Ecological Studies of the Timber Wolf in Northeastern Minnesota
Free

Ecological Studies of the Timber Wolf in Northeastern Minnesota

By Robert R. Ream, L. D. Frenzel, John W. Winship, L. David Mech, P. D. Karns
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • Ecological Studies of the TIMBER WOLF in Northeastern Minnesota
    • FOREWORD
  • ECOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE TIMBER WOLF IN NORTHEASTERN MINNESOTA
    • CONTENTS
    • MOVEMENTS, BEHAVIOR, AND ECOLOGY OF TIMBER WOLVES IN NORTHEASTERN MINNESOTA
      • THE STUDY AREA
      • METHODS
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
        • Daytime Activity Patterns
        • Movements and Range
      • Daytime Activity Patterns
      • Movements and Range
      • FOOTNOTES:
        • Wolf Associations, Social Behavior, and Reproduction
      • Wolf Associations, Social Behavior, and Reproduction
      • FOOTNOTES:
        • Intraspecific Intolerance and Indifference
        • Hunting, Killing, and Feeding Behavior
      • Intraspecific Intolerance and Indifference
      • Hunting, Killing, and Feeding Behavior
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
        • Relative Population Density
      • Relative Population Density
      • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
      • SUMMARY
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • LITERATURE CITED
    • THE STUDY AREA
    • METHODS
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
      • Daytime Activity Patterns
      • Movements and Range
    • Daytime Activity Patterns
    • Movements and Range
    • FOOTNOTES:
      • Wolf Associations, Social Behavior, and Reproduction
    • Wolf Associations, Social Behavior, and Reproduction
    • FOOTNOTES:
      • Intraspecific Intolerance and Indifference
      • Hunting, Killing, and Feeding Behavior
    • Intraspecific Intolerance and Indifference
    • Hunting, Killing, and Feeding Behavior
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
      • Relative Population Density
    • Relative Population Density
    • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    • LITERATURE CITED
    • AN ANALYSIS OF THE AGE, SEX, AND CONDITION OF DEER KILLED BY WOLVES IN NORTHEASTERN MINNESOTA
      • METHODS
      • RESULTS
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
      • FOOTNOTES:
        • Age Structure
        • Sex Ratio
        • Condition of Wolf-Killed Deer
      • Age Structure
      • Sex Ratio
      • Condition of Wolf-Killed Deer
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • SUMMARY
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • LITERATURE CITED
    • METHODS
    • RESULTS
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
    • FOOTNOTES:
      • Age Structure
      • Sex Ratio
      • Condition of Wolf-Killed Deer
    • Age Structure
    • Sex Ratio
    • Condition of Wolf-Killed Deer
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • SUMMARY
    • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    • LITERATURE CITED
    • THE EFFECT OF SNOW CONDITIONS ON THE VULNERABILITY OF WHITE-TAILED DEER TO WOLF PREDATION
      • METHODS
      • RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
      • SUMMARY
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • LITERATURE CITED
    • METHODS
    • RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
    • SUMMARY
    • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    • LITERATURE CITED
    • THE POSSIBLE OCCURRENCE OF THE GREAT PLAINS WOLF IN NORTHEASTERN MINNESOTA
      • FOOTNOTES:
      • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
      • LITERATURE CITED
    • FOOTNOTES:
    • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    • LITERATURE CITED
    • SOME RECENT RESEARCH PAPERS OF THE NORTH CENTRAL FOREST EXPERIMENT STATION
      • Transcriber's Notes
    • Transcriber's Notes
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