On-Line Data-Acquisition Systems in Nuclear Physics, 1969
Free

On-Line Data-Acquisition Systems in Nuclear Physics, 1969

By H. W. Fulbright, National Research Council
Free
Book Description
Table of Contents
  • On-Line Data-Acquisition Systems in Nuclear Physics, 1969
  • PREFACE
  • CONTENTS
  • Chapter 1 THE TASKS AND THE COMPUTERS
    • A. INTRODUCTION
    • B. THE TASKS
    • C. THE COMPUTERS
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Rough Classification of Computers
    • D. MATCHING COMPUTERS TO TASKS
      • 1. Large Computers
      • 2. Small Computers
      • 3. Medium-Sized Computers
    • E. ON CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF COMPUTERS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT
      • 1. Word Length
      • 2. Number of Memory Words
      • 3. Cycle Time
      • 4. Direct Data Channels
      • 5. Priority Interrupts (Nested)
      • 6. Mass Storage
      • 7. Program Input Method
      • 8. Memory Protection
      • 9. Parity Check
      • 10. Ease and Cost of Interfacing
      • 11. Typewriters
      • 12. Index Registers
      • 13. Line Printers
      • 14. Plotters
      • 15. Cathode-Ray Tube Displays
      • 16. The Role of External Devices
      • 17. Time Sharing
      • 18. Software That Should Be Supplied by Manufacturer
      • 19. Note on the Cost of Programming
  • Chapter 2 DATA-ACQUISITION SYSTEMS
    • A. INTRODUCTION
      • 1. History
      • 2. Possible Systems
      • 3. Small Computers as Satellites
    • B. A SMALL TIME-SHARED DATA-ACQUISITION SYSTEM BASED ON A PDP-7 COMPUTER
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Operational Features
      • 3. Hardware
      • 4. Lessons Learned from Operating Experience
      • 5. Costs
    • C. A SMALL SYSTEM BASED ON A PDP-8 COMPUTER
      • 1. History and Hardware
      • 2. Programming
      • 3. Lessons from Operating Experience
      • 4. Costs
    • D. A MEDIUM-SIZED ON-LINE COMPUTER SYSTEM
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Description of the System
      • 3. How the System is Used
      • 4. Present Status
      • 5. Lessons from Development and Testing Experience
      • 6. Cost
    • E. A LARGE SYSTEM BASED ON A SINGLE COMPUTER (THE YALE-IBM NUCLEAR-DATA-ACQUISITION SYSTEM)
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Description of the System
      • 3. Software System
      • 4. Costs
      • 5. General Comments on Experience with the System
    • F. MULTIPLE-COMPUTER SYSTEMS
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Two Equivalent Processors
      • 3. Lessons from Operating Experience
      • 4. Limitations on a Twin-Computer System
      • 5. New Directions
      • 6. Computer-Independent Data Bus System
      • 7. Costs
    • G. A PROCESS-CONTROL SYSTEM: THE BROOKHAVEN MULTIPLE SPECTROMETER CONTROL SYSTEM (MSCS)
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Description of System
      • 3. Lessons from Operating Experience
      • 4. Costs
    • H. RELATIONSHIP TO A REMOTE COMPUTING CENTER
      • 1. The Small Computer with a Fast Data Link to a Remote General Computing Facility
      • 2. Reasons for Lack of Popularity
  • Chapter 3 A REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF EXPENDITURES
    • A. THE NATURE OF THE DATA
    • B. BREAKDOWN OF DATA FOR ANALYSIS
    • C. TYPES OF COMPUTERS
    • D. SOME TOTAL COSTS
    • E. BREAKDOWN OF COSTS BY SYSTEMS
    • F. ROTATING MEMORY DEVICES
    • G. SYSTEMS ON-LINE WITH COMPUTING CENTERS
    • H. ANTICIPATED FUTURE EXPENDITURES
    • I. INVESTMENT IN ACCELERATORS, COMPUTER SYSTEMS, AND LABORATORY BUDGETS
    • J. PROCESS-CONTROL APPLICATION
  • Chapter 4 SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON SYSTEM PLANNING
    • A. THE NEED FOR ON-LINE COMPUTER SYSTEMS
    • B. WHERE SHOULD LARGE-SCALE CALCULATIONS BE DONE?
    • C. EXERCISING ECONOMIC JUDGMENT IN PLANNING
    • D. ON THE UTILITY OF SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED COMPUTERS
    • E. GROWTH CONSIDERATIONS
    • F. SHORT SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONS REGARDING SYSTEM PLANNING
      • 1. Planning and Procuring a Data-Acquisition System Today
      • 2. Large-Scale Computations and Computing Centers
      • 3. Remote Large Computing Center On-Line for Data Acquisition
      • 4. Buying versus Renting
      • 5. New Computer or Current Model?
      • 6. Importance of Software
      • 7. Utility of Modern Small Computers
      • 8. Utility of Disks and Drums
      • 9. Need for Adequate Peripheral Devices
      • 10. Peripherals (Brand X)
      • 11. Input-Output Bus Structures
      • 12. Necessity for Competence in Machine-Language Programming
      • 13. Manpower for Programming and Maintenance
  • Appendix A TABLES OF PROPERTIES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED COMPUTERS
  • Appendix B BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOR CHAPTER 3, A REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF EXPENDITURES
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