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOAD
      • FIELD AND LABORATORY EXERCISE
      • CHAPTER XIII
    • FIELD AND LABORATORY EXERCISE
    • CHAPTER XIII
    • MULTIPLICATION AND DEVELOPMENT.—MULTIPLICATION OF ONE-CELLED ANIMALS
  • PART II
  • SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY
    • CHAPTER XIV
    • THE CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS
      • AN EXAMPLE OF CLASSIFICATION.
      • CHAPTER XV
    • AN EXAMPLE OF CLASSIFICATION.
    • CHAPTER XV
    • BRANCH PROTOZOA: THE ONE-CELLED ANIMALS
      • BELL ANIMALCULE (Vorticella sp.)
      • OTHER PROTOZOA
      • CHAPTER XVI
    • BELL ANIMALCULE (Vorticella sp.)
    • OTHER PROTOZOA
    • CHAPTER XVI
    • BRANCH PORIFERA: THE SPONGES
      • THE FRESH-WATER SPONGE (Spongilla sp.)
      • A CALCAREOUS OCEAN-SPONGE (Grantia sp.) (fig. 7, D, E, F.)
      • A COMMERCIAL SPONGE
      • OTHER SPONGES
      • CHAPTER XVII
    • THE FRESH-WATER SPONGE (Spongilla sp.)
    • A CALCAREOUS OCEAN-SPONGE (Grantia sp.) (fig. 7, D, E, F.)
    • A COMMERCIAL SPONGE
    • OTHER SPONGES
    • CHAPTER XVII
    • BRANCH CŒLENTERATA: THE POLYPS, SEA-ANEMONES, CORALS, AND JELLYFISHES
      • OTHER POLYPS, SEA-ANEMONES, CORALS, AND JELLYFISHES
      • CHAPTER XVIII
    • OTHER POLYPS, SEA-ANEMONES, CORALS, AND JELLYFISHES
    • CHAPTER XVIII
    • BRANCH ECHINODERMATA: STARFISHES, SEA-URCHINS, SEA-CUCUMBERS
      • STARFISH (Asterias sp.)
      • THE SEA-URCHIN (Strongylocentrotus sp.)
      • OTHER STARFISHES, SEA-URCHINS, SEA-CUCUMBERS, ETC.
      • CHAPTER XIX
    • STARFISH (Asterias sp.)
    • THE SEA-URCHIN (Strongylocentrotus sp.)
    • OTHER STARFISHES, SEA-URCHINS, SEA-CUCUMBERS, ETC.
    • CHAPTER XIX
    • BRANCH VERMES:[8] THE WORMS
      • THE EARTHWORM (Lumbricus sp.).
      • OTHER WORMS.
      • CHAPTER XX
    • THE EARTHWORM (Lumbricus sp.).
    • OTHER WORMS.
    • CHAPTER XX
    • BRANCH ARTHROPODA: CRUSTACEANS, CENTIPEDS, INSECTS, AND SPIDERS
    • Class Crustacea: Crayfishes, Crabs, Lobsters, Etc.
      • THE CRAYFISH (Cambarus sp.)
      • OTHER CRUSTACEANS.
      • CHAPTER XXI
    • THE CRAYFISH (Cambarus sp.)
    • OTHER CRUSTACEANS.
    • CHAPTER XXI
    • BRANCH ARTHROPODA (continued); CLASS INSECTA: THE INSECTS
      • THE LOCUST (Melanoplus sp.)
      • THE GREAT WATER-SCAVENGER BEETLE (Hydrophilus sp.)
      • THE MONARCH BUTTERFLY (Anosia plexippus)
      • LARVA OF MONARCH BUTTERFLY (Anosia plexippus)
      • OTHER INSECTS
      • Class Myriapoda: The Myriapods, or Centipeds and Millipeds.
      • Class Arachnida: The Scorpions, Spiders, Mites, and Ticks.
      • CHAPTER XXII
    • THE LOCUST (Melanoplus sp.)
    • THE GREAT WATER-SCAVENGER BEETLE (Hydrophilus sp.)
    • THE MONARCH BUTTERFLY (Anosia plexippus)
    • LARVA OF MONARCH BUTTERFLY (Anosia plexippus)
    • OTHER INSECTS
    • Class Myriapoda: The Myriapods, or Centipeds and Millipeds.
    • Class Arachnida: The Scorpions, Spiders, Mites, and Ticks.
    • CHAPTER XXII
    • MOLLUSCA: THE MOLLUSCS
      • THE FRESH-WATER MUSSEL (Unio sp.)
      • OTHER MOLLUSCS.
      • CHAPTER XXIII
    • THE FRESH-WATER MUSSEL (Unio sp.)
    • OTHER MOLLUSCS.
    • CHAPTER XXIII
    • BRANCH CHORDATA: THE VERTEBRATES, ASCIDIANS, ETC.
      • CHAPTER XXIV
    • CHAPTER XXIV
    • BRANCH CHORDATA (Continued): CLASS PISCES (THE FISHES)
      • THE GOLDEN SUNFISH OR PUMPKIN SEED (Apomotis sp.)
      • OTHER FISHES.
      • CHAPTER XXV
    • THE GOLDEN SUNFISH OR PUMPKIN SEED (Apomotis sp.)
    • OTHER FISHES.
    • CHAPTER XXV
    • BRANCH CHORDATA (Continued). CLASS BATRACHIA: THE BATRACHIANS
      • OTHER BATRACHIANS.
      • CHAPTER XXVI
    • OTHER BATRACHIANS.
    • CHAPTER XXVI
    • BRANCH CHORDATA (Continued). CLASS REPTILIA: THE SNAKES, LIZARDS, TURTLES, CROCODILES, ETC.
      • THE GARTER SNAKE (Thamnophis sp.)
      • OTHER REPTILES.
      • CHAPTER XXVII
    • THE GARTER SNAKE (Thamnophis sp.)
    • OTHER REPTILES.
    • CHAPTER XXVII
    • BRANCH CHORDATA (Continued). CLASS AVES: THE BIRDS
      • THE ENGLISH SPARROW (Passer domesticus)
      • OTHER BIRDS.
      • CHAPTER XXVIII
    • THE ENGLISH SPARROW (Passer domesticus)
    • OTHER BIRDS.
    • CHAPTER XXVIII
    • BRANCH CHORDATA (Continued). CLASS MAMMALIA: THE MAMMALS
      • THE MOUSE (Mus musculus)
      • OTHER MAMMALS
    • THE MOUSE (Mus musculus)
    • OTHER MAMMALS
  • PART III
  • ANIMAL ECOLOGY
    • CHAPTER XXIX
    • THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE, ADAPTATION, AND SPECIES-FORMING
      • CHAPTER XXX
    • CHAPTER XXX
    • SOCIAL AND COMMUNAL LIFE, COMMENSALISM AND PARASITISM
      • CHAPTER XXXI
    • CHAPTER XXXI
    • COLOR AND PROTECTIVE RESEMBLANCES
      • CHAPTER XXXII
    • CHAPTER XXXII
    • THE DISTRIBUTION OF ANIMALS
  • APPENDICES
  • EQUIPMENT AND METHODS
  • APPENDIX I
    • EQUIPMENT AND NOTES OF PUPILS
  • APPENDIX II
    • LABORATORY EQUIPMENT AND METHODS
  • APPENDIX III
    • REARING ANIMALS AND MAKING COLLECTIONS
  • INDEX
    • FOOTNOTES:
  • Transcriber's Notes:
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