The Evolution of Culture and Other Essays
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The Evolution of Culture and Other Essays

By Augustus Henry Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers
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Book Description
Table of Contents
  • THE EVOLUTION OF CULTURE AND OTHER ESSAYS
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • INTRODUCTION[1]
  • PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION (1874)[3]
  • ON THE EVOLUTION OF CULTURE (1875)[7]
  • PRIMITIVE WARFARE[13] I
    • Classification of the Weapons of Animals and Savages.
    • Defensive Weapons.
    • Offensive Weapons of Men and Animals.
    • DESCRIPTION OF PLATES VI-XI
  • PRIMITIVE WARFARE II ON THE RESEMBLANCE OF THE WEAPONS OF EARLY MAN, THEIR VARIATION, CONTINUITY, AND DEVELOPMENT OF FORM.[126]
    • General Remarks.
    • Combination of Tool and Weapon.
    • Transition from the Drift to the Celt Type.
    • Hafting.
    • Transition from Oval to Rectangular Forms.
    • Development of Spear and Arrow-head Forms.
    • Implements composed of Perishable Materials.
    • Transition from Celt to Paddle, Spear, and Sword Forms.
    • Development of the Australian Boomerang.
    • Indian Boomerangs.
    • African Boomerangs.
    • Cateia.
    • General Conclusions relative to the Boomerang.
    • Development of the Club.
    • Contrivances for Throwing the Spear.
    • Transition from Club to Shield (Australia).
    • Transition from Club to Shield (Africa).
    • Development of the Shield.
    • Concluding Remarks.
  • PRIMITIVE WARFARE III ON THE RESEMBLANCES OF THE WEAPONS OF EARLY RACES; THEIR VARIATIONS, CONTINUITY AND DEVELOPMENT OF FORM: METAL PERIOD.[184]
    • Table I.—Analyses of Ancient American Bronzes
    • Table II.—Analyses of Ancient European Bronzes
    • Reference to the Figures in Plate XVIII.[214] COPPER, BRONZE, AND IRON CELTS.
  • EARLY MODES OF NAVIGATION[219] (1874)
    • Modes of Navigation.
    • 1. Solid Trunks and Dug-out Canoes.
    • 2. Vessels in which the Planks are Stitched to each Other.
    • 3. Bark canoes.
    • 4. Canoes of Wicker and Skin.
    • 5. Rafts.
    • 6. Outrigger-canoes.
    • 7. Rudders, Sails, and other Contrivances.
  • NOTES TO ‘EARLY MODES OF NAVIGATION’
  • FOOTNOTES
  • Transcriber's Note
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