Women in the Printing Trades A Sociological Study.
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Women in the Printing Trades A Sociological Study.

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Table of Contents
  • WOMEN IN THE PRINTING TRADES: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY. EDITED BY J. RAMSAY MACDONALD,
  • CONTENTS.
  • PREFACE.
  • INTRODUCTION.
  • CHAPTER I. THE TRADES DESCRIBED.
  • CHAPTER II. WOMEN IN THE TRADES.
    • Census figures.
      • Chief Factory Inspector's figures.
    • Chief Factory Inspector's figures.
  • CHAPTER III. WOMEN'S WORK AND ORGANISATION.
    • Women as Compositors. Historical.
      • Conflict between men and women.
      • Printing Trades and the Women's Movement.
      • The London experience.
      • Provincial experience.
      • Organisation amongst bookbinders.
      • The Bible Society controversy.
      • The Society of Women employed in Bookbinding.
      • The Book-folders' Union.
      • National Book-folders and Kindred Trades Union.
      • The Manchester Society.
      • Maintaining standards without organisation.
      • Organisation in the miscellaneous trades.
      • The attitude of employers.
      • The women's attitude.
    • Conflict between men and women.
    • Printing Trades and the Women's Movement.
    • The London experience.
    • Provincial experience.
    • Organisation amongst bookbinders.
    • The Bible Society controversy.
    • The Society of Women employed in Bookbinding.
    • The Book-folders' Union.
    • National Book-folders and Kindred Trades Union.
    • The Manchester Society.
    • Maintaining standards without organisation.
    • Organisation in the miscellaneous trades.
    • The attitude of employers.
    • The women's attitude.
  • CHAPTER IV. MEN AND WOMEN AS WORKERS.
    • Do women displace men?
      • The Perth dispute.
      • Value of women's work.
      • The men's view.
      • Apparent rivalry.
      • A miscellaneous survey.
      • Conclusions.
      • Technical training.
      • "Use and wont."
      • Girls v. Women.
    • The Perth dispute.
    • Value of women's work.
    • The men's view.
    • Apparent rivalry.
    • A miscellaneous survey.
    • Conclusions.
    • Technical training.
    • "Use and wont."
    • Girls v. Women.
  • CHAPTER V. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING.
    • 1. THE TRAINING.
      • How girls are taught.
      • The learner as workwoman.
      • Compositors.
      • Women and technical classes.
    • How girls are taught.
    • The learner as workwoman.
    • Compositors.
    • Women and technical classes.
    • 2. WHY WOMEN DO NOT TRAIN.
      • Marriage as an industrial influence.
      • The lack of openings and ambition.
      • Sex reputation.
      • Physique, hours, etc.
      • Gentility in trade.
    • Marriage as an industrial influence.
    • The lack of openings and ambition.
    • Sex reputation.
    • Physique, hours, etc.
    • Gentility in trade.
  • CHAPTER VI. LEGISLATION.
    • 1. THE LAW.
      • Conditions of employment, 1866.
      • Legislation, 1867.
      • Factory and Workshop Act, 1878.
      • Factory and Workshop Act, 1901.
    • Conditions of employment, 1866.
    • Legislation, 1867.
    • Factory and Workshop Act, 1878.
    • Factory and Workshop Act, 1901.
    • 2. ECONOMIC AND INDUSTRIAL EFFECTS OF LEGISLATION.
      • Has legislation displaced women?
      • The case of women compositors.
      • Have their opportunities been limited?
      • Legislation and home work.
      • Work sent to "folding houses."
      • Nightwork.
      • The job hand.
      • Increase of permanent staff.
      • Nightwork and overtime.
      • Testimony of employers.
      • Opinion of employées.
      • The opinions of forewomen.
      • Exceptions.
      • Overtime experience.
      • Has legislation affected wages?
      • Want of elasticity in the law.
    • Has legislation displaced women?
    • The case of women compositors.
    • Have their opportunities been limited?
    • Legislation and home work.
    • Work sent to "folding houses."
    • Nightwork.
    • The job hand.
    • Increase of permanent staff.
    • Nightwork and overtime.
    • Testimony of employers.
    • Opinion of employées.
    • The opinions of forewomen.
    • Exceptions.
    • Overtime experience.
    • Has legislation affected wages?
    • Want of elasticity in the law.
  • CHAPTER VII. WOMEN AND MACHINERY.
    • Effect of machinery.
      • Displacement.
      • Cheap labour and mechanical appliances.
    • Displacement.
    • Cheap labour and mechanical appliances.
  • CHAPTER VIII. HOME WORK.
    • Census figures.
      • Home work drawbacks.
      • Home work processes.
      • The home worker.
      • Paper-bag making.
      • The homes.
    • Home work drawbacks.
    • Home work processes.
    • The home worker.
    • Paper-bag making.
    • The homes.
  • CHAPTER IX. THE MARRIED AND THE UNMARRIED.
    • Wages and expenditure.
      • Influence on family income.
      • Wages rates and married women.
      • The employment of married women. (a) London.
      • (b) Bristol and district.
      • (c) Leeds and Bradford.
      • The moral influence of the married worker.
      • Family health.
    • Influence on family income.
    • Wages rates and married women.
    • The employment of married women. (a) London.
    • (b) Bristol and district.
    • (c) Leeds and Bradford.
    • The moral influence of the married worker.
    • Family health.
  • CHAPTER X. WAGES.
    • I.—STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE VARIOUS FIRMS.
    • II.—GENERAL GROUPING OF WAGES.
    • III.—CHANGE OF WAGES BETWEEN 1885 AND 1900.
    • IV.—WAGES IN DIFFERENT OCCUPATIONS.
    • V.—EARNINGS OF INDIVIDUALS.
    • VI.—JOBBERS.
    • VII.—TIME AND PIECE RATES.
  • APPENDIX I. POINTS UPON WHICH ENQUIRIES WERE MADE.
    • 1.—TRAINING.
    • 2.—WAGES (Forms appended).
    • 3.—CONDITIONS OF WORK.
    • 4.—ORGANISATION.
    • 5.—MARRIED AND UNMARRIED WORKERS.
    • 6.—SEPARATE FACTORY LEGISLATION.
    • 7.—MEN AND WOMEN.
    • 8.—WOMEN AND MACHINERY.
    • 9.—HOME WORK.
    • 10.—INFLUENCE OF WOMEN'S WAGES ON THE FAMILY INCOME.
  • APPENDIX II. DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN TYPICAL FIRMS.
    • 1. A.,[94] A well-known Printing Firm in London. Employée's Information.
      • 2. A well-known Printing Firm in London. Forewoman's Information.
      • 3. S., Small Printing Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
      • 4. Q., Job Printing Firm in London. Visit to Works.
      • 5. L., Printing, etc., Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
      • 6. T., Weekly Newspaper Firm in London. Visit to Works.
      • 7. Large Bookbinding Firm in London.
      • 8. Printing and Stationery Firm in London. General Information.
      • 9. Lithographic Firm. General Information.
      • 10. Paper Colouring and Enamelling Firm in London, also engaged in Showcard Mounting and Varnishing and Book-edge Gilding. Employer's and Manager's Information.
      • 11. Bookbinding Firm, West End, London. Employée's Evidence.
      • 12. Bookbinding Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
      • 13. Bookbinding Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
      • 14. J., Bookbinding Firm in London. Employée's Evidence and Visit to Works.
      • 15. B., Stationery Firm in London. Visit to Works.
      • 16. R., Stationery Firm (Christmas Cards, etc.) in London. Visit to Works.
      • 17. G., Large Stationery Firm in London. Visit to Works.
      • 18. K., Stationery Firm in London. Visit to Works.
      • 19. I., Stationery and Stamping Firm in London. Employee's Evidence.
      • 20. F., Stationery Firm in London. Employee's Evidence.
      • 21. X., Stamping Firm in London. Employee's Evidence.
      • 22 and 23. U. and V., Two Stamping Firms in London. Employee's Evidence.
      • 24. Y., Machine Ruling Firm in London. Visit to Works.
      • 25. Paper Bag Making in London. Employee's Evidence.
      • 26. Printer's and Bookbinder's Firm in Leeds. Employer's Information.
      • Relief Stamping Firms. General Summary.
      • Job Hands. Interview with Agent.
    • 2. A well-known Printing Firm in London. Forewoman's Information.
    • 3. S., Small Printing Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
    • 4. Q., Job Printing Firm in London. Visit to Works.
    • 5. L., Printing, etc., Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
    • 6. T., Weekly Newspaper Firm in London. Visit to Works.
    • 7. Large Bookbinding Firm in London.
    • 8. Printing and Stationery Firm in London. General Information.
    • 9. Lithographic Firm. General Information.
    • 10. Paper Colouring and Enamelling Firm in London, also engaged in Showcard Mounting and Varnishing and Book-edge Gilding. Employer's and Manager's Information.
    • 11. Bookbinding Firm, West End, London. Employée's Evidence.
    • 12. Bookbinding Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
    • 13. Bookbinding Firm in London. Employée's Evidence.
    • 14. J., Bookbinding Firm in London. Employée's Evidence and Visit to Works.
    • 15. B., Stationery Firm in London. Visit to Works.
    • 16. R., Stationery Firm (Christmas Cards, etc.) in London. Visit to Works.
    • 17. G., Large Stationery Firm in London. Visit to Works.
    • 18. K., Stationery Firm in London. Visit to Works.
    • 19. I., Stationery and Stamping Firm in London. Employee's Evidence.
    • 20. F., Stationery Firm in London. Employee's Evidence.
    • 21. X., Stamping Firm in London. Employee's Evidence.
    • 22 and 23. U. and V., Two Stamping Firms in London. Employee's Evidence.
    • 24. Y., Machine Ruling Firm in London. Visit to Works.
    • 25. Paper Bag Making in London. Employee's Evidence.
    • 26. Printer's and Bookbinder's Firm in Leeds. Employer's Information.
    • Relief Stamping Firms. General Summary.
    • Job Hands. Interview with Agent.
  • APPENDIX III. GENERAL GLASGOW REPORT.
    • (A.) Letterpress Printing. Machine Feeding and Flying.
    • (B.) Lithographic Printing. Machine Feeding.
    • (C.) Letterpress Printing. Type-setting.
    • (D.) Bookbinding.
    • (E.) Machine Ruling.
    • (F.) Type and Stereotype Founding.
    • (G.) Paper Staining.
    • (H.) Paper-box Making.
    • (I.) Pattern-book Making.
  • APPENDIX IV. WOMEN IN THE PRINTING TRADES IN BIRMINGHAM.
    • MACHINE RULING.
    • TABLE PROCESSES.
    • ENVELOPE MAKING.
    • COLOUR PRINTING.
    • BOOKBINDING.
    • PAPER-BAG MAKING.
      • Business No. 1.
      • Business No. 2.
    • Business No. 1.
    • Business No. 2.
    • MACHINE FEEDING.
  • APPENDIX V.
  • APPENDIX VI.
  • APPENDIX VII.
  • INDEX.
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