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A Source Book of Mediæval History Documents Illustrative of European Life and Institutions from the German Invasions to the Renaissance

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  • A SOURCE BOOK OF MEDIÆVAL HISTORY DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF EUROPEAN LIFE AND INSTITUTIONS FROM THE GERMAN INVASIONS TO THE RENAISSANCE
    • PREFACE
    • INTRODUCTION
      • THE NATURE AND USE OF HISTORICAL SOURCES
    • THE NATURE AND USE OF HISTORICAL SOURCES
    • CONTENTS
    • A SOURCE BOOK OF MEDIÆVAL HISTORY
      • CHAPTER I. THE EARLY GERMANS
        • 1. A Sketch by Cæsar
        • 2. A Description by Tacitus
      • 1. A Sketch by Cæsar
      • 2. A Description by Tacitus
      • CHAPTER II. THE VISIGOTHIC INVASION
        • 3. The Visigoths Cross the Danube (376)
        • 4. The Battle of Adrianople (378)
      • 3. The Visigoths Cross the Danube (376)
      • 4. The Battle of Adrianople (378)
      • CHAPTER III. THE HUNS
        • 5. Descriptions by a Graeco-Roman Poet and a Roman Historian
      • 5. Descriptions by a Graeco-Roman Poet and a Roman Historian
      • CHAPTER IV. THE EARLY FRANKS
        • 6. The Deeds of Clovis as Related by Gregory of Tours
        • 7. The Law of the Salian Franks
      • 6. The Deeds of Clovis as Related by Gregory of Tours
      • 7. The Law of the Salian Franks
      • CHAPTER V. THE ANGLES AND SAXONS IN BRITAIN
        • 8. The Saxon Invasion (cir. 449)
        • 9. The Mission of Augustine (597)
      • 8. The Saxon Invasion (cir. 449)
      • 9. The Mission of Augustine (597)
      • CHAPTER VI. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH
        • 10. Pope Leo's Sermon on the Petrine Supremacy
        • 11. The Rule of St. Benedict
        • 12. Gregory the Great on the Life of the Pastor
      • 10. Pope Leo's Sermon on the Petrine Supremacy
      • 11. The Rule of St. Benedict
      • 12. Gregory the Great on the Life of the Pastor
      • CHAPTER VII. THE RISE OF MOHAMMEDANISM
        • 13. Selections from the Koran
      • 13. Selections from the Koran
      • CHAPTER VIII. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY OF FRANKISH KINGS
        • 14. Pepin the Short Takes the Title of King (751)
      • 14. Pepin the Short Takes the Title of King (751)
      • CHAPTER IX. THE AGE OF CHARLEMAGNE
        • 15. Charlemagne the Man
        • 16. The War with the Saxons (772-803)
        • 17. The Capitulary Concerning the Saxon Territory (cir. 780)
        • 18. The Capitulary Concerning the Royal Domains (cir. 800)
        • 19. An Inventory of One of Charlemagne's Estates
        • 20. Charlemagne Crowned Emperor (800)
        • 21. The General Capitulary for the Missi (802)
        • 22. A Letter of Charlemagne to Abbot Fulrad
        • 23. The Carolingian Revival of Learning
      • 15. Charlemagne the Man
      • 16. The War with the Saxons (772-803)
      • 17. The Capitulary Concerning the Saxon Territory (cir. 780)
      • 18. The Capitulary Concerning the Royal Domains (cir. 800)
      • 19. An Inventory of One of Charlemagne's Estates
      • 20. Charlemagne Crowned Emperor (800)
      • 21. The General Capitulary for the Missi (802)
      • 22. A Letter of Charlemagne to Abbot Fulrad
      • 23. The Carolingian Revival of Learning
      • CHAPTER X. THE ERA OF THE LATER CAROLINGIANS
        • 24. The Oaths of Strassburg (842)
        • 25. The Treaty of Verdun (843)
        • 26. A Chronicle of the Frankish Kingdom in the Ninth Century
        • 27. The Northmen in the Country of the Franks.
        • 28. Later Carolingian Efforts to Preserve Order
        • 29. The Election of Hugh Capet (987).
      • 24. The Oaths of Strassburg (842)
      • 25. The Treaty of Verdun (843)
      • 26. A Chronicle of the Frankish Kingdom in the Ninth Century
      • 27. The Northmen in the Country of the Franks.
      • 28. Later Carolingian Efforts to Preserve Order
      • 29. The Election of Hugh Capet (987).
      • CHAPTER XI. ALFRED THE GREAT IN WAR AND IN PEACE
        • 30. The Danes in England
        • 31. Alfred's Interest in Education
        • 32. Alfred's Laws
      • 30. The Danes in England
      • 31. Alfred's Interest in Education
      • 32. Alfred's Laws
      • CHAPTER XII. THE ORDEAL
        • 33. Tests by Hot Water, Cold Water, and Fire
      • 33. Tests by Hot Water, Cold Water, and Fire
      • CHAPTER XIII. THE FEUDAL SYSTEM
        • 34. Older Institutions Involving Elements of Feudalism
        • 35. The Granting of Fiefs
        • 36. The Ceremonies of Homage and Fealty
        • 37. The Mutual Obligations of Lords and Vassals
        • 38. Some of the More Important Rights of the Lord
        • 39. The Peace and the Truce of God
      • 34. Older Institutions Involving Elements of Feudalism
      • 35. The Granting of Fiefs
      • 36. The Ceremonies of Homage and Fealty
      • 37. The Mutual Obligations of Lords and Vassals
      • 38. Some of the More Important Rights of the Lord
      • 39. The Peace and the Truce of God
      • CHAPTER XIV. THE NORMAN CONQUEST
        • 40. The Battle of Hastings: the English and the Normans
        • 41. William the Conqueror as Man and as King
      • 40. The Battle of Hastings: the English and the Normans
      • 41. William the Conqueror as Man and as King
      • CHAPTER XV. THE MONASTIC REFORMATION OF THE TENTH, ELEVENTH, AND TWELFTH CENTURIES
        • 42. The Foundation Charter of the Monastery of Cluny (910)
        • 43. The Early Career of St. Bernard and the Founding of Clairvaux
        • 44. A Description of Clairvaux
      • 42. The Foundation Charter of the Monastery of Cluny (910)
      • 43. The Early Career of St. Bernard and the Founding of Clairvaux
      • 44. A Description of Clairvaux
      • CHAPTER XVI. THE CONFLICT OVER INVESTITURE
        • 45. Gregory VII.'s Conception of the Papal Authority
        • 46. Letter of Gregory VII. to Henry IV. (December, 1075)
        • 47. Henry IV.'s Reply to Gregory's Letter (January, 1076)
        • 48. Henry IV. Deposed by Pope Gregory (1076)
        • 49. The Penance of Henry IV. at Canossa (1077)
        • 50. The Concordat of Worms (1122)
      • 45. Gregory VII.'s Conception of the Papal Authority
      • 46. Letter of Gregory VII. to Henry IV. (December, 1075)
      • 47. Henry IV.'s Reply to Gregory's Letter (January, 1076)
      • 48. Henry IV. Deposed by Pope Gregory (1076)
      • 49. The Penance of Henry IV. at Canossa (1077)
      • 50. The Concordat of Worms (1122)
      • CHAPTER XVII. THE CRUSADES
        • 51. Speech of Pope Urban II. at the Council of Clermont (1095)
        • 52. The Starting of the Crusaders (1096)
        • 53. A Letter from a Crusader to his Wife
      • 51. Speech of Pope Urban II. at the Council of Clermont (1095)
      • 52. The Starting of the Crusaders (1096)
      • 53. A Letter from a Crusader to his Wife
      • CHAPTER XVIII. THE GREAT CHARTER
        • 54. The Winning of the Charter
        • 55. Extracts from the Charter
      • 54. The Winning of the Charter
      • 55. Extracts from the Charter
      • CHAPTER XIX. THE REIGN OF SAINT LOUIS
        • 56. The Character and Deeds of the King as Described by Joinville
      • 56. The Character and Deeds of the King as Described by Joinville
      • CHAPTER XX. MUNICIPAL ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITY
        • 57. Some Twelfth Century Town Charters
        • 58. The Colonization of Eastern Germany
        • 59. The League of Rhenish Cities (1254)
      • 57. Some Twelfth Century Town Charters
      • 58. The Colonization of Eastern Germany
      • 59. The League of Rhenish Cities (1254)
      • CHAPTER XXI. UNIVERSITIES AND STUDENT LIFE
        • 60. Privileges Granted to Students and Masters
        • 61. The Foundation of the University of Heidelberg (1386)
        • 62. Mediæval Students' Songs
      • 60. Privileges Granted to Students and Masters
      • 61. The Foundation of the University of Heidelberg (1386)
      • 62. Mediæval Students' Songs
      • CHAPTER XXII. THE FRIARS
        • 63. The Life of St. Francis
        • 64. The Rule of St. Francis
        • 65. The Will of St. Francis
      • 63. The Life of St. Francis
      • 64. The Rule of St. Francis
      • 65. The Will of St. Francis
      • CHAPTER XXIII. THE PAPACY AND THE TEMPORAL POWERS IN THE LATER MIDDLE AGES
        • 66. The Interdict Laid on France by Innocent III. (1200)
        • 67. The Bull "Unam Sanctam" of Boniface VIII. (1302)
        • 68. The Great Schism and the Councils of Pisa and Constance
        • 69. The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (1438)
      • 66. The Interdict Laid on France by Innocent III. (1200)
      • 67. The Bull "Unam Sanctam" of Boniface VIII. (1302)
      • 68. The Great Schism and the Councils of Pisa and Constance
      • 69. The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (1438)
      • CHAPTER XXIV. THE EMPIRE IN THE TWELFTH, THIRTEENTH, AND FOURTEENTH CENTURIES
        • 70. The Peace of Constance (1183)
        • 71. Current Rumors Concerning the Life and Character of Frederick II.
        • 72. The Golden Bull of Charles IV. (1356)
      • 70. The Peace of Constance (1183)
      • 71. Current Rumors Concerning the Life and Character of Frederick II.
      • 72. The Golden Bull of Charles IV. (1356)
      • CHAPTER XXV. THE HUNDRED YEARS' WAR
        • 73. An Occasion of War between the Kings of England and France
        • 74. Edward III. Assumes the Arms and Title of the King of France
        • 75. The Naval Battle of Sluys (1340)
        • 76. The Battle of Crécy (1346)
        • 77. The Sack of Limoges (1370)
        • 78. The Treaties of Bretigny (1360) and Troyes (1420)
      • 73. An Occasion of War between the Kings of England and France
      • 74. Edward III. Assumes the Arms and Title of the King of France
      • 75. The Naval Battle of Sluys (1340)
      • 76. The Battle of Crécy (1346)
      • 77. The Sack of Limoges (1370)
      • 78. The Treaties of Bretigny (1360) and Troyes (1420)
      • CHAPTER XXVI. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE
        • 79. Dante's Defense of Italian as a Literary Language
        • 80. Dante's Conception of the Imperial Power
        • 81. Petrarch's Love of the Classics
        • 82. Petrarch's Letter to Posterity
      • 79. Dante's Defense of Italian as a Literary Language
      • 80. Dante's Conception of the Imperial Power
      • 81. Petrarch's Love of the Classics
      • 82. Petrarch's Letter to Posterity
      • CHAPTER XXVII. FORESHADOWINGS OF THE REFORMATION
        • 83. The Reply of Wyclif to the Summons of Pope Urban VI. (1384)
      • 83. The Reply of Wyclif to the Summons of Pope Urban VI. (1384)
    • CHAPTER I. THE EARLY GERMANS
      • 1. A Sketch by Cæsar
      • 2. A Description by Tacitus
    • 1. A Sketch by Cæsar
    • 2. A Description by Tacitus
    • CHAPTER II. THE VISIGOTHIC INVASION
      • 3. The Visigoths Cross the Danube (376)
      • 4. The Battle of Adrianople (378)
    • 3. The Visigoths Cross the Danube (376)
    • 4. The Battle of Adrianople (378)
    • CHAPTER III. THE HUNS
      • 5. Descriptions by a Graeco-Roman Poet and a Roman Historian
    • 5. Descriptions by a Graeco-Roman Poet and a Roman Historian
    • CHAPTER IV. THE EARLY FRANKS
      • 6. The Deeds of Clovis as Related by Gregory of Tours
      • 7. The Law of the Salian Franks
    • 6. The Deeds of Clovis as Related by Gregory of Tours
    • 7. The Law of the Salian Franks
    • CHAPTER V. THE ANGLES AND SAXONS IN BRITAIN
      • 8. The Saxon Invasion (cir. 449)
      • 9. The Mission of Augustine (597)
    • 8. The Saxon Invasion (cir. 449)
    • 9. The Mission of Augustine (597)
    • CHAPTER VI. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH
      • 10. Pope Leo's Sermon on the Petrine Supremacy
      • 11. The Rule of St. Benedict
      • 12. Gregory the Great on the Life of the Pastor
    • 10. Pope Leo's Sermon on the Petrine Supremacy
    • 11. The Rule of St. Benedict
    • 12. Gregory the Great on the Life of the Pastor
    • CHAPTER VII. THE RISE OF MOHAMMEDANISM
      • 13. Selections from the Koran
    • 13. Selections from the Koran
    • CHAPTER VIII. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY OF FRANKISH KINGS
      • 14. Pepin the Short Takes the Title of King (751)
    • 14. Pepin the Short Takes the Title of King (751)
    • CHAPTER IX. THE AGE OF CHARLEMAGNE
      • 15. Charlemagne the Man
      • 16. The War with the Saxons (772-803)
      • 17. The Capitulary Concerning the Saxon Territory (cir. 780)
      • 18. The Capitulary Concerning the Royal Domains (cir. 800)
      • 19. An Inventory of One of Charlemagne's Estates
      • 20. Charlemagne Crowned Emperor (800)
      • 21. The General Capitulary for the Missi (802)
      • 22. A Letter of Charlemagne to Abbot Fulrad
      • 23. The Carolingian Revival of Learning
    • 15. Charlemagne the Man
    • 16. The War with the Saxons (772-803)
    • 17. The Capitulary Concerning the Saxon Territory (cir. 780)
    • 18. The Capitulary Concerning the Royal Domains (cir. 800)
    • 19. An Inventory of One of Charlemagne's Estates
    • 20. Charlemagne Crowned Emperor (800)
    • 21. The General Capitulary for the Missi (802)
    • 22. A Letter of Charlemagne to Abbot Fulrad
    • 23. The Carolingian Revival of Learning
    • CHAPTER X. THE ERA OF THE LATER CAROLINGIANS
      • 24. The Oaths of Strassburg (842)
      • 25. The Treaty of Verdun (843)
      • 26. A Chronicle of the Frankish Kingdom in the Ninth Century
      • 27. The Northmen in the Country of the Franks.
      • 28. Later Carolingian Efforts to Preserve Order
      • 29. The Election of Hugh Capet (987).
    • 24. The Oaths of Strassburg (842)
    • 25. The Treaty of Verdun (843)
    • 26. A Chronicle of the Frankish Kingdom in the Ninth Century
    • 27. The Northmen in the Country of the Franks.
    • 28. Later Carolingian Efforts to Preserve Order
    • 29. The Election of Hugh Capet (987).
    • CHAPTER XI. ALFRED THE GREAT IN WAR AND IN PEACE
      • 30. The Danes in England
      • 31. Alfred's Interest in Education
      • 32. Alfred's Laws
    • 30. The Danes in England
    • 31. Alfred's Interest in Education
    • 32. Alfred's Laws
    • CHAPTER XII. THE ORDEAL
      • 33. Tests by Hot Water, Cold Water, and Fire
    • 33. Tests by Hot Water, Cold Water, and Fire
    • CHAPTER XIII. THE FEUDAL SYSTEM
      • 34. Older Institutions Involving Elements of Feudalism
      • 35. The Granting of Fiefs
      • 36. The Ceremonies of Homage and Fealty
      • 37. The Mutual Obligations of Lords and Vassals
      • 38. Some of the More Important Rights of the Lord
      • 39. The Peace and the Truce of God
    • 34. Older Institutions Involving Elements of Feudalism
    • 35. The Granting of Fiefs
    • 36. The Ceremonies of Homage and Fealty
    • 37. The Mutual Obligations of Lords and Vassals
    • 38. Some of the More Important Rights of the Lord
    • 39. The Peace and the Truce of God
    • CHAPTER XIV. THE NORMAN CONQUEST
      • 40. The Battle of Hastings: the English and the Normans
      • 41. William the Conqueror as Man and as King
    • 40. The Battle of Hastings: the English and the Normans
    • 41. William the Conqueror as Man and as King
    • CHAPTER XV. THE MONASTIC REFORMATION OF THE TENTH, ELEVENTH, AND TWELFTH CENTURIES
      • 42. The Foundation Charter of the Monastery of Cluny (910)
      • 43. The Early Career of St. Bernard and the Founding of Clairvaux
      • 44. A Description of Clairvaux
    • 42. The Foundation Charter of the Monastery of Cluny (910)
    • 43. The Early Career of St. Bernard and the Founding of Clairvaux
    • 44. A Description of Clairvaux
    • CHAPTER XVI. THE CONFLICT OVER INVESTITURE
      • 45. Gregory VII.'s Conception of the Papal Authority
      • 46. Letter of Gregory VII. to Henry IV. (December, 1075)
      • 47. Henry IV.'s Reply to Gregory's Letter (January, 1076)
      • 48. Henry IV. Deposed by Pope Gregory (1076)
      • 49. The Penance of Henry IV. at Canossa (1077)
      • 50. The Concordat of Worms (1122)
    • 45. Gregory VII.'s Conception of the Papal Authority
    • 46. Letter of Gregory VII. to Henry IV. (December, 1075)
    • 47. Henry IV.'s Reply to Gregory's Letter (January, 1076)
    • 48. Henry IV. Deposed by Pope Gregory (1076)
    • 49. The Penance of Henry IV. at Canossa (1077)
    • 50. The Concordat of Worms (1122)
    • CHAPTER XVII. THE CRUSADES
      • 51. Speech of Pope Urban II. at the Council of Clermont (1095)
      • 52. The Starting of the Crusaders (1096)
      • 53. A Letter from a Crusader to his Wife
    • 51. Speech of Pope Urban II. at the Council of Clermont (1095)
    • 52. The Starting of the Crusaders (1096)
    • 53. A Letter from a Crusader to his Wife
    • CHAPTER XVIII. THE GREAT CHARTER
      • 54. The Winning of the Charter
      • 55. Extracts from the Charter
    • 54. The Winning of the Charter
    • 55. Extracts from the Charter
    • CHAPTER XIX. THE REIGN OF SAINT LOUIS
      • 56. The Character and Deeds of the King as Described by Joinville
    • 56. The Character and Deeds of the King as Described by Joinville
    • CHAPTER XX. MUNICIPAL ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITY
      • 57. Some Twelfth Century Town Charters
      • 58. The Colonization of Eastern Germany
      • 59. The League of Rhenish Cities (1254)
    • 57. Some Twelfth Century Town Charters
    • 58. The Colonization of Eastern Germany
    • 59. The League of Rhenish Cities (1254)
    • CHAPTER XXI. UNIVERSITIES AND STUDENT LIFE
      • 60. Privileges Granted to Students and Masters
      • 61. The Foundation of the University of Heidelberg (1386)
      • 62. Mediæval Students' Songs
    • 60. Privileges Granted to Students and Masters
    • 61. The Foundation of the University of Heidelberg (1386)
    • 62. Mediæval Students' Songs
    • CHAPTER XXII. THE FRIARS
      • 63. The Life of St. Francis
      • 64. The Rule of St. Francis
      • 65. The Will of St. Francis
    • 63. The Life of St. Francis
    • 64. The Rule of St. Francis
    • 65. The Will of St. Francis
    • CHAPTER XXIII. THE PAPACY AND THE TEMPORAL POWERS IN THE LATER MIDDLE AGES
      • 66. The Interdict Laid on France by Innocent III. (1200)
      • 67. The Bull "Unam Sanctam" of Boniface VIII. (1302)
      • 68. The Great Schism and the Councils of Pisa and Constance
      • 69. The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (1438)
    • 66. The Interdict Laid on France by Innocent III. (1200)
    • 67. The Bull "Unam Sanctam" of Boniface VIII. (1302)
    • 68. The Great Schism and the Councils of Pisa and Constance
    • 69. The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges (1438)
    • CHAPTER XXIV. THE EMPIRE IN THE TWELFTH, THIRTEENTH, AND FOURTEENTH CENTURIES
      • 70. The Peace of Constance (1183)
      • 71. Current Rumors Concerning the Life and Character of Frederick II.
      • 72. The Golden Bull of Charles IV. (1356)
    • 70. The Peace of Constance (1183)
    • 71. Current Rumors Concerning the Life and Character of Frederick II.
    • 72. The Golden Bull of Charles IV. (1356)
    • CHAPTER XXV. THE HUNDRED YEARS' WAR
      • 73. An Occasion of War between the Kings of England and France
      • 74. Edward III. Assumes the Arms and Title of the King of France
      • 75. The Naval Battle of Sluys (1340)
      • 76. The Battle of Crécy (1346)
      • 77. The Sack of Limoges (1370)
      • 78. The Treaties of Bretigny (1360) and Troyes (1420)
    • 73. An Occasion of War between the Kings of England and France
    • 74. Edward III. Assumes the Arms and Title of the King of France
    • 75. The Naval Battle of Sluys (1340)
    • 76. The Battle of Crécy (1346)
    • 77. The Sack of Limoges (1370)
    • 78. The Treaties of Bretigny (1360) and Troyes (1420)
    • CHAPTER XXVI. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE
      • 79. Dante's Defense of Italian as a Literary Language
      • 80. Dante's Conception of the Imperial Power
      • 81. Petrarch's Love of the Classics
      • 82. Petrarch's Letter to Posterity
    • 79. Dante's Defense of Italian as a Literary Language
    • 80. Dante's Conception of the Imperial Power
    • 81. Petrarch's Love of the Classics
    • 82. Petrarch's Letter to Posterity
    • CHAPTER XXVII. FORESHADOWINGS OF THE REFORMATION
      • 83. The Reply of Wyclif to the Summons of Pope Urban VI. (1384)
    • 83. The Reply of Wyclif to the Summons of Pope Urban VI. (1384)
    • INDEX
    • FOOTNOTES:
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